When a doctor hears a complaint of swollen legs, several questions come to mind that help them make the diagnosis. Are there particular vascular risk factors or other disease states that may be relevant to the swollen legs? The most common causes of one swollen leg are best understood if they are divided to acute and chronic conditions. Deep vein thrombosis – Perhaps the most important disease not to miss when dealing with legs that have suddenly become swollen.
Lymphedema – lymphedema can present in one leg or in both and is usually not acute, but rather a condition that develops over time.
There are various conditions in which one part of the body overgrows others because of a genetic or congenital reason. Disuse edema – Not using a limb causes changes in blood flow and return to and from that limb. Varicose veins – varicose veins do not cause swollen legs in themselves, but a patient may complain of their legs being swollen while actually referring to swollen varicose veins. Idiopathic cyclic edema – This is a condition in which one leg swells in correlation to the menstrual cycle. Lyme disease: The page has several links to more resources that discuss the prevention of the disease and other related topics. Lyme disease Fact Sheet: Facts discussed on this page include the definition of Lyme disease, how people get the disease, the symptoms and precautions to take. The History of Lyme disease: The page has a timeline of the history of the disease between 1883 and 2002. Ticks and Lyme disease: Find out more about insect repellants and Lyme disease information.
Syphilis is referred to as a sexually transmitted disease, which is primarily caused due to bacteria and infects the genital area, mouth, lips and even anus of both males and females. The most common way of discerning Early Skin Cancer is noticing a change in the texture of the skin. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. A century since the First World War, gangrene remains a problem, albeit a less deadly problem, for many people. The distinctive smell of that "gas gangrene" was the only means to diagnose the condition in the trenches and on the battlefield. Use this page to learn about the modern-day factors that lead to different forms of gangrene, and how doctors today manage the conditions. Gangrene is a serious, sometimes life-threatening condition in which the skin, muscle and other tissues die as a result of lost blood supply.
It is usually external, affecting the extremities, but it can also affect internal tissues. Gangrene is most commonly associated with chronic illness, such as a severe complication of diabetes, or acute causes, such as certain types of injury. Dry gangrene is caused by chronic illness, while wet gangrene - including gas gangrene - is usually an acute form involving bacterial infection and caused by injury, for example. Surgical complication can lead to internal gangrene, which presents with signs of toxic shock. Initial diagnosis is made based on the history leading up to the presentation, and a physical examination, including external appearance and smell. Urgent treatment is important to prevent further serious illness and death, and includes removal of dead tissue or even amputation. Prevention of gangrene is an important part of living with certain chronic illnesses, including diabetes.
Gangrene is a disease of the skin and soft tissues - and sometimes internal tissues and organs - that results in tissue death (necrosis). Gas gangrene (also called clostridial myonecrosis) is a particularly virulent form of wet gangrene.2,3,6,7 This is the condition that is associated with poorly cleansed wounds of the kind suffered in war - deep crushing or penetrating wounds that become infected with bacteria, Clostridium in particular. The reasons behind necrosis and tissue death differ depending on the specific type of gangrene.
Wet gangrene results from a sudden loss of perfusion, and is worsened by the involvement of bacteria. Dry gangrene is more likely to occur in older people with diabetic foot - a common complication of undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes.
Complications of diabetes affecting the extremities, especially the feet, are a risk factor for gangrene, partly because painless wounds can go unnoticed. Surgery - an operation involving the ligation of an artery, as treatment of an aneurysm for example, can shut off blood supply in such a way as to cause gangrene. Mechanical constriction - for example, gangrene can be revealed when pressure splints are removed. Severe burns, scalds and cold - heat, chemical agents (especially carbolic acid, but also caustic potash, and nitric or sulphuric acid), and cold (including frostbite) can all lead to dry gangrene.
Raynaud's disease - this condition, in which spasm of blood vessels causes impaired circulation to the ends of fingers and toes, especially in cold weather, is implicated in some cases of gangrene.
Eating large quantities of coarse rye bread - long-term intake of ergot, a fungus that can infect rye is implicated in gangrene development as ergotism involves vasoconstriction. Injury - deep, crushing or penetrating wounds that are sustained in conditions that allow bacterial infection to take hold can lead to gangrene. Mechanical constriction - rarely, blood flow restriction caused by pressure from bandages, bone fractures, tumors, and so on, can lead to gangrene. Embolic gangrene - the sudden occlusion of an artery due to an embolism can lead to dry gangrene, but this can also increase the risk of infection and thus lead to wet gangrene.
Any case of dry gangrene can progress to wet gangrene if there is an opportunity for bacterial infection.
In addition to the features seen in more common types of gangrene, there are certain signs and symptoms peculiar to gas gangrene, a less common form of wet gangrene. Produce a foul-smelling brown-red or bloody fluid when the tissue affected tissue is drained or leaks (a serosanguineous discharge).
Initial suspicion of gangrene calls for physical examination by a doctor, who will also take medical history, asking questions about symptoms and potential exposure to infection or trauma. If gangrene is suspected, further diagnostic tests will be used to determine the type and extent of the necrosis, and to detect or rule out gas gangrene. Olfactory tests - to detect the unique, foul smell that can indicate gangrene, especially gas gangrene. To reduce the risk of serious complication and death, gangrene requires emergency treatment. In all cases of dry gangrene caused by chronic disease, prevention is far better than cure - simply because cure is not possible after, for example, diabetic gangrene has set in, when amputation of an extremity becomes necessary.5 The same attention to prevention is also important in avoiding the acute risks of gangrene, such as from injury or extreme cold. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy6,9-11 is used in other tissue infections and, in particular, diabetic foot ulcers that have become infected and failed to heal. The idea behind this treatment is that a hyperbaric chamber of high-pressure oxygen creates a bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect and improves oxygen supply to the wounds by encouraging the formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), and causing greater dissolution of oxygen in plasma. In certain settings, such as hospitals, healthcare professionals should practise measures that minimise the risk of infections such as gas gangrene. Frostbite can lead to gangrene, as can Reynaud's, a disease that usually affects the finger tips and tends to be worse in winter.
Routinely administering, for abdominal surgery, intravenous antibiotics - before, during, and after the operation. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:MLAMacGill, Markus. For any corrections of factual information, or to contact our editorial team, please see our contact page. Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional.


Learn about pneumococcal disease - an infection caused by a common type of bacteria known as pneumococcus. Lyme disease is caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium and is transmitted to humans and animals through the bite of infected ticks.
UK Get Rid of Fleas & Treat Flea Bites on Humans at HomeFlea Bite Treatments , Home Pest Fumigation Kill FleasUK Human Flea Treatment, Fumigation, Pest Control. Knowing that these tiny wingless parasites are capable of causing too much harm despite their size, we must know how to treat a human flea bite.
As we know flea bites do cause skin irritation and itching that can be incredibly annoying. The question now is: how will you be able to tell if you’ve become part of the main course of these pesky creatures?
Their bites are usually focused on the lower legs and feet, since they have the tendency to reside in floorboards and carpets.
Their bites can get easily infected if you scratch them, resulting in open sores that are swollen, red, and filled with puss.
If you are unsure please consult your local physician, this is a guide based on our experience and not a substitute for medical advice. Remember to use cold or lukewarm water as warm or hot water will not relieve the swelling and had the tendency to stimulate the itch. Hydrocortisone cream–is also another very good way to relieve the itching and allow the bite to heal. Antihistamine Tablets  –Many people take a antihistamine tablet to help and its reported that this will really help stop the itching. Homemade Cream-If neither of the above is not available, a homemade cream can be made by mixing baking soda and water until it forms a paste-like consistency.
Ice or Cold Packs –If you haven’t got anything to hand then you can also use ice to reduce the itching and swelling, it really does work and at times when you just cant get the right creams or medication is the only choice! Take action now, if you order today it will be with you tomorrow and you can start to eliminate fleas once and for all….
Should you suspect a flea infestation have you pet(s) and your house treated with flea-killing chemicals as soon as possible before they spread through and through. Of course, you first have to make sure that what you have are actually flea bites – mosquito bites sometimes look very similar.
If you do get bites but you’ve determined they aren’t from fleas, you may have other pests in your home.
Note: The Times Union is not responsible for posts and comments written by non-staff members. During the physical examination, the patient’s vital signs are found to be normal and she does not appear to be in distress.
An AV fistula of the femoral artery can cause a swollen leg that is warm and with prominent veins. A group of ladies got together in August 2011 to discuss their journey and experiences with Sarcoidosis and one who possibly has Lyme Disease. People get infected when they are bitten by ticks that carry the bacteria responsible for the infection. Food and Drug Administration Department provides insights into problems that are caused by ticks. It is usually occurred as a result of sexual contact with someone already infected with the disease. Follow-up laboratory and imaging tests, and sometimes exploratory surgery may also be used to diagnose gangrene. Doctors working in hospitals, especially those involved in abdominal surgery, also take steps to prevent gangrene.
In such cases, the circulation of blood to the feet worsens, and there is a higher likelihood of any foot wounds going unnoticed by the patient. This can also occur in younger people with arteriosclerosis (arterial narrowing) caused by, for example, a combination of syphilis and alcohol dependency.
If treatment involves wet or oily dressings and there are septic conditions, wet gangrene can develop. In gas gangrene the infected area of skin can quickly extend, with some changes visible in just a matter of minutes.
As such, it is important that anyone with suspected symptoms of gangrene seeks immediate medical attention.
With treatment, there is a success rate of up to 60%7 (an improvement on the 50% rate achieved on battlefields for the soldiers serving in the World Wars1). However, the precise mechanism behind the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy remains unknown. Chicago, Illinois, US: Encyclop?dia Britannica, published online by Encyclop?dia Britannica, Inc, accessed November 2014. Although they are often more interested in animals, the biting of humans isn’t uncommon. Most of us cannot help ourselves from scratching it which is the number one thing you should not do to flea bites as it can lead to infection. It is more about making sure that the bite is clean and alleviating the symptoms such as itching and swelling. Because of that people are usually quite desperate to rid themselves and their property of Fleas. Many people try half heatedly to remove fleas and the misery continues, dont make this mistake. The patient’s left leg is indeed swollen, red, tender to the touch, and warmer than her right leg (shown below).
As a result Sue Sherratt decided to develop a web site for Sarcoidosis and Lyme Disease Support in Australia. In this case there are lesser chances that the cancer may spread to the other parts of the body. This is because of diabetic neuropathy, which is a loss of sensation resulting from nerve damage caused by diabetes.
In fact, you’ll probably experience flea bites at some point if you have furry companions at home.There are different kinds of fleas but they all feed off from humans and animals alike. A flea bite is characterized by an extremely itchy red swollen wheal which after a day turns into a blister or a tiny wound.
There are even horror stories of hordes of fleas attacking people who just moved into new houses, and this can happen even if there’s no dog or cat in sight. The first thing you have to remember when treating flea bites is to never scratch it as we have already said. A variety of creams and ointments can be used on the bite to relieve the itching and swelling and reduce the risk of infection. Fleabites used to be much more dangerous when desieses were more widespread but today with better treatments and medicines and advice you can quickly cure yourself of those horrible flea bites. In case of hypersensitivity to flea bites, you may take an oral antihistamine to relieve the itchiness and swelling.
You can try the Johnsons 4Fleas Fogger, it is one of the best sellers and is one of the most popular for the home.
Choose those that not only eliminate adult fleas, but also hamper the growth of those that are still in the larval and pupae stages. So if you actually haven’t seen these critters jumping around, you may want to rethink purchasing those flea bombs and sprays, lest you spend on them unnecessarily.
When she woke up this morning, however, the swelling had become much worse and she noticed the leg was warm, red, and painful as well.
Lyme disease was first noticed in 1975 but the cause of the disease was still unknown at that time. The swelling and itching results from a reaction to the flea’s saliva left behind when it bit you.It is a form of localized allergic reaction and of milder form than other insect bites such those from wasps, bees or hornets which causes anaphylactic shock from a more severe form of allergy.


It is important to soothe the itchiness in human flea bites since less itch means less tendency to scratch. However if you want to guarantee to get rid of fleas use the vet recommended process to eliminate them by using government approved flea killing products, such as the Complete Flea Killer kit we suggest. We recommend these to our clients and always receive positive feed back on how effective these sprays are.
Too much exposure of the skin to light and sun can cause this disease.The Early Skin Cancer begins in form of a small lump and then it starts spreading in the uncanny fashion. People are usually bitten in the legs and ankles.Click HERE for the current best products we Recommend for killing and treating fleas. You must clean the affected areas with antiseptic soap and water to reduce the likelihood of infection. Suspecting a certain diagnosis, the doctor does an ultrasound of the left leg (shown below). If left untreated, it can lead to a non-itchy skin rash, particularly on your hands and feet.
These are non-prescription medications so you can buy them at your local pharmacy without a prescription or for more convenience, simply order them online. Her only medications are an oral contraceptive for birth control and ibuprofen for minor aches and pains. She also tells the doctor she smokes about a half pack of cigarettes per day since she was 19. Today, most of the Lyme disease infections in the world are found in Canada, Asia, Europe and the United States of America. With right use of latex condoms, it can be reduced largely but not eliminate completely the risk of spreading or catching syphilis. However, if it is not the case and the affected area worsens and remains swollen with pus or discharge you may need to go to a medical doctor for the proper treatment. A lot of work has been done by scientists in finding out more about the causes, signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the disease.Ticks carry infectious diseases for both man and animals.
Ticks usually embed their heads and attach themselves to you, but they can fall off without you knowing you’ve been bit. In case you are infected of a disease or a parasite through the bite, you have to seek the proper medical attention. With ticks that carry Lyme disease, a bite from an infected tick displays a certain kind of skin rash.
These bacteria have similar characteristics since they all belong to the same taxonomic group known as genus Borrelia. Borrelia burgdorferi the bacteria that is mainly responsible for Lyme disease in the US while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are predominant in Europe.
These different types of bacteria are transmitted to humans and animals from infected ticks. Humans get the infection from animals when their meat is not properly cooked before consumption. The two types of ticks that carry the bacteria are Deer ticks and Western black-legged ticks.
Deer ticks are more common in the North Eastern and Midwestern parts of the US while the Western black-legged ticks are more in Oregon and northern California.The cause of Lyme disease is a corkscrew-shaped bacterium, a spirochete called Borrelia burgdorferi. The first case of Lyme disease was chronicled in the town of Lyme, Connecticut in the 1970s and serves as the name for the disease. The deer tick lives across the United States, is hardy and can infect you when it bites.Risk FactorsDays to weeks after the untreated tick bite, the infection can spread to other areas of the body. A person can experience facial or Bell’s palsy resulting in a loss of muscle tone in the face. Other risk factors include increased chance of arthritis, sleep disturbance and the onset of problems with your nervous system.Signs and SymptomsThe first symptom of a tick bite infected with Lyme disease is a red circular rash around the bite area. This can appear as a solid red rash or a circular rash that is called erythema migrans (EM) on and circling around the bite. Other immediate symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches and fever. Antibiotic treatment will stop the bacterial infection that results from a Lyme-infected tick, caught in the early stages. It may be the only obvious sign for several weeks before the person starts feeling pains or flu-like symptoms like fever, fatigue and headache.
Rashes appear first as small red bumps at the location of the tick bite but the small red bumps increase in size after a few days. Rash caused by an infected tick is known as erythema migrans and the size is normally an indication of the amount of bacteria in the blood stream. Apart from rashes, severe pains on the knees and other joints may develop after some weeks. You may experience shooting pains in your body or muscles that disrupt sleep, increased dizziness and heart palpitations due to an irregular heartbeat. The tick nymphs feed on small animals such as mice and squirrels, while the adults prefer deer. American dog ticks are carriers of Rocky Mountain spotted fever and are not as common as deer ticks.
It is found east of the Rockies to South Dakota.PreventionPreventing tick bites starts with ensuring that you are fully clothed when you venture outdoors into tall grasses, shrubs or bushes. Wear light-colored clothing when working outdoors and spray on insect repellant on clothing.
Walk in the middle of trails and try avoiding brushing up against bushes, grasses or low hanging trees. If you find ticks on your clothes, remove them by balling up a piece of tape and touching the tape to the tick.Control Ticks Around Your HomeKeep grasses cut short and a sunny area in your yard. Keep your backyard free of ticks by ensuring the grasses are set back from the woods around your home by eight feet.
Place a three-foot wood chip, gravel or mulch border area between grassy edges and tick-prone zones.
Invite birds that thrive on ticks into your yard by supplying bird food and water.Diagnosis and TreatmentSome of the symptoms of Lyme disease are the same with the signs of other health disorders such as chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, fibromyalgia and viral infections.
The similarities in the symptoms make it quite demanding to correctly diagnose Lyme disease. As a result, it is not enough to conclude the presence of the disease without conducting a confirmatory test. Some of the important tests to take include Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test, Western blot test and the Polymerase chain reaction test.The use of antibiotics in treating Lyme disease is common and effective. Doxycycline is suitable for anyone that is at least nine years old while amoxicillin is good for younger children, nursing mothers and pregnant women.
The drugs are taken between two and four weeks for effective treatment.Lyme Disease PreventionSince Lyme disease is caused by ticks, the most important way of preventing the disease is by avoiding any contact with ticks.
Some effective ways of doing this include wearing trousers and long sleeves in areas where ticks are present, using insect repellents and bush clearing. Insect repellents are used by applying them on the hands, legs or any exposed part of the body.
The major constituent in the repellent is N, N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) and it is encouraged to use repellents with DEET concentration that is between ten and thirty percent.



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Comments to «What can cause swollen legs and ankles itchy»

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