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Fertility awareness, or natural family planning, has been used successfully since the 1930's to edict a woman's fertile days. Auf dieser Seite finden Sie alles wissenswerte uber unser Angebot und unseren vielseitigen Service. Auf dieser Seite finden Sie alles wissenswerte über unser Angebot und unseren vielseitigen Service. These methods are based on the fact that fertilization is most likely to occur around the time of ovulation. Intercourse is avoided during those times when a woman is fertile, thus preventing conception.
Fertility awareness methods are the only methods of birth control which require the cooperation of both partners. Advantages of these methods are that they are very inexpensive, do not require the use of artificial devices or drugs, and have no harmful side-effects.
Even if fertility awareness isn't used as contraception, every woman can benefit from understanding the workings of her body. Many doctors are reluctant to recommend fertility awareness because of the high failure rate of the rhythm method, the first natural method to come into widespread use.
However, newer natural methods listed in this section are as effective as artificial contraceptives.
Additionally, users of these methods tend to be very loyal, continuing to practice NFP longer than users of any other non-surgical, non-prescription method, which would indicate high satisfaction among couples. To use fertility awareness as a form of birth control it is strongly recommended that you first confer with a trained counselor. It is based on the observation that, in the absence of mucus, no egg is present, and sperm cannot survive long enough to fertilize an egg which may later be released. While some allergic reactions are extremely mild, some reactions can be quite serious and need medical assistance. As ovulation approaches, the mucus becomes clear and slippery and stretches without breaking, like a raw egg white. Any time the slippery stretchy mucus is noticed, intercourse should be avoided until two days after it is all gone -- about eight days out of each cycle.A Woman's Monthly Cycle Above is a pictorial representation of a 32 day menstrual cycle.
Depending on where she is in her menstrual cycle, there will be slight variations in her temperature.


These variations are most easily measured with a special thermometer that has a range of only a few degrees, known as a basal thermometer.
When the temperature stays elevated for at least three days, a woman may assume she has already ovulated. To determine the infertile time before ovulation, a woman needs to look at her pattern of previous cycles. Do not be embarrassed because you have to know that women of all ages suffer from this condition once in a while.
By recording other cyclic symptoms, in addition to basal temperatures, the infertile time before ovulation can be more accurately predicted.
Cervical mucus, mid-cycle cramping, breast sensitivity, and mood swings are all symptoms which give insight into the progression of a woman's cycle. With careful monitoring, it is not difficult to predict your fertile period, when intercourse is to be avoided.
An NFP chart for recording these changes is available to view or print out.Intercourse during the time before ovulation is less safe than the time after ovulation because sperm have been known to live up to six days.
This practice, known as the post-ovulatory temperature method, is the most effective of all methods of true contraception, with a failure rate of only 1% among perfect users. It is based on three assumptions: (1) that ovulation occurs fourteen days before the beginning of menstruation, plus or minus two days (2) that sperm remain viable for three days, and (3) that the ovum survives for twenty-four hours. For a woman with very regular cycles, she needs merely to count backwards from the first day of her period to locate the day on which she ovulated.
Using this information, she can predict when ovulation will occur the following month and avoid having intercourse around that time.Most women do not ovulate at the same time each month, and no woman's cycles are identical every time. Utilizing what is known about the endocrine system and patterns of fertility in nursing women, a highly effective, temporary method of contraception has been developed called the Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM).
It can be used as long as a woman nurses her baby frequently and has no periods.Among breastfeeding women, menstruation will usually not occur for several months after the birth of a child. In fact, most breastfeeding women do not ovulate for four to 24 months after delivery, whereas non-breastfeeding women can ovulate as early as one or two months after delivery. The hormone that stimulates milk production decreases the hormone necessary for maintaining the menstrual cycle.For breastfeeding to act as an effective contraceptive, a woman must nurse ten or more times throughout the day and introduce no other foods into her baby's diet. Because babies need extra food at about six months, it is not recommended that this method be used beyond that time.


Although nursing can act as a contraceptive for as long as three years, it will not postpone menstruation indefinitely.
Many breastfeeding women will not ovulate until after the first period, but the longer LAM is used, the more likely it is that ovulation will precede the first menses.
Cervical mucus changes will herald the first ovulation; a woman should start checking daily at six weeks postpartum. Pregnant women and new mothers should confer with a trained counselor before initiating LAM.
Women with no periods who breastfeed without practicing LAM, have a pregnancy rate of 6% over a year. If the light is yellow, the woman takes a urine test which changes the light to green or red, based on the amount of hormone found in the urine. This method is now available in Europe and Canada, where manufacturers boast a failure rate as low as 6% among women who abstain on fertile days as indicated by the device. Clinical trials are now being conducted to obtain FDA approval, but such devices are currently not on the market in the United States.
Disadvantages include the expense of the computer and the need to purchase urine test sticks for use eight days out of each cycle. Additionally, this method is currently only being recommended for women whose cycles are between 23 and 35 days.Other models measure and store basal temperature readings, like the LadyComp and BioSelf models pictured on the right.
It requires no devices, involves no chemicals, and is available in any situation at no cost.
Withdrawal is accomplished then, during intercourse, the man pulls out his penis just before ejaculation. As orgasm is impending, a man may not withdraw in enough time to prevent semen from escaping into the vagina. Although withdrawal has no known side effects, interruption of the sexual response cycle can greatly diminish the pleasure of a couple.




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