Bacteria-Killing Phages Could Be an Alternative to AntibioticsA scientific renaissance for phage therapy, virtually unheard of in the West, is underway. Camilli’s research is part of a scientific renaissance into phage therapy, virtually unheard of in the West. Bacteriophages, about 100 times smaller than bacteria, are the most abundant life forms on Earth, inhabiting water, plants, sewage and our digestive tract. Preliminary studies show phages are effective in fighting antibiotic-resistant ear infections and chronic ulcers, and some researchers suspect they might work on acne outbreaks. Still, numerous stumbling blocks remain before phages could become part of our infectious disease arsenal. Phages would require a less traditional approach to get official approval, such as the annual process for influenza vaccines in which manufacturers secure approval of new formulas based on the flu bug that is going around that year, instead of conducting big clinical trials every time. The widespread use of phages to kill foodborne pathogens may help overcome regulatory reluctance to phage therapy. 2.1The Licensed Material may not be used in any final materials distributed inside of your company or any materials distributed outside of your company or to the public, including, but not limited to, advertising and marketing materials or in any online or other electronic distribution system (except that you may transmit comps digitally or electronically to your clients for their review) and may not be distributed, sublicensed or made available for use or distribution separately or individually and no rights may be granted to the Licensed Material.
2.2One copy of the Licensed Material may be made for backup purposes only but may only be used if the original Licensed Material becomes defective, destroyed or otherwise irretrievably lost. To Book Publishers and Other Professionals: If you would like to purchase a non-exclusive commercial license for this image, to use in a publication, you may do so at the Online Store.
And here is the diagram in black and white, for those of you who wish to save your color ink, or make coloring pages out of Maslow’s Pyramid.
Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was a psychologist who studied positive human qualities and the lives of exemplary people. If you would like to include this illustration in your book, website, or similar commercial media, you may do so by purchasing a non-exclusive commercial license for this illustration at the Tim’s Printables Online Store.
Each of these charts was created by Tim van de Vall and is copyright 2013 Dutch Renaissance Press LLC. Hi Tim, thank so much for the illustrated hierarchy of needs chart – really easy to understand, and perfect for explaining to students.
We love this pyramid and feels it exactly explains what we discuss about Technology as it pertains to Senior Living. Thanks so much for this beautiful resource and for all the resources available on your site.
Thanks for providing these charts of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, will use them in teaching the concept to a Human Relations course at NMSU-Alamogordo, per Terms and Conditions. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is a method of feeding that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract. Kimberly G Lee, MD, MSc, IBCLC, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
The pain itself might be felt on the on the center below the rib cage, but also on the left or right side below ribs.
So, as said, if you have bad dietary habits, and often overeat it can be the cause of the pain you are feeling below the rib cage. Conditions that might provoke pain below the rib cage include: irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal obstruction, stomach ulcers, kidney stones, appendicitis, diverticulitis, pancreatitis or some muscle spasm in the abdominal wall or in the chest.
When a person suffers from appendicitis, the pain is located low in the abdomen and radiates to the right side below the rib cage. Intestinal pain is a specific sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.


Find health and lifestyle advices & Get answers!Share real-life experiences with more than 250,000 community members! Early in the 20th century, doctors worldwide used these bacteria-eating viruses to fight dysentery and other dangerous pathogens, only to abandon them after more effective antibiotics emerged. The muddy-looking serums are often sold over the counter in glass vials and dabbed on wounds or taken orally. Phages even neutralized the deadly MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) superbugs that are resistant to most antibiotics and have become a serious problem in hospitals, nursing homes and intensive care units.
Out of nearly 48 million cases of foodborne illnesses every year, 128,000 result in hospitalizations and more than 3,000 result in deaths in the U.S. Except as specifically provided in this Agreement, the Licensed Material may not be shared or copied for example by including it in a disc library, image storage jukebox, network configuration or other similar arrangement. I imagine this diagram will be useful to all kinds of people: Psychology students and teachers, philosophy students, thinkers, and all the introspective folks who feel the need to question everything about the universe.
The first is a straight-forward version of the Hierarchy of Needs Chart, with high quality hand-drawn illustrations to represent each row of the pyramid.
In 1954, Maslow created the Hierarchy of Human Needs and expressed his theories in his book, Motivation and Personality. As shown in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, a person’s basic needs must be met before self-actualization can be achieved. I will use this weekend in a presentation for family physicians – I am a psychiatrist. If high-levelled human beings look down and low-levelled human beings look up, their eyes will definitely see the same thing – the need of unique human being! A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
There are various reasons your body might be sending painful signals from the rib cage, and some of them could be dangerous health situations.
Some situations are not harmful and do not call for any treatment, like overeating, gasses or heartburn. Heartburn could also lead to unbearable pain on the same spot in the body or behind the breastbone in the chest. Enlargement or irritation of the spleen is also very often reported by patients as the painful sensation on the left side below the rib cage. Diverticulitis, however, causes pain on the right side and patients often report fever, nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps.
Most doctors will tell that the best way to treat injuries is to rest and avoid intense physical activity.
Each strain of phage is highly targeted and has evolved to home in on specific bacteria, which means a precise match between prey and predator is necessary for any phage-based treatment to be effective.
But since phages need to be targeted to specific bacteria to be effective, mixing and matching phage preparations to fight infectious disease outbreaks isn’t optimal for the one-size-fits-all approach that regulatory agencies like the FDA require for marketing approval. Department of Agriculture used EcoShield on fresh-cut lettuce and cantaloupe and found it reduces levels of E. Once you license a royalty-free product, you may use it multiple times for multiple projects without paying additional fees.
Upon download of any film Licensed Material, you will be invoiced a non-refundable access service fee of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) USD or such other local currency amount as Getty Images may apply from time to time. While Maslow’s Pyramid remains a popular framework for human motivation among business management leaders, high psychological instruction prefers attachment theory as a model for understanding human behavior. Commercial use of these printable worksheets without purchase of a commercial license is prohibited.


If you see such an error, please let send me an email, and I will look into the mistake as quickly as possible. The method is used when a person cannot or should not receive feedings or fluids by mouth. Sick or premature newborns may be given TPN before starting other feedings.
Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. So, if you ever experience this type of pain the best decision you can make is to visit your doctor and get checked. Other causes are more or less serious, including: injuries, accidents, inflammation and irritation of organs in the body or different diseases.
Kidney stones could provoke the same kind of pain, but it is usually felt at the same intensity on the back. You might be prescribed with some pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs, or steroid injections, for severe pain.
In Andrew Camilli’s molecular biology lab at Tufts University in Boston, researchers found the telltale footprints of a startling attack against cholera, a deadly bacterial disease.
The Licensed Material may only be used in materials for personal, noncommercial use and test or sample use, including comps and layouts.
If Licensed Material featuring a person is used (i) in a manner that implies endorsement, use of or a connection to a product or service by that model; or (ii) in connection with a potentially unflattering or controversial subject, you must print a statement that indicates that the person is a model and is used for illustrative purposes only. Create your slideshowBy using the code above and embedding this image, you consent to Getty Images' Terms of Use. They may also have this type of feeding when they cannot absorb nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract for a long time.
The doctor will be able to determine the cause of your pain and prescribe the therapy or recommend the proper treatment. Also, people occasionally became sick after ingesting the tiny microbes because the treatments weren’t purified properly. But the tremendous progress in phage research of the past 10 years and the urgency to find alternatives to antibiotics have made physicians more willing to look into phages, he says. I am not liable for any mistakes, mishaps or damages incurred by the use of these materials. TPN delivers a mixture of fluid, electrolytes, sugars, amino acids (protein), vitamins, minerals, and often lipids (fats) into an infant's vein. Don’t wait to consult your doctor, because sometimes the waiting may worsen the condition and cause further damage.
Also, recovery period is much shorter if the damage, whatever it is, is caught in early stages. It can provide a better level of nutrition than regular intravenous (IV) feedings, which provide only sugars and salts. Infants who get this type of feeding must be watched carefully to make sure they are getting the proper nutrition. Sometimes a longer IV, called a central line or peripherally-inserted central catheter (PICC) line, is used for long-term IV feedings. However, this type of feeding can result in abnormal levels of blood sugars, fats, or electrolytes. Problems can develop due to use of the TPN or IV lines.



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