Fertility treatment for klinefelter syndrome,celebrity diet plan during pregnancy,chances of getting pregnant at 40 after miscarriage quotes - PDF 2016

Klinefelter’s syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of an additional X chromosome in almost all of the cells in the body. In late childhood and adolescence, the males may be taller than average with poor muscle co-ordination and control.
As adults, males with Klinefelter’s syndrome are taller than average and are prone to heath disorder like breast cancer, autoimmune problems, infertility, tooth decay and less or no production of sperm.
As babies, males with Klinefelter syndrome may face delays in speaking and understanding language. As young boys, they may have math, reading or writing problems, difficulties in expressing their needs and thoughts through the use of language and difficulties in processing what they hear. As adults, most males may have successful careers, but may continue to have difficulties in jobs that require reading or writing. As babies, males with Klinefelter syndrome tend to have a quiet and docile temperament and personality. As boys, they are less active, lack self-confidence and are more obedient and helpful than other boys their age. As adults, the social problems are not there and they may have normal relationships, friends and family. Infertility – the condition may be diagnosed when an apparently normal male is seen because they have fertility problems. Reduced testicle size – in all males with Klinefelter syndrome, the testicles do not develop properly and are noticeably smaller from early adolescence. Incomplete puberty – not enough of the male hormone testosterone is produced and puberty may appear delayed.
Klinefelter syndrome occurs in around one in every 450 male babies, which makes it one of the most common variations of the chromosomes. The appearance of signs of Klinefelter syndrome in childhood can vary greatly and range from moderate to mild.
Klinefelter syndrome is often diagnosed at puberty, when the expected physical changes don’t occur. Boys may become particularly self-conscious in puberty when they notice that their body is not undergoing the same changes as their peers.
Most males with Klinefelter syndrome are not diagnosed until they are well into adulthood, when diagnosis can come as a major shock. Humans have 46 paired chromosomes, made up of two sex chromosomes that determine gender and 44 chromosomes that dictate other factors. It is currently thought that testosterone treatment from puberty, which helps with bone and muscle development among other things, may reduce the risk of many of the above conditions.
Physical examination – all males with Klinefelter syndrome have small testicles which can be detected by genital examination.
Reproductive technologies – such as IVF, to help men with Klinefelter syndrome become fathers of their own children.

Frequent screening tests – to ensure the early diagnosis of any associated complications (such as diabetes or breast cancer).
A male with Klinefelter syndrome has an additional X chromosome, which causes infertility, low testosterone and other characteristics such as development of breast tissue. The chromosomes are present in every cell of the body and the extra X chromosome cannot be removed. Treatment includes lifelong testosterone therapy and cosmetic surgery to remove enlarged breast tissue. There is no cure for the condition, but professional health care from a range of specialists can improve the child’s quality of life.
It is a congenital, genetic disorder caused due to the presence of an additional copy of the X chromosome in a boy. Klinefelter syndrome severely affects the growth of the testicles which can lead to the presence of unusually small testicles, which in turn can result in decreased manufacture of the sex hormone known as testosterone. Most of the babies affected by Klinefelter syndrome may rarely elicit any signs and symptoms, and the disorder may remain undiagnosed till adulthood. Klinefelter syndrome is caused due to a random error that results in the male child to be born with an additional X chromosome.
A majority of the cases of Klinefelter syndrome are generally caused due to the presence of an additional copy of the X chromosome in each cell. Women who become mothers after the age of 35 are at a greater risk to conceiving a child with Klinefelter syndrome as compared to women who conceive at a younger age. There is no cure for Klinefelter syndrome and undo the damages that are caused due to the presence of the additional sex chromosome.
Testosterone replacement therapy, when started at puberty, can aid the normal growth of the body and diminish many effects of Klinefelter syndrome. A majority of men affected Klinefelter syndrome are infertile and do not produce any sperm. Counseling and psychotherapy is used for treating the various emotional and social problems that may result in men with Klinefelter syndrome. Nearly 100 percent of the men who have Klinefelter’s syndrome are not able to produce a child. Men are observed to be at risk for autoimmune disorders like lupus, arthritis, germ cell tumors, diabetes and systemic conditions like osteoporosis and epilepsy. Men with Klinefelter’s syndrome have a slightly shortened life span, dying about 2 years earlier than men who do not have the syndrome.
The affected male has an additional X chromosome, which causes infertility and may cause the development of characteristics such as tall stature and breast development. Normally, a male has two chromosomes that determine his sex: an X inherited from his mother and a Y inherited from his father. These boys may be given testosterone treatment so they develop normal male physical characteristics like facial hair and a deeper voice.

Testosterone replacement therapy can assist the body in undergoing these typical pubertal changes. An earlier diagnosis provides opportunities for the child and their family to access treatments and interventions that can help overcome any difficulties associated with the condition. This is thought to be caused by an error within the fertilised egg or the dividing cells as the baby develops. Hormone therapy will need to be lifelong, however it can have a broad range of benefits including increased energy levels and physical strength. Options for men with Klinefelter syndrome to have their own children are becoming more available.
Estimates of its incidence vary; around one in 10,000 to 20,000 children are born with the syndrome, with females slightly more prone than males. Additionally, Klinefelter syndrome may result in larger breast tissue, decreased amount of facial and body hair, and diminished muscle mass. A normal girl child is born with two X sex chromosomes and a normal boy child is born with an X sex chromosome and a Y sec chromosome. A few males with Klinefelter syndrome may have an additional copy of the X chromosome in only some cells of the body causing mosaic Klinefelter syndrome.
Fertility treatment is useful for those men who have diminished sperm production, and may possibly become fathers. The symptoms of Klinefelter’s syndrome are many, but not all the males show every symptom. In addition, they may be quieter, shyer and have trouble associating or socializing with other kids as well as struggle in sports and other school activities.
However, for those that do, early intervention provides the opportunity to overcome difficulties and for each boy to reach their individual potential. If the father provides an X chromosome, the child will be female, while a Y chromosome makes the child male. The presence of the Y chromosome ensures male sexual characteristics but, because the testicles are underdeveloped, there may not be enough testosterone production. However, advanced reproductive treatment methods can result in a few men with Klinefelter syndrome becoming fathers.
In very rare cases, males with Klinefelter syndrome may be born with more than one additional copy of the X chromosome.
As compared to other males of the same age they have less body and facial hair, a less muscular body, lower levels of energy, larger breasts, smaller testicles and penis and weaker bones.
This is why the penis and testicles may be smaller than average, and why most men with Klinefelter syndrome do not produce sperm.

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