Baliga Diagnostics Pvt Ltd » Bilateral pedal edema – Are both your legs swollen? A large number of patients who come to see us at our practice often complain that their legs are swollen. The most common reason why pedal edema develops is because of a reaction to inflammation or injury. There is no specific treatment required for this as it often does not cause significant discomfort.
Patients who suffer from a weak heart are unable to pump blood effectively throughout the body.
Pedal edema is a lot more severe in patients who have heart failure, especially if the symptoms are poorly controlled and that treatment is not sufficient. Pregnant women can sometimes develop mild pedal edema which often gets better after the baby is born. In the rare cases, women who are pregnant may develop certain complications such as blood clots in their legs or high blood pressure.
Patients who suffer from liver disease or kidney disease can develop low albumin levels in the blood. Patients who develop blood clots in their legs (called deep vein thrombosis) can also develop swelling in the legs. Certain drugs such as calcium channel blockers (amlodipine), painkillers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, naproxen) and steroids can cause leg swelling. Sometimes patients can develop leg swelling as a result of a skin allergy or an infection of the skin and its underlying tissues (called cellulitis). In some patients in whom there is no clear cause for leg swelling and is likely due to gravity, compression stockings might help.
Leg swelling could indicate an underlying medical illness that needs treatment.If you are suffering from leg swelling that is either new or is getting worse, then ALWAYS seek medical advice from your doctor. If you are suffering from leg swelling, there are only a few things that you can do to manage it at home.
Keeping the feet elevated above the level of the hip can help push the fluid out of the legs back to the heart. If you notice that your legs are swollen for any reason, it is not normal and needs looking into. In case you already suffer from leg swelling and find that it has become worse, arrange to see your doctor as soon as possible.
Leg swelling can indicate an underlying medical illness, and can be the first sign of it in many cases. Online StoreHome monitoring is essential for clinical conditions such as diabetes of hypertension. Remedies rheumatism - complete information , As weather starts cool bit, faced patients experiencing aggravations rheumatism.

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Please use newer version of your browser or visit Internet Explorer 6 countdown page for more information. The swelling is often painless but can be rather troublesome, interfering with their daily activity. There can be a number of reasons why a patient could develop pedal edema and in this article, we shall take a look at this a bit further.
Patients may notice that their legs are swollen if they have bumped up against a table, twisted ankle or have developed some form of skin infection. Sitting for long hours in one place (for example Рa long flight or at an office desk) can result in fluid being drawn towards the leg due to gravity. If patients to find that it is uncomfortable, then it is best managed by keeping the legs elevated above the level of the hip if sat for long hours or getting up and walking around for a few minutes every couple of hours. It can cause mild discomfort in the legs and patients often state that their legs  are heavy and painful.
Albumin is a type of protein that is present in the blood that helps hold fluid in the blood vessels. It occurs because the enlarging womb can compress the blood vessels causing them to leak out fluid. This occurs because the liver is not producing enough albumin and the kidney is allowing albumin through into the urine ( normally there should not be any albumin in the urine). These blood clots can occur due to a variety of reasons including keeping the legs immobile for many hours, recent fracture, or problems with the blood clotting mechanism itself. In most cases, these are just mild and do not cause any major problems to the patient’s health. Patients who have developed swelling due to drug treatment they are on may require a change in tablets.
These are tight stockings that are custom made for the individual patient, and fit tightly around the foot and can extend all the way up to the hip if it is needed.
If you work a desk job or stand for long hours, then make sure you move around every hour for a few minutes. Make sure you seek advice from your doctor regarding how much fluid you can consume in a day. It may well be gravitational and may not require treatment, but it is always a good idea to see a doctor if you have leg swelling. If you find that you are becoming breathless as well or are not passing enough urine (a lot less than normal), then you may need treatment. Purchase medical and health related equipment for home monitoring in our online store powered by Flipkart.

This type of pedal edema is often seen late in the evening and completely disappears when waking up in the morning.
On examination, both legs may be swollen all the way from the toes up to the knee or even up to the hip in some cases.
Patients who have a tumour within the abdomen can also develop leg swelling, particularly if the tumour is compressing on any blood vessels. If it is due to heart failure, then they may need more diuretics (tablets that help get rid of fluid). Patients with heart failure are advised fluid restriction, so ALWAYS make sure you discuss this with your doctor.
This way, the cause for the swelling can be identified, and timely treatment can be given if necessary. It can also invade and block the portal vein that brings blood to the liver from the intestine and the spleen.
As is the case with any treatment, it is essential to obtain medical advice before wearing these, as there are some conditions in which it should be avoided, such as poor circulation in the leg.
Not only will this prevent stress on the joints, it will also help reduce swelling as the effect of gravity is decreased. Patients are advised to keep their legs elevated above the level of the hip when they sat down at home.
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Survival rate greatly depends on the extent of liver cirrhosis (chronic disease whereby normal liver tissue is replaced with fibrous tissue and loss of liver cell function), extent on liver failure and portal vein occlusion. It has better sensitivity and specificity in detecting hepatic carcinoma in nodular cirrhotic livers. Death is usually caused by cachexia, variceal bleeding, hepatic failure, tumor bleeding or bleeding into the peritoneum. Imaging with contrast is done to look for neovascularization (abnormal vessels that feed the liver tumor).

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