Edema is swelling that is triggered by extra fluid which has become trapped in the tissues of the body. Edema may be the effect of any underlying medical problem, different drugs as well as pregnancy. Identifying the cause and treating the underlying reason for edema is the major method of its control. Any individual should see their primary care physician if any symptoms or signs of excessive swelling or edema occurs.
Immediate medical attention should be sought if the individual has any symptoms or signs of edema or excessive swelling in the lungs a€“ known as pulmonary edema.
Excessive swelling or edema happens when the minuscule blood vessels of the body known as capillaries, seep fluid. There are some cases of swelling where the edema is a symptom of an underlying medical problem that is more serious. This condition creates scarring of the liver that restricts liver functioning, causing deviations in the chemicals and the hormones that manage the fluid in the body, and increases stress inside the portal or large blood vessel that carries the blood from the spleen, intestine and pancreas to the liver. When either one or both of the lower chambers of the heart lose the ability to pump blood effectively a€“ as happens with congestive heart failure a€“ the blood can start backing up in the ankles, legs, as well as the feet, causing edema or excessive swelling.
If an individual has kidney disease, the kidneys are not able to remove enough sodium and fluid from the blood. Injury to the tiny blood vessels of the kidneys known as glomeruli that normally filters waste and excess water from the blood may trigger nephrotic syndrome.
CVI or chronic venous insufficiency is a medical problem where the veins as well as the valves in the veins of the legs are damaged or weakened to the point where they cannot pump adequate blood back to the heart.
This edema is quite serious and occurs when there is excess fluid in the tissues surrounding the lungs.
For the physician to make a determination on what is causing the edema, the individual will need to have a physical exam with medical history.
Diuretics may not be suitable to treat edema in some individual, especially thoses with chronic venous insufficiency or in most women who are pregnant.
This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Treating swelling of certain parts of the body (face, arms, hands, legs and feet) is possible using home remedies. Let us look at some of the best remedies for treating swelling. One of the best and most effective ways of treating swelling is by drinking 10-12 glasses of water. Many times our body tends to store water when it feels the body is going in dehydration mode. If the swelling is a result of injury then the best way of bringing down the swelling is by lying on the bed and elevating the injured part of the body. Depending on the cause of the swelling you can apply either cold or hot compress to bring down the inflammation. On the other hand, if the swelling is due to sports injury then only hot compress can soothe the area. During pregnancy the body goes through a lot of hormonal changes that may result in swelling of the hands and feet.
Many times the swelling is a result of poor blood circulation to certain parts of the body especially the hands and feet. In some cases of swelling compression garments such as stockings, sleeves and gloves can be worn to reduce swelling.
This results in accumulation of fluid in the particular part of the body giving it the swollen look.
If none of the home remedies work for you and the swelling still persists then immediately go to your doctor for a medical diagnosis. In case you experience breathlessness with chest pain along with leg pain with coughing up blood then it can be due to pulmonary embolism. Pregnant women can develop this problem since it puts great pressure on the pelvic muscles and legs. In rare cases, the blood clot from the legs travel into the bloodstream reaching the lungs thus blocking the blood flow causing pulmonary embolism.
Your doctor will make a thorough physical examination and check for the symptoms of swelling of legs and tenderness on the affected area.


The aim of treatment is to reduce the symptoms and stopping the blood clot to grow bigger in size. Mobile aortic atheroma and systemic emboli: efficacy of anticoagulation and influence of plaque morphology on recurrent stroke. Previous: Which Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Do Not Need Anticoagulation Therapy with Warfarin? The symptoms or signs of this skin disease are the area infected of the skin becomes red and hot. Cellulitis is caused when some type of bacteria called Staphylococcus enters your skin through a crack or some break in your skin which is sometimes not visible. There are some risk factors regarding this skin disease which have to be taken care of to avoid developing cellulitis. You can prevent Cellulitis if you take care of your skin, keep your skin clean, do not ignore any wounds on your feet and apply lotions to prevent your skin from drying or cracking. Copyright © 2012 Rayur, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. An effect of nephrotic syndrome is lower levels of albumin in the blood leading to accumulation of fluid that often leads to edema.
Many times swelling (medical term, edema) subsides on its own but sometimes it may require treatment. Storage of water by the body is what leads to swelling of certain body parts especially the hands and feet. For example, if the swelling is due to an allergic reaction then apply ice packs on the affected area.
Reduce your intake of salt (since salt is the richest source of sodium) by cutting down on the salt you put in your food. Warm some mustard oil and gently massage the swollen hands or legs with the oil for 5-7 minutes.This will restore the flow of blood to the affected parts and reduce swelling. These clothes apply pressure on the particular area and do not let the fluids get collected in the tissues there. This is especially true in the case of women because the female hormone estrogen is responsible for this response of the body to hot climate. Hence, to avoid swollen hands, feet and face in summers the best thing to do would be to stay cool at all times. For some people symptoms like leg pain, swelling in the leg, swelling in the ankle are observed.
Individuals who are in bed rest in hospitals due to paralysis or any other medical condition have increased chance for developing blood clots in the calf muscles.
In case you have sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, increased pulse rate and rapid heartbeat and profuse sweating you need to contact your doctor immediately. Blood thinners like anticoagulants are prescribed for reducing the ability of blood to get clot.
This medicine is given only on serious condition since it can cause life threatening adverse effects of bleeding.
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This type of bacteria may enter the disrupted areas of skin through cuts, wounds or dermatitis. Oral medication like antibiotics are given for over a period of prescribed days till cellulitis disappears. This will help dispel the large quantities of fluid that has gotten collected in a particular part. Also, cut down on the amount of processed foods you eat including cheese, cheese spreads and ready-to-eat meals. Drink plenty of cold water, fruits juices and take cold baths to maintain the temperature of the body.
This condition occurs for people who are sitting for long time like traveling in car or due to certain medical conditions. In rare cases, DVT can develop complications like postphlebitic syndrome causing swelling of legs and skin discoloration.
If the result of blood test indicates presence of D dimer then it is confirmed you have DVT.


It prevents further formation of blood clots and also restricts the size of existing blood clots.
In case medicines are not responsive, then filters are inserted into the vein like vena cava in the abdomen which prevents blood clot to move towards your lungs. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP.
People with diabetics are more likely to get this infection because of their low immune system and low blood circulation in the feet. Whichever antibiotic is prescribed by your doctor, you must complete the entire course of medication as directed even if you start feeling better.
These foods are highly toxic in nature because of the high amounts of sodium present in them. In rare cases, deep vein thrombosis can become life threatening when the blood clot break loses and reaches the lungs causing pulmonary embolism (block in normal blood flow). Anesthesia given during surgery can cause dilation of veins increasing the risk of blood clotting.
Taking hormone therapy for long time and using oral contraceptive pills gives increased risk for getting DVT. Heparin injection is given for few days and followed as oral pills like Coumadin or xarelto. Though Cellulitis can occur anywhere on your face and body, it mostly affects the skin on your lower legs. Not only will weight control help deal with swelling but it will also help you deal with many other medical conditions successfully. Taking bed rest for long, undergoing surgery on knee or hip, fracture in the pelvic bone and obesity can cause DVT. During the past six months, his anticoagulation consistently had been in the therapeutic range.
Initially cellulitis may affect your skins surface or the tissues under the skin and later can spread to your bloodstream. It is always important to detect and treat cellulitis as early as possible otherwise the serious infection can spread throughout the body. Diseases like varicose veins are more prone to cellulitis because of less blood circulation in the legs and feet.
Certain types of autoimmune disorders, cancer, smoking, and using oral contraceptive pills for long can cause this problem. Do not exceed the dosage of any medicine given for DVT since it can land you up in serious condition. Physical examination revealed the left second and third toes were tender, edematous, and purplish with sharp demarcation at the base of both digits. Thrombogenic and atherogenic sources for emboli need to be considered in the diagnostic work-up.
Transthoracic echocardiogram was performed in this patient and was negative for vegetations or clots.
Computed tomography scanning revealed no evidence of abdominal aortic aneurysm or atheromatous plaque.A thrombogenic etiology initially seemed more likely in this patient, given his known atrial fibrillation, the distal location of the embolic event, and its simultaneous onset in adjacent toes. During the weeks after discharge, the patient’s pain slowly improved, but the purplish color of his toes persisted. A vascular surgery consult recommended continued outpatient pain management, with observation to see if toe amputation eventually would be required.The differential diagnosis of the toe findings in this patient includes cellulitis, cryoglobulinemia, trauma, and warfarin skin necrosis. Cellulitis was unlikely, given the sharply demarcated border to the skin change, the absence of fever, and lack of response to antibiotic therapy. Cryoglobulinemia may lead to purpuric or gangrenous lesions in the distal extremities, and its incidence is increasing recently because of its association with hepatitis C infection. Skin lesions from cryoglobulinemia typically would be more widespread and be unlikely to affect only two adjacent toes.
Trauma was unlikely given a negative history in a reliable patient and unremarkable radiographs.



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