Pregnancy second trimester weight loss,nausea during early stages of pregnancy,pregnancy miracle guide inducing labor day - PDF Review

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WARNING: Accidental overdose of iron-containing products is a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children under 6. WARNING: Ingestion of more than 3 grams of omega-3 fatty acids per day has been shown to have potential antithrombotic effects, including an increased bleeding time and INR. WARNING: Folic acid alone is improper therapy in the treatment of pernicious anemia and other megaloblastic anemias where vitamin B12 is deficient.
See full Prescribing Information for additional information including Precautions and Adverse Reactions. Your second trimester will bring many more changes in your body and the way you?re feeling. At this stage of your pregnancy, you should talk to your doctor about the advantages of CitraNatal Harmony® and CitraNatal Assure®, both options providing comprehensive vitamins and minerals as well as DHA. Skin—You may notice changes in your skin, including darker blotches on your face, called chloasma. Uterus—During this phase, your uterus expands exponentially, crowding your stomach and other organs. Legs—You may develop varicose veins because the weight of your uterus reduces circulation in your lower body. A fat layer forms underneath your baby?s skin, and his or her lungs practice breathing amniotic fluid. You may be able to find out the sex of your baby during an ultrasound in the second trimester.
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CONTRAINDICATIONS: This product is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients. NOTICE: Contact with moisture may produce surface discoloration or erosion of the vitamin tablet. ADVERSE REACTIONS: Allergic sensitivity has been reported following both oral and parenteral administration of folic acid. Delivered right to your inbox, get pictures and facts onwhat to expect each week of your pregnancy.
The second phase of the glorious 9-month journey, the second trimester comes with a new set of body changes for you while your baby continues developing in the womb.
These thirteen weeks see major developments in the growing fetus as the skeleton and other bony structures begin to mature, followed by the fat layer under his translucent skin [5]. By the end of the trimester, his hearing skills [7] are developed enough for him to respond to your voice. These 13 weeks are often considered the best in the 40-week journey as most of the unpleasant symptoms from the first trimester begin to subside around this time, while it is still too early for the late pregnancy symptoms to come. You will probably start to feel some of the pregnancy aches as the growing uterus leads to back pain and round ligament pain [12]. Since the nausea and vomiting takes a back seat around this time, your appetite is likely to get better while you may be having certain food cravings as well [14]. An ultrasound scan is performed halfway through the pregnancy, between the 18th and 20th weeks (the anomaly scan), to evaluate the size and physical features of your baby [23]. The fetal skeleton is visible through the transparent skin [17] during early second trimester while an ultrasound also allows you to find out your baby’s sex after week 18 [15].
Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein and multiple marker screening are both optional screening blood tests offered routinely during the second trimester. Warning signs: While occasional mild headaches are quite normal, make sure to contact your health care provider in case of sudden shooting headaches as they may indicate high blood pressure or even preeclampsia [20]. Fetal nutrition: The umbilical cord continues growing thicker to carry more nutrients to the developing fetus. Exercise: Working out throughout pregnancy is the best way to keep your weight gain in check, with swimming being a suitable exercise as the water helps you relax by supporting your growing belly. Once you have taken care of your diet and lifestyle to keep your baby healthy, you can move on to the fun part.
Not only does the mother go through multiple changes during the first trimester, the baby does as well. By the end of the second trimester the baby will be moving around in the amniotic fluid, and the baby will begin breathing. All of the symptoms and changes mentioned above are natural and expected for a pregnant woman and her fetus.
An androgen that plays an important role in the development of the male external genitalia.
A sex-education program that teaches abstinence and does not mention safer-sex practices, homosexuality, etc. A disease of the immune system characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections; caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The period of psychosexual and social maturation following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult. Sexual behavior performed after sexual intercourse or orgasm, or at the end of a sexual encounter. Any of a class of steroids—the most important being testosterone—that promote male sexual development and that have a variety of other functions in both sexes.
In men, the gradual decline of fertility with age; a hypothetical male equivalent of menopause.
A substance believed to improve sexual performance, enhance sexual pleasure, or stimulate desire or love.
An assisted reproduction technique that involves the placement of semen in the vagina or uterus with the aid of a syringe or small tube. The idea that relationship styles are influenced by the quality of the early parent–child bond. A form of male-to- female transexuality characterized by a man’s sexual arousal at the thought of being or becoming a woman.
A form of behavior therapy that attempts to eliminate unwanted desires or behaviors by associating them with some unpleasant experience, such as a noxious smell. A condition in which the normal microorganisms of the vagina are replaced by other species, causing discomfort and a foul-smelling discharge.
Any contraceptive technique in which a physical barrier, such as a condom or diaphragm, prevents sperm from reaching the ovum. A version of post-traumatic stress disorder affecting women who are victims of intimate partner violence.
An all-inclusive term for forms of sexual expression that involve inflicting and receiving physical pain, restraint, or humiliation. In gay slang, a burly gay man with plenty of body hair; more generally, a member of a gay male subculture that rejects many of the prevailing standards of gay male attractiveness and behavior.
Treatment of paraphilias or other disorders based on conditioning or other theories of behavioral psychology.
The canal formed by the uterus, cervix, and vagina, through which the fetus passes during the birth process.
An American slang term describing the temporary swelling of the vulva due to fluid congestion accompanied by discomfort; occurs when a female is sexually aroused for an extended amount of time without climax. A method of childbirth instruction that stresses the partner’s role as birth coach and that teaches a natural childbirth method.
In women, the two soft, protruding organs on the upper front of the torso; contains the mammary gland, which can secrete milk after pregnancy. Two small glands near the root of the penis that may secrete “pre-cum” at the urethral opening during sexual arousal before ejaculation.
A fertility awareness method of contraception that takes account of variability in the length of a woman’s menstrual cycles.
An escort-service prostitute, especially one who is relatively upscale in terms of clientele and price. A small rubber or plastic cap that adheres by suction to the cervix, used as a contraceptive.
A surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through an incision in the mother’s abdominal wall and uterus.
A sexually transmitted disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The transition to infertility at the end of a woman’s reproductive life, lasting for several years and culminating in menopause.
The assessment or treatment of mental or behavioral problems, as practiced by a psychologist. The erectile organ in females, whose external portion is located at the junction of the labia minora, just in front of the vestibule; it is the most sensitive erogenous zone and often the primary anatomical source of sexual pleasure in women. The common exit of the gastrointestinal and urogenital systems; in humans it is present only in embryonic life. The apparent negative outcomes of cohabitation before marriage, such as less satisfying marriages and divorce. The milk produced during the first few days after birth; it is relatively low in fat but rich in immunoglobulins. A form of marriage in which the husband and wife are expected to be emotionally intimate and to engage in social activities together. Sexual behavior perceived subjectively as involuntary and diagnosed as a symptom of a compulsive disorder.
A congenital defect of hormonal metabolism in the adrenal gland, causing the gland to secrete excessive levels of androgens. An oral contraceptive regimen in which all pills (except any dummy pills) contain the same drug dosage. Either of two elongated erectile structures within the clitoris or penis that also extend backward into the pelvic floor. A paraphilia or certain set of paraphilias seen as a disorder of normal courtship behavior. A form of marriage that requires a stronger vow of commitment than a regular marriage and that makes divorce harder to obtain.
The cycle in which some abused children grow up to repeat similar forms of abuse on others. Rape between dating or socially acquainted couples; it is particularly common of college campuses.


A nonmarital sexual relationship between two persons who do not live together but who see each other on a more-or-less regular basis. Stalking motivated by the delusional belief that the victim is in love with, or could be persuaded to fall in love with, the stalker.
An injectable form of medroxyprogesterone acetate, used as a contraceptive in women or to decrease the sex drive in male sex offenders. A procedure involving the opening of the cervix and the scraping out of the contents of the uterus with a curette (spoonlike instrument). The situation in which one partner in a relationship has much more interest in sex than the other. A complication of pregnancy in which an embryo implants somewhere other than the uterus, such as one of the fallopian tubes. Either of the two bilateral ducts formed by the junction of the vas deferens and the duct of the seminal vesicle.
The loading of the components of semen into the posterior (back) urethra immediately before ejaculation. The sinking of a fetus’s head into a lower position in the pelvis in preparation for birth. A structure, attached to each testicle, where sperm mature and are stored before entering the vas deferens. A cut extending the opening of the vagina backward into the perineum, performed by an obstetrician to facilitate childbirth or reduce the risk of a perineal tear.
A persistent inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient to accomplish a desired sexual behavior such as coitus to orgasm. Sexually themed works, such as books or sculpture, deemed to have literary or artistic merit. The delusional belief that a sexually desired but unattainable person is actually in love with oneself. Any of a class of steroids—the most important being estradiol—that promote the development of female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty and that have many other functions in both sexes.
A paraphilia involving exposure of the genitalia to strangers, sometimes with masturbation. A form of psychotherapy for victims of rape or abuse in which they are encouraged to recall the traumatic event in a safe environment. A sexual relationship in which at least one of the partners is already married or partnered with someone else. The movement to secure equality for women; the study of social and psychological issues from women’s perspectives. A collection of physical and behavioral symptoms in a child who was exposed to high levels of alcohol as a fetus. A fluid-filled sac that contains an egg (ovum), with its supporting cells, within the ovary.
One of the two major gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary gland; it promotes maturation of ova (or sperm in males). Sexual behavior engaged in during the early part of a sexual encounter, with the aim of increasing sexual arousal.
The loose skin that partially or completely covers the glans in males who have not been circumcised. A strip of loose skin on the underside of the penis, running between the glans and the shaft.
A paraphilia involving touching or rubbing the clothed genitals against a stranger without their consent or without their knowledge, as in a crowded public place. The ability to recognize gay people on the basis of unconscious behaviors, voice quality, gait, and so on. The unhappiness caused by discordance between a person’s anatomical sex and gender identity. Specialized nerve endings found in the genital area that probably detect the tactile stimulation associated with sexual activity.
Regions of the genitalia in the embryo that give rise to the labia majora (in females) or the scrotum (in males). A midline swelling in front of the cloaca, which gives rise to the glans of the clitoris (in females) or penis (in males). Wartlike growths on or near the genitalia or anus, caused by infection with human papillomavirus.
A hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the release of gonadotropins from the anterior pituitary gland. A sexually transmitted disease caused by infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. A form of therapy for sex offenders that focuses on improving the subject’s ability to achieve a broad range of life goals. A psychological or physiological process that reduces a person’s response to a stimulus or drug after repeated or prolonged exposure. Health problems caused by HIV, especially those that occur before the criteria for an AIDS diagnosis have been met. The tendency of sexually partnered couples, or married couples, to resemble each other in a variety of respects. Sexual harassment involving a pattern of behavior that creates an intimidating work environment.
Any of a group of viruses that can be sexually transmitted and that cause genital warts or other lesions; some types predispose infected persons to cancer of the cervix or anus. An abnormal location of the male urethral opening on the underside of the penis or elsewhere. A small region at the base of the brain; it contains cells involved in sexual responses and other basic functions. Any of a variety of assisted reproduction techniques in which fertilization takes place outside the body. A weakening and partial opening of the cervix caused by a previous traumatic delivery, surgery, or other factors. The crime of exposing the genitals or female breasts in public—exact legal definitions vary. Exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles, with the aim of improving sexual function or alleviating urinary leakage. The outer lips: fleshy skin folds, partially covered in pubic hair, that extend from the mons. The inner lips: thin, hairless folds of skin located between the labia majora and immediately bordering the vestibule. A method of childbirth instruction that focuses on techniques of relaxation and other natural means of pain reduction. Abdominal surgery, such as tubal sterilization, performed through a small incision with the aid of a laparoscope (a fiber-optic viewing instrument). A condition in which a person feels a loss of control over a traumatic situation and therefore makes no further attempts to escape from it. Conversion of an activity such as prostitution from a crime to a governmentally regulated occupation. The natural appearance of slippery secretions in the vagina during sexual arousal, or the use of artificial lubricants to facilitate sexual activity. One of the two major gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary gland; it triggers ovulation and promotes the secretion of sex steroids by the ovaries (or testicles). The traditional Latino culture of manliness, which outlines strict gender roles and gives men certain obligations and privileges. Radiographic examination of the breasts, which is used as a diagnostic and screening tool for breast cancer.
A therapist who assesses or treats interpersonal problems arising between spouses or other intimate partners.
A form of behavior therapy that uses the pleasure of orgasm to increase sexual arousal to previously nonarousing targets. A region of the hypothalamus involved in the regulation of sexual behaviors typically shown by males. A rare but life-threatening illness caused by a staphylococcal infection and associated with tampon use. The breakdown of the endometrium at approximately monthly intervals, with consequent loss of tissue and blood from the vagina.
A British survey of sexual behavior, relationships, and attitudes conducted in the early 1990s. A national survey of sexual behavior in the United States, based at Indiana University and published in 2010. Mental disorders such as depression that, in Freudian theory, are strategies for coping with repressed sexual conflicts.
Related to sexually themed publications, art, films, performances, or behavior that is deemed offensive to public morals or that violates legal standards of acceptability.
A mental disorder marked by anxiety, repetitive thoughts or urges, and behaviors that temporarily relieve those urges. The intense, pleasurable sensations at sexual climax, and the physiological processes that accompany them.
The outer portion of the vagina and surrounding tissues, which thickens and tenses during sexual arousal. Sexual activities other than coitus, promoted as a means for preventing unwanted pregnancy and reducing the risk of STD transmission. Either of two bilateral tubes that lead from the uterus toward the ovaries, the usual site of fertilization. A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates uterine contractions and the secretion of milk. The microscopic examination of a sample of cells taken from the cervix or (less commonly) the anus. An unusual form of sexual arousal or behavior that is considered to be a psychological problem.
Glands situated next to the female urethra, thought to be equivalent to the prostate gland in males. The overwhelming feeling of attraction typical of the early stage of a loving relationship. An infection of the female reproductive tract, often caused by sexually transmitted organisms.


The percentage of women using a contraceptive technique correctly who will become pregnant in the course of one year.
Long-lasting physiological arousal in women, unaccompanied by subjective arousal or pleasure. The collection of mental and behavioral traits, especially those related to emotions and attitudes, which characterizes an individual. An unusual form of male circumcision in which the upper part of the foreskin is cut but not removed. A rhythm method of contraception that uses the measurement of basal body temperature and the testing of cervical mucus to determine the time of ovulation and the fertile window.
Wad of soft material (such as cotton) that is inserted into the vagina to absorb menstrual blood.
The male gonad: one of the two glands within the scrotum that produce sperm and secrete sex hormones. The principal androgen, synthesized in the testicles and, in lesser amounts, in the ovaries and adrenal glands.
A person who identifies with the other sex and who seeks to transition to the other sex by means of hormone treatment and sex-reassignment surgery.
Sexual behavior between two women, who lie front to front and stimulate each other’s vulvas with thrusting motions. An oral contraceptive regimen that varies the doses of estrogens and progestins around the menstrual cycle.
In Native American cultures, a person with the spirit of both a man and a woman; a transgender person.
The percentage of women using a contraceptive technique with a typical degree of care who will become pregnant in the course of one year.
An imaging procedure that depends on the reflection of ultrasonic waves from density boundaries within the body.
Folds of ectodermal tissue in the embryo that give rise to the labia minora (in females) or the shaft of the penis (in males). The womb; a pear-shaped region of the female reproductive tract through which sperm pass and where the conceptus implants and develops. A device for treating erectile dysfunction that creates a partial vacuum around the penis, thus drawing blood into the erectile tissue.
A muscular tube extending 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm) from the vestibule to the uterine cervix. Inability to experience coitus due to spasm of the muscles surrounding the outer vagina combined with pain, or fear of pain. Either of the two bilateral ducts that transfer sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct. An electrically powered vibrating device used to provide sexual stimulation (alone or with a partner). Others may begin to notice your pregnancy, and if you had any morning sickness, it will most likely have passed by this point. Additionally, you may experience muscle cramps, which are particularly common at night while you?re sleeping. What better way to help you narrow down your list of baby names and choose a color for your nursery!
Administration of omega-3 fatty acids should be avoided in patients on anticoagulants and in those known to have an inherited or acquired bleeding diathesis. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated. He is almost as big as a lemon at the start of this trimester [1], growing about the size of a zucchini by the time you enter the next stage [2]. Some women are lucky enough to even feel their baby’s first movements (quickening) during this period [8, 9].
The hCG hormone levels gradually decrease, with the better balance of estrogen and progesterone levels contributing to reduced symptoms of fatigue and morning sickness [10]. Many women, especially those in their second or subsequent pregnancy, start getting Braxton Hicks contractions or the false contractions usually after the 20th week [13]. However, it is crucial to keep in mind that eating for two does not mean having two portions of every food on the table (although you could easily eat that much if given a chance). Your sonographer measures the baby’s head circumference to ensure proper skull and brain development [16]. Depending on the medical history of the mother, one of these tests is performed to assess the risk of certain genetic disorders and neural tube defects such as Down syndrome, trisomy 18 and spina bifida [18, 19].
Other possible warning signs at this stage include severe back or stomach cramps, bleeding, watery discharge or leaking amniotic fluid and diarrhea lasting for days [21]. But at the same time, harmful substances are also more likely to reach the baby through the cord.
Short-listing the names you like for your coming baby, taking a babymoon, shopping for maternity clothes and decorating the nursery are just a few of the things you can do. By the end of the twelfth week the baby's bones have begun to ossify, and the eyes and ears have formed.
Although a lot of the physical symptoms present during the first trimester —tenderness of the breasts, morning sickness, and cramping—have started to go away during the second trimester, there are a few new physical changes that the mother will experience. Eyebrows, fat deposits, and gender are visible in an ultrasound, and fingers, toes, and teeth are growing nicely. The space in the uterus becomes cramped as the baby grows and the mother will notice more sharp movements. If you are pregnant and are experiencing abnormal abdominal pains or cramps, spotting, or extremely intensified versions of the symptoms described above, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Often understood as a compressed acronym for bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadism and masochism. In both sexes it fills the glans; in males it extends backward along the underside of the penis, surrounding the urethra. It is a common part of foreplay, and can include vivid erotic descriptions or sexual commands. Thanks to less queasiness and some added attention, you may start to feel more energetic and excited about being pregnant. Flexing your foot can help relieve the cramp, but you should also make sure you?re getting adequate nutrition.
Your baby?s hearing is developing, and you may even notice that he or she jumps at the sound of loud noises.
Another good news is that the risk of miscarriage has now dropped considerably, as over 80% pregnancy loss occurs within the first 13 weeks [24].
However, constipation, heartburn, indigestion and frequent urination are some of the symptoms that are likely to remain [11].
The baby's external genitalia will begin to form, but they will not be complete until well into the second trimester. She will start to notice that her belly is growing and she is starting to look more like a pregnant woman.
They continue to have the Braxton-Hicks contractions, and most women start to get continuous backaches. You should also make sure to get regular examinations during the entirety of your pregnancy. Around the fourth or fifth month, you?ll probably start to need maternity clothes to fit your growing belly, and—most importantly—you?ll feel your baby move for the first time. After her missed period a woman may begin to experience the emotional aspects of the pregnancy such as mood swings and exhaustion. By the end of the first trimester, a woman should be able to listen to her baby's heart beat. She will start to feel the baby moving, and may even begin to have some Braxton-Hicks contractions. The fact that they are so uncomfortable and have such painful back problems makes it hard for many women to sleep during this period.
The baby's eyes will start to function better, and he or she will be able to sense changes in light. This can lead to reddish brown streaks called stretch marks, and it can also cause itching.
These emotional changes are usually accompanied by physical changes such as morning sickness, an increase in breast size and tenderness, and a decrease in sexual desire. Braxton-Hicks contractions are relatively painless contractions experienced throughout pregnancy that are not associated with going into labor. All the parts of the baby, including the hair and fingernails, continue to grow and develop.
There?s a good chance those gentle flutters you feel at first will seem more like kicks from an Olympic soccer team by the end of your pregnancy.
The heartburn usually continues during the third trimester, so women should watch what they eat during these three months. By the end of the third trimester the baby will be ready for life outside his or her mother's uterus.
If you want any additional information, you can click here for an important list of resources and phone numbers about pregnancy.
The mother will also notice that she has to go to the bathroom more often and her heart is beating more rapidly.
Also, most women will start to experience some droplets of fluid coming from their nipples.
This is normal when a woman is close to the end of her pregnancy and she is ready to start breast-feeding. These are all very common and normal symptoms of pregnancy, hence there is no cause for concern. The mother will probably still have mood swings during this period, but they are not as severe as in the first and third trimesters.



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