Before and after photos of this 49 year old patient from Wilmington, NC, who consulted with Dr. Sylvie Tremblay holds a Master of Science in molecular and cellular biology and has years of experience as a cancer researcher and neuroscientist. The breasts contain a number of specialized cell types that work together to allow lactation. Ductal carcinoma in situ develops within the ducts of the breast--the tissue that carries milk from the breast lobules to the nipple. A defined lump in the breast combined with swollen lymph nodes may indicate invasive ductal carcinoma, a more aggressive form of ductal cancer. In some cases, lumps in the breast and swollen lymph nodes under the arm could develop as a result of infections.
When a piece of jewelry is placed on your belly, it moves back and forth and rubs against your clothes. Very often, the belly piercing gets infected, when touching it with fingers. Make it a point to cover the belly piercing with waterproof bandage before you take bath or swim. Being the dark and moist area, belly button is the ideal place for the growth of microorganisms. If you don’t have greenish or yellow discharge from the belly button, then you can very well remove the jewelry and give space for the belly to heal on its own.
Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment section and I will do my best to answer or direct you to the proper information source. During your menstruation cycle, during breastfeeding or during times of sexual arousal, the vaginal discharge will also be different, although how it will be different varies from woman to woman. Several things can cause changes in your vaginal discharge including your menstruation cycle, sexual arousal and breastfeeding. Vaginitis is generally considered to be a preventable condition but it is also one of the most common conditions women suffer from. Although many women know wiping your genitals from front to back after using the washroom is important, few women remember to do it all the time.
There are four types of breast lumps, which can form within the breast: cysts, fibroadenomas, pseudolumps, and malignant tumors. The early stages of breast cancer are often asymptomatic (are not accompanied by any visible symptoms). If a mammogram detects a breast lump, a biopsy is conducted to determine whether the abnormality is cancerous. In a needle aspiration biopsy, the doctor uses a hollow needle attached to a syringe to withdraw (or aspirate) a specimen of the tissue. Breast cancer is treated in several different ways, depending on the kinds of breast cancer and how far it has spread. Women diagnosed with breast cancer are encouraged to discuss their issues to help resolve them. The site is maintained by students from the University of California, Santa Barbara who have studied advanced topics in human sexuality. Vulvar cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the vulva.
Having vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia or HPV infection can affect the risk of vulvar cancer. Mons pubis (the rounded area in front of the pubic bones that becomes covered with hair at puberty). Changes in the vulvar skin, such as color changes or growths that look like a wart or ulcer.
Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking the vulva for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. Biopsy : The removal of samples of cells or tissues from the vulva so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. After vulvar cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the vulva or to other parts of the body. In vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), abnormal cells are found on the surface of the vulvar skin. The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the vulva or to other parts of the body is called staging. Colposcopy : A procedure in which a colposcope (a lighted, magnifying instrument) is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas. Cystoscopy : A procedure to look inside the bladder and urethra to check for abnormal areas. X-rays : An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body. Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): A series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder to find out if cancer has spread to these organs.
CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body. PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. Blau, board certified plastic surgeon with over 20 years experience, about the appearance of his chest. Based in Ontario, Canada, Tremblay is an experienced journalist and blogger specializing in nutrition, fitness, lifestyle, health and biotechnology, as well as real estate, agriculture and clean tech. The glandular tissue of the breast is made up of lobules and ducts, which produce milk and carry that milk to the nipple. Patients with ductal carcinoma in situ commonly develop a defined breast lump corresponding to the site of cancer development. According to BreastCancer.org, invasive ductal carcinoma accounts for around 80 percent of breast cancer diagnoses. Swollen lymph nodes alone can indicate a number of disorders, and patients with infectious diseases such as colds or coughs often can often feel swollen lymph nodes on the sides of the neck, in the groin and under the arm.
You can consult your doctor instead of using over the counter medicines for treating such infection. When you can feel warm in the area with pus like discharge, you have to treat it immediately.
If you notice an odd odor, the origin of the odor is likely outside of the vagina in the vulva area. However, vaginitis, yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea also cause changes in vaginal discharge and knowing the difference between normal discharge and problem discharge can mean the difference between getting treated for an infection or disease and winding up with a much more severe problem.
Keeping your vagina clean is one of the most important factors in preventing this condition.
As much as you might enjoy a nice relaxing soak in a hot tub, it is best to avoid them on a regular basis. The breasts, also called mammaries, allow a mother to lactate in order to produce milk for an infant child.
This risk may be due to higher overall exposure to the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Males are also diagnosed with this disease, although it is over hundred times more common in women than men. The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends three different methods of screening for most adults: mammograms, clinical breast exams, and breast self-exams.


A clinical breast examination (CBE) is a physical examination of the breast done by a health professional. Breast self-exams (BSEs) are a simple and relatively effective way to screen for changes in breast tissue at home without a doctor or nurse. During a biopsy, a sample of the irregular tissue is removed and inspected under a microscope by a specialized doctor referred to as a pathologist. Occasionally, however, surgery is required to remove all or part of the lump for inspection because a needle aspiration biopsy is inconclusive. Hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation and surgery are common treatments used for various types of cancer, including breast cancer. In a radical mastectomy, the breast is completely removed, including the nipple, overlying skin, muscles beneath the breast, and lymph nodes. Feelings of grief and fear triggered by the cancer diagnosis may temporarily reduce sexual drive. Some treatments may have impaired libido or decreased physiological arousal due to hormone changes in the body.
Women who have encountered breast cancer (especially in the case of mastectomy recipients) may fear that they are no longer attractive to their partner.
Currently, the American Cancer Society offers counseling to women who have undergone a mastectomy to help them cope with the change.
The vulva includes the mons pubis, clitoris, urethral opening, inner and outer lips of the vagina, vaginal opening, and perineum.
A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. Tissue samples may be taken using a curette (spoon-shaped instrument) or a brush and checked under a microscope for signs of disease. To stage vulvar cancer, x-rays may be taken of the organs and bones inside the chest, and the pelvic bones. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a tumor.
Cancer cells break away from where they began (the primary tumor) and travel through the lymph system or blood.
The cancer gets into the lymph system, travels through the lymph vessels, and forms a tumor (metastatic tumor) in another part of the body. The cancer gets into the blood, travels through the blood vessels, and forms a tumor (metastatic tumor) in another part of the body.
For example, if vulvar cancer spreads to the lung, the cancer cells in the lung are actually vulvar cancer cells. Surrounding the glandular tissue are blood vessels, fat cells, connective tissue, and a series of lymph nodes that extend into the armpit. The lump is usually visible on a mammogram and may be palpable in a physical breast examination. Patients with the disease develop a defined lump in the breast and also develop underarm lymph node swelling once the cancer reaches the lymph nodes. An infection in the breast tissue, called mastitis, also leads to swollen lymph nodes as the body works to fight off the infection. Sometimes, when you are bathing in bathtubs, the water may accumulate on the jewelry and piercing area which give rise to bacterial growth. Make sure that you are doing piercing from trained professional who use sterile equipments for piercing. Keeping this area clean by simply washing it on a regular basis is the best way to avoid that odor. There are some conditions, particularly sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhea as well as yeast infections you will need to inform sexual partners about.
Bathing or showering every single day is important as it helps cleanse any bacterial build up outside of your vagina. Once in a while is fine, but in general, a soak in the bath tub is much healthier and offers the same relaxation benefits. Wiping from front to back helps keep bacteria from your rectum from spreading to your vagina and reduces the chances of contracting vaginitis. Each breast is composed of fatty tissue and mammary glands, which are connected to the nipple via milk ducts. Like cysts, breast fibroadenomas are also benign, and are composed of fibrous and glandular tissues. This lowered risk for male breast cancer is due to lower levels of circulating estrogen in the body.
This technique involves taking an X-ray picture of the breast to detect the presence of dense lumps of tissue. CBEs are often used in conjunction with regular mammograms, which result in the most effective screen for breast cancer. A BSE should be conducted with a doctor’s approval, one week after your normal menstrual period begins every month. Clear fluid indicates a benign cyst, while cloudy or bloody fluid indicates the possibility of cancer. Unlike a radical mastectomy, partial mastectomies are used in less severe forms of stage I or II breast cancer. Even so, most women who have had a mastectomy report no change in the key aspects of their sexuality (like frequency of sex or overall satisfaction).  Modern techniques of breast reconstruction are now able to rebuild the breast mound using skin graphs and fat from the abdomen. As the contrast dye moves through the kidneys, ureters and bladder, x-rays are taken to see if there are any blockages. Lumps in the breast tissue or under the arm can indicate the presence of a number of disorders. Although DCIS is not an typically invasive form of breast cancer, some patients diagnosed with DCIS also develop cancer growth in the lymph nodes, according to a study published in "The American Surgeon" in 2001. Invasive ductal carcinoma is diagnosed following a tissue biopsy to confirm cancer and may be treated with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation treatment.
MedlinePlus, a service of the National Institutes of Health, indicates that women with a breast infection may also develop a lump in the breast as fluid collects around the site of infection. Any severe changes, however, may be an indication of vaginitis which is something you will need to seek medical attention for.
Some women feel that douching can be beneficial, but in truth, douching can actually be harmful.
These conditions can be spread to partners so they will likely need to be tested for them as well if you have had sex since you first noticed the symptoms or had sex shortly before the symptoms occurred. In addition, while it isn’t always possible to avoid wearing pantyhose, tight pants, swim suits, tight shorts or leotards, especially during warmer months, don’t wear those items for longer than necessary.
Pseudolumps are also benign and may be composed of scar tissue, hardened silicone, or dead fat cells. As breast cancer advances, breast tenderness will increase-leading to bone pain, skin ulcers, swelling of the armpit, weight loss, and inflammation. During a mammogram procedure, a radiology technologist will place a female breasts onto a plate that contains an X-ray film. When solid tissue fragments or a bloody fluid are withdrawn, they are inspected under a microscope to determine the type of lump or cyst and its severity. During and open biopsy, the surgeon removes the entire cancerous mass and abnormal area as well as the surrounding perimeter of the normal-appearing breast tissue. A lumpectomy, a type of partial mastectomy, is a common surgical procedure designed to remove a breast lump or benign tumor and the surrounding tissue.


The nipple may also be replaced and connected to recipient blood vessels to create a symmetrical and realistic breast for healthy sexual function. It may also have a tool to remove tissue samples, which are checked under a microscope for signs of cancer.
Patients with DCIS who develop swollen under-arm lymph nodes should seek medical attention. Doctors can effectively treat many cases of invasive ductal carcinoma, especially if cancer growth is detected early, so patients with breast and underarm lumps should seek medical attention to assess the health of their breasts. Patients with a breast infection may also suffer from general feverish symptoms, as well as pain and itching of the affected breast.
If you aren’t sure whether the change your notice in your vaginal discharge is normal or not, you should always consult your physician. Most douches use harsh chemicals that can irritate your vagina and possibly even spread infections in your vagina to the uterus. If you ever notice blood in your vaginal discharge between menstrual cycles you should contact your physician immediately as this may be the sign of one of the above mentioned problems or something even more serious.
If you notice irritation after protected sexual intercourse you may be having a reaction to the latex in the condom or the spermicidal agents or lubricant on the condom. All of these things can irritate your vagina as they are constricting and don’t allow your vagina to breathe. In certain families, these tumor receptor genes may be mutated, which creates up to an 80% chance of developing a cancerous body.
Another plate will push the breast down against the film to secure the breast and obtain a clear image.
During a clinical breast exam, a health professional will ask the patient questions about any current problems he or she may be experiencing, along with a medical history and any potential risk factors. Lumpectomies are far less invasive than mastectomies and involve a local incision that allows for the breast to be spared. Women with breast-conserving surgeries, such as lumpectomies, are even less likely than mastectomy patients to report enduring post-cancer sexual difficulties. Breast infections can be treated with antibiotic medication and require immediate medical attention to prevent the formation of a breast abscess. While it may be nothing to be concerned about, it is much better to err on the side of caution; especially where vaginal health is concerned. An infection in your uterus greatly increases your changes of developing pelvic inflammatory disease.
Breast cancer is a form of cancer that commonly appears in the inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobular areas within the mammary gland. A malignant tumor is an irregularly shaped hard mass of cells that accounts for roughly 20% of all breast lumps.
While the patient raises one arm, a picture of each breast will be taken and later reviewed by a qualified radiologist. The examiner will then ask the patient to remove his or her clothes from the waist up and lie on the examination table. Visually inspect the breasts in front of a mirror with arms at your sides, above your head, and on your waist for any noticeable changes in appearance or coloration. If the mass is too large to be removed easily, only part of it may be excavated in an incisional biopsy. Today, radical mastectomies are rarely performed, as they are generally not as effective as less invasive forms of mastectomy procedures. A normal discharge is usually completely clear although it may also be almost milky in appearance.
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PIC, develops in your fallopian tubes and may prevent you from being able to conceive children. Sometimes the vagina just becomes irritated and blood may appear, particular after your first sexual encounter, following vigorous sex or even during humid weather, but it is better to be safe than sorry.
Remember though, as much as your mother may have told you ladies always wear underpants, you should never wear underpants at night unless you will be wearing a short skirt or dress.
During its later stages, breast cancer may also spread to the lymph nodes (bean shaped masses that filter the blood) near the neck and armpit.
Abnormal results, such as fluid-filled pockets, or calcifications (solid bits of calcium), appear as solid white-colored masses on the X-ray. Each breast, underarm, and collarbone will be inspected for changes in size, skin changes, or signs of injury or infection (bruising or redness). For most women, breasts are not identical, so do not be alarmed if they are not exactly the same size or shape.
Surgical biopsies are more invasive than needle aspiration biopsies and often lead to stitches, scarring, and a change in shape of the breast. Mastectomies and lumpectomies are often followed by radiation and chemotherapy to ensure the cancer has been completely removed and will not return. The doctor or nurse also inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or abnormal areas.EnlargePelvic exam. If you are able to conceive, the chances that you will successfully carry the child through to delivery is unlikely. Alternative birth control methods are a good option for someone who has only one regular, trusted partner, but that may not be the case for everyone. The ACS recommends women begin receiving mammograms at the age of forty and attend regular return visits every two years from the ages of fifty to seventy-four. After the visual inspection, the doctor or nurse will feel each breast for any unusual painful areas from the region one inch below the breast to the collarbone, as well as the armpit (axillary area) and around the neck (lymph nodes). Next, raise one arm and inspect the upper areas of the breast and the armpit for any lumps, rashing, or dimpling.
A doctor or nurse inserts one or two lubricated, gloved fingers of one hand into the vagina and presses on the lower abdomen with the other hand. If you are ovulating your discharge will be thicker than normal as this is the time when your ovaries will release an egg.
Remember, birth control pills, diaphragms, and other birth control methods will not prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, so you will need condoms. Following the examination the doctor may instruct the patient on how to examine themselves using the breast self-exam method. With one arm still raised, lightly squeeze the nipple to check for variation in color, density, or any kind of discharge. Avoid anything with harsh chemicals or strong fragrances as this will only cause irritation. There are options out there your doctor can help you discover, but it is important that you speak to them about those options. Using the pads of the three middle fingers of your left hand, move in small coin-sized circles over the right breast. Implement lighter levels of pressure to check tissue close to the surface of the skin, while using higher levels to check tissue close to the ribs or breastbone. Continue to examine the entire breast using a lengthwise strip, or spiral pattern that extends from the collarbone to the bra line, and from the armpit to the breastbone.




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