Pregnancy fetal age calculator,how to get pregnant naturally fast yahoo,pregnancy symptoms hot and cold,what is the chance of getting pregnant by pre ejaculation gel - .

At a little over one (1) inch long and weighing no more than a quarter of an ounce, your baby is now the size of a kumquat. During week 10 of pregnancy, your baby has completed the most critical portion of development during which all the major body parts formed. Your baby also begins to swallow amniotic fluid during week 10 of pregnancy, which your baby excretes back out as urine.
As hormones relax the smooth muscles in your body including the smooth muscles in your intestines, you may find yourself suffering from constipation during week 10 of pregnancy. Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is not meant to replace the professional medical advice of your health care provider. Cytomegalovirus, or the CMV virus, is a common virus in the herpes virus family that infects individuals of all ages. Altered fetal growth, either too slow or too rapid, may be caused by several distinctly different fetal and maternal conditions.
January 11, 2009 By Operation Rescue Sonogram images, sworn statements show that Women’s Health Care Services intentionally underestimates fetal age and viability to avoid compliance with Kansas law. Operation Rescue recently conducted an undercover investigation of late-term abortions at George Tiller’s Women’s Health Care Services, in Wichita, Kansas, focusing on the determination of fetal age and viability. If the physician determines the gestational age of the fetus is 22 or more weeks, prior to performing an abortion upon the woman the physician shall determine if the fetus is viable.
Viability is defined by law as when a baby can survive for an indefinite period outside the womb with natural or artificial life-supportive measures. A pregnant volunteer, who we will refer to only by her first name, Shaye, offered to make an appointment for and procure a sonogram at Women’s Health Care Services. Gestational age is often determined using the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period (LMP). Warren seemed confused about exactly how to calculate Shaye’s pregnancy using her LMP and first told Shaye that she was between 31 and 32 weeks of pregnancy. The BPD number is the Biparietal Diameter, or the measurement across the baby’s head that can be used to determine fetal age. The following is an excerpt from a sworn statement made by Shaye concerning her experience at WHCS that day. Shaye was directed to another WHCS employee, Deborah Esquina, and given an appointment for an abortion at WHCS for the following week with abortionist LeRoy Carhart, and told her abortion would cost $3500 – up front – plus $65 for medication. WHCS employee Linda Joslin took Shaye’s medical history and was aware that she and her pregnancy were healthy and without physical or mental health complications.
In order to confirm the actual gestational age of Shaye’s baby, she received a second sonogram on October 17, 2008, at Via Christi-St. As an extra confirmation, Shaye received a third sonogram on October 17, 2008, from Baby Waves in Wichita, which determined that Shaye’s pregnancy was 24 weeks, 4 days. According to four independent determinations, including Shaye’s LMP, the first (and discarded) WHCS measurement, and sonograms from Via Christi Hospital and Baby Waves, Shaye’s baby was past the most liberal threshold of viability. The only measurement that actually placed the gestational age of Shaye’s baby under 24 weeks, when there could still be some question as to viability, was the second ultrasound measurement taken after Tiller employee Lindsey Alejandro tore off and threw in the trashcan measurements that showed Shaye’s baby was clearly past the threshold of viability.
But even that measurement was beyond the 22-week barrier encoded in Kansas law at which time viability must be determined, and would have placed her pregnancy at 24 weeks, 3 days – beyond the most liberal threshold of viability – at the time the abortion was scheduled to begin. Shaye later procured copies of her sonogram records from all three locations and provided them to Operation Rescue with permission to publish them.
Health and viability: Shaye’s baby was past the medically accepted threshold of viability according to four independent determinations. Misrepresentation of Kansas law: Shaye inteacted with a total of 4 WHCS employees, none of which gave her correct information about Kansas law. Intentional underestimation of fetal age: When the first determination of fetal age did not suit them, a WHCS employee destroyed that measurement and came up with a new, earlier fetal age, and advised Shaye that she could proceed with the abortion, knowing full well that her baby was more beyond the threshold of viability. Violation of second concurring physician requirement: Shaye all too easily obtained an appointment for a post-viability abortion without being referred to or obtaining the signature of a second Kansas physician as required by law. Violations of Informed Consent: Kansas also has an informed consent law that requires that abortionists tell women the gestation age of their babies, among other things. Shaye told Operation Rescue that it was her understanding that WHCS would have stopped at nothing to give her an abortion, even offering her a number to call for financial aid so money – a hefty $3500 fee – would not be an issue that would prevent her from getting the abortion. It is clear that WHCS coyly attempts to appear as if they are following the law, without actually doing so, even according to evidence in their own records presented here.


This kind of deception is placing women’s lives in danger, since the risks of serious abortion complications increase as the gestational age of the baby increases.
Operation Rescue calls on Attorney General Steve Six to launch an immediate investigation into illegal late-term abortions based on deceptive determinations of non-viability. Amniotic fluid index - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaAmniotic fluid index (AFI) is a rough estimate of the amount of amniotic fluid and is an index for the fetal well-being. Pregnancy questions and answers85Alternatively, have a look at the chart of Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) below. Fetal monitoring - Hypertension in Pregnancy - NCBI Bookshelf8.7Amniotic fluid index versus single deepest vertical pocket . Peter Callen's OB-Gyn Ultrasound Online of Fetal SonogramReference Charts and Tables Recommended Links . Policies and Statementsformula should be used if the Hadlock EFW chart is used for plotting fetal . Interpretation for 8390 Bilirubin, Amniotic FluidThe presence of bilirubin in amniotic fluid, which results in a yellow color, . ANTENATAL MONITORING OF THE HIGH RISK FETUSment of amniotic fluid volume should be an integral part . Institute for Advanced Medical EducationSerial amniotic fluid indices can, therefore, assess the progression of renal compromise. Intrauterine Growth RetardationThese measurements are plotted on a preexisting standardized chart. From now until her or she is born, your baby’s tissues and organs will rapidly grow and develop. Make sure to drink plenty of water and eat plenty of fiber including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. With the advent of sophisticated antenatal assessment tools and new therapeutic modalities, many of these problems will probably become manageable in the future. These figures indicate that ultrasound, like other tests used to assess biologic function, is more specific in predicting the unaffected fetus than it is sensitive in the diagnosis of IUGR (Fig. 65-6703 as a “major bodily function” as long as the condition is both substantial and irreversible.
Alejandro tore off the ultrasound photo that showed 24 weeks, 6 days gestation and threw it into a trashcan.
Alejandro told me that I could have the abortion because it is a woman’s choice up until 24 weeks. Technique of Measuring the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) From: Dildy FA, Lira N, Moise Jr KJ, Riddle GD, Deter RD. The liver has taken over the job of producing red blood cells from the yolk sack, which is currently disappearing. The ears, which initially formed on your baby’s neck, are developing and moving into place on the sides of the head. Your ever-increasing hormones are also relaxing the ligaments in your body, which is good for giving birth but not necessarily so good during week 10 of pregnancy.
You may find yourself a lot more flexible than usual so take precautions when moving around to prevent joint and muscles injuries. The spinal nerves are beginning to stretch out of the spinal cord, which is now visible through your baby’s translucent skin.
Your blood supply will increase by 20 to 40 percent by the end of your pregnancy, so you may begin noticing more visible veins throughout your body. The brain, which bulges atop your baby’s head, also begins to function during week 10 of pregnancy.
Downy hair as fine as peach fuzz, which is called lanugo, begins to cover your baby’s delicate skin in a protective layer.
Other symptoms during week 10 of pregnancy include fatigue, nausea, heightened emotions and mood swings, stress and anxiety, and breast tenderness and changes. In the latter condition cephalic size is relatively spared in comparison to body weight, suggesting that the pathophysiologic process is both recent in onset and potentially remediable.13, 14The physician involved in antenatal recognition of IUGR should be well versed with current problematic and controversial issues in making such diagnoses. Second, a description and critique of the sonographic methodology used in the assessment of fetal growth, BW, and oligohydramnios follows. Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, 1979) Careful attention to neonatal weight versus length (ponderal index) on a universal basis will remedy this situation.


This finding implies that if the BPD growth bracket is defined, for instance by 30 weeks' gestation, fetal cephalic growth potential can be estimated for the remainder of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 126: 485, 1976) The concept of comparing actual to potential cephalic growth is similar to that proposed by Turner,30 who underscored the importance of comparing fetal size to that of sibling weight. He showed the validity of this concept by showing that 80% of infants affected by congenital rubella were growth restricted in relation to their potential weight, exemplified by that of their normal siblings. For example, there is tendency by physicians to universally use the chart by Battaglia and Lubchenco,15 despite the fact that it is only applicable to pregnant women residing in geographic areas, approximately 6000 ft above sea level.
For example, at 36 weeks, a 2100 g neonate born at or near sea level can be approximately placed either in the 15th or fifth centile brackets, depending on which chart is used (Table 3). Second, in identifying long-term sequelae of IUGR infants researchers have focused on very small neonates, those in whom BW falls below the fifth or third centile.
Although this approach is justifiable because it is more likely to show measurable ill effects, it is quite restrictive as it excludes the evaluation and follow up of infants with diminished growth, those who are less severely affected and in whom BW falls at the 15th or even 20th centile.Table 3.
Reprinted with permission from The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.) Furthermore, insufficient attention is directed to the fact that states of normal versus altered growth can be more precisely delineated by evaluation of BW in conjunction with specific growth patterns of the fetal head and body.
However, before any of these data are interpreted it is mandatory that physicians become well versed with the definition of predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity of biological tests, and with dependence of the predictive value of tests on prevalence of the disease in specific geographic areas.The use of these tests is illustrated by relating the sonographic finding such as oligohydramnios to the diagnosis of IUGR (Table 4). Review of this table shows that the sensitivity of oligohydramnios in the diagnosis of growth restriction is 16%.
However, the reported sensitivity is correct only to the extent that the incidence of IUGR is 10%.
As a result the predictive value and sensitivity of oligohydramnios will be enhanced.Table 4. This latter condition may occur in some pregnancies during the third trimester, rendering the BPD artificially small (Fig. In such situations, unless HC is substituted for BPD, falsely abnormal diagnoses of IUGR can be made.Fig. The reason is that it encompasses the liver and subcutaneous tissue in that area, both of which show reduction in size secondary to chronic hypoxia and decrease in substrate, associated with IUGR.Fig.
In Sabbagha RE [ed]: Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstestrics and Gynecology, 2nd ed, p 116. In Sabbagha RE [ed]: Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd ed, p 119. By placing the fetal BPD or HC and AC in specific centile brackets, nine fetal growth patterns emerge. A fetus classified into growth patterns three or six (normal BPD but small AC) is at high risk for asymmetric IUGR. By contrast, a fetus classified into growth pattern nine is at high risk for symmetric IUGR.32 The centile threshold that best delineates states of normal or altered fetal growth, is still undefined. Nonetheless, preliminary observations suggest that by using the 25th centile as a cut-off point the predictive value of growth patterns three, six, and nine in the diagnosis of IUGR is approximately 80%.WEIGHT PREDICTING FORMULASA number of formulas for prediction of BW are now published in the literature. By contrast, the absolute mean % error reflects the variability noted, regardless of sign and as such is a more accurate predictor of differences from actual BW (Table 9).
The format of mean % error can also be misleading because the difference between actual and predicted weights is expressed in small numbers (1–2%) that do not reflect the true variation in BW.
For practical clinical purposes the variation between predicted and actual BWs is best expressed in the form of absolute mean % error per 1000 g (see Table 9).Table 9.
It is apparent that the mean % error can be misleading because it artificially reduces the difference between actual and predicted BW. In Sabbagha RE [ed]: Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd ed, p 121. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1987)Comparison of birth weight formulasA variety of formulas are now used for prediction of fetal weight.



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