45 years old pregnancy symptoms,can you get pregnant 6 days after ovulation last,9th week of pregnancy but no symptoms - Tips For You

Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy is thought to occur as a result of hormonal changes in women, such as during pregnancy, taking birth control pills, HRT and exposure to the sun. Melasma occurring in the pregnancy is known as chloasma, also known as "the mask of pregnancy." In pregnancy, there is increase in hormones, such as progesterone, estrogen, and MSH or melanocytes-stimulating hormone leading to chloasma. As mentioned before, individuals who have a family history of melasma are at a higher risk for developing melasma. Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy is the hyperpigmentation or discoloration seen mainly on the face.
The centro-facial pattern is the commonest one and includes the cheeks, forehead, nose, upper lip and chin. Unnamed type: In this type excessive melanocytes are found in individuals with dark complexion.
It is easy to diagnose melasma due to its characteristic appearance of brown patches on the face. Treatment for Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy commonly involves the use of OTC creams which have 2% hydroquinone in them, such as Porcelana, Esoterica etc.
Prescription-strength creams which have 4% hydroquinone in them such as Tri-Luma, Obagi Clear etc.
Treatment is done for all the melasma types; however, the epidermal melasma type shows better response to treatment than other types of melasma, as the pigment in this type is closer to the surface of the skin. Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy can also clear on its own without any treatment; whereas, in some cases, it will disappear with use of sunscreen and avoiding the sun.
For treating severe melasma, creams containing higher concentration of hydroquinone or combining it with other agents like tretinoin, glycolic acid or corticosteroids is effective in lightening the patches of melasma. Some of the side effects of melasma treatment are: Temporary skin irritation and ochronosis (if the HQ is used in very high concentration). Prevention of Melasma or Chloasma or Mask of Pregnancy can be quite difficult, especially if you have a family history of melasma.
Sarah Laird gives us some invaluable advice about starting solids with your little one – plus some inspirational flavour combos and recipes.


One way to make the most of the months leading up to your baby’s arrival, is to have a bucket list of all the things you want to do before officially becoming a parent.
What would you do if someone else’s child was doing something they shouldn’t in your care? According to research, melasma and the dark patches within it is triggered by various factors, such as birth control pills, pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy(HRT), having a family history of melasma, ethnicity, medications for seizure and other such medications which make the skin vulnerable to pigmentation upon sun exposure or UV rays (ultraviolet) exposure.
In addition, products or treatments that irritate the skin may cause an increase in melanin production and accelerate melasma symptoms. Prevention should be taken by using sun block or sunscreen to avoid triggering the production of pigment. Cheeks are affected in the malar pattern and the jaw is affected in the mandibular pattern. Dermatologists diagnose melasma by examining the skin with a black light, also known as Wood's light. If melasma is due to taking birth control pills or hormone therapy or pregnancy, then melasma will resolve after the use of hormones is discontinued or after pregnancy. It is important to use a sunscreen which protects the skin from both the UV-A and UV-B rays. Here are a few points to keep in mind when deciding whether or not to use smacking as a form of discipline.
Individuals having darker or olive skin, (Asian, Hispanic, Middle Eastern) are more prone to having melasma. Continuous exposure to sunlight is thought to be the primary cause of melasma, particularly in those people who already are predisposed to melasma genetically. Such patients should also discuss with their doctor about avoiding HRT and birth control pills. Most of the times, mixed melasma is present, which means that discoloration is due to the presence of pigment in the epidermis as well as dermis. According to research, melasma is found to occur more in the summer and is less apparent or lighter in the winter.


In rare cases, skin biopsy is done to rule out other causes of hyperpigmentation in the skin. We invite all community-based experts in any field to become a part of the challenge to address issues of: unemployment, entrepreneurship, illiteracy, poor self-esteem, teen pregnancy, obesity, hopelessness, communication skills, journalism and creative writing, etc.
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