One of the most effective treatments to reduce swelling is applying ice cold water on the swollen area.
You can use a clean cloth and soak it in hot water, wring it and then apply on the swollen part. The astringent apple cider vinegar (ACV) helps to remove fluid retention in the body and initiates healing process quickly. If the swelling is caused by excess salt in your body, then cut down salt from your diet at the earliest.
Wearing compression stockings, sleeves or gloves accordingly will help reducing the swelling in limbs. It is true that your edematic condition is the result of water retention in the tissue, but however, you need to drink enough liquids to bring down the swelling.
If it is accompanied by fever, shortness of breath, skin disfiguration or weight loss or gain, you should seek immediate medical attention. Using dirty contact lenses, allergic reactions and sinusitis can cause swollen eyelids; but it will not cause any pain.
Your doctor will examine the condition of your eyes and prescribe (if needed) special eye drops for treating infection. It is a common viral skin infection that gives rise to painless, hard lumps over the skin surface.
The condition results in the development of tiny, painless papules over the skin of sufferers. The infection occurs when the skin of a child directly comes into contact with a lesion on the body of another child or an adult.
The virus may also spread through contact with objects contaminated by the virus, such as towels, toys, clothing, faucet handles or doorknobs. Irritation caused to the lesions due to activities like scratching, rubbing or shaving may spread the virus to adjacent skin. Individuals with a compromised immune system due to underlying disorders, such as AIDS, may suffer from a rapid worsening of MCV. Physicians usually diagnose the condition by simple observation of the physical appearance of the papules. If lumps show up in the genital area, doctors may consider the infection as an STD and carry out further tests.
An extremely large number of these papules can be indicative of an underlying deficiency of the immune system. Topical medications, such as those used to cure psoriasis and acne or remove warts, may be effective in removing the nodules. Tea tree oil has powerful astringent (causes compression of body tissues and canals) properties that are effective in stopping the spread of the lesions. In many cases, topical application of these OCD creams and ointments ensures faster recovery and quick resolution of the symptoms. Homeopathic treatment is not only effective in curing the condition but also removing any chance of recurrence of the disease at any time in future. However, immunosuppressed people (or individuals having a compromised immune system due to conditions like AIDS) may suffer from a rapid worsening of this skin disorder.
Molluscum Contagiosum is commonly found in women who exercise in gyms, ride bicycles frequently or have multiple sexual partners. The bumps often heal without treatment.In some cases, however, women may suffer from itchiness or irritation in the lesions.
Women with this condition should abstain from sexual intercourse or have intimacy with only one partner who does not have sex with any other individual. It is a condition characterized by the development of MCV lesions on the genitals of adults. Men suffering from Genital Molluscum (or MCV lesions on the penis) as well women suspected of having it on their vagina should refrain from having sex until complete resolution of the infection.
In people with severe cases of MCV infection, the nodules and the surrounding skin region turn red and swollen. Know about the physical appearance of these lesions with these useful Molluscum Contagiosum photos. If you have symptoms similar to Molluscum Contagiosum, visit your health care provider immediately. The majority of the population can maintain healthy feet through education, advice and prompt care. Peripheral venous disease is a term describing damage, defects or blockage in the veins that carry blood from the hands and feet to the heart. Thrombophlebitis (including superficial vein thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis) – An obstructing blood clot (thrombus) has formed, causing the surrounding veins to become inflamed (phlebitis). Varicose veins – Abnormally widened veins that are swollen, dark and frequently twisted or contorted instead of straight.
Chronic venous insufficiency – An advanced stage of leg vein disease where the veins become incompetent causing blood to pool in the legs and feet. Sometimes, peripheral venous disease may pose no risk and occurs without any symptoms, it may also resolve by itself.
Wearing elastic compression stockings that squeeze the veins and keep the blood flowing in your legs, which makes it more difficult for blood clots to form. By Ticking this box i agree that i would like to receive email communication from the Association of Podiatrists of Malta, and from related third party organisations in accordance to the data-protection act. Tonsils are immunocompetent clump of tissues which act as first line of the defense mechanism against ingested and inhaled foreign microorganisms. The most common problems occurring with these glandular tissues are chronic infections and enlargement. Tonsils achieve their largest size during near pubertal stage but then progressively undergo atrophy subsequently. Chickenpox rash is preceded by sore throat, fever and tiredness, and appears first on the face and trunk and then spreads to both limbs. Measles rash develops after 3 or 4 days of cough, nasal congestion, redness in eyes and fever. In impetigo, a bacterial infection of skin, small and superficial blisters develop, which rupture leaving behind patches of red skin covered by a crust.
Scabies rash is very itchy worse after bath or at night, between the fingers, in armpits and on inner side of arms and wrists. In Rocky Mountain spotted fever there is high fever of sudden onset, with fatigue and abdominal pain, and history of outdoor activity making tick bite likely.
Toxic shock syndrome presents with high fever of sudden onset, body aches, sore throat and a rash resembling a sunburn with peeling of skin on soles and palms.
As they infect certain parts of the body, Lyme disease bacteria can manifest different symptoms at various times. As it grows larger, the rash may take on a bull’s-eye appearance as the center of the rash becomes clear, and while it might become warm, it seldom becomes painful.
If the infection is untreated and continues to spread, new symptoms may begin to appear, such as loss of muscle tone on at least side of the face, which is known as Bell’s palsy. In time, more than half of those who have an untreated bacterial infection will begin to experience periodic bouts of arthritis, accompanied by noticeable joint pain and swelling, especially in the knees. About 5% of those who remain untreated develop chronic complaints related to neurological disorders—including tingling or numbness in the hands and feet, and problems related to their short-term memory and their ability to concentrate. In the United States, deer ticks are the prime carriers of the bacteria, and since they are brown and quite small, they are virtually impossible to see. The ticks, which are particularly active during the summer months, will attach themselves to an unsuspecting victim and gorge themselves on that person’s blood until they become quite swollen. Since this process may last as long as 48 hours, it is felt that prompt removal of the ticks will obviously help prevent infection.
Failing to wear long pants tucked into your socks and long sleeves, when you know there is the possibility of becoming infected with Lyme disease. Remember to use a DEET-based insect repellent on your skin if plan to spend some time outdoors. Since its symptoms can be related to many other medical conditions, this illness can be difficult to diagnose.
Note that it may take as long as two months after a patient has become infected to detect antibodies with a blood test, and while it may be conclusive, the test does not pinpoint the exact time when exposure to the disease took place. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) – a common, reliable test that is used to detect Lyme disease.
Indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) – another test used for screening Lyme disease antibodies. Western blot test – This is used for detecting the presence of Lyme disease, and in confirming the results of previous ELISA and IFA tests. Most patients can be cured by using antibiotics, especially if they are administered before the disease has actually begun to progress.
Generally, cefuroxime axetil, doxycycline, erythromycin, amoxicillin, or another antibiotic is taken orally for a few weeks, and with more severe cases, the medication is administered intravenously. Cefuroxime axetil should not be taken if you are allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics—including cephalexin hydrochloride, cefprozil, or ceflacor—or penicillin.
Doxyclycline should not be taken if you experience nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting or sensitivity to sunlight.
Erythromycin should not be taken if you experience nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea or loss of appetite. As a rule, those who are given treatment when the infection has not progressed make a full and speedy recovery, and others also respond well to the antibiotics they are given when the disease is more advanced. Anyone who at risk for contracting Lyme disease is encouraged to become vaccinated before spring arrives. The patient has another condition, such as lupus, ALS, or fibromyalgia, which was misdiagnosed as Lyme disease. Many physicians apparently agree that persistent Lyme disease actually exists, but they also feel that some patients fail to benefit from being treated with intravenous antibiotics indefinitely.
Since then, many insurance companies and doctors have used this report as the basis for rejecting claims and refusing treatment, stating that to do otherwise would be both irresponsible and contra-indicated.


My name is Kim Wang and this site is my work in progress helping to pass on some of the things my mother has taught me over the years. The AOCD was recognized in 1958 as a Specialty College of the American Osteopathic Association. Scarlet fever is a condition which develops in certain individuals who have been affected by strep throat. Red rashes: Patients will develop a red rash which feels coarse like sandpaper and appears like a sunburn. Reddish lines: The skin creases which are present in different areas of the body such as the armpits, groin, knees, elbows, and neck generally turn a darker red as compared to the adjacent skin rash. It may be noted that the generalized redness as well as the rash on the tongue and the face, often last for about seven days.
It is important to note that untreated cases of scarlet fever can result in the spread of bacteria to different parts of the body, including the sinuses, tonsils, skin, middle ear, and blood. The species of bacteria which is responsible for causing strep throat, is also the causative agent of scarlet fever. The bacterial infection spreads from an affected person to another individual via droplets which get expelled into the air, when a patient sneezes or coughs. The germs which cause scarlet fever are more likely to spread to people who are in close contact with the affected person, such as classmates and family.
The spread of scarlet fever infection can be easily prevented by following a few basic steps. More severe form of the autoimmune illness affecting the skin, joints and in some cases important organs of the body such as the heart and kidneys. Topical treatment a€“ Creams and ointments prescribed by the dermatologist.Generally steroid based. Apply hot compress a couple of days after the cold compress as heat dilates the blood flow and improves circulation. Dilute ACV with water in the 1:3 ratios respectively and apply on the affected part with a cloth.
Too much salt can result in water retention in the body. Eat a low sodium diet and avoid high salted junk food, especially wafers, chips, pretzels or other crackers.
This is because the compression wears help in keeping extra pressure on the affected limbs thereby avoiding then chance of water retention in the tissue and encouraging softening of the fluid-swollen areas. Drinking water will remove excess toxins in the body and has various therapeutic effects as well.If you cannot drink too much water, ensure you eat fruits and vegetables loaded with water such as watermelon,cucumber, celery and the like. Other remedies like grape seed extract, garlic oil capsules and barley water also works best in bringing down swelling. If you get pineapples, you have found your remedy.
Also, if you eat food rich in carbohydrates, sometimes mild condition of edema might develop. In case the swelling and pain is due to any allergy then it will resolve once the allergy causing substance is removed. Whatever may be the symptoms; you should not touch or rub the eyes since it will worsen the condition. She might use special instrument for observing the eyes closely for detecting the reason for infection.
Very often allergy or foreign particles will develop swelling of eyelids and it will settle down once the particle is removed. Do not apply any make-up or use any cosmetic even on your face since fine particles of powder can fall into the eyes, worsening the infection and redness. Antibiotic medicines are given if swelling of eyelids is due to stye or any other infection.
Find out more about the condition as well as its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
The lesions are commonly found to have a central core consisting of a white, waxy substance.
They are often found to arise in skin regions that have been scratched by a person or irritated in some other way.
If they suspect any serious underlying condition, scrapings from the infected skin region may be taken and held under a microscope. Adults displaying genital molluscum contagiosum rashes should be properly screened for STDs. Hence, physicians may prescribe a topical anesthetic to lessen discomfort in sufferers before using non-surgical procedures. For a more soothing experience, drop the oil in bath-water and soak it in for at least 15 minutes. Over-the-counter (OTC) remedies only offer symptomatic relief and do not treat the cause of the condition as such. In people with healthy immunity, the condition generally resolves on its own but may take a long time to go away. The MC virus spreads easily and children mostly acquire it from schools or day care centers. They may also get the condition from sexual contact with an MCV-infected male or due to non-sexual viral transmission from children or adult males. Sexually active women may reduce the risk of suffering from MCV infection or other STDs by using latex barriers such as dental dams, finger cots and condoms. If sex is continued, there is a high chance that the infected person will transmit the virus to their partner. If scratched excessively, the nodules may give rise to secondary bacterial infections on the skin surface.
Although they do not offer complete protection from viral infection, they may reduce chances of getting or spreading sexually transmitted conditions. The Molluscum contagiosum images will help you in getting a true idea about how the condition looks like.
This will help you check the condition at the earliest and also prevent development of new symptoms or aggravation of a possible underlying STD. It allows Podiatrists to interpret movements, identify problems and suggest treatment options.
It is composed of the outer skin layer, the vascular system, neuromuscular system and skeletal system. Peripheral venous disease can occur almost anywhere in the body but is mostly seen in the arms and legs.
They usually occur in the legs, and may cause swelling (edema), pain and a dark colour around the ankles.
The blood is not returned to the heart properly, resulting in swelling and may lead to leg ulcers.
If you must sit for a long period, stretch and flex your legs every 5 minutes or so to keep blood flowing. When there is hyperplasia of the tonsils or when it becomes inflamed, tonsils can be taken away via tonsillectomy. Most of them are caused by self-limiting illness and go away with time even without treatment, but some causes of rashes are life-threatening.
It changes colour from reddish to brownish, affecting the face first, and spreading to involve the entire body. There are small, flat or raised, pink lesions appearing on the trunk and spreading to the limbs.
If fever  is associated with red or purple rashes which are small and flat that do not fade when pressed (petechiae), a doctor should be consulted immediately as it could be bacterial sepsis.
The rash appears as reddish spots on ankles and wrists, spreading to trunk but spares the face.
Kawasaki disease presents with fever, red eyes, neck swellings, red or swollen fingers and toes with peeling of skin, and red lesions, flat or raised, and blisters on the hands and the feet. Also, every patient will not necessarily have all of the symptoms that are attributed to it. It is found in about 70-80% of all those infected by the bacteria and originates from a tick bite after 3 to 30 days have passed.
In time, some victims develop more EM lesions throughout the body, and they may also show signs of chills, fatigue, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and joint and muscle pain, but there are no other signs of infection.
There may also be neck stiffness and severe headaches caused by meningitis, heart palpitations and an irregular heartbeat, pain moving from one joint to another, and shooting pains that cause the victim to lose sleep. In America, deer ticks are especially prevalent in the Midwest and Northeast, and in Oregon and Washington state, and children who often play outdoors are particularly vulnerable, along with adults who work outdoors on a daily basis. If you and your physician agree that Lyme disease may be present, the next step will be to do a complete physical examination and bring your medical history up to date. Prior to having the test, you should discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor, such as its risks, what is involved, and what the results may indicate.
It should be performed on anyone whose results were equivocal or positive in either of those two tests.
Since a PCR test is costly and requires a high degree of technical skill, it is used less frequently than antibody testing. However, some people develop chronic Lyme disease that is resistant to antibiotics, which may be caused by an autoimmune response, hiding the fact that the infection is no longer present. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, and children under the age of nine, are usually given penicillin, cefuroxime axetil, or amoxicillin when they contract Lyme disease. In some cases, the disease will reappear, the systems will persist, and the patient will need additional, lengthy treatment. The vaccine, which has been approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) consists of a three-shot series given at least eight weeks part, and costs about $60 for each injection.
After receiving recommended treatment for the bacterial infection, some patients experience the return of symptoms that are both chronic and persistent.
Others consider the Klempner study to be flawed and have continued to treat their chronic Lyme disease patients using established methods and medications. Syphilis is known as the "great imitatora€? because of its varying clinical signs and symptoms.
The AOCD now oversees 27 dermatology residency programs that are currently training 119 residents in dermatology.


It generally appears on the face or neck at first, and then gradually migrates to the torso, the arms, and finally the legs.
The surface of the tongue is typically covered with a whitish coating during the initial stages of scarlet fever.
After these symptoms have decreased in intensity, the skin which had developed the rash generally tends to peel. In people affected by scarlet fever, the bacteria secrete a toxin which is what causes the reddish tongue and rashes. Also, children in the age group of 5 to 15 years are at greater risk to developing scarlet fever as compared to individuals who are younger or older. Cold helps to contract the blood vessels, which reduces swelling. The same applies with hot water compress as well.
You can gently massage the area with the oil or soak the mustard seeds in water and use the solution to massage the affected area. The fruit has a high content of bromelain that helps in hindering the compounds that result in causing water retention in the body. At some part of life many of us had to deal with inflammation of eyelids due to many causes. But if you experience swollen eyelids regularly with pain, you should consult your ophthalmologist since it can be serious problem.
By touching the eyes with your hands, you will be passing more germs into your eyes without your knowledge. Apply freshly cut cucumber pieces over the swollen eyelids, which is very effective in reducing inflammation. Unlike other skin lesions, these do not generally appear as red or swollen until scratched.
A skin biopsy may help in an accurate diagnosis and ruling out the presence of other underlying disorders.
Removal of individual papules through surgical procedures like freezing, de-coring, needle electrosurgery or scraping has been found to result in scarring (formation of scars in the operated areas).
Allow the solution to soak into the skin region for a minute and then wash off with clean water.
The nodules may last for a few months or even several years before disappearing completely. The condition is contagious and may spread from direct skin-to-skin contact or touching objects containing virus, such as clothes, toys, bedding and towels. The condition is characterized by the development of small lesions that are slightly pink or pearly-white in color. The condition is characterized by the development of firm, round bumps over the skin on the sex organs, thighs, pubic region, below the waist or buttocks.
This is an extremely contagious virus and gets transmitted through direct contact with the skin. If the skin is irritated, the infection may persist and even spread to adjacent skin areas. The palatine tonsils, on the other hand are situated on the sides of oropharynx between palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches. This can be managed by administering anti-inflammatory drugs or if caused by streptococcus or any other bacteria, prescribed antibiotics must be given. The procedure is indicated when the patient has significant airway obstruction especially during sleep or when swallowing ability is interrupted. So, it is important to identify rashes in your child and see a doctor promptly when you suspect a serious underlying cause. Initially a tiny reddened area develops with a central blister that ruptures after a day or two leaving a scab which falls off in 2 to 3 days.
If you suspect that you are falling victim to this illness, it is essential for you to contact your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis as quickly as possible. As a precaution, when you walk through shrubs, leaf litter, or other vegetation, try to stay in the center of the path.
In general, the Western blot test is especially helpful when determining if a patient has developed chronic Lyme disease. In addition, the standards for it have not been fully developed, and false-positive results may be produced in some cases. They often experience arthritis, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, cognitive problems, and sleep disturbance on an ongoing basis. In addition, treatment will be based on any neurological, cardiac and arthritic symptoms that develop in the patient. If treatment is delayed until the infection is far advanced, even after the infection is cleared, the patient may experience chronic pain, permanent neurological damage, and arthritis. Most adults are provided with 80% protection with this regimen, and to maintain immunization, additional booster shots may be required. As a result, their standard of living is lowered, and they also they become unable to work, take care of their children, or participate in various activities they used to enjoy. Klempner, MD et al., claimed that patients with chronic Lyme disease get no benefit from this treatment.
The infection is characterized by episodes of active disease (primary, secondary and tertiary) with latent periods in between.
It is identified by the formation of a bright reddish rash which affects almost all parts of the body. It is a very serious disease which can affect the heart, the nervous system, joints, and skin. Thus, it may take a healthy individual to show symptoms of scarlet fever, 2 to four days after getting exposed to the bacteria.
You can bring down the swelling by raising your leg for few minutes. Remember that the exact cause behind the swelling is to be identified first. In later stages, these bumps may get elevated and become round and flesh-colored in appearance. The papules are usually located on the genitals, buttocks, inner upper thighs and lower abdomen in grown-ups. They ultimately vanish without leaving any scar, unless the area has been excessively scratched. For most children, the condition is not too discomforting and goes away naturally with time. During sexual activities, the genitals and the pubic regions are exposed and come in direct contact. Other well-established and valid reasons for its removal include chronic and recurrent tonsillitis and pharyngitis, chronic cryptic tonsillitis, abscess formation and unusual enlargement and appearance. Another option, a skin-culture test, uses a tissue sample from the patient to study the Lyme disease bacteria, and while it may be accurate, the fact that the results may not come back for several weeks is often looked upon as a drawback. A few doctors have even reported that their patients experienced a total personality change which resulted in violent, criminal behavior, and that they have even died of the disease. A majority of scarlet fever cases have additional symptoms of a high fever as well as a sore throat.
However, it may be noted that untreated cases of scarlet fever can lead to serious complications which can affect major body organs such as the kidneys, heart, etc. In case the treatment guidelines are not fully followed, then the infection is not eliminated completely, which in turn increases the vulnerability of the patient to developing serious complications. Sometimes it can be mild and resolve on its own and sometimes it can become difficult to treat.
Stye is yet another bacterial infection that affects the sweat glands present on the base of eyelashes. The presence of lesions does not affect activities like going to school or taking part in sports.
Hence, parents of affected children must pay extra attention and ensure that the child takes the recommended antibiotic dosage.
Chalazion is caused by blocked eye ducts and it grows on the lubricating glands of the eye. The lesion can be accompanied by swollen lymph glands in the region as well as fever, and discomfort.Secondary syphilis presents as a rash characteristically on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
They are only distinguished from the tertiary form by the time of onset and by the presence of spirochetes in the serum.
Patchy hair loss on the scalp may occur.Tertiary syphilis develops 5-20 years after the first exposure. Tertiary syphilis may also affect other body systems like the brain, blood vessels and eyes.
Dementia-like symptoms can also occur.Latent phases occur between the three stages of syphilis.
The only way to verify a syphilis infection during a latent period is to test the patienta€™s blood.Diagnosis of syphilis is made from a blood test that uses antigens.
A doctor may choose to perform a biopsy of an ulcer to distinguish syphilis from other diseases. Examination of a lesion under a microscope using immunofluorescence can help distinguish a primary and secondary ulcer. If the individual has other body systems involved, other tests like an electrocardiogram, lumbar puncture, or an angiogram may be required.Penicillin G is the treatment of choice for a patient with syphilis. If a penicillin allergy exists, tetracycline, erythromycin or ceftriaxone can be used as alternative treatments.
It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice and shall not create a physician - patient relationship. If you have a specific question or concern about a skin lesion or disease, please consult a dermatologist. Any use, re-creation, dissemination, forwarding or copying of this information is strictly prohibited unless expressed written permission is given by the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology.



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