This is out of my scope of practice so I am of no use to you, but to guide you to someone who can help you.
ExpertiseI am a physical therapist that treats all types of musculoskeletal disorders including orthopedic, vestibular, neurologic, and geriatric issues.
Bones are constantly attempting to remodel and repair themselves, especially during a sport where extraordinary stress is applied to the bone.
Stress fractures commonly occur in sedentary people who suddenly undertake a burst of exercise (whose bones are not used to the task).
As with most conditions, a stress fracture is diagnosed with a podiatric history and physical exam.
X-rays may not show any evidence of stress fractures, so a CT scan, MRI, or bone scan may be more effective in unclear cases.
If a stress fracture occurs in a weight-bearing bone, healing will be delayed or prevented by continuing to put weight on that limb.
Bracing or casting the limb with a hard plastic boot or air cast may also prove beneficial by taking some stress off the stress fracture.
Swelling in the ankles is a common trouble that does not generate an immediate fear for medical attention. The swollen ankle hurts while making an attempt to walk, extend or rotate the injured ankle. Although mild degree of bloated ankle and feet is considered normal in an expectant mother, sudden onset or constantly recurring, massive swelling may be indicative of Pre eclampsia. Pre eclampsia is a medical disorder that occurs in pregnancy and is characterized by elevated blood pressure (or hypertension) and presence of protein in urine. A medical condition known as venous insufficiency can trigger ankle swelling in the initial stages.
This is why diabetics are always advised close inspection of their feet and ankles for the formation of blisters or sores as damage to the nerve blunts the feeling of pain, silently advancing the ankle swelling.
Other than weakening of the valves in the veins, formation of blood clots within the same can hinder the normal course of blood from the lower legs to the heart.
Of the two, it is the deep blood clots which prove to be life threatening in case they occlude single or multiple major veins running through the legs. In case you have noticed swelling in either or both of your ankles coupled with mild fever, pain and slight discolouration in that particular leg, see your doctor without delay.
There exist several types of drugs, which can initiate, swelling in the ankle region as a probable side effect. Similarly, Steroids, such as Prednisone, hormones like estrogen, testosterone (components of hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptive pills) as well as anti-depressants like Amitriptyline belong to the category of ankle swelling inducing drugs. Thus, if one suspects that swelling in the ankle region initiated after consumption of certain drugs, it is best to speak to your doctor, for either modification in the dosage or its replacement by another drug.
The localized pooling of lymphatic fluid within the tissues, due to either complete absence or incomplete lymphatic functioning is responsible for puffy looking ankles. If left unattended, the collection of protein rich fluid leads to an ineffective destruction or removal of notorious bacteria. The buildup of uric acid crystals in the synovial fluid found in the joints ultimately leads to inflamed, painful joints. Many a time, ankle swelling may hint towards ailments involving the heart, kidney or liver.
If the health of the liver gets impacted due to any reason, the production of albumin lags, causing leakage of blood from the wall of the vessels and into the tissues along with fluid leakage. These changes, in combination with gravity pull results in many changes like fatigue, weight gain and swelling of feet and ankles too. Of course, you should resist scratching the bites as this will delay the healing process and additionally cause more blood to release, attracting more biting insects. The combination of hot water and seaweed will give you 4-5 hours of relief, enough to get some sleep. Taking some close-ups of a Moral Eel can help you tolerate the war against bug bites when back on the surface.  Having a good camera at that moment certainly helps. Joan was answering a question from a contest that we just placed on the Seagate Facebook page.
Unfortunately for Joan, Cut & Wound Remedy was never mentioned in the blog as a remedy for itching bug bites.
This contest was really a test of the Facebook audience to see if anyone was actually clicking through and reading the articles. Dactylitis is a condition in which the fingers or toes develops inflammation looking like a sausage. The major cause for getting dactylitis is sickle cell anemia, sickle cell disease and psoriasis. For some people, the underlying health problems like psoriatic arthritis, leprosy, gonococcal arthritis, juvenile chronic arthritis and sarcoiditis can cause swelling on the toes and fingers which may lead to dactylitis. In case of severe pain you need to consult your doctor who may put you on intravenous fluids for keeping you hydrated. When you have underarm rash it is usually not conspicuous but it can be an annoying and discomforting condition, especially if it begins to itch and makes the area flaky and dry. Because underarm rash is a symptom you may also experience other symptoms that depend on what is causing the underarm rash in the first place. Rash may cause bumps that are filled with pus, flaky, scaly, or have a bumpy feeling to them.
Having the skin disorder that causes blistering or scaly rashes that could be caused by an allergy called eczema. Having an inflammation of your hair follicles that could happen after you shave called folliculitis.


Fungal infections that come from not cleaning the sweat, dirt, and other stuff under your arm on a daily basis. Having an allergic reaction to something is the most common cause of having an underarm rash. Having a disorder in which your body attacks its own healthy tissues and cells called systemic lupus erythematosus. If the underarm rash is caused by an allergic reaction to soaps, shaving cream, detergents, deodorant, perfume, etc, change what you are using until you find one that does not cause underarm rash. If it is due to folliculitis you will need to see your physician for a prescription of a topical cream to help reduce your discomfort and help calm down the inflamed follicle.
If it is due to a fungal infection you will need to apply antifungal creams to the area and also decrease the amount of milk-products and milk you are consuming. If the cause is shaving, make sure that you are using a new blade or razor and try a shaving cream or gel for sensitive skin. Do not wear tight clothing, especially in the heat, as this can cause friction under your arms.
Make sure that you are keeping your underarms dry and clean by washing under the area at least two times a day.
If your underarm rash is caused by a medical condition talk to your physician to see which treatment would work best for your condition. This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
It is caused by unusual or repeated stress." This is in contrast to other types of fractures, which are usually characterized by a solitary, severe impact. A stress fracture could present as a generalized area of pain and tenderness associated with weight bearing. Over time, if enough stress is placed on the bone that it exhausts the capacity of the bone to remodel, a weakened site—a stress fracture—on the bone may appear.
They may also occur in Olympic-class athletes who do extraordinary quantities of high-impact exercise, in professional and amateur distance runners who run high weekly mileage, or in soldiers who march long distances. The amount of recovery time varies greatly depending upon the location, severity, the strength of the body's healing response and an individual's nutritional intake. An air cast has preinflated cells that put light pressure on the bone, which promotes healing by increasing blood flow to the area.
The procedure may involve pinning the fracture site, and rehabilitation can take up to a half year.
Though this may seem counter-intuitive (because stress fractures are caused by too much stress on the bone), moderate stress applied to the bone in a controlled manner can strengthen the bone and make it less susceptible to a stress fracture. Strengthening these muscles will prevent them from becoming fatigued quickly, allowing them to absorb the strain of running for longer periods of time. Perez is board certified by the American Board of Foot & Ankle Surgery and a Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. This stands true, especially for those with a job that involves several, continuous hours of standing or walking.
Perhaps, the most common form of injury is when a misstep, or rigorous exercise causes the ligaments to be pulled beyond their limits of tolerance resulting in a sprain. This is the reason why cold fermentation and complete rest are recommended. To lessen the swelling, a compressive bandage is snugly wrapped over the ankle and the foot is kept elevated to prevent further pooling of fluid. As the unborn child grows within the expanding size of the uterus, it begins to exert more pressure on the blood vessels as well as other pelvic organs. Immediate assistance should be availed if excessive swelling occurs coupled with symptoms of headache, pain in the abdomen, nausea, changes in vision and decreased frequency of micturition.
This condition results due to insufficient progression of venous blood from the lower aspect of the body up to the heart via the veins. This stands true in patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes, specifically diabetic neuropathy or nerve disorders involving the feet. Thus, removal of lymph nodes or any ailment involving them can block the normal movement of fluid along the network of thin capillaries. Ankle swelling is a characteristic finding in patients undergoing radiation therapy to treat cancerous growths. This classical symptom of gout attack of the ankles is accompanied by swelling, redness and stiffness. Right sided heart failure results in retention of salt plus water which results in swollen ankles, specifically during evening time. Sometimes the water coming out of a shower either in the hotel or on a boat is not sufficiently hot to deaden the itching.
Allow it to set for a few minutes, then wash off with more hot water (as hot as you are able to take it without burning your skin). Wear socks and stuff your pant legs into your socks to keep the insects from getting into your clothing. Green Moray Eels have unique tube-like protrusions extending from their nostrils called incurrent tubes. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page.
Sometimes, the entire feet develop inflammation and the person may suffer from fever and tenderness on the affected fingers.


Leprosy, Reiter’s syndrome, tuberculosis, mycobacterium tuberculosis and sarcoidosis are some of the other factors which give rise to inflammation on the fingers and toes.
You should take more water and plenty of liquids than the normal days, in case if you are infected. In case of blistering dactylitis, the infection is caused by streptococcus and hence your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for controlling viral infection.
If over-the-counter fungal creams do not take care of the problem you will need to talk to your physician about a prescription for a stronger antifungal medication. It could be described as a very small sliver or crack in the bone; this is why it is sometimes dubbed "hairline fracture".
Usually when running, a stress fracture in the leg or foot will cause severe pain at the beginning of the run, moderate pain in the middle of the run, and severe pain at the end and after the run.
Complete rest and a cast or walking boot are usually used for a period of four to eight weeks, although periods of rest of twelve to sixteen weeks is not uncommon for more severe stress fractures.
An easy way to do this is to follow the runner's rule of increasing distance by no more than 10 percent per week. Key muscles that need strengthening with lower leg stress fractures are the calves and the shin muscles. Trauma to the tissue, as well as the structures, initiates accumulation of fluid and simultaneous inflammation.
This change interferes with the flow of fluids back to the heart, resulting in ankles looking bigger than expected.
Damage or weakening of the valves in the veins gives way to reverse flow of blood,leading to abnormal retention of blood in the soft tissues of the legs, primarily, the feet and ankles. The same goes for infections which take place either in the soft tissues surrounding the ankles, for example, cellulitis or within the ankle joint.
Improper functioning of one or both the kidneys can also result in more fluid accumulation and consequently, ankle swelling. In that case, it may be necessary to reach a higher temperature by heating the water over a stove or fire. The visible front set of teeth of these eels are backed up by a second set of teeth further down their throat which will move forward to grab their prey when feeding, and pull the food down into their throat.  These eels are usually not afraid of divers and will sometimes allow this sort of approach to within a few inches, if the diver stays very calm and gentle.
For some people, it becomes very difficult to walk or eat or carry out routine activity using fingers or toes. The fleshy pad of the fingers develops swelling on children making it a symptom of underlying sickle cell anemia. If the person is infected with distal dactylitis, yoru doctor would make incision for draining out the pus. After this period activities may be gradually resumed, as long as the activities do not cause pain. If the stress fracture of the leg or foot is severe enough, crutches can help by removing stress from the bone. This allows the bones to adapt to the added stress so they are able to withstand greater stress in the future. Patients using Calcium channel blockers, a class of blood pressure lowering medicines such as Nifedipine, amlodipine, verapamil and diltiazem often report of ankle swelling. There are primarily two types of bugs that wish to feed on you and your blood — mosquitoes and microscopic sand fleas.
Small blisters may develop on the fingers making it very painful to move (blister dactylitis). While the bone may feel healed and not hurt during daily activity, the process of bone remodeling may take place for many months after the injury feels healed, and incidences of re-fracturing the bone is still at significant risk. These include stress fractures, stress reactions, tendinitis, meniscal tears, ITB Friction syndrome, and exacerbation of pre-existing arthritis. Very often this symptom can be an indication of ankylosing spondylitis, sickle cell anemia and arthritis problem.
Another type of dactylitis called tuberculosis dactylitis affects the bones of hands and feet and makes it difficult to treat them. However, the muscles, usually those in the lower leg, become fatigued after running a long distance and lose their ability to absorb shock. Activities such as running or sports that place additional stress on the bone should only gradually be resumed. Apart from being fleshy, the fingers will also cause severe pain and hence the person may not be able to use them. One general rule is to not increase the volume of training by more than 10 percent from one week to the next. Depending on a variety of factors (including weight, running surface and shoe durability), runners should replace their shoes every 300–700 miles to allow adequate mid-sole cushioning. Rehabilitation usually includes muscle strength training to help dissipate the forces transmitted to the bones.



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