When can i conceive a baby easily,7 weeks pregnant no heartbeat on ultrasound,what are the chances of getting pregnant at 42 years old 60-year-olds - Tips For You

BeyondBlueAustralia's national depression initiative, with information and further resources. Royal Women's Hospital, MelbourneFact sheets on breastfeeding, drug and alcohol use and tests such as amniocentesis and CVS. Royal Hospital for Women, SydneyFact sheets covering diet, alcohol consumption and medications.
Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide (pdf)Fact sheet about Down syndrome and neural tube defects such as spina bifida. When you're pregnant and suffering from bad morning sickness, sometimes it's difficult to eat. Pregnancy brings in a lot of excitement and nervousness but it also brings with it a feeling of sickness in your stomach. My wife is only three weeks pregnant and she feels sick all day long and is not able to keep any food down. But it can be hard to cope with conflicting advice from well-meaning family, friends, and total strangers as your body seemingly becomes public property. Even though no two pregnancies are alike, babies grow and develop during pregnancy in a fairly standard way.
Eyebrows, eyelashes, fingernails and external sex organs have formed.Five months (20 weeks). It is very important to attend antenatal classes if you can, as you will learn about recognising the signs of labour, pain relief options during labour, and options for delivery of the baby. If it is your first pregnancy, you may still be in the learning process of what you can eat and what makes you run to the bathroom and puke your guts out. These calories will help you sustain your pregnancy and make sure that your baby is healthy. Clinically proven to dramatically increase your chances of conception and help you get pregnant fast from the very first use. Prabha Sahgal MD, is board certified in obstetrics and gynecology and subspecialty board certified in reproductive endocrinology and infertility.
Here's a starting point to help guide you through the maze of pregnancy-related information. Early on, all babies are approximately the same size, but later in pregnancy babies come in a range of sizes that are all considered normal. By the end of the fifth month, the baby can suck their thumb and has regular periods of sleep.
And now for a limited time, Try a FREE starter pack today & receive 20 FREE pregnancy tests and a FREE Digital BBT Thermometer! This section describes the size and stage of development your baby is likely to be up to by the end of every month (or every four weeks) of pregnancy. Having a baby brings a lot of joy – but also a lot of hard work and sleepless nights, especially in the early days.
Nausea will make you lose your appetite but you should find solace in the fact that it will fade away soon. If your morning sickness gets worse and you simply can’t eat anything or drink anything, you should talk to your doctor. I took her to a doctor 10-12 days ago and she gave her some intravenous fluids as she was feeling very weak and she suggested that everything is okay and this is normal, but my wife still feels very sick and does not eat anything, she cannot keep any food down, Please suggest something. Weight and length measurements are approximate and vary depending on the genetics and health of the baby.First trimesterOne month (4 weeks). The baby has distinct fingers, soft fingernails, and teeth buds.Second trimesterFour months (16 weeks).
So as well as planning for labour and birth, it is wise to spend some time during pregnancy thinking about the issues you are likely to face in the first days, weeks and months of parenthood such as feeding and settling the baby.
Remember that your baby needs nourishment and without eating and drinking, you won’t be able to fulfill its needs. By the end of the fourth month, the placenta is fully formed and the baby can swallow, hear, bend their arms and legs, and is producing urine. Many antenatal classes will cover these areas.BreastfeedingSome women find breastfeeding quite a challenge, even if they have breastfed previous children successfully. It is important to remember that every baby is different and it may take a little while to settle into a breastfeeding routine. You should eat during your first trimester even if you have to force yourself because not eating will hurt your baby and its development. By the end of the seventh month, the baby is very active; kicks and stretches will be quite noticeable and occasionally painful.
You can eat easily if you do some homework and figure out what you can eat and what you should avoid.
Additional assistance from lactation consultants, either before you leave hospital or after returning home, can also be very useful if you continue to have breastfeeding problems.There are a number of support services you can call. Morning sickness is usually the reason why many women fail to eat properly during their first trimester. For a list see the box at the end of this page.TopHealthy habitsAfter a baby is born, it is all too easy to focus on the baby and forget about yourself. Think about how many visitors you might or might not want to have right after the baby is born – and make your wishes known.
By the end of the eighth month, all major development is complete and the baby has almost doubled in weight from the previous month.
Don't forget to plan some time for yourself, perhaps organising some regular time for a nap or a walk without the baby.
TopGetting helpIt is also important to think about setting up a support network to help you in those first sleep-deprived months and beyond. It is essential to have a relationship with a general practitioner, so try to develop one before the baby is born if you have not already done so. Discuss with your partner what the division of responsibilities might be after the baby is born. Normal single pregnancies can go to as long as 42 weeks depending on the health of the mother and baby. Also, investigate what mothers' groups or play groups are available in your area – these are a source of sanity for many parents. However, there will usually need to be additional testing of the baby's wellbeing from around 41 weeks gestation.
Antenatal classes are an opportunity to meet and talk to other pregnant women and their partners who may be at the same stage of pregnancy.
These new friendships can form the basis for emotional support in the coming months and years.TopMental healthAlong with your physical health and social supports, your mental health is also important. It is worthwhile thinking in advance who you might go to for help if you feel depressed or you are not coping. Your energy requirements will increase as the pregnancy progresses, so pregnancy is not the time for dieting. Common sources of support include family, friends, community members, a religious adviser or minister, a general practitioner, a baby health nurse, or parenting support services such as Tresillian Family Care Centres and Karitane in NSW and Tweddle in Victoria.
Who you ask for help is up to you – but you shouldn't feel you need to manage everything by yourself.
Thus pregnant women are recommended to limit caffeine intake to no more than two cups of coffee, or four cups of medium-strength tea.
Many sugary soft drinks, such as cola and energy drinks, contain caffeine and should also be limited during pregnancy.Vitamins and mineralsA number of extra vitamins and minerals are recommended for optimal health of mother and baby before and during pregnancy.


Foods high in calcium include dairy foods (milk, yoghurt, cheese), soy milk and canned salmon (with bones). However, if you are concerned this is not possible, then a calcium supplement may be beneficial.
Folic acid (folate) at a dose of 500 micrograms daily during the first three months of pregnancy can help reduce the risk of spina bifida and other neural tube defects.
If you are planning to become pregnant start taking folate supplements (tablets) about a month before conception. If you have previously had a child with spina bifida or have a medical condition such as diabetes then up to 5 milligrams of folic acid daily is recommended.Iron. Many women can get all their iron needs from their diet by eating red meat and other food high in iron. However, some women may still develop anaemia or low iron stores and in this case an iron supplement may be recommended. To help absorb iron supplements eat foods that are high in vitamin C such as citrus fruits.
Vitamin D helps maintain bone strength in women and is important in the development of the baby's bones. If you have low levels of vitamin D, which may happen if you wear clothing that covers most of your body or or you have limited exposure to sunlight, it is recommended both you and your baby take extra vitamin D.
It is recommended you take a dose of 1000 international units daily while pregnant and breastfeeding, and your baby should be given 0.45ml of vitamin D a day via a infant-formulated multivitamin while breastfeeding. You also need to ensure you and your baby have plenty of calcium in your diets from dairy or other foods as this is also essential for bone health.Many special pre-conception and pregnancy multi-vitamin formulations are available which contain the above vitamins and minerals and other supplements.
If a multivitamin is taken it should be one that has been specially formulated for pregnancy, with minimal amounts of vitamin A, and taken as recommended. Other formulations should be checked with your health practitioner or dietitian to ensure that they are appropriate in pregnancy.TopExercise Most women can continue a regular exercise regimen throughout pregnancy, although it is wise to check with your doctor early in pregnancy that it is safe to do so.
There is no evidence showing pregnant women need to lower their target heart rates or reduce the intensity of exercise, but it is important to drink plenty of water and avoid overheating. Raising your core body temperature higher than 39.5 degrees Celsius can increase risk of miscarriage or neural tube defects so you should avoid spas, saunas and other activities that can raise core body temperature.
In addition to general exercise for fitness, pelvic floor exercises are very important for preventing incontinence after the birth of your baby and may help during labour. If there are concerns regarding the growth of your baby, you have persistent vaginal bleeding, your membranes have ruptured, or you have high blood pressure, check with your doctor about whether or not you can exercise. In general, there are no restrictions to sex during pregnancy, although some positions and deep penetration may become uncomfortable as your pregnancy progresses. Occasionally there may a small amount of blood-stained discharge following intercourse that is usually due to the softening of the cervix. If you are at risk of preterm labour it is probably wise to avoid sex during the last two months of pregnancy – but check with your doctor. Women who have ruptured membranes or a very low-lying placenta (placenta praevia) should not have sex. Drinking heavy amounts of alcohol during pregnancy puts your baby at risk of foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Babies with FAS often have small heads, low birth weight, low IQ, developmental delay and behaviour problems. For more information about alcohol during pregnancy see the NHMRC's alcohol guidelines.Smoking.
If you smoke during pregnancy your increase the risk of having a small baby (due to problems with the placenta's function) and having a stillborn baby.
Passive smoking can also affect the baby, so it is wise to avoid cigarette smoke wherever possible.
Cigarette smoke can also harm babies, so you should continue to avoid exposing your baby to cigarette smoke after birth. Babies of parents who smoke are at a higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and respiratory conditions such as asthma.TopMedicinesIt is always wise to avoid taking unnecessary medicines during pregnancy, whether these are prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, or herbal or other complementary medicines. Whilst many medicines have been used widely by pregnant women and appear to be safe, others can put the growing baby at risk of birth defects.
Check with your doctor before taking any medicine during pregnancy.Some women may need to take medicine, especially where the expected benefits of taking it outweigh a potential risk to the baby. For example, if you take regular medicines for conditions such as diabetes, asthma or epilepsy you will usually continue to take your regular medicines during pregnancy. However, you should discuss the safety of these medicines during pregnancy with your doctor before falling pregnant as you may need to change or stop your regular medicines for the duration of pregnancy.
Rubella (German measles) during pregnancy can harm the baby, so if you are planning to become pregnant you should have your rubella immunity checked prior to trying to conceive so you can have a booster if necessary. You should not conceive within one month of receiving the rubella vaccine.If your immunity to rubella is found to be low during the pregnancy, then you should have a booster immunisation following the birth of your baby.
If you are pregnant, it is recommended you have the flu vaccine after the first three months of pregnancy. Some women may not look pregnant until quite late in the pregnancy, while others are noticeably pregnant as early as three months. Whether you think you're too big or too small, chances are your baby is growing appropriately.
Alternatively, some women may have an extra measure of physical challenges during pregnancy, but these can usually be managed with simple strategies. Although many problems are common in pregnancy and pose no risk to the baby, you should always mention any new symptom to your health professional who will be able to determine whether it requires further investigation or treatment. Also consult your health care professional if you are worried about any symptom or a simple strategy has not worked. Abdominal pain and discomfort is part and parcel of pregnancy and becomes more noticeable as the baby grows. However, you should not lie flat on your back for long periods as it may affect blood supply to the baby and can increase the risk of indigestion or heartburn.Contact your health professional if you're worried about abdominal pain as you may be in labour.
Seek medical help immediately if the pain is excessive or associated with vaginal bleeding at any time during pregnancy. Most women develop tender breasts during pregnancy and need to buy maternity bras for support and comfort – often by the end of the first trimester.
Constipation is a common complaint caused by the effect of pregnancy hormones on the bowel wall. Simple strategies to relieve constipation include:drinking more watereating high-fibre foodssupplementing your diet with psyllium husks.
Speak to your doctor if your constipation does not resolve using simple strategies.Dizziness and fainting.
However, some women may experience severe mood swings and may need extra emotional and practical support from their partners and family.Depression can be a serious problem both during and after pregnancy.
Psychological therapies that involve different forms of counselling (such as cognitive behaviour therapy) are effective for many women.
The decision to use antidepressants during pregnancy is made on an individual basis in consultation with a doctor, and depends on factors such as the severity of depression, whether psychological therapy has been effective, your past history of depression, and your wishes.Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as sertraline (Zoloft) or citalopram (Cipramil) are generally the preferred antidepressants for pregnant women. However, you need to consult your health professional about the exact choice of antidepressant to suit you. Antidepressants should always be taken under the supervision of a health professional.Fluid retention.
Fluid retention and swollen ankles and feet are very common, and made worse by hot weather and standing.


Swelling may signal high blood pressure, so mention this to your health professional.Groin pain. Heartburn is common and is caused by the growing baby pushing the stomach upwards and the effect of pregnancy hormones on the muscle in the oesophagus. Diets and supplements don't seem to prevent leg cramps, but stretching the affected muscles can help relieve the cramps when they occur.
Morning sickness mostly resolves by the middle of pregnancy and is usually relatively mild.
However, some women vomit so uncontrollably they need fluid replacement to prevent dehydration. There is also some evidence showing ginger supplements, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine – at a dose of 25 mg three times a day, or 200mg at night), and wearing motion sickness bands on the wrists may help.
If you have severe vomiting, seek advice from your health professional about appropriate treatment. Some women will also leak small amounts of urine if they cough or laugh – this can be embarrassing but will usually resolve after the baby is born.
Pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy and following birth can help prevent or lessen incontinence.Vaginal discharge. Discharge that smells or itches and burns may indicate an infection and needs to be assessed by a health professional.Varicose veins and haemorrhoids. Strategies to relieve discomfort include:avoiding clothes that are tight at the knee, such as knee-length stockings or sockswearing support stockingsresting with your legs elevated. They can be caused by pressure from the growing baby as well as constipation and straining. If your weight is in the normal range for your height before pregnancy you can expect to put on between 11 to 16 kilograms during pregnancy. It is quite common for there to be no substantial weight gain until around week 18 of pregnancy. Dieting is not advised in pregnancy, and it is important to eat a healthy balanced diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding.Other common problems. Other problems that may occur during pregnancy include bleeding gums, nose bleeds, itchiness, tension headaches and nerve pains in the hands or legs. You should mention any new symptoms in pregnancy to your health professional, who will be able to determine whether it requires further investigation or treatment.TopSerious problemsUnfortunately, serious problems can sometimes occur during pregnancy, including high blood pressure, diabetes, placenta praevia (low-lying placenta), premature rupture of membranes, vaginal bleeding and miscarriage. But if you do get vaginal bleeding, even spotting, consult your health professional as further investigation and treatment may be required. If you are unsure whether your concerns require immediate review, call the hospital at any time to discuss your problem with a doctor or midwife.
Make sure you ask your health care provider for appropriate after-hours and emergency telephone numbers early in your pregnancy.TopTests and checksRegular routine antenatal visits with your health practitioner are important in monitoring the progress of your pregnancy, and assessing your and your baby's health. This section provides general information about the tests that are usually conducted during pregnancy.
However, the exact tests performed and the schedule of the tests may vary in different parts of Australia and between health professionals.
Ask your health professional about the exact tests you will need and any questions you have about these tests. A Pap test may be taken to check for cancer of the cervix, if you have not had one in the previous two years.
A swab of your vagina and rectum may be taken towards the end of the pregnancy to test for the presence of group B streptococcus bacteria, which can cause serious infections in newborns. If you have a vaginal delivery and have group B streptococcus you will need antibiotics once your membranes rupture and during labour (whichever comes first).
If you rupture membranes prior to labour commencing at term in the presence of group B streptococcus, your obstetrician may suggest inducing your labour in addition to commencing antibiotics, to decrease the risk to your baby.Urine testing. Your urine will be tested at the start of pregnancy for any infections, and later in pregnancy as required. A urine sample may be requested at routine visits, looking for problems such as protein in your urine or signs of infection.TopTests for your babyAmniocentesis and chorionic villous sampling (CVS).
These tests are usually offered to women who have a positive screening test for Down syndrome or neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
The tests may also be offered to women over 35 to test for genetic abnormalities (like Down syndrome or other conditions) even when screening tests are normal, as the risk of a genetic abnormality increases with age. A small amount of amniotic fluid is taken by inserting a thin needle through your abdominal wall into the amniotic fluid sac. Cells in the amniotic fluid are tested for the presence of Down syndrome and other genetic problems.
It may take around 12 days to get the results of the amniocentesis.The amniocentesis can cause some abdominal cramping, vaginal bleeding, infection, and leaking amniotic fluid. There is a very small chance of miscarriage, with less than 1 in 100 women who have an amniocentesis suffering miscarriage.CVS is undertaken around the end of the first trimester. A thin needle is inserted either through the abdominal wall or through the vagina to take a small sample of cells from the placenta that are examined for the presence of Down syndrome and other genetic problems.
Down syndrome is a genetic condition that is usually associated with intellectual disability as well as heart and other problems. Screening for Down syndrome either involves a blood test and a special ultrasound (called nuchal translucency or NT) around the end of the first trimester or a blood test around 16 weeks of pregnancy. A positive screening test does not mean you will have a baby with Down syndrome; it just identifies women at higher risk.
Only about one in 250-300 women who have a positive screening test for Down syndrome will have a Down syndrome baby. If you have a positive screening test for Down syndrome, you should be offered a diagnostic test – usually ultrasound, amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS) – as well as supportive counselling. As your pregnancy becomes more advanced, your health professional will listen to the baby's heartbeat at most visits with a special stethoscope or with Doppler ultrasound.
If ultrasound is used, you will be able to hear the heartbeat too.Neural tube defect screening. Neural tube defects like spina bifida occur when the bones of the spine don't form properly, and are associated with neurological problems.
The first usually happens about the end of the first trimester and is specifically designed to screen for Down syndrome.
The earliest ultrasound scans are usually the most accurate for determining the estimated due date of the pregnancy and are used in preference to later ultrasound scans for dating the pregnancy.The second ultrasound is usually performed towards the middle of the second trimester and can provide information about the baby's growth and development, birth defects, placental placement, and amniotic fluid volume. Ultrasound is usually performed using a transducer (probe) that is run over your abdomen, and you normally need a full bladder. Sometimes an ultrasound is taken using a special transducer inserted into your vagina.Regular ultrasound, whether taken through the abdominal wall or via your vagina, gives you a two-dimensional picture of the baby.
3D (three dimensional) ultrasound combines thousands of images into a lifelike picture, while 4D (four dimensional) ultrasound lets you watch your baby moving in real time. The value of 3D and 4D ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis is still being researched.Other tests.



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