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1.There are 170 known fossil elephant species that inhabited the whole Earth, except for Australia and Antarctica. During the Ice Age there were more 6-7 elephant species, including mastodons in North America and mammoths in Eurasia and North America.
Today there are 3 species: the large 4 m (13 ft) tall savanna elephant and the smaller 3 m (10 ft) tall rainforest elephant and the Asian elephant, a forest animal 3 m (10 ft) tall.
2.An elephant herd can have 5-1,000 individuals and it is led by an old female, called matriarch. 3.An elephant eats daily during the dry season 150-170 kg of food and drinks 80 liters of water, while during the rainy season they eat 200-280 kg of food daily. If water is scarce during the dry season, elephants dig for water in the sandy bed of a river that has stopped flowing. Because the elephant foot has underside soft cushions, elephants can walk almost noiselessly.
5.Besides the trumpeting (expressing anger) and throaty rumbling similar to gargling which we hear, elephants also communicate through infrasounds with a frequency of 14-24 Hz. 6.Like children, elephants must be disciplined by the members of their collectivity to turn into responsible members of the elephant society.
The balky elephants attacked people (killing two, including a professional hunter), killed 19 white rhinos in three years and even attempted mating with rhinoceroses. A trunk contains more than 40,000 muscles and tendons and its tip is very sensitive, making it very precise (elephants can pick up from the floor objects which are the size of a coin). In addition, there is one (in African elephant) or two (in Asian elephant) "fingers" on the tip to grasp small objects. The elephant can collect gallons of water with the trunk and then give itself a quick shower; or reach the highest, freshest leaves off a tree.
Humans can only use a foot long snorkel tubes, because for deeper snorkels the mismatch between air pressure inside lungs and the increasing outside pressure can make blood vessels swell.
But elephant lungs are different: instead of having a pleural space between lungs and the chest case as humans and most mammals do, elephants have dense sheets of fibery tissue, allowing their lungs to withstand pressures that would cause human lungs to collapse. Homosexual elephants, which are well-documented, mate year-round, but an elephant cow (female) is fertile for only a few days each year. Female elephants live in a herd of about 10 individuals lead by the most experienced matriarch, whereas the males are normally solitary and move from herd to herd. Elephant graveyards are not supported by any hard evidence, but death is important to them nonetheless.
The elephant taxonomic order, proboscidea, has only 3 members today, but it used to have over forty. Humans are born toothless, grow a set of milk teeth, and finally lose these as they grow permanent adult teeth. The elephant trunk, a specialized nose, is analogous to an octopus tentacle in terms of dexterity. Elephants have been the subject of different cultural depictions in symbolism, popular culture and mythology.
African are known for they elephant hair bracelet which is a style of bracelet that originated in Africa.
Elephant hair Bracelets are so famous in Africa people here believe that those bracelets bring them luck. Bracelets that are truly made from African elephant hair will no doubt come across as a very pretty form of jewelry and art, but not many will be aware of the fact and history that this bracelet is steeped in traditional and legend significance. The two knots of elephant hair bracelet signify and represent the earth which represent fertility and ancestors and nature which represent spirits and forces.
The four knot elephant hair bracelet signifies the elements of namely fire, sun, water, wind or better to say everything that is about Mother Nature. The six knot elephant hair bracelet signify and represent all things together that we mention before but this kind of bracelet isn’t so famous in Africa because it is a little complicated to make and it doesn’t looks so pretty. The movements from the knots along the cord shows the forces involving nature and represents continual evolution. A person who wears this kind of bracelet made from the elephant hairs that he himself has killed and made would wear the bracelet in his right hand to represent the same, while the elephant bracelet that has been gifted by someone special would be worn on the left hand because they like to make the distinction clear and to tell to other people something more about their special bracelets. It is so difficult to make a hair bracelet from real elephant hair because of the features of the elephant hair. The loop that are used to hold the elephant bracelets together will vary in shape and style. If you like to take care of your elephant special bracelet you must wash it by hand, using minimal force.
Buying and owning an elephant bracelet that is made from real elephant hair might hold a lot of significance and has a lot of meaning in the African culture and might prompt you to own one yourself, but you have consider certain factors before procuring one.
Though it in African culture is said that the elephant hair bracelets are made from only those hair strands which are shed when the elephants rub their tails against tree branches, which most of the time that is not the case. The elephants in Africa are illegally hunted and poached for their leather, ivory and their hair to make different types of elephant hair jewelry and decorations but in many parts of the world, it has become an illegal process to make bracelets or other kind of jewelers from elephant hair and sometime with teeth combinations. Possessing imitation hair bracelets which are made from other different metals like silver, sometimes copper and sometimes gold or a closer specimen like giraffe hair or other animals with hair is always an option that is available. We all know, especially women’s, that bracelets are some of the trendy accessories that never go out of fashion and you can combine them every time with everything especially when they are elegant and classy as well. Elephant hair bracelets can be made from number of different raw materials if you like to make it special and if you are searching for special details to combine your bracelet. These kind of bracelets are some of the most elegant and simple looking bracelet patterns and it could be more special if we combine it with elephant hair elements. The elephants in The African continent are illegally hunted and poached for their leather, their hair or ivory to make different types of elephant hair jewelry and decorations however in many parts of the earth this process of creating those products other kind of jewelers from elephant hair is becoming an illegal process. Continual reduction on the elephant population in Africa and in other places where elephants live show that rules to safeguard them every day are now being broken..
But unfortunately, in this variety grey market involving a commonly poached species solutions, usually the seller will ask and considerably more evidential for clarification before you decide to buy elephants hair solutions. Wildlife SOS, which is among the biggest rescue groups throughout India how also monitors different animal, especially they monitor elephant poaching, tell us that elephant hair could originated from a poached or wiped out elephant.
Although the effect will be since porcupine quills are often accumulated in the event the pet secretes all of which whenever under risk related to assault,  actual usually are unusual detects with the amounts of porcupine quills needed to finish the particular require while using the products and trinket enterprise much surpasses truly what often times have are derived from ethically gathering these people. We all want to get our money’s worth whenever we buy something new, the same is when we invest in an elephant hair jewelry or bracelets.
The bracelet about your left has well defined knots which might be tightly bound and appropriately proportioned -the other you’ve got uneven knots that usually are loosely bound.
Popular culture and media are full of elephants and elephant symbols and these gigantic animals have been associated with wisdom in many religious systems across the world.
Also browse through these interesting scientific method worksheets when you are done with this. Females give born to a single calf once at every 4-5 years after a gestation period of 22 months. The baby elephants live with their mothers for years and are cared by all females in the group. Elephants use their trunks for many purposes like smelling, breathing, trumpeting, drinking, grabbing things.
Recent discoveries have shown that these intelligent mammals have an interesting way to communicate over long distances.
Due to their massive body elephants pull down trees, break up thorny bushes, dig waterholes in dry river beds, create deep holes with their footprint where water can collect in, etc. A recent study showed that the sounds of angry bees (either recorded or real) sends away even these large mammals. For the matriarch this fact is important because she knows that male lions are more likely to attack. What you find on Impressive MagazineImpressive ideas, people, facts and products presented to you daily. The elephants' ancestors appeared 50 million years ago in North Africa, were pig sized and resembled a tapir.
In Kenya, in just 10 years the population plummeted from 150,000 to 30,000 and in Zimbabwe from 80,000 to 60,000 (in the same country black rhino population dropped from 3,000 to 300). Savanna elephants eat mainly grass and woody vegetation (especially during the dry season) while forest elephants eat mainly fruit and woody plants. In the Asian elephants, only males (and not all) are tusked, while in the African elephant the female carries smaller tusks. A walking elephant has a speed of about 5.5 mi (9 km) per hour and it "runs" with a speed of 25 mi (40 km) per hour, faster than the most rapid human athletes, despite their huge size. The advantage of the infrasounds is that they can cross vast distances, without being attenuated by the vegetation. The calls of the elephants have various meanings, from aggression to alarm call when searching for lost offspring.

But male elephants that were orphans turned into adult delinquents in a reserve in South Africa, as they had never been kept under control by mature elephants. When adult bulls from a group were moved amongst delinquents, they restored order and a more proper behavior in young bulls.
They roam through the oil fields when important valves from the pipes connecting the wells to the refinery are open. A British official working at the first railway in the area noticed an oily substance on the limb of an elephant. A hurricane cloud means 40 million elephants, more than the existing elephants on the planet.
During this time, bulls (males) will try to court her by using rituals involving various affectionate gestures and nuzzles. He was later transferred to a British zoo where he gave children rides on his back and was greatly admired. Similarly, elephants are born without tusks, grow milk tusks, and replace these with adult tusks. It allows them a high degree of manipulation of objects and elephants are adept tool-users. Elephants have hair on the different parts of their body, with the most noticeable concentrations around the ear openings, stomach, chin, eyes and tail. A long time ago, they were always made only from elephant hair and they were so special, but in recent years they have come to be made and combine from different materials, most often wire and different beads.
They also thinks that whoever wears this kind of bracelet will be blessed with health, love, prosperity and progress.
The strands of elephant hairs which pass the knots symbolize and represent the seasons of a year, and for Africans this issue is so important because they have a special relation with seasons of the year. It is, as a result, believed that it helps you to bring strength, good luck, and fortune to the actual wearer.
This is another interesting thing about this kind of jeweler that people in Africa like so much.
In Africa white hair of elephants are so unusual and so special, is a chance occurrence, usually found among older elephants. The elephant hair has to be softened and boiled, because without it is not possible to convert it into different ways and shapes. Using too much pressure and force to slide the loops might lead to the breakage of two or three strands of elephant’s hair.
In fact, possessing one is considered illegal and sometimes can be counted as a felony under the law in some different parts of the world.
If you are thinking to buy or maybe to make one such trendy elephant hair bracelet, then you should take a look at some of the bracelet making ideas given in different pages in the internet or here in our website. Stones and beads can also be used to prepare and combine a nice attractive leather bracelet. But to tell the truth beaded bracelets look more elegant only on women especially when it is combine with unique elements like it is elephant hair combination.
You can use the one which you like the most but it is not prefer to do a colorful combination because it could look terrible in combination with special loop like it is elephant hair. To replace those kind of solutions, they use silver bracelets, which are a copy on the original elephant hair bracelet designs are produced and we can explain to that those bracelets usually are same like originals one particular.
Porcupines are thought infestations that can help Africa maqui berry farmers and as a consequence exterminated. We always want to make certain it is product is created out of elephant hairs and make sure that it is good quality. This can be a little hard to help make something with elephant hair – it must be too boiled and to soften it although it is still hot we need to woke on it to create a good bracelet once this cools it retains the form.
But if you live outside the normal range of elephants, you are likely to be unfamiliar with many interesting facts about them. While their ancestors were once scouring most of the planet, today these intelligent and beloved creatures are threatened either by continuous human expansion, or by international demand for their tusks.
They are organized into complex social structures of females and calves, while males tend to live in isolation. 12 or more years of farming or herding could give the same profit as selling the tusks of one elephant.
They are producing a subsonic noise that can travel over the ground faster than sound through air. Here, they are very often seen enjoying water, spraying it all over themselves with the help of their trunks. The study was led by zoologist Lucy King for Save the Elephants, a Kenya-based nonprofit organization. Even if in many African countries rangers are free to kill poachers, these can be often better armed.
Young males are driven away from the family when mature, forming separate bachelor herds while mature bulls circulate freely from one clan to another in search for routing cows.
Elephants living in the forest are sedentary, but those in dry places migrate, traveling up to 500 km (300 mi).
This explains why elephant herds located at great distances one from another move in a coordinated way. They seem to enjoy the sound made by valves when opening, especially those controlling the vapors which impede the oil turning into paraffin.
In fact, nose bones are greatly reduced and not only in elephants, but also in other mammals that developed rudimentary trunks (like tapirs). Elephants also wade into pools and use the tip of their trunk as a snorkel as it swims to the other side, breathing easily. The wrinkled skin retains 5-10 times more water than a smooth skin and the mud stuck on it dries much harder, keeping coolness for longer periods.
However, many people who live outside the normal range of elephants are unfamiliar with the many interesting facts about them. If she accepts one, she will respond with similar gestures and after 20 minutes or so of a courting ritual they will mate. They do not lie down to sleep because of the excellent support their very straight legs give them. These creatures were generally similar in size to modern Asian elephants, although there were tiny dwarf elephants and the humongous deinotherium, 4.5m tall and weighing 14 tones. Elephants have been taught to paint with their adroit trunks and produce some fascinating artwork.
The African forest elephant and the Asian elephant both have 5 toenails on the front feet and 4 on the back feet. Their brains have more complex folds than all animals except whales, which is thought to be a major factor in their intellect.
The legend of African hair bracelet dates back to about 1500 years ago where is believed that people who wear this hair bracelet are protected against misfortunes, harm, and illnesses.
Often one end on the hair strand is thicker compared to other and, therefore, one has to slice the hair strands directly into several pieces just so that a bunch of hair with the same thickness could be gathered.
But even this might change depends to your style, with some going up to eight in number or more. Every 4-6 months you should rub olive oil in your bracelet, on the elephant hair -this penetrates. To replace those kind of products, silver bracelets, which are a copy of the original elephant hair bracelet designs are made and we can tell that those bracelets are same like originals one. And to tell the truth, after all it looks classy, elegant and has a great legend and history to carry forth.
Elephant bracelets can be made at home and maybe you may not spend a lot of money on buying them from different shop. Important things to know is that there is no limit to the elephant hair bracelet making patterns but keep it in mind: as simple as beautiful.
There is no limit to the designs that can be made with the combination of elephant hairs and leather.
You can make special and delicate looking bracelets with the help of elephant hair loop and beads combination.
All you want to do is collect some favorite colored beads of one’s choice and sequence these people and tie the ends of the string. In some places in which elephant hair products usually are illegally similarly, bracelets using giraffe hair plus some small other details and replicating an original bracelet designs can be opted for. Conclusive evidence on the source of ethically obtained wild animal products (with high costs on their heads) is actually extremely hard to monitor, so that even as have suggested, in order to take you sourced an animal-friendly product should be to uncover the original element yourself; obviously an impractical exercise for many people. On the other side, the receiver gets the messages through the sensitive skin on their feet and trunks. Lucy King is working with farmers in the Laikipia district of Kenya to found different ways to keep elephants away from their crops.

The ties are so close amongst the member of a herd that elephants are known to mourn for their dead.
Elephants are good swimmers and will immerse themselves completely when they find water deep enough. In the case of the females, tusks do not weigh more than 18 kg (40 pounds), the average being 7 kg (16 pounds). The infrasounds are produced by a membrane located in the forehead, where the trunk unites to the skull. But it's not all about the gushing oil, but also the mud and the water getting out with the oil.
These are the Asian elephant alphas maximus, the African bush elephant loxodonta Africana (also called the savannah elephant), and the African forest elephant loxodonta cyclones.
Elephants communicate within their herds or between herds many kilometers away mostly using sounds too low for human ears to perceive and by stamping their feet. If an elephant becomes sick, herd members will bring it food and help support it as it stands. For comparison, the largest African bush elephant recorded was 4m tall and weighed 12 tones. Eventually Jumbo was sold and exported to the USA, and such was his popularity that one hundred thousand children wrote to the Queen asking her to keep Jumbo for them. Elephants use tusks for digging and lifting heavy objects, and sometimes as a part of mating rituals. In captivity, elephants easily learn how to open simple locks and many master more complex ones, something impossible for most other animals due to a lack of dexterity and intellect. They commonly show grief, humor, compassion, cooperation, self-awareness, tool-use, playfulness, and excellent learning abilities. It is also praised for its stamina, mental faculties, cooperative spirit, size, longevity, and loyalty.
Sometimes, that must be cooled down in order that it retains the design which it had been shaped straight into.
Never put you bracelet in a washing machine, if you try it this will damage bracelets beyond repair. You have make sure if each strand receives the conditioning by opening and closing each strand and treating it separately. In those places where elephant hair products are illegally similarly, bracelets using giraffe hair and some small other details and replicating the original bracelet designs can also be opted for.
We are sure that you can make them almost at half the price that you require to pay in different markets. If you are searching for special looking bracelets you can also prepare a leather bracelet which is imprinted with some simple design. It is very unlikely or almost impossible to backtrack the origins of each one individual elephant hair that are being used to make jewelry’s if you have seen for yourself the place does those hair are caused by, so those derivatives theoretically ethically gathered with a great otherwise extensively sought after pet implies the item gets to become new close to extremely hard process to ascertain just whether or not a new offense has as well as was not dedicated.
Within their herds, elephants are believed to have the same or similar levels of cooperation as chimpanzees. Within proboscidea, the mastodon family mammutidae contains modern elephants and the very famous mammoths. In the USA he achieved his full fame and was widely exhibited until his death at the age of 24. Elephants in zoos have worked together to take advantage of this, by having many act as lookouts as another undoes the lock, or in one instance an elephant feigned injury as a distraction while another elephant helped the others escape. An X-ray of an elephant’s foot will reveal that its bones are actually standing on tip-toe.
An elephant in Korea surprised its zoo keepers by independently learning to mimic the commands they gave it by verbalizing on the end of its trunk, successfully learning 8 words and their context. People in Africa believe that an elephant is also the connecting factor between heaven and earth, this kind of mythology gives the elephant hair bracelet even more significance in their culture. These knot must also always be firmly destined, with no which often, the particular strands will happen reduce along with slide within the hands. You also can go for a combination of laying beads, braiding and or stones, depends in your style at appropriate places. An elephant herd is considered one of the most closely-knit societies of any animal, and a female will only leave it if she dies or is captured by humans. His health had been steadily declining for years, and when he was hit by a train going at full speed he could not recover, dying soon after. This is believed to be why the average size of elephant tusks is gradually decreasing – elephants with smaller tusks are not poached and live to reproduce more. Once all the elephants were out, the distraction elephant climbed to its feet and ran for the door, surprising its tenders who had been unaware of the ruse. Their feet are flat because of a large pad of gristle under each heel which acts as a shock absorber and helps them walk quietly.
Elephants have a more developed hippocampus, a brain region responsible for emotion and spatial awareness, than any other animal, and studies indicate that they are superior to humans in keeping track of multiple objects in 3D space. They also use it in their coat of arms to represent wisdom moderation, strength and eternity.
Sometimes hair of similar color and thickness are the most difficult ads and task to the difficulty of making elephant hair bracelet. Use different color combining in each string and produce an innovative bracelet pattern of your personal style. They hold their heads more erect than both African elephants, have no protruding upper lip, and have a single short finger-like lip at the end of their trunk which they use for fine manipulation of objects. Elephants are quadrupeds, so unlike humans, they can have relatively much wider pelvises which gives them lower infant and mother mortality rates and birth complications than in humans. They often dig a shallow grave and cover the deceased elephant with dirt and branches, and will stay at the grave for days afterwards. The last mammoth to go extinct was the woolly mammoth, whose numbers had dwindled as the climate warmed and was finally hunted to extinction in Europe, Asia, and the Americas 12000 years ago, although some populations isolated from humans persisted until as recently as 4000 years ago. Elephants normally only sleep 2 or 3 hours each day because they need to spend time eating to support their huge size, as they can eat up to 150kg of vegetation every day. Their legs are much straighter than those of other animals and support their weight so well that elephants sleep while standing. There are many reports of elephants showing altruism towards other species, such as rescuing trapped dogs at considerable cost to themselves.
You can even make beautiful and unique bracelets by using hemp, wooden beads, woolen strings, etc. Both African elephants have larger ears, although the forest elephant has much rounder ears, are less hairy, have larger tusks, rounded foreheads, and have two finger-like lips on their trunks.
Baby elephants are initially blind and some take to sucking their trunk for comfort in the same way that humans suck their thumbs.
If the elephant had a particularly close relationship with its deceased peer, it can show signs of depression.
Due to their herbivorous diet, elephant teeth wear out quickly and they have 6 or 7 sets instead of only 2 like humans.
Elephants spend most of their lives walking huge distances, and their feet are suitably adapted to such a lifestyle. The forest elephant has relatively straight, downward-pointing tusks whilst the bush elephant has magnificently curved ones. Infants have few survival instincts and are instead taught by their mothers and the more experienced members of their herds. Even herds that come across an unknown lone elephant who has died will show it similar respects.
Zoos which keep elephants often find they develop foot problems due to a lack of constant walking, and treatments include tailored shoes to protect their softened feet. There are stories of the herds of elephants killed by humans retrieving the poached bones and returning them to the place of death to bury them. Most elephants are crepuscular, meaning that they are most active during dawn and evening, although this varies due to local climate. The mother will selectively appoint several babysitters to care for the baby so that she has time to eat enough to produce sufficient milk for it. There are also reported cases of elephants burying dead humans they have found in this way. After the last set has been worn out, solitary elephants will usually die of starvation whereas herd elephants will help feed starving members of their group.

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