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The main focus of nutrition during pregnancy is to get the nutrients you and your unborn baby need.
In addition, there are some nutritional basics that can serve as guidelines as you eat nutritiously for two (or more!). Whether or not you’re pregnant, a healthy diet includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and plenty of water. Although protein should supply most of these extra calories, your diet needs to be well balanced and should include fresh fruits, grains, and vegetables.
Drink extra fluids throughout pregnancy to help your body keep up with the increases in your blood volume.
Following your cravings is fine, as long as you crave foods that contribute to a healthy diet.
Dana Dobbie is a Sydney mother of two remarkably cute children, who shares Dettol’s mission of raising a happy, healthy family, with a zest for life and love. Letter from the EditorFebruary, with school just started, is a good time to work some new healthy habits into your weekly routine. Therefore, we recommend avoiding popular diets such as Atkins, South Beach, The Zone, Raw Food Diet, and so on. The type of diet we encourage during pregnancy refers to fine-tuning your eating habits to ensure you are receiving adequate nutrition for the health of you and your baby.
It is always important to eat a variety of foods throughout the day making certain you get the nutrients both you and your baby need. Fruits and Vegetables: Fruits and vegetables contain many important nutrients for pregnancy especially, Vitamin C and Folic Acid. Breads and Grains: The body’s main source of energy for pregnancy comes from the essential carbohydrates found in breads and grains. Protein: Meat, poultry, fish, eggs and beans contain the protein, B vitamins and iron needed in pregnancy.
REMEMBER – a prenatal vitamin, or any other supplement, can only complement a healthy diet during pregnancy. The following sample menu will give you some idea of what a pregnant woman should typically consume in a day for a healthy diet during pregnancy.
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Role of Balanced Diet During Pregnancy: There are a lot of instructions that a pregnant woman needs to follow and of course intake of nutritious food has a major importance during pregnancy. First Trimester-The Most Crucial Phase: First three months of pregnancy is very important because most of the mental and physical growth of the baby is taking place at this time. Nutrition During Pregnancy: The diet during pregnancy should contain all the nutritious elements such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Calorie Intake and Weight Gain: Eat different types of food but in a controlled way because too much of weight gain by intake of excessive food is also harmful. Essential Nutrients During Pregnancy: There are some essential nutrients which a pregnant woman should take. Calcium During Pregnancy: Calcium is also an essential nutrient for the healthy growth of a baby.
Proteins During Pregnancy: Proteins are also an essential factor and you should try to take variety of protein foods. Vitamin C During Pregnancy: Vitamin C is essential because it helps to build a strong placenta, which enables your body to resist from infection and helps the absorption of iron. Fibers During Pregnancy: Fiber is also an essential nutrient and you should take it as a regular part of your daily diet. There are a great many myths surrounding the types of foods that should be avoided during pregnancy, some of which have factual evidence to back them up. Cheeses: Avoid soft cheeses like Brie and Camembert, and blue veined cheeses such as Roquefort and Stilton. Liver: Liver and products containing liver should not be eaten as they contain large amounts of Retinol. Meat: Any raw, rare or undercooked meat should not be eaten during pregnancy as they may contain bugs such as toxoplasmosis or salmonella.
Peanuts: This is the only kind of nut that has been linked to causing dramatic reactions in those susceptible to this kind of allergy.
Ready Meals: The main problem with these types of meals is that they are kept at refrigerator temperature after being cooked.
Salad: Be sure to wash all salad items before eating, as the skins of vegetables can harbour bacteria.


Vegetables: As with fruit and salad items, vegetables should be washed before use, as the skins can harbour bacteria.
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used as the sole basis for comprehensive dietary advice. Consult with your healthcare professional (HCP) to develop the plan and approach that works best for your needs during pregnancy.
The Australian Dietary Guidelines can help you determine how many servings of each kind of food to eat every day.
Generally, you need to consume about 300 calories more per day than you did before you became pregnant to meet the needs of your growing baby. If you do, your unborn baby might not get the right amounts of protein, vitamins, and minerals.
However, if you already follow a vegetarian diet, you can continue to do so during your pregnancy. To ensure that you and your baby receive adequate nutrition, consider consulting a registered dietitian for help with planning meals. When we refer to diet during pregnancy, we are not speaking about restricting calories or trying to lose weight.
Here is a look at the food groups and some suggested sources for creating a healthy diet during pregnancy. Pregnant women need at least 70 mg of Vitamin C daily, which is contained in fruits such as oranges, grapefruits and honeydew, and vegetables such as broccoli, tomatoes, and brussel sprouts. A good source of folic acid can be found in dark green leafy vegetables (other sources of folic acid include legumes, such as black or lima beans, black-eyed peas, and veal). Whole grain and enriched products provide important nutrients such as iron, B Vitamins, fiber and some protein, even. Your developing baby needs plenty of protein, especially in the second and third trimesters. Calcium is essential for building strong teeth and bones, normal blood clotting, and muscle and nerve function. Three small, but balanced, meals and three light snacks throughout the day are a good rule of thumb to ensure you and your baby’s nutritional needs are met.
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A balanced diet is very important when a woman is pregnant because she has to meet her unborn baby’s need and also her own requirements.
The primary organs of a baby, both internal and external and the nervous system form within this period. There are five basic food groups and the diet should contain variety of food from this group.
Try to take three meals a day or six small meals if you are having problems of nausea or vomiting. It is essential for the development of teeth and bones, which starts to develop from the 8th week.
Vitamin C is found in fresh vegetables and fruit and vitamin supply is needed daily because it cannot be restored in the body.
This is the animal form of vitamin A, and can be dangerous to the unborn baby if received in high quantities.
The only reason for pregnant women to avoid peanuts is if there is a history of food allergies, asthma or severe hay fever in her family. This is an ideal environment for bacteria to thrive, and incomplete reheating will not kill all of the bugs. Caffeine is a diuretic, and can cause dehydration in the mother if taken in large quantities.
Some say that no alcohol whatsoever should be consumed during pregnancy, others believe that a few units per week are acceptable, as long as they are spread out. Confetti has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy.
Overall, eating a variety of foods in the proportions indicated is a good step toward staying healthy.
Dieting to lose weight during pregnancy can be hazardous to you and your baby, especially since a weight loss regimen may restrict important nutrients such as iron, folic acid, and other important vitamins and minerals.
In order to get the nutrients you need, you must eat from a variety of food groups, including fruits and vegetables, breads and grains, protein sources and dairy products.
Iron helps to carry oxygen to your growing baby, and also carries oxygen to your muscles to help avoid symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, irritability and depression. Since your developing baby requires a considerable amount of calcium, your body will take calcium from your bones, if you do not consume enough through your diet (which can lead to future problems, such as osteoporosis).


So, a mother should start eating from beginning itself, if she is having discomforts with nausea or vomiting. Fresh vegetables and fruits, grain products like cereals or bread, fish, meat, or other protein alternatives, milk, and dairy products which provide a nutritious diet. Most of vitamin C is lost by cooking and prolonged storage, so eat steamed green vegetables or eat them raw. Fiber is present in vegetables and fruits, nuts, brown rice, cereals including oats, peas, beans and pulses. In reality there are not many food groups that should be avoided entirely during pregnancy, it is generally a case of being careful with food preparation rather than avoidance. All of theses cheeses may carry listeria, a bacteria that can make you feel, or become sick. If either of the couple is even slightly allergic to peanuts, they should be avoided during pregnancy, as there is an increased risk of there being a reaction in the unborn baby.
The only way to avoid these dangers is to ensure food is cooked thoroughly and  not stored for long periods of time. It is believed that alcohol can be passed from mother to baby, and there is ongoing research to find out whether there is any damage done to the foetus if it encounters alcohol.
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The last three months is also very important for the growth of the baby, there will be a rapid growth at this time. Other than the natural diet, add prenatal vitamins, mainly calcium, iron, and folic acid to the diet which is very essential. Folic acid is in the category of B vitamin which helps to control neural tube defects such as the defect of brain, spine or their coverings and other defect like congenital heart disease and cleft lip. Around three servings of milk, cheese, or yogurt is essential to meet the calcium needs of an expecting mother. An important factor to note is that animal source contains high fats, so try to limit that.
Make sure that the food preparation area is clean, and that your hands are washed before coming into contact with food. Hard?boiled eggs, however, are safe, as long as they have been cooked for the correct length of time. If there is no history of allergic reaction in the family, there is no reason why peanuts should be avoided, although some women choose to avoid them just in case. Also avoid sugar items such as cookies, candies, cakes, colas, and minimize the salt intake.
A pregnant woman should take at least 4 milligram of folic acid every day during the first three months of pregnancy period which helps to reduce the risk of these defects. We know that if we have anemia doctors usually prescribe iron supplements to take once or twice daily. Be sure that food is kept cold enough while it is in the fridge or freezer, and that it is fully heated before eating. Hard cheeses are safe, however, including Cheddar, any hard smoked cheeses, Feta, Parmesan and Mozzarella (making most pizzas safe).
While the ice cream itself is safe, the machines from which it is dispensed can harbour bacteria. Folic acid is found in liver, beans, yeast, citrus fruits, fortified cereals and bread, and in leafy vegetables like kale and spinach. Anemia can be prevented by taking iron-rich foods like dates, raisins, potatoes, broccoli, leafy green vegetables, iron-fortified cereals, and whole-grain breads.
A woman should take an average of 800-1200 mg of calcium daily during the time of pregnancy which is needed for breast feeding. It is also a good idea to keep pets and young children out of the kitchen, partly as they can break concentration and cause mistakes to be made, and partly because animals can harbour bacteria that are only dangerous if they are consumed on food.
Cottage cheese is safe, as are Philadelphia and Boursin, which have the texture of a soft cheese and may be good substitutes for the more dangerous products. As it is impossible to guarantee the cleanliness of these machines, it is safer to avoid this type of ice cream altogether. Food that is only slightly out of date may present health risks to anyone eating them, and this is not safe during pregnancy.



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