Pregnancy at 5 weeks and 1 day,conceive baby boy pdf download,conversation questions about pregnancy yoga - .

Medical Testimony: A new human being comes into existence during the process of fertilization. Inconsequential Differences: The differences between embryos and adults are differences that don't matter. Systematic Injustice: Abortion is condemnable for the same reasons that slavery and genocide are. A Future Lost: Like any act of homicide, abortion steals from its victims their future life. Abortion and Gendercide: Around the globe, abortion is shrinking the female population at an alarming rate.
Abortion for Profit: Many abortion supporters have a huge financial stake in keeping abortion legal. Abortion Risks: Significant risk factors (like breast cancer) have been associated with abortion. Child Abuse: America has become a more violent place for born children since abortion was legalized. Abortion Alternatives: Pregnancy care centers help eliminate the financial burden of pregnancy. An accurate understanding of prenatal development makes it impossible to argue that abortion is the mere removal of undifferentiated cell tissue or that the developing embryo is simply a part of the mother's body.
For some people, the fact that human life begins at fertilization is enough to firmly establish the injustice of abortion. If we're honest, we must concede that there is a period of time following fertilization during which human beings do not look very human, or at least they don't look the way we expect human beings to look.
What most people don't realize is how quickly the developing human takes on the characteristics that are so familiar to us in human beings outside the womb. At the moment of fertilization, a new and unique human being comes into existence with its own distinct genetic code. Renowned scientific author, Barry Werth, calls implantation (which he describes as "the joining of two lives") the "second great challenge of pregnancy, after fertilization."2 At about eight days after conception, the fertilized ovum (called a blastocyst) implants in the lining of the uterus. By the end of the third week of pregnancy, approximately 21 days after fertilization and 8 days after first taking shape, the heart starts beating. Permanent kidneys appear during the fifth week, and the external portions of the ear begin to differentiate. The eyelids close at this point, and fetuses are now capable of sucking their thumb, swallowing amniotic fluid, grasping objects, responding to touch and even doing backward and forward somersaults.
Though the fetus has long been in almost perpetual motion, by 16-20 weeks from fertilization, the body is large enough for the mother to start feeling the kicks.
Where modern medical services exist, twenty-two weeks from fertilization (24-weeks gestational age) is generally considered the beginning of viability outside the womb.
The fetus initiates labor by stimulating the adrenal cortex to secrete a hormone that induces the mother's uterus to begin contracting. There has long been a common misperception that most abortions occur before the embryo or fetus is recognizably human. FootnotesAlexander Tsiaras and Barry Werth, From Conception to Birth, (New York: Doubleday, 2002), 61.
Pregnancy is generally measured in gestational weeks which accrue from the first day of the woman’s last menstruation (LMP). Are Sperm and Egg Cells Alive?: A fundamental change occurs to the sperm and egg during fertilization.
If youa€™re pregnant and contemplating abortion, what a mercy that youa€™ve found this website! Stash some in your wallet or purse and be ready to hand them out or strategically leave them behind. Currently used equipments are known as real-time scanners, with which a continous picture of the moving fetus can be depicted on a monitor screen. They are emitted from a transducer which is placed in contact with the maternal abdomen, and is moved to "look at" (likened to a light shined from a torch) any particular content of the uterus.
The information obtained from different reflections are recomposed back into a picture on the monitor screen (a sonogram, or ultrasonogram).
A full bladder is often required for the procedure when abdominal scanning is done in early pregnency. A short history of the development of ultrasound in pregnancy can be found in the History pages. Ultrasound scan is currently considered to be a safe, non-invasive, accurate and cost-effective investigation in the fetus. The gestational sac can be visualized as early as four and a half weeks of gestation and the yolk sac at about five weeks.
The viability of the fetus can be documented in the presence of vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy.
Many women do not ovulate at around day 14, so findings after a single scan should always be interpreted with caution. The timing of a positive pregnancy test may also be helpful in this regard to assess the possible dates of conception. The weight of the fetus at any gestation can also be estimated with great accuracy using polynomial equations containing the BPD, FL, and AC.
Many structural abnormalities in the fetus can be reliably diagnosed by an ultrasound scan, and these can usually be made before 20 weeks.
First trimester ultrasonic 'soft' markers for chromosomal abnormalities such as the absence of fetal nasal bone, an increased fetal nuchal translucency (the area at the back of the neck) are now in common use to enable detection of Down syndrome fetuses.
Read also: Soft Markers - A Guide for Professionals and Ultrasonographic "soft markers" of fetal chromosomal defects. Ultrasound can also assist in other diagnostic procedures in prenatal diagnosis such as amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, cordocentesis (percutaneous umbilical blood sampling) and in fetal therapy.
In this situation, ultrasonography is invaluable in determining the number of fetuses, the chorionicity, fetal presentations, evidence of growth retardation and fetal anomaly, the presence of placenta previa, and any suggestion of twin-to-twin transfusion. Excessive or decreased amount of liquor (amniotic fluid) can be clearly depicted by ultrasound. With specially designed probes, ultrasound scanning can be done with the probe placed in the vagina of the patient. Vaginal scans are also becoming indispensible in the early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancies.
Doppler ultrasound is presently most widely employed in the detection of fetal cardiac pulsations and pulsations in the various fetal blood vessels.
Blood flow characteristics in the fetal blood vessels can be assessed with Doppler 'flow velocity waveforms'. The use of color flow mapping can clearly depict the flow of blood in fetal blood vessels in a realtime scan, the direction of the flow being represented by different colors.
An increasing volume of literature is accumulating on the usefulness of 3-D scans and the diagnosis of congenital anomalies could receive revived attention. More recently, 4-D or dynamic 3-D scanners are in the market and the attraction of being able to look at the face and movements of your baby before birth was also enthusiastically reported in parenting and health magazines.


Most experts do not consider that 3-D and 4-D ultrasound will be a mandatory evolution of our conventional 2-D scans, rather it is an additional piece of tool like doppler ultrasound. A short history of the development of 3-D ultrasound in pregnancy can be found in the History pages.
There is no hard and fast rule as to the number of scans a woman should have during her pregnancy.
A second scan is performed at 18 to 20 weeks mainly to look for congenital malformations, when the fetus is large enough for an accurate survey of the fetal anatomy. Many centers are now performing an earlier screening scan at around 11-14 weeks to measure the fetal nuchal translucency and to evaluate the fetal nasal bone (and more recently, to detect tricuspid regurgitation) to aid in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome. Further scans may sometimes be done at around 32 weeks or later to evaluate fetal size (to estimate the fetal weight) and assess fetal growth.
The total number of scans will vary depending on whether a previous scan has detected certain abnormalities that require follow-up assessment.
One should not dwell too much on the definitions or guidelines for a level II ultrasound scan. That a pregnancy should be scanned at 18 to 20 weeks as a rule is gradually becoming a matter of routine practice. Although certain harmful effects in cells are observed in a laboratory setting, abnormalities in embryos and offsprings of animals and humans have not been unequivocally demonstrated in the large amount of studies that have so far appeared in the medical literature purporting to the use of diagnostic ultrasound in the clinical setting. The greatest risks arising from the use of ultrasound are the possible over- and under- diagnosis brought about by inadequately trained staff, often working in relative isolation and using poor equipment. A discussion on the various possible effects of ultrasound on the human fetus can be found here.
It should be bornt in mind that prenatal ultrasound cannot diagnose all malformations and problems of an unborn baby (reported figures range from 40 to 98 percent), so one should never interpret a normal scan report as a guarantee that the baby will be completely normal.
Some conditions, like for example hydrocephalus, may not have been obvious at the time of the earlier scan.
Images tend also to be strikingly clear in skinny patients with lots of amniotic fluid, and frustratingly fuzzy in obese women, particularly if there is not much amniotic fluid as in cases of growth restriction. If you are interested to find out more about a particular fetal anomaly, take a look at this compilation of Web pages which describe in some detail specific congenital anomalies that are diagnosable by ultrasound. I definitely encourage any parents-to-be, to go for these ultrasounds once or twice (if you can afford it), during their pregnancy(ies).  It helps with the bonding experience, and is just a miraculous event for you, your spouse, and family.
1-800-SONOGRAM  if that helps you, or search online.  Just thought I’d throw that out there!
Over 30 years of ultrasound technology has never been shown to harm a single mother or child.  That speaks volumes to me, so go ahead and enjoy! In truth, a human blastocyst looks exactly as a human being should look, five days after fertilization. Twenty-three chromosomes from the mother and twenty-three chromosomes from the father combine to result in a brand-new and totally unique genetic combination. It emits chemical substances which weaken the woman's immune system within the uterus so that this tiny foreign body is not rejected by the woman's body.
Over the next four days, the heart will settle into its regular rhythm and will start pumping blood throughout the embryo's newly formed blood vessels. The fifth week will see the embryo more than double in size, growing from approximately 5 millimters in length (.19 inch) to 10 millimeters. The uterus can be recognized in female fetuses and external genitalia become more recognizable. Eyelids have now completely covered the eyes, and fine hairs have begun to cover the entire body. At this point in pregnancy (barely half way through a full term) the odds of long-term survival are still relatively slim, but new medical advances continue to increase the likelihood of survival and decrease the age of viability. Day after day, thousands of aborting women wrongly believe that they're simply eliminating some undifferentiated human cell tissue.
Since its introduction in the late 1950’s ultrasonography has become a very useful diagnostic tool in Obstetrics. Movements such as fetal heart beat and malformations in the feus can be assessed and measurements can be made accurately on the images displayed on the screen.
It has progressively become an indispensible obstetric tool and plays an important role in the care of every pregnant woman.
A visible heartbeat could be seen and detectable by pulsed doppler ultrasound by about 6 weeks and is usually clearly depictable by 7 weeks. Normal heart rate at 6 weeks is around 90-110 beats per minute (bpm) and at 9 weeks is 140-170 bpm. The diagnosis of missed abortion is usually made by serial ultrasound scans demonstrating lack of gestational development. A positive pregnancy test 3 weeks previously for example, would indicate a gestational age of at least 7 weeks. Common examples include hydrocephalus, anencephaly, myelomeningocoele, achondroplasia and other dwarfism, spina bifida, exomphalos, Gastroschisis, duodenal atresia and fetal hydrops. Further developments in doppler ultrasound technology in recent years have enabled a great expansion in its application in Obstetrics, particularly in the area of assessing and monitoring the well-being of the fetus, its progression in the face of intrauterine growth restriction, and the diagnosis of cardiac malformations.
The "Doptone" fetal pulse detector is a commonly used handheld device to detect fetal heartbeat using the same doppler principle. Color doppler is particularly indispensible in the diagnosis of fetal cardiac and blood vessel defects, and in the assessment of the hemodynamic responses to fetal hypoxia and anemia. It uses amplitude information from doppler signals rather than flow velocity information to visualize slow flow in smaller blood vessels. The transducer takes a series of images, thin slices, of the subject, and the computer processes these images and presents them as a 3 dimensional image. This is thought to have an important catalytic effect for mothers to bond to their babies before birth. What is often referred to as a Level II scan merely indicates a "targeted" examination where it is done when an indication is present or when an abnormality is suspected in a previous examination. Unlike X-rays, ionizing irradiation is not present and embryotoxic effects associated with such irradiation should not be relevant.
The position of the baby in the uterus has a great deal to do with how well one sees certain organs such as the heart, face and spine. As in almost every endeavor, there is also a wide difference in the skill, training, talent, and interest of the sonographer or sonologists.
Craig & Anna were able to stay to see the ultrasound (I was a bit worried that Anna would get too impatient since it was so close to her bedtime) and we saw and heard the heartbeat: 188 bpm. They might argue that even though human embryos and fetuses are human beings, they are not developed enough to be morally significant. Nevertheless, it can be difficult to feel much emotional attachment to something that so little resembles a baby.
In fact, during the several days following implantation, the embryo doubles in size every day. Whereas the heart, lungs, and hair of a woman all share the same genetic code, her unborn child, from the moment of fertilization, has a separate genetic code that is all its own.


Were this tiny embryo simply "part of the woman's body" there would be no need to locally disable the woman's immunities.
It will continue to do so for an entire lifetime and will have beat roughly 54 million times before the baby is even born. It is estimated that during the course of prenatal development an average of one million neurons (impulse-conducting cells that make up the nervous system) are produced every minute.
Fingers and toes are distinctly separated, knee joints are present, and the embryo develops the ability to smell. Ninety percent of the structures found in an adult human being can be found in this tiny embryo (now called a fetus) which is only about an inch and a half long. Because the general ignorance of prenatal development is so convenient to the abortion industry, it's not hard to guess why Planned Parenthood does so little to accurately educate their clients.
Ultrasound can also very importantly confirm the site of the pregnancy is within the cavity of the uterus.
At 5-8 weeks a bradycardia (less than 90 bpm) is associated with a high risk of miscarriage.
For example, if ultrasound scan demonstrates a 7mm embryo but cannot demonstrable a clearcut heartbeat, a missed abortion may be diagnosed. In patients with uncertain last menstrual periods, such measurements must be made as early as possible in pregnancy to arrive at a correct dating for the patient.
For example, if another scan done 6 or 8 weeks later says that one should have a new due date which is further away, one should not normally change the date but should rather interpret the finding as that the baby is not growing at the expected rate. The better images are the result of the scanhead's closer proximity to the uterus and the higher frequency used in the transducer array resulting in higher resolving power. Using computer controls, the operator can obtain views that might not be available using ordinary 2-D ultrasound scan.
Volumetric measurements are more accurate and both doctors and parents can better appreciate a certain abnormality or the absence of a certain abnormality in a 3-D scan than a 2-D one and there is the possibility of increasing psychological bonding between the parents and the baby. Other more subtle features such as low-set ears, facial dysmorphia or clubbing of feet can be better assessed, leading to more effective diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities. What are known as 're-assurance scans' and the rather misnamed 'entertainment scans' have quickly become popular. 3-D ultrasound appears to have great potential in research and in the study of fetal embryology. Otherwise a scan is generally booked at about 7 weeks to confirm pregnancy, exclude ectopic or molar pregnancies, confirm cardiac pulsation and measure the crown-rump length for dating. In fact professional bodies such as the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine does not endorse or encourage the use of these terms. The use of high intensity ultrasound is associated with the effects of "cavitation" and "heating" which can be present with prolonged insonation in laboratory situations.
Sometimes a repeat examination has to be scheduled the following day, in the hopes the baby has moved. The improvements in equipment has also lead to the earlier detection of abnormal structures in the fetus bringing along with it "false positives" and "difficult-to-be-sure-what-will-happen" diagnosis that could generate huge amount of undue anxiety in patients. Look into these services so that you need not worry about losing your valuable information.
It was fun to see Baby wiggling but mostly it was just the heart pounding away that was most exciting to see since Baby's so small right now we can't see a lot of detail. If such rapid growth were maintained throughout the pregnancy, the baby would be larger than the sun at birth!1 In just six weeks time, the human embryo goes from looking like a "bunch of cells" to looking like a baby – though only a half inch tall! There is enough information in this tiny zygote to control human growth and development for the rest of its life.
The kidneys, at this point, are preparing for urine production, eye "bulges" become visible, and the brain begins dividing into three primary sections: forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain.
The brain, at this point, accounts for almost half of the body's total weight, and 75% of 8-week fetuses demonstrate right-hand dominance. Of course, even if human embryos didn't become so recognizably human in such a short amount of time, would that somehow change the ethics of abortion?
In such cases, it is reasonable to repeat the ultrasound scan in 7-10 days to avoid any error. 3-dimensional ultrasound is quickly moving out of the research and development stages and is now widely employed in a clinical setting. The most common reason for having more scans in the later part of pregnancy is fetal growth retardation.
I do wish we could have gotten some video, but I'll have to be content with the four pictures we got. Until implanting into the lining of the uterus, each cell lives off of stored energy and newly manufactured DNA; at this stage in development the zygote is receiving no direct sustenance from the parents. Gastrulation is the process by which the embryo is transformed from a simple ball of cells into a multi-layered organism. Two days later, the feet begin taking shape, the retina of the eyes gain pigment, and the nose starts to elevate. Intermittent breathing motions (though there is no air present in the uterus) occur, and male testes are releasing testosterone. A baby's skin often appears pink when it is first born because the blood vessels are so close to the skin's surface. Afterall, isn't it the height of injustice to abuse another member of the human community simply because they don't look the way we expect them to? In the latter part of pregnancy measuring body parameters will allow assessment of the size and growth of the fetus and will greatly assist in the diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). The ability to obtain a good 3-D picture is nevertheless still very much dependent on operator skill, the amount of liquor (amniotic fluid) around the fetus, its position and the degree of maternal obesity, so that a good image is not always readily obtainable. By folding in on itself, the basic body begins to take shape as cells differentiate into specialized cell types.
Final formation of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation requires exposure to light, something the baby doesn't have much access to in the womb. Abortion is not the mere removal of cell tissue; it is the death of living, growing human beings. Cells that will become the muscles, skeleton and gut actually begin on the outside, but during this dramatic migration will soon find their permanent home in the body's interior. The photograph above of an 8-week fetus (10-weeks gestation) was taken by a medical student in India, immediately following the removal of the mother's uterus (after she was diagnosed with cervical cancer). The scans requires special probes and software to accumulate and render the images, and the rendering time has been reduced from minutes to fractions of a seconds. It provides a rare glimpse of what developing human beings look during the early stages of pregnancy. The Links section above also furnish you with some of the best reading and information on the Internet concerning the various aspects of ultrasonography in pregnancy.



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