In Collar,  you are trying to raise some regular income out of a stock you already own.  You do this by selling a Call, that is usually an OTM and thus collecting a premium.
The overall cost (of the Stock and the Put) of a Collar strategy is substantially higher than Covered Call, since there is insurance involved.
This strategy is also useful when you are ready to part with the Stock, if the price moves up from the current levels.
Another intention on your part could be your readiness on your part to sell the stock if there is any appreciation.  In this case, if the stock does move up, you may lose on the option that you sold (or run the risk of assignment), and your Put premium will be worthless, but you make some gains in the underlying stock. Purchase price of the underlying minus the premium received on selling the Call option plus the Put premium paid. IV should go down so that the option premium approaches zero, in which case you can afford to close the position before expiry and make some nice profits.  However, this could also mean your stock is stagnating, which is not good from the perspective of your stock portfolio. You can establish Collar option strategy with Zero cost if your Short Call premium entirely covers the cost of Long Put. Instead of Zero-cost, you can actually get a net Credit in Collar option if you receive a higher premium on Short Call than the premium you pay on Long Put. While these strategies will look attractive at the outset, you should have done a thorough research on what exactly are your objectives in establishing such positions. The collar is a good strategy to use if the options trader is writing covered calls to earn premiums but wish to protect himself from an unexpected sharp drop in the price of the underlying security.
Suppose an options trader is holding 100 shares of the stock XYZ currently trading at $48 in June. Since he pays $4800 for the 100 shares of XYZ, another $100 for the put but receives $200 for selling the call option, his total investment is $4700. The beauty of using a collar strategy is that you know, right from the start, the potential losses and gains on a trade. If capital protection rather than premium collection is the main focus, a bullish investor can establish an alternative collar strategy known as the costless collar. An investor whose portfolio tracks exactly, or at a consistent ratio or beta, the performance of an index that underlies a class of index options. Collars are often used by equity option investors for downside price protection of underlying shares they own. Establishing an index collar to protect a portfolio involves purchasing puts for downside insurance, while at the same time selling calls, with the premium taken in at least in part financing the cost of the puts.
The degree to which the collar’s protective puts are paid for by the premium received from the written calls depends entirely on the current level of the underlying index, and the strike prices and premium amounts of the contracts chosen.
Index collars are generally employed to protect unrealized profits from the portfolio being protected, and the index option class chosen will generally have an underlying index that most closely tracks the performance of the portfolio, or at least at a consistent correlation, or beta. Many investors will run a collar when they’ve seen a nice run-up on the stock price, and they want to protect their unrealized profits against a downturn. From the point the collar is established, potential profit is limited to strike B minus current stock price minus the net debit paid, or plus net credit received. From the point the collar is established, risk is limited to the current stock price minus strike A plus the net debit paid, or minus the net credit received. After the strategy is established, the net effect of an increase in implied volatility is somewhat neutral. Use the Profit + Loss Calculator to establish break-even points, evaluate how your strategy might change as expiration approaches, and analyze the Option Greeks. Multiple leg options strategies involve additional risks, and may result in complex tax treatments. The graph is correct - a collar just has a similar payoff profile as a bull spread.You can use my option pricing spreadsheet and build the individual legs to verify if you like. Hi Phil, by the definition of a collar the options have to belong to the same expiration date.

Under components you say, that we should long OTM Put option, however under characteristics is mentioned that it is ideal for the investors who own the stock and are looking for minimise their downside risk by WRITING put option. However, should the stock price remain unchanged at $50, while his net loss is still zero, he would have 'lost' one year's worth of premiums of $500 that would have been collected if not for the protective put purchase. By setting up the costless collar, a long term stockholder forgoes any profit should the stock price appreciates beyond the striking price of the call written.
Many senior executives at publicly traded companies who have large positions in their company's stock utilize costless collars as a way to protect their personal wealth. I am an Economist at Harvard and some of my colleagues and I would like to let you know that we follow your posts on SA, and find your analysis refreshing, rigorous, and acute. Joined last year and and started profitably trading options thanks to everything I have learned here. I have learned more about options in the past 2 weeks as a full PSW member that the previous 5 yrs of making more bad than good option plays. Phil: I have 263 positions - 70% in options ( balance stocks) in three portfolios with a value of 3 mil. The results of a new study examining the use of options in a collar strategy (both active and passive implementations) on the PowerShares QQQ™ exchange-traded fund (ETF) show it provides superior returns to the traditional buy and hold strategy while reducing risk by almost 65%. The Options Industry Council (OIC) is pleased to note the study reaffirms the risk management potential of equity options, finding that during the entire 10-year study period, including the sub-periods around the tech bubble and credit crisis, collars significantly outperformed the QQQ, providing much needed capital protection. If the underlying stock price is between the strike prices of the call and put when the options expire, both options will generally expire with no value.
I took your advice, and bought leap $2.00 calls on F, approximately 200,000 shares using the options, for just pennies. I have some friends at Saliba Investment Management that have done a fantastic job of putting an actively managed collar strategy together. Even if you don’t want to part with the stock, you can simply close the option position before expiry.
That way, even if you wanted to buy back the option to close the position, you will have net profits.  Time decay will be bad for the Long Put, but it was meant for insurance rather than speculation.
He decides to establish a collar by writing a JUL 50 covered call for $2 while simultaneously purchases a JUL 45 put for $1. Since the striking price of $50 for the call option is lower than the trading price of the stock, the call is assigned and the trader sells the shares for $5000, resulting in a $300 profit ($5000 minus $4700 original investment).
It will erode the value of the option you bought (bad) but it will also erode the value of the option you sold (good). The option you sold will increase in value (bad), but it will also increase the value of the option you bought (good). For more information, please review the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options brochure before you begin trading options. The loss on the stock will be the purchase price of the stock minus the strike price of the put option (as you will exercise at that price) plus the net premium paid or received. The profit on the stock will be the strike price of the call option minus the purchase price of the stock (as you will be exercised and deliver at the strike) plus the net premium paid or received. They sell out-of-the-money call options at a price that they are happy to sell the stock at in return for receiving some premium upfront. However, with a collar you will still have some downside risk to consider, which is the maximum loss on the trade if the market sells off.If you want to buy stocks and are looking for downside protection then you could also look at a Protective Put.
For example, at the time of writing, MSFT have electronic tradable options that expire January 2012.Anyway, the graphs are just for illustration purposes. An options trader holding on to 100 shares of XYZ wishes to protect his shares should the stock price take a dive. I upgraded (with great administrative difficulty!) my stock dealing account to deal options.

Whether you are a novice, seasoned, or a professional there is a lot to be gained about stock options and options trading from this very informative website. Options investors may lose the entire amount of their investment in a relatively short period of time.
Implied volatility represents the consensus of the marketplace as to the future level of stock price volatility or the probability of reaching a specific price point.The Greeks represent the consensus of the marketplace as to how the option will react to changes in certain variables associated with the pricing of an option contract.
New accounts receive $1,000 in commission credit for equity, ETF and option trades executed within 60 days of funding the new account. Content, research, tools, and stock or option symbols are for educational and illustrative purposes only and do not imply a recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell a particular security or to engage in any particular investment strategy. As such, it is a good options strategy to use especially for retirement accounts where capital preservation is paramount.
In fact, if you set the collar up correctly, you may even be able to create a risk-free trade scenario. He setups a costless collar by writing a one year JUL '07 60 LEAPS call for $5 while simultaneously using the proceeds from the call sale to buy a one year JUL '07 50 LEAPS put for $5. For the life of the option, this essentially turns the position into a synthetic call or put. Initially feeling out of my depth struggling to keep up with the peculiar language of options traders, I unsubscribed feeling a little under confident and uncertain if the small stake I have to invest in options could generate enough to justify my PSW subscription.
Compare that to the net price received at expiration on the downside from exercising the put and selling the underlying shares, or the net sale price of the stock on the upside if assigned on the written call option. This material does not take into account your particular investment objectives, financial situations or needs and is not intended as a recommendation to you of any particular securities, financial instruments or strategies. Commission credit covers equity, ETF and option orders including the per contract commission. You helped put my family in an almost debt-free life through the stock and option plays that I made during my time as a customer of your service and that has made us very happy. The investor keeps the cash credit, regardless of the price of the underlying stock when the options expire.
See both Protective Put and Covered Call strategies presented earlier in this section of the site. Obviously, the more risk you take with the selection of your strike prices and also with a greater duration on the option, the more potential there is for larger gains.Collar Option Trading ExampleLet's look at a real life example of a collar option trade so you can get a better idea of how it works.
To fulfill the second half of this strategy, we would need to sell calls that are out of the money. Keep in mind that a collar requires patience; it will not be easy to sell the options or the stock before the expiration of the options. Again if you’ve seen some nice gains already in a stock and are approaching an earnings that you think might be questionable this can be a good strategy.
Dan recommended collars as a way to protect a long position going into Apple (AAPL) earnings on January 20, 2012. There was precedent with a big down move in Google (GOOG) on January 19th when, despite generally good sentiment leading up to it, earnings sent the stock down over 8%.  In this case, after earnings on January 25, 2012 stock went up just beyond the upside call that he recommended shorting with the collar. The collar is a nice conservative strategy if you think stock is going up generally, but are anxious about a big move down on an event. Again which options to choose depend on how much downside you can take if stock goes against you and how much upside you are willing to lose if stock goes the way you are long or short. Putting on a collar for credit can be very tempting, but you may not be completely satisfied with the consequences.

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