As Foreign Exchange (Forex) markets comprise the largest volume of monetary values traded on a daily basis when compared to every other financial market and asset class, it is no coincidence that one such popular method of trading currencies include forex options trading – also known as currency trading options. An option is a right but not an obligation to buy or sell an underlying asset class at a specified strike-price, and the right of which can be bought or sold either on an exchange (exchange-traded) or in the over-the-counter (OTC) markets (off-exchange).
The owner of an option contract can exercise this right to buy or sell, up until expiration of the contract at which point the option expires worthless if not exercised. Although the share of forex options trading overall doesn’t dominate the majority of FX market volumes, it still represents a meaningful share of trading and thus can be a viable instrument and method to consider when investing or trading foreign exchange. Just like options on nearly any financial instrument, in foreign exchange, call options involve the right to buy – and put options convey the right to sell  -an underlying instrument at a specified exchange rate, and premiums are paid by buyers and earned by sellers when carrying out forex options trading.
Options contract are typically for a pre-determined quantity of an underlying asset, and will vary depending on the contract specifications of the broker or exchange operator, as well as the specific instrument being traded, such as an underlying currency pair. Options are divided into Puts and Calls, whereas a “Call” is the right to buy an underlying asset at a specified strike-price, and where a “Put” is the right to sell an underlying asset at a specified strike-price.
However, Buying or Selling either of these option types can have very different consequences. Moreover, each option contract conveys a quantity of the underlying asset that will be traded if the contract is exercised by the party that has the right to exercise their option. In the event the buyer of this option exercised the contract, the seller would technically need to deliver the underlying EUROS in exchange for the US Dollars the seller was paying to purchase the 100,000 Euros at the underlying strike price. Keep in mind that thanks to modern trading platforms and matching engines the counter-party to trades is typically mitigate to the principal broker or a 3rd party such as in the case of an agency broker, whereas clients do not need to deal with other clients or traders that may be on the other side of the trade. Forex Blog recommends WorldWideMarkets which offers investors the ability to choose from multiple trading platforms when opening a live forex trading account or demo forex trading account. Secrets of Forex TradingBefore you start trading forex, learn the secret of profitable forex traders. Continuing further from our previous article Bear Put Spread: Example with Payoff Charts Explained, here is part II of the same. So, we were having the BLUE graph which was the net Payoff Function for the Bear Put Spread but without the price of Put options being taken into consideration.
As an option trader, one notes that most of the time the market or stock prices dont move much within a small period of time. A Short Straddle Option Position is a net SELL (also called net SHORT) option position where the option trader Shorts 2 options - 1 ATM Call and 1 ATM Put Option. Also note that usually since the ATM call & put are bought, which are known to have the highest time decay value, the net price or option premium received is usually high.

Hence, the above case for Microsoft makes it an ideal scenario for an option trader to get into a Short Straddle Option position. Also note that since there are 2 shorts, the short straddle option trader will expect to benefit from time decay.
A Short Straddle Option Trading position can be constructed or configured by simply selling the SAME strike, SAME expiry Call & Put Options on the same underlying stock or index. An example of Short Straddle Option TradingSuppose the Microsoft stock price is currently trading at $50 per share (just an example).
Every option trader, whether novice or experienced, is aware about the various structures and combinations which can be created by using multiple options. The Butterfly Options position can be constructed in many ways depending upon the preferences of the option trader using either call or put options. The name "Butterfly Options" comes because the final payoff structure formed in the Butterfly Options Position resembles a butterfly.
Butterfly options can be constructed by taking multiple option positions - some short and some long (as we'll see in the following details). They offer limited profit limited loss potential, so considered safe bets in options trading. Butterfly option positions can be constructed by using either all call options (some long and some short) or by using all put options (some long and some short). Before an option trader decides to use calls or puts, he needs to first decide which butterfly (long or short) he wants to trade on.
Once the option trader decides which butterfly he wants to trade (long or short), he can then select the call butterfly or put butterfly.
This series of articles will be dedicated to explaining the Ratio Call BackSpread Options Trading. As we will shortly discover, the Call Ratio Backspread is a very interesting low risk high profit potential strategy and can generate enormous profits if things go in favor of the options trader taking this Call Ratio Backspread position. Before continuing further, a word of caution about Ratio Spread Options Trading is that these combinations involve taking multiple option positions (atleast 3) at entry and same 3 need to be closed (or exercised) at exit. As the name suggests, an option trader needs to take multiple call option positions (long and short) in a defined ratio for taking a creating a Ratio Call BackSpread Options. The Call Ratio Backspread is profitable to trade when the options trader is expecting a big move in the underlying stock price in the upward direction. On the loss side, the option trader will be in loss if the underlying stock price doesn’t move much or remains confined to a narrow region.

However, please note that there are multiple other similar options strategies available which also fit the same scenario. But do remember that each has its own set of profit and loss positions and each come with its own level of complexity in terms of practical trading.
In addition, as will be revealed below, sellers of options, known as writing options, carries its own set of differences when compared to buying options, and understanding currency trading options can be a valuable tool in a forex trader’s portfolio.
The way that such measurements are made depends also on what type of option position is being taken, whether a Call is being bought or sold, or whether a Put is being bought or sold, as will be described below. For example, buying a call gives the buyer the right to buy at the underlying strike-price of the option, whereas selling a call requires that the seller must be able to deliver the underlying asset and sell it to the buyer at the underlying strike-price if the buyer decides to exercise their option prior to expiration. And as explained in the last part, we considered the prices as follows: the ITM Long Put Option will cost you $5 and OTM short Put Option position will get you $2. Since there are 2 sells, it is a net credit position which means that the option trader receives option premium (net inflow) while getting into the trade. One very commonly used and frequently traded option strategy is the Butterfly Options Trading Strategy. Please remember that the final net payoff function for short butterfly and long butterfly option will always remain the same, irrespective of whether they are constructed using call options or put options. First challenge may be to get the required options at the desired prices and second mandatory challenge is the cost of brokerage and commission which you end up paying for these multiple options trades.
The resultant payoff function (as explained later in this series) is an unlimited profit, limited loss scenario, ultimately appearing beneficial to the option trader taking this Call Ratio Backspread position. The content should NOT to be reproduced on any other website or through other medium, without the author's permission. However, please note that since there is shorting of options, the trader might be required to keep margin money with the options broker and this margin money amount can be considerably higher than the net option premium received which means that in summary this Short Straddle position is actually a net debit position. On the other hand, the short butterfly (YELLOW graph) will be profitable to the option trader when the underlying stock or index makes a big move in either direction with a big value.
However, there are a few things which options trader should keep in mind before getting into Call Ratio Backspread trading position.
Some option traders also call it as Short Call Ratio Spread or Call Ratio Short Spread, but the common term used is Call Ratio Backspread.

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