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When checked, Shutterstock's safe search screens restricted content and excludes it from your search results. The aim of this study was to evaluate haemodynamic pattern during various stages of normal pregnancy and post-partum and study the effect of maternal factors. Transabdominal ultrasound examination was carried out for measurement of the fetal head circumference, abdominal circumference and femur length to ensure that the women had normal for gestational age size fetuses.Statistical analysis was performed using the EpiInfo 6 and SPSS 12 package. The study was conducted at Government Medical College and New Civil Hospital, Surat between August 2006 to October 2008. Follow-up was incomplete, but this is common in such type of studies because of early delivery and drop out and the study participants came from a small city and rural population.
M-mode and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 19 normal pregnant women at 15-30 weeks, 31 normal pregnant women at 30-40 weeks and 8-12 weeks postpartum. Unpaired Student’s t-test was applied to the data of independent samples for equality of means, Levene's test for equality of variances and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

However, it is imaginable that the women attending post partum evaluations may have been more aware of their general health than those not returning.CONCLUSIONPregnancy is a natural volume overload state, has important effect on cardiac dimensions and performance. Heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output and left ventricular mass increased significantly, while total perepheral resistance decreased significantly during last trimester of pregnancy. Increase in heart rate, small increase in left ventricular dimensions, significantly increased left ventricular mass and significantly decreased total perepheral resistance contributes to improved maternal myocardial performance at last trimester of pregnancy.
Total vascular resistance and left ventricular morphology as screening tools for complications in pregnancy. This study, also expresses that along with gestation, maternal anthropometric profile may affect cardiac performance. This study express that along with gestation, maternal anthropometric profile may affect cardiac performance. Systolic performance was better in tall individuals and diastolic performance was better in younger individuals.

Diagnostic accuracy and prognostic relevance of the measurement of cardiac natriuretic peptides: A review. Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy: Comparison to necropsy findings. Left ventricular diastolic function during normal pregnancy : assessment by spectral tissue Doppler imaging.
Changes in hemodynamics, ventricular remodeling, and ventricular contractility during normal pregnancy: A longitudinal study.

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