Black Walnut Wood,Bunk Bed Ideas For Adults,How To Build Best Fire In Wood Stove - Review

21.06.2015, admin  
Category: Home Woodworking Projects

Bring the very latest trends to your home with the rich dark chocolate tones of Black Walnut. Black Walnuts, Juglans nigra, grow mainly in the Eastern and Central United States but they occur in moderate numbers nearly everywhere in the U.S.
Early colonists carried seeds of English walnuts to the New World, planting them diligently where they settled in Massachusetts and Virginia. Native American Indians enjoyed black walnuts long before Europeans arrived, using walnut tree sap in their food preparation and making dye from the nut husks.
Black Walnut trees often stand alone in the forest because their roots and dead leaves produce juglone, a toxic chemical that can kill other vegetation. Black walnut is still recommended for planting in pastures and on hillsides in the Ohio Valley and Appalachian mountain regions to hold the soil, prevent erosion and provide shade for cattle.
All walnut trees are deciduous, growing well in temperate zones if sheltered from extreme cold and strong wind. Eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) is said to be an excellent choice for use in agro-forestry systems for several reasons. But, before you run off to plant your walnuts on the less desirable sites on your property, let us point out that there is a direct correlation between soil quality and the growth rate of these trees. Young black walnuts are very "carrot" rooted; their entire root system is comprised mainly of one large tap root. Loosing their leaves early makes it easier to spot walnut trees in timber when you are searching for newly-fallen nuts.
By the 1970's the wood became relatively expensive, forcing the furniture and cabinet industry to promote other species.
The natural range of black walnut is from the East Coast to the Great Plains, and from Texas and Georgia north to central Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and southern Ontario. Walnut is seldom found in pure stands unless hand-planted as shown in the photo above right.

Walnut's quality can vary greatly by site and geographic location, with several factors affecting a single tree's quality. Bird peck is an additional problem that may occur in walnut, although it's more prevalent in other hardwoods. Walnut's heartwood color and uniformity of color (especially in veneer-quality trees) is an important factor that varies greatly, especially by location. The color of walnut can also be affected by manufacturing variables such as cooking schedules for veneer flitches and processing time before drying. Sapwood, the light-colored band of wood on the outside of a walnut cross section, is considered a defect in veneer because most of it must be clipped off and discarded.
Its rich, brown, lustrous heartwood has a grain pattern and pore size between that of the grainy hardwoods, such as oak, and the uniform textured woods, such as maple and yellow poplar.
Buyers and sellers should be aware that the National Hardwood Lumber Grades for walnut and butternut are distinctly different than the standard grades that generally apply with slight modifications to other species. Because walnut was such a valuable and in-demand species for so long, it's probably the most studied and researched hardwood species in North America.
The trees didn't even survive long enough to bear fruit so colonists learned to rely on the plentiful Black walnuts for cooking confections. Archeological evidence in the upper Great Lakes region indicates walnut consumption dating back to 2000 BC. Woodworkers appreciate the extremely hardy characteristics and straight grain of the timber. Some trees, vines, shrubs, groundcovers, annuals and perennials will grow in close proximity to a walnut tree.
Black walnuts seem to have the beneficial effect of encouraging the growth of Kentucky bluegrass and other grasses.
It is commercially valuable due to the market both for its nuts (on a continual, short-term basis) and high-quality wood (normally in a 50 to 100 year rotation).

It is fairly straight grained but can be wavy with a course texture and a dark brown to purplish black color.
Other industries use the hard shells of black walnuts in plastics, glues, sand-blast cleaners and metal polishers. But, tomato and potato plants, blackberry, blueberry, azalea, mountain laurel, rhododendron, red pine and apple may be injured or killed within one to two months of growth within the root zone of these trees. The surrounding trees have not even begun to change colors but the walnut tree has already shed its leaves. Universally esteemed for superb technical properties, including stability, and generally regarded as the most beautiful and most valuable cabinet wood in North America. During World War I, the hardy wood of the black walnut was used for making airplane propellers.
Horticulturists recommend not planting tomatoes, rhododendrons and azaleas within 80 feet of any walnut tree.
By hot steaming the boards at the kiln, the lighter sapwood will darken to the desired color of black walnut. The market for black walnuts is said to be far from saturated, and the prospects are good for developing species producing higher nut yields. Perhaps one day, when you're walking through the forest, pick up a few walnut husks from under a tree, then take them home. Use the pigment inside them with household ammonia to make a rich walnut stain that will allow other woods to darken up and continue to darken with time.

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