Pregnancy related sites uk,why cant you get pregnant on birth control 777,having dreams of having a baby girl - PDF 2016

Hypertension is defined as blood pressure equal  to or more than 140mmgh systolic or  equal to or more than 90mmhg diastolic. Woman with hypertension of pregnancy may have mild elevation in blood pressure or severe hypertension with various organ dysfunction. The woman is monitored carefully throughout pregnancy to prevent serious complication, her prenatal visit scheduled every 2 weeks throughout entire pregnancy.
Occur primary after the second trimester of pregnancy, representing a great danger to the fetus and neonate.
If woman has not develop preclampsia and her blood pressure return to normal values by 12 weeks after delivery, the woman is said to have Transient Hypertension.
If blood pressure values remain elevated then ,the diagnosis of chronic hypertension is made.
In a normal pregnancy, there is a significant increase in vascular volume as well as increased cardiac output. In a normal pregnancy, the ratio of thromboxane, vasoconstrictors , and prostacyclin, vasodilator is 1:1. Changes occur include elevation of afterload, decreased cardiac output, increased vascular resistance, reduced ventricular preload, reduced total blood volume.
The primary hematologic change is hemoconcentration, the plasma volume contract during decreased regional perfusion.
Thrombocytopenia, decreased clotting factors and red blood cell destruction characterized by hemolysis.
Syndrome of pregnancy- induced hypertension accompanied by proteinuria, edema and frequently other organ dysfunction. Convulsion usually preceded by headache, epigastric pain, hyperreflexia and hemoconcentration .it occur before labor in 50 %, during labor in 25% and early postpartum in 25%. Unclear, clinical and pathologic manifestation result from an insult that leads to intravascular platelet activation and microvascular endothelial injury.
Excess fluid volume related to pathophysiologic changes of gestational hypertension and increased fluid overload. Ineffective tissue perfusion related to altered placental blood flow caused by vasoconstriction of blood vessels.
Alteration in pattern of urinary elimination related to hypertension, proteinuria and edema. Ectopic pregnancy is such an important issue to be aware of because in certain countries like the USA, it is the leading cause of pregnancy related deaths in the first trimester. Gestational diabetes is a condition in which women develop high levels of blood sugar (also called blood glucose) during pregnancy that by definition fall into the range for the diagnosis of pregnancy-associated diabetes. Conditions that put you at a high risk of developing gestational diabetes include obesity, having a history of gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, older age and a family history of diabetes. There are differences in opinion among medical experts regarding the screening guidelines for gestational diabetes.
Also, it’s important to note that there is a small group of women who are at such a low risk of developing gestational diabetes that they may not be tested at all.
Make changes to your dietIf available, get nutritional counseling from a registered dietitian who will help you develop meal plans with the necessary amounts of protein, fat and carbohydrates.


Most women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy will not have the condition after the baby is born.
While there are no absolute guarantees that you can prevent gestational diabetes, you can decrease your risk of developing it by making healthier choices prior to your pregnancy. Make healthy food choices – Focus on foods that are high in fiber, low in fat and calories.
Maintaining a healthy weight – If you are 20 percent or more above your ideal body weight, losing just a few pounds can decrease the risk of developing diabetes.
Even if you had gestational diabetes, the above recommendations will help lower your chances of developing it with future pregnancies as well as developing type 2 diabetes later in life. This further decreases plasma colloid osmotic pressure and moves even more fluid to extracellular spaces. Decreased urinary exertion of calcium, increased permeability to large-molecular-weight proteins leading to proteinuria, and endothelial damage to renal vasculature.
The occurrence of one or more convulsion not attributable to other cerebral disorders such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage in a patient with preeclampsia. Bed rest, therefore, is the best method of aiding increased evacuation of sodium and encouraging diuresis.
They occur in 2% of pregnancies and can be life threatening to the mother if unrecognized and untreated. Even though ectopic pregnancies only occur in 2% of pregnancies, its still a very real problem that many women worldwide face and should know the signs and symptoms of. If you are diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy, unfortunately, the fetus will be unable to survive and will need to be removed before the fallopian tube ruptures and your life becomes in danger as well.
In conclusion, ectopic pregnancies occur when the fertilized egg never reaches the uterus and instead starts to grow in the tube that connects the ovary to the uterus. This condition results from insufficient amounts of insulin being produced by your body to compensate for the added stress of pregnancy and is contributed to by an insensitivity to the insulin that is present (a condition also called insulin resistance).
However, if you are at a high risk of developing gestational diabetes, you may get tested earlier in your pregnancy.
The “glucose challenge” is a commonly used test in which you drink a sugar solution and have your blood sugar measured an hour later.
Your blood sugar will be measured in the morning and then you will be given a sugar solution to drink. Your physician should discuss your risk factors and whether testing is appropriate for you, as well as whether the challenge test or the intolerance test should be done initially. In addition, your baby may have low blood sugar levels after delivery as his or her body is still producing a lot of insulin from the high glucose exposure while in the womb. Your healthcare team can help you determine what type and how much exercise can be safe for you.
However, you are at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes with subsequent pregnancies, and as many as one-third of these women have higher than normal levels of glucose, also known as impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes after pregnancy.
Victoria Bouhairie is a first-year Fellow in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, Missouri. For issues of an individual clinical nature please consult your physician, as medical advice will not be provided through this site.


Rest should always be in a lateral recumbent position to avoid uterine pressure on the vena cava and prevent supine hypotension syndrome.
In normal pregnancies, the sperm and egg connect to form an embryo which is then implanted in the uterus. Women at higher risk for ectopic pregnancies if they get pregnant are those between 35-44 yrs, smokers, ones with history of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease caused by the STDs chlamydia and gonorrhea, IUDs, got their tubes tied, or had previous pelvic surgeries. Insulin is important because it helps keep the amount of sugar in your blood at normal levels. If your blood sugar is higher than normal, it means you have a higher risk of gestational diabetes.
After birth, these babies may have breathing problems as their lungs mature a bit later, and as children, they are at a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes. You may be advised to give yourself a single shot or multiple injections per day depending on your sugar levels. Thus, women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes need to have follow-up testing about six to 12 weeks after the baby is born.
It’s important to realize that these choices are lifestyle changes which are beneficial even if you are not considering pregnancy. She finished undergraduate school at the University of Alabama in Huntsville then attended medical school at Northwestern University. In ectopic pregnancies, however, the embryo never reaches the uterus and is implanted somewhere else. The top three signs of an ectopic pregnancy are history of a missed period, severe abdominal pain, and vaginal bleeding. There, the doctors will first ask you to take a pregnancy test and then do an ultrasound to look for a fetus in the uterus.
A higher than normal reading on at least two of your blood sugar readings gives a diagnosis of gestational diabetes. Even if these tests are normal, testing blood sugar levels is often recommended yearly, as the risk of developing the more common form of diabetes remains high.
Forming “exercise buddies” or a realistic workout routine will help you maintain your exercise program for a longer time. She completed her internal medicine residency at Loyola Medical School in 2011 and worked as a primary care physician for two years, where she focused her interest on diabetes and obesity through a variety of community activities.
The most common place it is implanted is the fallopian tube (the tube that connects the ovary to the uterus).
If the pregnancy test is positive but there is no fetus in the uterus, then it is highly likely there is an ectopic pregnancy and the fetus is in the fallopian tube instead.
Surgeons may also go in laparoscopically and remove the ectopic pregnancy in the operating room. Use your smartphone or tablet to help you monitor your habits – there are many apps that can be used to help your journey to better health.



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