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War II thanks to the spread of modern medicine that allowed control of infectious diseases. Population growth rates have declined significantly in most developing countries outside tropical Africa. India’s declining fertility rate, now only slightly higher than that of the United States, is part of a global trend of lower population growth. In a recent exercise, most of my students believed that India’s total fertility rate (TFR) was twice that of the United States. But as the Google Public Data chart posted here shows, even the Philippines has been experiencing a steady fall in TFR. I find it extraordinary that the massive global drop in human fertility has been so little noticed by the media, escaping the attention of even highly educated Americans.
It almost seems as though we have collectively decided to ignore this momentous transformation of human behavior.
Although the LiveScience article notes that the original report focused on sub-Saharan Africa, it does not mention the fact that high birthrates are in fact increasingly confined to that part of the world, or that fertility rates are persistently declining in almost every country in Africa, albeit slowly. Responding in part to such dire prophesies and advice, India enacted a population campaign in the 1970s tilted toward forced sterilization. But this correlation, although strong, is of limited explanatory power, since Kerala and Goa rank high on every social indicator, just as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh rank low. General levels of economic development, as reflected in per capita GDP, also fail to fully explain India’s fertility patterns.
Urbanization often correlates with reduced fertility, and the rapid growth of India’s cities is probably linked to its declining birthrate. Some scholars have argued that recent fertility decreases in India and elsewhere in the Third World are more specifically linked to one technological innovation: television. This paper explores the effect of the introduction of cable television on women’s status in rural India.
As it turns out, the map of television ownership in India does bear a particularly close resemblance to the fertility map. The correlation is far from perfect: Mizoram ranks higher on the TV chart than its fertility figures would indicate, whereas Odisha and Assam rank lower. I suspect that the rapid drop in fertility in such countries as India and Brazil, as well as its association with television, has been missed in mainstream U.S. Many of these same critics regarded television as inauthentic, mind numbing, and thought controlling, and feared that by inculcating consumerism it would hasten environmental destruction.
Mander currently sits on the board of directors of the San Francisco-based International Forum on Globalization alongside Vandana Shiva, India’s most prominent environmental activist. Despite Vandana Shiva’s insistence to the contrary, most experts doubt that India could feed itself through non-modern farming.
It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the transition to a low fertility regime, deemed necessary by almost all environmentalists, requires substantial modernization, particularly in the socio-cultural realm. We focus on fertility choices in Brazil, a country where soap operas (novelas) portray families that are much smaller than in reality. Achim, We have a similar support site here:????? ?????? ??????????? (Its in hebrew but there is also an english version). As early as 3,000 years ago, doctors of TCM discussed the diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders and infertility – for both men and women. These ancient physicians would use the knowledge from thousands of years of natural, holistic therapies such as Acupuncture, Qi Qong, Tai Qi, Chinese Herbal Medicine, and lifestyle and dietary counseling to restore the natural state of internal harmony that results in fertility and conception.
Fertility acupuncture has been shown to improve fertility rates when used as a complementary therapy for ART cycles for IVF, IUI and other ART protocols. Fertility acupuncture may benefit those undergoing IVF and other ART treatments by lessening many unwanted side effects, mitigating some negative effects of IVF stimulation, and enhancing implantation and pregnancy rates. Improved blood flow in the uterus and ovaries thereby increasing ovarian sensitivity to gonadotropins and the an improved uterine lining for implantation. Fertility treatments vary from person to person, but are usually scheduled for at least three consecutive cycles (twelve weeks). Women undergoing IVF were 65 percent more likely to become pregnant when they combined the procedure with acupuncture. The research was carried out by scientists from the University of Maryland in the United States and the VU University of Amsterdam in Holland. Acupuncture is also thought to stimulate blood flow to the uterus and boost the production of endogenous opioids, inducing the body to relax. In the research project, 28 men received acupuncture in addition to traditional infertility treatments, while another 12 men received only the traditional treatments. Acupuncture was associated with fewer structural defects in the sperm of men who received acupuncture, although it had no effect on sperm immaturity or premature death.


Our Therapists use a range of therapies to increase fertility, including Acupuncture, Naturopathy and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Pelvic Problems: Endometriosis affects many women with up to 70% of sufferers experiencing some form of infertility. Infertility Acupuncture - Target the specific cause as well as improve your body and mind health. My name is Maria Gioia Atzori and I am the editor of the Natural Health for Fertility web site. To subscribe to my Natural Health for Fertility blog (no e-mail necessary), right-click on the orange RSS button (see bottom buttons to the left) and then paste the URL into your RSS reader.
India, which now edges closer to the replacement rate, is a case in point for how economic and social development have slowed fertility rates. Yet the media and many educated Americans have entirely missed this major development, instead sticking to erroneous perceptions about inexorable global population growth that continue to fuel panicked rhetoric about everything from environmental degradation and immigration to food and resource scarcity. Birthrates in most so-called Third World countries have dropped precipitously, and some are now well below the replacement rate.
The same is true of Afghanistan, the most fecund country outside of Africa, at least for the past 15 years.
Scholars and journalists alike continue to warn that global population is spiraling out of control. Many African states, moreover, are still sparsely settled and can accommodate significantly larger populations. Stanford University biologist Paul Ehrlich* began his pivotal 1968 book The Population Bomb with a vignette of teeming New Delhi and the disasters it portended. This widely despised program was quickly dismantled with little appreciable effect on India’s TFR, which continued along its steady downward path. As shown on the map posted here, fertility figures for half of India are actually below replacement level. The remainder of this post will do so through cartography, comparing the Indian fertility rate map with maps of other social and economic indicators. Educated women, they reason, generally prefer smaller families, allowing them to pursue their own interests while investing more resources and time in each child.
India as a whole, however, remains a predominantly rural country, so urbanization itself cannot be the answer. The somewhat dated Human Development Index map from Wikipedia again deviates from the fertility map, especially in regard to low-HDI-ranking Andhra Pradesh and Odisha (Orissa), and high-ranking Nagaland and Manipur. The TV hypothesis is well known in the field, discussed, for example, in the LiveScience article on the African population explosion mentioned above. Using a three-year, individual-level panel dataset, we find that the introduction of cable television is associated with significant decreases in the reported acceptability of domestic violence towards women and son preference, as well as increases in women’s autonomy and decreases in fertility. Two anomalously low-fertility states with low levels of female education, Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, score relatively high on TV penetration, as does West Bengal, which lags on several other important socio-economic indicators. Shiva, best known for her campaigns against genetically modified crops, is deeply opposed to most aspects of modernity, calling for a return not just to organic farming but to a broadly traditional way of life, albeit without patriarchy and class (and caste) oppression. Television depresses fertility because many of its offerings provide a model of middle class families successfully grappling with the transition from tradition to modernity, helped by the fact that they have few children to support. We exploit differences in the timing of entry into different markets of Rede Globo, the network that has an effective monopoly on novelas production in this country. But it will take a fundamental change in the way we talk about technology, population, and environment for this point to come across. The analysis presented here would suggest that the best way to bring them down would be a three-pronged effort: female education, broad-based economic and social development, and mass electrification followed by the dissemination of soap-opera-heavy television. I wonder if media exposure could also be more directly driving increases in contraceptive use (which I presume are the mechanism for the falling fertility rates?). Treatments can include acupuncture, customized herbal therapy, stress reduction and dietary counseling. It is thought that acupuncture stimulates the neurotransmitters that trigger the production of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, which controls the menstrual cycle and ovulation. Researchers claim that because acupuncture costs only about $75 per session compared to $6000 to $10,000 per cycle for IVF, it would be a cost effective, safe and efficient way of boosting success rates in fertility treatment.
Structural abnormality in the pelvic bones can affect fertility and can cause complications once pregnant. Prenatal Yoga can be practiced during the entire pregnancy with special modifications for each trimester. Also, Yoga during pregnancy is a safe, simple and a natural method of preparing for birthing while helping the fetus grow and develop as healthy as possible.
Postnatal Yoga postures are very soothing and can help realigns and re-educates your body to your pre-pregnancy state. And yet, popular and expert beliefs continue to be informed by misguided perceptions that global population is spiraling out of control and putting unsustainable levels of pressure on resources and the environment.


As can also be seen, TFR declines have been much more modest in such African countries as Niger and Tanzania. The Central African Republic, for example, has a population of less than 4.5 million in an area almost the size of France. Were it not for the Hindi-speaking heartland, India would already be looking at population stabilization and even decline. As it turns out, the map of female literacy in India does exhibit striking similarities with the map of fertility. Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, for example, combine low female literacy with low fertility, whereas in Meghalaya and Nagaland the pattern is reversed. Note also that low-fertility Kerala and especially Himachal Pradesh have low urbanization levels, whereas in Mizoram the opposite situation prevails. The mapping of life expectancy, a major social indicator, again reveals both common features and anomalies. In regard to India, Robert Jensen and Emily Oster argue persuasively that television works this magic mostly by enhancing the social position of women. We also find suggestive evidence that exposure to cable increases school enrollment for younger children, perhaps through increased participation of women in household decision-making.
That television viewing would help generate demographic stabilization would have come as a shock to those who warned of the ticking global population bomb in the 1960s.
Mander argued not only that television singularly lacks democratic potential, but also that it functions to enhance autocratic control. Using Census data for the period 1970-1991, we find that women living in areas covered by the Globo signal have significantly lower fertility.
As it is, Africa’s television market is growing rapidly, but much of the programming so far has been heavily oriented toward sports. My perception is that in most countries pop culture is on the vanguard in terms of challenging traditional sexual norms, and thereby in terms of challenging religious and patriarchal authority over women’s sexual lives.
In fact, a recent clinical study found that just 10 weeks of Yoga resulted in significantly increased conception rates. If you are trying to conceive, yoga can help you get there. When pregnant mothers practice Yoga, the baby receives more oxygenated blood to help brain development. It must be acknowledged, however, that reductions in fertility are not necessarily permanent. Such a technique is admittedly suggestive rather than conclusive, and it does not take into account institutional variables, such as family planning efforts. States with educated women, such as Kerala and Goa, have smaller families than those with widespread female illiteracy, such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Thus while the education of women is no doubt significant in reducing fertility levels, it is not the only factor at play. Gujarat in western India is well ahead of them economically, yet its fertility rate remains higher, slightly above the replacement level.
States with high life expectancies tend to have low birthrates (Kerala, yet again), whereas those with low life expectancies tend to have high birthrates (Madhya Pradesh, especially). All of southern and far northern India are now almost fully electrified, whereas in impoverished Bihar fewer than 20 percent of households have electric lights. The effect is strongest for women of lower socioeconomic status and for women in the central and late phases of their fertility cycle, consistent with stopping behavior … Finally, we provide suggestive evidence that novelas, and not just television, affected individual choices. One can only hope that Nollywood (Nigeria’s Hollywood) and other African entertainment centers can provide the women-focused, locally appealing telenovelas that have been so strongly associated elsewhere with fertility reduction.
Anna Davis is the creator of this revolutionizing new method of using Yoga to increase conception. Many prenatal Yoga poses are designed to make room for the growing baby helping the baby turn at the right time and prevent bridge positioning. As the New York Times recently reported, the decline of family planning services has already ticked up the birthrate in Egypt, threatening that country’s already tight demographic squeeze.
A number of states in the far north and the northeast boast similarly low fertility levels, including West Bengal, noted for its swarming metropolis of Calcutta (Kolkata).
Yet while Odisha lags behind even Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in terms of longevity, its TFR (2.2) is close to replacement, lower even than that of Gujarat.
Nagaland and Chhattisgarh, for example, have relatively high levels of electrification, yet are marked by elevated birthrates.



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