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Perimenopause: Perimenopause refers to the years leading up to menopause when you still have periods but estrogen production is slowing down.
Postmenopause: Technically when you have your last period you immediately enter postmenopause - this phase lasts for the rest of your life. Firstly it is worth pointing out that menopause is not a disease, nor is it necessarily going to cause problems for you. Some doctors tell women who are still having periods but experiencing menopause symptoms not to worry and just ignore it. Produced in the brain this hormone stimulates the ovaries to cause eggs to ripen and mature.
Although it is considered a male hormone, testosterone is produced in smaller quantities in women.
Hormone fluctuations interrupt the ovulation cycle, some months you release an egg from your ovary, some you don't (hence declining fertility, see what age does fertility decline?). Women already prone to bad headaches or migraines in the days before or after their periods may suffer more headaches during perimenopause.
You may find you lose your train of thought half way through a sentence or you go to the store and forget what it is you went for.
Hormone imbalances can be responsible for hairs that start to appear on the chin or on the backs of your fingers. Breast soreness is a common feature of menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding and perimenopause.
After you reach menopause (periods have stopped for 12 months) things start to calm down a bit. Vaginal dryness: Medically called vaginal atrophy, low levels of estrogen can cause the vaginal tissue to shrink and dry out. Urinary incontinence: The muscles and tissues in the urinary tract become weaker, so you might have leakages of urine when you laugh or sneeze. Weight changes: Body fat shifts to the center of your body, away from the arms and legs to settle in the waist. Low libido: Decreased sex drive is a common problem in menopause and it can usually be traced back to testosterone levels being too low.
Depression: If you have been taking estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to cope with the side effects of menopause (rather than going through the natural weaning process), you may find you are suddenly hit with a wall of depression when you quit. Estrogen is a miraculous hormone (as no doubt you are beginning to notice) - as well as all the wonderful functions it controls in our body, it also acts as a protector.
Genetics: Women tend to experience perimenopause around the same time as their mother or sisters, so look to your family history as an indication of what to expect.
Smoking: Studies show that menopause occurs 2 years earlier in women who smoke compared to those who do not.
Giving Birth: A woman who has never given birth may be more likely to start menopause earlier. Hysterectomy: A hysterectomy which removes the uterus but not the ovaries does not normally induce menopause earlier (as estrogen is still produced). From start (when you first notice obvious menopause symptoms) to finish (when you dona€™t notice them anymore) the process can take anywhere between 1 and 15 years.
Typically symptoms tend to peak one year after the woman's last menstrual period but continue for up to 4 years in 50 percent of women. Please Note: Information provided on this site is no substitute for professional medical help. Ectopic pregnancy - estronaut, What is an ectopic pregnancy ectopic pregnancy is any pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.
Methotrexate side effects in detail - drugs, In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by methotrexate. Mirena - fda prescribing information, side effects and uses, Mirena is indicated for intrauterine contraception for up to 5 years. Parents must accept the fact that children with ADHD have functionally different brains from those of other children. Fostering the development of a child with ADHD means that you will have to modify your behavior and learn to manage the behavior of your child. The goal of behavioral modification is to help your child consider the consequences of an action and control the impulse to act on it. It’s important to consistently reward good behaviors and discourage destructive ones, but you can’t be too strict with your child. Create a special, quiet space for your child to read, do homework, and have time-outs from the chaos of everyday life.
Another way to control the impulse to speak before thinking is to teach your child how to pause a moment before talking or replying. It sounds simplistic, but take things one day at a time and remember to keep it all in perspective. Remember that you are the parent and, ultimately, you establish the rules for acceptable behavior in your home. Many parents today are concerned that their kids may be spending too much time on the Internet. Parents around the world are concerned that their kids may be spending so much time in the “screen world”, that their kids may be missing out on real life experiences. It’s estimated that kids and teens between the ages of 8 to 28 spend about 44.5 hours each week in front of digital screens. About 23% of kids and teens have reported that they actually feel as if they have addictions to video games.
However, it’s up to parents to regulate the amount of time their kids spend online each day.
Just like any other addiction, Internet addiction can be a way for your kids to escape the real world.
Talk with your child about the things you read and hear, especially the things you find interesting. If you demonstrate excitement about learning and are open to your children pursuing their own interest areas, it will be hard for them to resist the opportunities. Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki building the world’s largest, highest quality how-to manual. Do not place a baby on a waterbed, sofa, soft mattress, pillow, or other soft sufrace to sleep. Even women who put a lot of thought and planning into eating the right foods can miss out on important vitamins. The National Council on Folic Acid recommends that all women who can become pregnant consume 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid daily to prevent serious birth defects of the brain and spine. Studies have shown that, if taken before and during early pregnancy, folic acid can dramatically reduce the number of birth defects of the brain and spine called neural tube defects. Half of all pregnancies are unplanned; that’s why it’s important to start taking a multivitamin with folic acid now, even if you’re not planning a pregnancy.
Getting 400 mcg of folic acid each day might also help protect against disease and promote long-term health. Taking a daily multivitamin containing 400 mcg of folic acid is an easy way to make sure you get enough of this B-vitamin.
In today’s fast-paced world, busy schedules often make it difficult to be sure you’re getting the vitamins and minerals you need from your diet every day. Replace standard bulbs with low-heat CFL (compact fluorescent lights) or LED (light emitting diodes) bulbs as standard light bulbs emit a lot of heat.
Take cool rather than hot showers and keep the bathroom exhaust fan on for about 20 minutes afterward to remove excess heat and humidity.
If you are worried that your child has one or more of these signs, take your child to a doctor or hospital.
If your child is going outdoors, use an SPF 30+ sunscreen on your child’s face, hands and any other parts of the body that aren’t covered by clothes. Recently, researchers have been looking at whether sunscreens harm babies younger than one year old (most authorities don’t recommend sunscreen under the age of six months). If you use only small amounts of sunscreen on uncovered areas such as the face and hands, and use clothing to cover most of the body, rather than slathering your baby’s legs, arms and body in sunscreen), the tiny amount of sunscreen that might be absorbed shouldn’t harm your baby. Never leave babies or young children alone in a car, even to run a quick errand, no matter what the weather. Make sure air can circulate around them – for example, by removing any padding around the cot. Cover mattresses and waterproof sheets with thick layers of cotton sheets to absorb perspiration and prevent prickly heat rash. See How to be patient for some more general ideas on letting a little more patience into your life. If you do not allow children to do things their way, this takes away their autonomy and potentially stunts their ability to discover things for themselves. If you feel that a situation is getting out of hand with a child, take a step back and create space between you and the child. A child who is given time with an adult soaks up the message that the busyness of adult life can wait, that childhood is a good time, and that there is no need to grow up too quickly. Another kind of patience that can be hard to find is when dealing with an infinitely stubborn child. If impatience is running your life and threatening your relationships, consider seeking professional help to gain some insight as to why. We recommend that your child eat 3 meals per day plus snacks in between, from a variety of foods.
Offer your child plenty of variety, and don’t worry if they refuse some things – they’ll make up for it by eating other foods.
Present your child’s food in different ways, like offering meat as hamburgers or meatballs.
To help prevent choking offer food that matches children’s chewing and grinding ability, and avoid small, round, hard foods like nuts and grapes. Young children need some fat in their diets for energy and growth, but it’s important not to have high-fat and high-sugar foods (eg, chips, lollies and ice cream) every day.
Try to offer snacks and treats well before mealtimes so your child has time to get hungry again. Helping children to learn to behave the way you want them to is one of the most important jobs of being a parent.
Know the times when your child is likely to have a tantrum, such as when they are tired, hungry or frustrated – have food and drink on hand or give them something else to do to calm them down. Your health care provider will be able to support you with strategies to manage your child’s tantrums. Look after your child’s first teeth by brushing them twice a day – after breakfast and before bed. Regular check-ups of your child’s teeth increase the chances of finding and treating any tooth decay (holes) early. If your child accidentally bumps their teeth, take them to a dentist, even if the teeth still look all right.
Teaching a child to read is a fulfilling and educational process, both for the parent and child. As your child ages to elementary school level, try reading them books that might be above their reading level but that have an interesting or engaging story to get them interested. Look for books that combine other senses along with the reading, to help your small child to interact as you tell them the story.
Help to teach your child critical thinking skills by asking open-ended questions about stories. Because your child may be touching and reading the books often, be sure to choose ones that have wipeable pages and that aren’t incredibly sentimental. A fancy bookshelf may seem like the most attractive option, but until your child is in school focus on the utilitarian purposes of book storage.
It is easier for children to develop phonemic awareness when words are broken down into their smallest parts. Don’t move onto explicit phonics until your child has developed adequate phonemic awareness.
Don’t use whole stories or books yet; have your child read from word lists or from a basic story (not focusing on the plot).
Make a questions list that your child can read; their ability to read and understand the provided questions is nearly as helpful as answering the questions themselves.
You’ll notice an enhanced reading ability as your child learns to spell by decoding and sounding out words. Reading out loud doesn’t have to be limited to stories; whenever you are around words, have your child sound them out to you.
If your child has no patience to learn to read and would rather watch TV, try turning on the closed-captions and encouraging them to follow along.
Whether you’re in the backyard, at the beach or at a community swimming pool, keep your toddler safe by following these simple tips.
Whenever infants or toddlers are in or around water, an adult should be within arm’s reach to provide active supervision. Every child is different, so enroll your child in swimming lessons when you feel he or she is ready.
Remember that things such as water wings, noodles and other swimming aids are fun toys for kids, but they should never be used in place of a U.S.
Install a door alarm, a window alarm or both to alert you if a child wanders into the pool area unsupervised.
Most women sail through pregnancy and the postpartum period but it is good to be prepared for any untoward incidents.
Have had fluid gushing or leaking from your vagina (the amniotic sac has ruptured) AND you know or think the umbilical cord is bulging into your vagina (cord prolapse). A common method of checking your baby’s movement is to count the number of kicks or moves you feel in an hour. Uterine tenderness, unexplained fever, or general weakness (possible symptoms of infection). Between 20 and 37 weeks, more than four to six contractions in one hour could indicate preterm labor. After 37 weeks, contractions every five minutes for one to two hours could indicate labour.
Between 20 and 37 weeks, preterm labour could be indicated by low back pain or pelvic pressure that does not go away, or intestinal cramping with or without diarrhea. Get emergency help if you think you are in danger for example if you have a seizure or pass out. Your breasts are painful or red and you have a fever, which are symptoms of breast engorgement and mastitis.
Your vaginal bleeding seems to be getting heavier or is still bright red four days after delivery, or you pass blood clots larger than the size of a golf ball. You have a severe headache, visual problems, or sudden swelling of your face, hands, or feet. You buy those little mittens to protect your infants precious little face, but eventually those mittens have to come off and here is how you can trim those thin, sharp finger nails. Studies have warned that prolonged exposure to screens and devices — televisions, computers, tablets, phones, and the like — may cause attention, socialisation, emotional and physiological problems in children.
That being said, when regulated well, there are devices and programmes that can engage a child in a more compelling manner and aid in their development. Yes, the first step to getting children interested in life is for parents to be engaged themselves.
One of the most effective means of getting a child to participate is to engage them with activities that stimulate the senses.
For the more adventurous, attempt to create funkier supplies that would befuddle the minds of your young ones. The creation of sounds and music is another sensory activity that warrants its own introduction.
Getting a pet might seem like even more work for the already overwhelmed working parent, and it is.
Furthermore, consider adopting a pet from a rescue shelter — teach your child the importance of responsible and the sanctity of life before involving them in the decision-making process.
During the years leading up to menopause (called perimenopause) your periods become erratic until finally they stop coming. A lot of the symptoms associated with menopause like hot flashes and depression actually take place in the perimenopausal years. In postmenopause, hormone production levels off at a lower level and the worst of the menopause symptoms subside (although new ones like vaginal dryness may start).
Yet we now know that some of the worst symptoms associated with the change of life are often most intensively felt during the perimenopause years when we are still having periods.
Where estrogen is dominant in the first half of the menstrual cycle, progesterone takes over in the second half.
Women produce a host of different types of androgens but the ones that affect menopause are DHEA and testosterone.
Symptoms are worse during perimenopause than in menopause itself because this is when the levels fluctuate the most.
Your ovaries produce less estrogen (specifically estradiol, one of the three types of estrogen).
The brain panics because there are lower levels of endorphins hanging around so it thinks something is wrong.
The burst of norepinephrine raises our heart rate (causing palpitations) so that we are ready for action. Mood can fluctuate around period-time, and during or after pregnancy - so it's hardly any surprise that mood swings feature again in our perimenopausal years. Memory problems are very common in perimenopausal women, this is because estrogen is necessary for facilitating communication in brain cell neurons. Suddenly you notice your skin is dryer, you may also have noticed a few extra crow lines around your eyes and patches of dry scalp on your head.
Fibroids tend to get bigger as you approach menopause but dona€™t usually change or grow afterwards.
However always ask a doctor to check any changes in your vulva, as there are many other causes. It helps protect against bone disease (osteoporosis), heart disease and a host of other medical conditions. But before you have a heart attack - statistically research shows that it usually lasts on average 4 years.
A A  Neither should theA  mattress be be treated with any chemicals or fire retardants.A  How buying the wrong mattress can make you ill. Next follows some case history examples then we'll talk about those other types of unseen energies;A  the man-made electromagnetic variety and how these can also affect a house or building and the well-being of those inside. Tomasz M Janowski concerning zones of geomagnetic field disturbances (magnetic anomalies) in Poland and the health of 309 cows kept in cow stalls in a buildingA  measuring 91 x 24 meters in area.
Normal rule-making and household routines can become almost impossible, so you’ll need to adopt different approaches.


While children with ADHD can still learn what is acceptable and what isn’t, their internal regulation makes them more prone to impulsive behavior. This requires empathy, patience, affection, energy, and strength on the part of the parent.
Color coding chores and homework can keep your child from becoming overwhelmed with everyday tasks and school assignments. Television, video games, and the computer encourage impulsive behavior and should be regulated. Encourage more thoughtful responses by helping your child with homework assignments and asking interactive questions about a favorite television show or book. Children mimic the behaviors they see around them, so if you remain composed and controlled during an outburst, it will help your child to do the same. If your child has accomplished two of the three chores you assigned, don’t worry about the third, uncompleted task.
ADHD may not be visible on the outside, but it’s a disability and should be treated as such.
Be patient and nurturing, but don’t allow yourself to be bullied or intimidated by your child. These days, kids and especially teens need the Internet to research information for school projects. Plus, kids don’t like to take time away from their digital screens to sit down to healthy meals.
This can lead to an internet addiction, which just like any other type of addiction, can destroy a healthy balance of interests and activities in your teen’s life. And, make sure it’s situated so that you can easily view the screen when you step into the room.
Troubling situations and painful feelings may be suppressed, which will only cause bigger problems later in life. A passion for learning is quite different from just studying to earn a grade or to please parents or teachers. If they show curiosity about a hobby, area of study, sport, or instrument, encourage and support them in any way your finances allow. School, educational games and television, and a shelf full of books all can’t accomplish what you can in the education of your child.
Fostering independence in your child is very important for their brain development and how they feel about learning.
Attend school functions, volunteer in the classroom if possible, and communicate with the teacher.
Some things are not taught in a class room, but that doesn’t mean they are worth exploring. If your child makes a low grade, don’t scream and yell, but instead show them what they did wrong and help them understand. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Encourage Your Child to Love Learning. It is found in most standard multivitamins, as well as in fortified foods like cereal, bread and pasta.
New research also suggests that folic acid might reduce the risk of other birth defects, such as cleft lip and palate and some heart defects.
New research indicates that folic acid may reduce the risk of heart disease, as well as colon, breast and cervical cancer. Preparing healthy meals often takes a back seat to other activities, and even people who eat a balanced diet every day may not get enough folic acid from their diet alone.
Check your food in the oven by looking through the glass rather than opening the door and cover pots to reduce indoor humidity.
Make sure your ceiling fans run in a counterclockwise direction to help keep you cool during evaporation. Sunscreen works better if you put it on 20 minutes before you go outside, and reapply it every two hours. They have studied whether a baby’s thin skin can absorb chemicals from sunscreen, which might damage the baby’s organs.
To cool hot little bodies, try frequent lukewarm baths, or sponge your child down with a cool face washer. Patience gives us time to reflect, to slow down and think about the world and the things we’re doing. When the daily chores mount up and everyone is rushing about, sometimes it’s easy to take one another for granted. Allow a child to try new things often, so as to give them a sense of self-trust and personal responsibility.
Children are ready to trust and soak up information from the people who care for them and spend time with them.
Instead of seeking to control, patience allows the child to grow at their own pace, rather than being pushed into doing things before being ready.
This breathing space is important for both of you, after which you can express your thoughts and establish boundaries when you are collected, rather than channeling your concerns through frustration.
It can be very hard to be patient sometimes in a world where teaching Mozart in the womb and expectations of exemplary behavior from preschool are considered the norm. Sometimes our greatest impatience arises when we allow our own endeavors such as work, personal pursuits, hobbies, sports, etc., to get in the way of spending time with children. The point of life is being with one another, a gift that can only be imparted to a child in the doing.
In this case, part of the trick is to have a good sense of humor, not at the child but about the situation. People who have adopted or fostered children who have experienced hardship or horrors, such as living through a war, a famine, or violence of any kind, often attest to the need for waiting patiently while the child learns to trust again, to unfurl from the cocoon of safety in which the child has wrapped themselves up as they realize that people do care again and that they are respected. At the core of severe impatience could be psychological issues that can be successfully worked through with the right kind of help and support. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Be Patient With Kids. If your child is rejecting certain foods and drinks, there’s a range of things you can do to encourage their eating. Always make sure your child sits down while they’re eating and drinking and that an adult is with them. If your child drinks more than 2 cups of milk (500 ml) a day, they may not eat well because they’re already full. If you want them to behave in a kind and calm way, they need to see you often being kind and calm. Make sure that everyone who looks after your child agrees on TV time, eating, playing, bedtime and general expectations. They’ll feel a lot safer when they know what the limits are, even though they will test them sometimes. Here are some tips to stop tantrums before they start, and to help your child when they do have a tantrum. You may find it easier to stand behind your child and gently tilt their head back as you brush. Don’t rinse with water, because a small amount of fluoride toothpaste left around the teeth will help to protect them. To protect your child’s teeth, give them low-sugar snacks between meals such as fruit, fresh vegetables, yoghurt and other dairy foods. Do not give your child drinks that have natural or added sugar, such as fruit juice, cordial, fizzy drinks, flavoured milks and chocolate drinks. Whether you home school your kids or just want to give your child a head-start, you can begin teaching your child to read at home.
As with all things, it’s difficult to get good at something without having a bit of exposure to it. It’s no good if you have books around, but located in places that your child can’t easily take them.
This can be done in two ways: create your own mini-library at home by collecting dozens of books in your child’s reading level, or make weekly trips to the local public library together to check out books. Before you even start getting into the alphabet and sound specifics, help your child recognize that the lines on the page are directly correlated to the words you are speaking. In the recent past, some companies have advertised specialized flashcards to help babies, toddlers, and preschool age children to read. When your child has developed word awareness, begin breaking down words into individual letters. One of the most important steps in teaching reading is associating a spoken sound with a letter or letter-pair.
Avoid confusion and build a solid foundation by working at a steady pace through all of the speech sounds. This can be done with the clapping game (clapping out each syllable in a word) or by sounding-out words into their individual letters. Rhyming teaches phonemic awareness and letter recognition, in addition to the most basic English words.
Traditionally, children are taught to recognize a word based on its size, the first and last letters, and the general sound.
If they cannot associate sounds with letters or letter pairs quickly, they need a bit more practice before moving onto complete words.
Classically known as ‘sounding out’ words, decoding is when a child reads a word by making the sounds of each individual letter, rather than trying to read the whole word at once. Regional accents and weak auditory skills make it hard for children to say most sounds in an academically correct way. Preschoolers, kindergartners, and first graders are very concrete in the way they think and cannot handle complicated concepts.
Certain words in the English vocabulary are spoken often, but don’t follow the typical phonics rules. Odds are, your child will be in school by the time they are able to read and will be given their own reading material by their teachers.
Similar to when you were reading stories to your child, every time your child reads ask them questions about what they’ve just read. Reading is a necessary precursor to writing, but as your child develops reading skills have them practice their writing in conjunction. You’ll be given a better idea of your child’s reading ability when they read out loud, and they’ll be forced to slow down their reading to correctly sound out words. Road signs are a great example of something your child sees on a daily basis, and can practice reading out loud to you. They can recognize some shapes and correlate them to pictures, but it is not really reading.
Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Teach Your Child to Read. Families who have meals at the table with no distractions (such as mobile devices or television) are found to be more likely to be a healthy weight. We know it’s hard to get everything done without a little multitasking, but this is the time to avoid distractions of any kind. It will give you tremendous peace of mind – and the more peace of mind you have as a parent, the better.
Make sure backyard pools have four-sided fencing that’s at least 4 feet high and a self-closing, self-latching gate to prevent a child from wandering into the pool area unsupervised.
This is quite rare, but if it happens, immediately get down on your knees and drop your head and upper body lower than your buttocks to decrease pressure on the cord until help arrives.
You are passing blood clots and soaking through a new sanitary pad every hour for two or more hours.
They do not grow as fast, but you don’t want your baby scratching up his or her little legs.
Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Trim an Infant’s Fingernails. However, in this day and age, many parents forgo quality bonding time with their children simply because it is easier to thrust a smart device under their child’s nose and allow them to entertain themselves.
Still, engaging a child through real-life activities and parental interaction are crucial and instrumental to their well-being and holistic growth. Put down your phones, stow away your tablets, set aside your e-mails and place all of your attention on your little ones. This way, they are more aware with their surroundings and are more likely to explore the world around them. Try combining corn starch with water to form a more viscous, semi-liquid, semi-solid resource that children can marvel over and experiment with. The hands-on experience coupled with the aromas — fragrant or otherwise — will be more than a stimulating experience. Create a challenge of recording as many different sounds as possible within a period of time. However, rearing pets is also a great way of teaching a child the virtues of responsibility and commitment from young. Any woman over the age of 35 is a candidate for perimenopause although typically it kicks in around the age of 45. The term postmenopause has not really caught on, and so when most people refer to menopausal women - they are referring to women whose periods have stopped, be they 55 or 85. It is a natural process, one we should feel privileged to experience because in the past, life expectancy was so low, most women died at the end of their reproductive years.
This is why fatter women are sometimes cushioned from the initial side effects of menopause (although being overweight exposes them to a host of other health problems). Side effects of progesterone are a bloated stomach due to water retention, cravings for sweet things and tiredness.
Endorphins are the so called happy hormones that keep our moods regular and act as natural painkillers which make us less sensitive to pain. It raises blood pressure, causing our blood vessels to dilate, leading to hot flashes and sweating. Women who experience their first migraine during perimenopause however usually find they disappear again after menopause. Although scientists don't completely understand why - it appears that low levels of estrogen (common to all these occasions) is linked to lower serotonin levels. Whether this is a natural part of the ageing process or if declining levels of estrogen speed up the process is still open to debate.
Although both estrogen and androgen levels are declining, the rate of estrogen loss is faster, meaning the androgen suddenly has more prominence. However, always consult a doctor if there is any nipple discharge or lumps (symptoms of breast cancer). Your body begins to accept its new level of estrogen production, although a small percentage of women continue to suffer menopausal symptoms for another few years. This doesn't necessarily mean you gain weight, but a larger tummy may mean you still need to go up a dress size. Once we hit menopause, we are no longer protected in the same way, which is why the risk of heart attacks, coronary heart disease and osteoporosis suddenly increase. What we do know is that your attitude to the change of life can have a significant impact on your experience. As you can see the magnetic contours of this bed size area (6a€™x4a€™) are very gentle and slightly undulating showing an overall geomagnetic anomaly of 582 nT (nano Tesla).
Cows kept in three of these stalls suffered ill health problems over and above a ratio that might be normally expected. It can be frustrating and disheartening to cope with constant impulsive behavior from your child, but there are ways to make life easier. The second is negatively reinforcing bad behavior by following it with appropriate consequences, leading to the extinguishing of bad behavior (negative reinforcement). If your child acts out in public, they should be immediately removed in a calm and decisive manner. Simple daily tasks, such as having your child lay out his or her clothes for the next day, can provide essential structure. By decreasing time with electronics and increasing time doing engaging activities outside the home, your child will have an outlet for built-up energy.
Just as your child will need to take breaks while studying, you’ll need your own breaks as well.
Take time to breathe, relax, and collect your thoughts before attempting to pacify your child.
National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that “screen time” as a whole is the problem. And, when used properly, it can be a reliable source of information for kids who simply love to read or want to learn more about specific topics. If screen time seems to be a problem, spend more time talking to your kids to find out why. Those who develop a love of learning at an early age continue the process throughout their lives and are generally more successful, interesting, and happier than those who don’t. Sometimes, activities seem too difficult for your child only because you haven’t encouraged them to do it yet.
For good grades, don’t buy big, expensive things to celebrate (at least not all the time). Also, tighten all nuts, bolts, and screws every few months, and check the mattress support hangers and hooks regularly. To get enough folic acid, women should take a daily multivitamin and eat fortified grains as part of a healthy, well-balanced diet.
These illnesses often lead to a slight rise in temperature by themselves but, in hot weather, this could lead to dehydration. Even a very young child can indicate their likes and dislikes; allowing these to express themselves at appropriate occasions is important. Taking time now and then to express your gratitude for your children will help you to respect them for the unique, individual beings they are, and helps them to see the importance of valuing others openly. While their attempts might sometimes cause you frustration and worry, it is important to allow children to show you their way of doing things. Trying to control children lacks respect for their own self and is a way of trying to insert your way of thinking and preferences onto them. No matter what the competitive approach insists upon, patience gives you a means for remaining calm within yourself, to give you the perspective to recognize the readiness of a child at their own developmental pace, independent of external standards.
Whether we’re parenting, caring, teaching, working or volunteering with children, nobody is immune from impatience at times. Find amusing, fun, and happy things to entice the child out of their stubbornness and to becoming involved with whatever it is that you’re doing.
This kind of patience takes a special kind of reserve but it is absolutely vital if the child is to learn to trust again. Healthy baby teeth usually mean healthy adult teeth too, so it’s important that you look after your child’s first teeth. Use a small toothbrush with soft bristles and a smear of regular-strength fluoride toothpaste.


In order to get your child interested in reading, you should be reading to them on a regular basis. Keep books low to the ground and in typical play-areas so that your child begins to associate them with play activities. Spend a minimum of ten minutes a day reading when your child is around, so that they see you enjoying the activity on your own. Accompany this by pointing to words on the page to help them connect the lines on the page with the sounds that form words. Having a variety of books on hand (especially with an older child) will add interest for reading, and help to incorporate more vocabulary into their knowledge base. However, these don’t teach reading skills, but rather teach the children to associate a particular line drawing (word) with a correlated image. Although the alphabet song is the most classic means of teaching the alphabet, try getting creative. Read nursery rhymes to your child, and then eventually make lists of easy-to-read rhymes such as mop, top, flop, pop, and cop. This method of teaching is known as implicit phonics - working from the largest piece down. By age four, most English speaking children already have an excellent grasp of grammar and in due time, they will learn all the formal grammatical rules. Help them to read these whole stories by encouraging explicit phonics use, and recognizing vocabulary. At first it will be difficult for them to think critically about meanings of words and the buildup of character development and plot (or the semblance of those things in the most basic of stories), but over time they will develop the necessary skills to answer questions. They’ll develop a stronger phonemic awareness when they can see words as you read them, rather than struggling to do both at the same time themselves. Avoid stopping your child to correct them while reading though, as doing so can interrupt their train of thought and make comprehending what they’re reading more difficult. Include your kids in simple chores like walking the dog or washing the car or organize a family bike ride.
Try creating sandbags, water bags and flour bags, amongst other things, for your child to play with.
Parents racing around with their children in order to make and experiment with different sounds and music can be one of the most entertaining things to do.
It need not be a high maintenance pet; a small rabbit or hamster can help with the lesson too.
Today it is considered just another stage of life, and many women go on to live another 30 or 40 years after menopause (see latest health statistics).
The synthetic (man-made) version of progesterone (used in some contraceptive pills) is called progestin. However estrogen can decrease faster leading to an imbalance and a greater presence of DHEA and testosterone. When you reach menopause your hormone levels are consistently low so they don't trigger symptoms in the same way, although some symptoms (often different ones) can still occur. Specifically it sends out norepinephrine (the hormone that triggers fight-or-flight, see dangers of stress for a more detailed explanation). If you're sleeping you may suddenly wake up, or you might get a bout of diarrhea or flutters in your stomach.
Also, read how to carry out a breast self-examination, which is particularly important as we get older. In the longer term, consistent lower levels of estrogen cause some new physical changes to your body. For this reason, regular health screenings become even more important, as well as taking regular exercise, maintaining a healthy body weight and eating a balanced diet. Studies show that educated women are more likely to view the menopausal transition with a positive attitude and appear to have an easier time as a result.
The problem was initially resolved by moving these unhealthy cows to other cow stalls in the complex where they recovered.
By following these guidelines, you can limit destructive behavior and help your child overcome self-doubt. You teach your child to understand that actions have consequences by establishing rules and clear outcomes for following or disobeying these rules. For example, allow the child to accrue points for good behavior that can be redeemed for spending money, time in front of the TV, or a new video game. Odd behaviors that aren’t detrimental to your child or anyone else should be accepted as part of your child’s individual personality. Exercise also improves concentration, decreases depression and anxiety, and stimulates the brain. It’s important to understand your child’s thought process in order to help him or her curb impulsive behaviors.
So, how much time is considered to be too much for kids to be on the Internet and in front of screens in general? Here are a few simple things you can do to engage your child: count the number of houses, black cars, bicycles, etc. For example, things like peeling their own banana, picking out which shirt to wear, and feeding the family cat, are all things that a young toddler can do.
Learning to let go despite the messes, frustration, and mistakes that will inevitably arise is a vital skill when caring for or being with children. It’s about respecting the wants and requests of the child within the appropriateness of the situation.
Despite the worries of others, his mother took this in her stride, believing he’d speak more than enough when he was ready. Rushing can cause you to lose sight of your guiding role, and of the precious essence of the child. If you’re able, this should start when they are an infant and continue through their school years.
Even if you’re not an avid reader, find something to read - a magazine, the newspaper, or a cookbook all count. In general, flashcards are not the most useful or effective technique for teaching reading skills. Explain each of the letters with their name, but don’t worry about trying to incorporate the sounds the letters make yet.
There are 44 speech sounds created by the 26 letters in our alphabet, and each sound must be taught paired with its letter(s) counterpart. Your child will begin to see the patterns of sounds that are made when certain letters are combined - in this case, the sound ‘o-p’ makes. However, studies have shown that readable vocabulary dramatically increases (from 900 words to 30,000 words by the third grade) when taught in the opposite fashion: breaking each word into the smallest parts, and building them up into a full word - explicit phonics.
Recognize that learning sounds is only an intermediate step to learning to read, it is not the goal. At this point, you need to concentrate only on the mechanical skill of reading, that is learning to decode new words and incorporating them in memory to build fluency. As their word recognition increases, they’ll be able to more fully understand story plots and meanings. An easy and fun way to help encourage this is to use puppets who represent characters in the story, so your child can describe it to you through them. The motor memory of the letters, listening to their sounds and seeing them in writing will reinforce new learning. Younger children can learn math skills and older ones will enjoy being able to choose and prepare foods they like.
The best way to foster a child’s natural curiosity about the world around them is to bring an animal into the equation. If you reach menopause before the age of 45 it is considered 'early' and before the age of 40 it is considered premature menopause.
Your postmenopause years can be just as fruitful and happy as any other stage of your life. Additionally, women who exercise regularly and have a healthy body weight are less likely to suffer hot flushes, depression and joint pain compared to obese women. Within our evolutionary history our bodies own magnetic field has integrated with this magnetic field which is responsible for controlling amongst other things, circadian rhythms, mood changes and certain hormone production such as melatonin and serotonin. However the healthy cows that were placed in these three cow stalls soon succumbed to ill health problems. It’s ultimately harmful to discourage a child’s quirky behaviors just because you think they are unusual.
Try to ignore mildly disruptive behaviors as a way for your child to release his or her pent up energy. Letting your child do things like this makes them feel more in control of their world, which in turn inspires them toward bigger and better exploits.
Giving too many rewards also encourages bad habits and manners, such as bragging, and can lead to complexes (such as fear of failure).
Whether you’re raising children, or working or volunteering with them, a little patience goes a long way. Patience also enables others to accept us into their lives through our faithful, continued presence and enduring respect for them.
Help the child to learn the difference between making a request and making a demand and what the consequences are. Read books at levels that they would be able to read, should they know how; at a young age this may lead you to read 3-4 small books a day.
Soon they’ll become interested in reading on their own, simply as a result of seeing you doing it too.
Try to avoid them, and substitute out flashcards for another study and skill-development techniques described. This includes the long and short sound produced by each individual letter, as well as the specialized sounds some combined letters make (like ‘ch’ and ‘sh’).
Help your child to begin reading by having them sound-out each individual letter without looking at the overall word first. Of course, as with any change, the more we know about it, the easier it is to deal with what's happening. Also, higher cholesterol levels are associated with more sweating, depression and skin dryness.
The second geomagnetogram (G2) was taken above a sprung mattress from a lady suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome and severe depression, and has a magnetic anomaly of 22,435.4 nT.
Some behaviors should always be unacceptable, like physical outbursts, refusal to get up in the morning, or unwillingness to turn off the television when told to do so.
However, destructive, abusive, or intentionally disruptive behavior should always be punished.
Experts believe that athletics can help a child with ADHD find a constructive way to focus their passion, attention, and energy. When we accept the importance of patience in our lives, it becomes easier to be patient with others too. It is also important to help them understand the importance of delayed gratification, teaching them that when you do say no, sometimes this is about waiting, rather than never having or doing what they’ve asked for. In watching and learning from your child or from other children, you will learn their character better, and see both their strengths and their weaknesses, giving you an opportunity to help them nurture the best talents and to learn to manage their weaknesses.
It is a time during which you can learn a great deal about seeing the world through fresh eyes.
Primarily those changes occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause and they are controlled by hormone fluctuations.
Ultimately however, the only way to find out how you will react to menopause, is to experience it. The sprung mattresses I have measured so far over the past two years have had magnetic anomalies between 4,000 and 61,000 nT. Through respecting the rhythm of ourselves and others, being patient presents an opportunity to give of ourselves rather than expecting others to conform to our wants. Helping them to understand this time perspective is far kinder than simply saying no and not explaining any further.
It can also be a time when you realize that you can make a big difference in the life of a child by teaching or showing them something new, and by helping them to love and respect themselves all the more.
Hormones are little chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream and issue orders to cells and organs throughout the body.
In the meantime, take a look at our list of books on menopause, it contains some useful guides. The reason for these abnormally high magnetic abnormalities is a result of the bed springs intensifying the magnetic flux of these fields, made worse by the interaction of high magnetic fields around the bed and house from numerous electrical appliances, extension cables running under the bed and transformers placed near to the bed.
It accumulates in the body and combines permanently with tissues, and inhibits activity of some enzymes. The main hormone that is responsible for menopause changes is estrogen, but there are others involved in the process. Our forefathers sleeping on straw or feathered mattresses in houses devoid of any electrical fields or microwave energy would not have experienced such geomagnetic disturbances. Together they are known as the sex hormones and they are controlled by the endocrine system. Each static magnetic field bump or sink on geomagnetogram (G2) may speed up or slow down body fluids (blood and lymphatic) in exposed areas such as the brain, heart, lung, liver, legs etc.
The report concluded that the micro element disorders in the animals staying in the geopathic stalls was the primary cause of the many diseases and even death of the organism. Sleep time exposure to the same sharp variations of magnetic fields for years may induce some chronic health effect. Blood tests especially leukocyte count and the amount of toxic metal found in hair analysis were also indications that the animals were suffering from the detrimental affects of long term exposure to these geopathogenic sites. The World Health Organization in a health criteria report recognizes interactions between variations in static magnetic fields in cellular tissues to include an induction of electrical potentials and magneto hydrodynamic effects in the circulatory systems and by direct stimulation of nerve and muscle cells even under extremely weak thresholds.
At our current stage of knowledge it is difficult to explain the mechanism these geomagnetic disturbances have on living organisms. The Cliff of Tears It is important not to underestimate the value of the earth's natural geomagnetic field (DC Field) which interacts with our bodies in many positive waysA  This DC field rarely shows an anomaly above or below 2% of its normal strength which differs according to the latitude in which you live. However there are instances in nature where abnormal magnetic anomalies exist usually due to a sudden change in mineralogy or geological structure over a short distance.
One instance of this is in the USA, at a place called Gyngywamp, near Croton, Connecticut knownA  as 'The Cliff of Tears' where visitors to this site very frequently become depressed, gums start to bleed and nose bleeds occur. Polish Academy of Sciences June 1996 Studies conducted using various methods, are evidence that the earth's magnetic field plays an important role in the activity of living organisms as it affects the course of Physico-chemical reactions in the organism. A disturbed geomagnetic field alters, among other things, the evolutionary shaped permeability of cell membranes and the magnetic orientation of micro elements. Indeed, in the town nearby, doctors and nurses are familiar with this sudden onset of illness in visitors to this old Indian sacred site. This can affect the whole plant or animal organism and thus the physiological status of the organism, the central nervous system and neuro-psychical phenomena. The causation seems to be that within a few meters the geomagnetic DC field varies from 330 milligauss at an 80 degree dip to 700 milligauss at a 59 degree dip.
The influence of a disturbed geomagnetic field on the living organism is slow and cumulative in time and can cause dysfunction of the organism, but after it stops the dysfunction can regress. After several months the healthy cows were moved in to the geopathogenic stalls and were observed to undergo a reverse process as their hair turned gray, matted, and became poorly rooted in the skin. To varying degrees the health consequences of staying above one of these geopathically stressed locations can be replicatedA  in our own homes by the choice of mattresses we use.A  The bottom line is, if you suspect your sleeping site is being disturbed by an unusually high magnetic anomaly then buy a bed that has a wooden base and place there upon a mattress that has no springs and make sure it is not placed near a radiator or other heavy metal object. My Own Research Many of the readings I have taken from mattresses slept on byA  people suffering from frequent miscarriage and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) showed similar readings to the anomalies in the polish cow stalls. Unnatural Alterations in the Earth's Geomagnetic Field A second and equally important influence on the sequence of mitosis is the role in which the normal earth's geomagnetic field (DC field) influences the formation and production of a healthy pregnancy. It appears that the exposure of a dividing cell to an inhomogeneous DC magnetic field causes a physical force to be exerted on the chromosomes or on one of the other microscopic structures associated with mitosis, resulting in structural abnormalities in the chromosomes. The geomagnetic field is an important regulating factor for the whole organism of the human being. Many biochemical reactions, the oxidation process, the efficiency of the immune system and the regulation of the hormone system, are dependent on the surrounding condition of the geomagnetic field. A so called disturbed zone, or geomagnetic anomaly, exists as part of the constant flux of the eartha€™sA  field, producing in its natural state localized areas where homogeneous and inhomogeneous fields meet. Should the human body especially during sleep, be exposed to an inhomogeneous geomagnetic field over an extended time, then a great health risk is introduced every day to the body. This presents a measurable stress to the immune system especially during sleep when the body needs to relax.
The degree of how extreme these geomagnetic anomalies are, whether increasing or decreasing, coincide with the degree of risk to the health.
It is important, therefore, to know what the actual situation is concerning the sleeping and working pace. To measure the geomagnetic field over the sleeping place is the best way to be informed about any health risk factors. The first symptoms are vegetative syndromes, drowsiness, waking up, feeling a€?offa€™ , chronic aches and pains, headaches and depression.
Ferro-magnetism and Dia-magnetism Geomagnetic effects are created depending on whether a material repulses, attracts or is neutral to the eartha€™s magnetic lines of force. These are the highly magnetic materials: iron, magnetite (found in blood), nickel, and cobalt. Also some minerals are affected such as: manganosite, pyrite, basalt, platinum and aluminium.
Today houses have wires, metal conduit, and heating piping all with local and specific magnetic permeability properties. The geomagnetograms I produce can show a very disturbed sleeping site according to the density of a metal object placed near to or under the bed. Other structures I have found such as a metal girder from a room conversion below the bedroom and a bed placed above a large metal boiler in the kitchen below have also influenced a high magnetic anomaly.
Also springs during manufacture can become highly magnetized if they come into close contact with other magnetic objects or electric fields.
Biological Effects Most of the research in to the biological effects of sleeping above an abnormally disturbed geomagnetic field (could be your mattress) has been carried out in Germany by Dr.
Ludger Mersmann who is a bio-physicist at the Technical and Medical Research Centre Wassenach Germany. Studies with mice remaining in geopathogenic places are observed to have smaller litters, decreased weight and try to escape from the geopathic zones. Other German studies of animals kept in geopathogenic zones showed adverse effects on health and sudden death.The proportion of lymphocytes in the total white blood cell count dropped sharply as the animals stayed in geopathogenic stalls. Possible to prove hypothesis that cows staying in geopathogenic stalls area was a factor that caused ill health.According to a hypothesis of Krzywda et al.



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