For many years I worked as a school-based speech-language pathologist and had the joy of working with many wonderful families as we have strived to improve their students’ speech and language skills. It important to note that special education is specifically designed instruction—provided at no cost to the parents—that is set up to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability. As mentioned above, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) makes special education services possible.
The process can either be initiated by your local education agency (LEA) or by yourself as a parent. The first step in the special education process is a referral to special education being made. Pre-referral interventions for speech and language impairments may include such things as teacher-led small group instruction for how to produce a misarticulated speech sound, or visual aides and other language supports being added to classroom curriculum to help a student struggling with receptive and expressive language, etc. After the evaluation period is completed, a group of qualified individuals, including you as parents, will meet to review information gathered during evaluation and will determine the need for special education and related services and whether or not your child is eligible to receive those services. If your child does not meet these criteria, then he or she is not eligible for special education services at that time. The projected date for the beginning of the services and modifications, and the anticipated frequency, location and duration of those services and modifications. IDEA emphasizes that a student with disability be educated with nondisabled students as much as possible in the least restrictive environment (LRE).
Speech-language pathologists and other special education service providers are constantly evaluating their students with IEPs to track progress for their goals.
IDEA also included procedural safeguards that are designed to help protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents. April, would like to pay my big appreciations to your services; great duties being paid by you. I am a licensed Speech Language Pathologist and have been working in this field since 2000. Before the gender reassignment procedure begins, patients must have intense counseling to ensure they are aware of the implications, physically and psychologically of changing genders. Sexual reassignment surgery for male-female patients is often known as MTF transgender surgery. Male-female gender reassignment procedures are less complex than female-male procedures and often it is impossible to tell that a patient has undergone sexual reassignment surgery. Male to female gender reassignment surgery can cost between $7000 and $30,000 depending on the location and the amount of surgeries necessary.
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. Parents who have concerns about their child’s speech and language skills may wonder, “How do I obtain speech therapy services for my child?” The purpose of this article is to help parents understand the special education process, to provide information regarding eligibility requirements, how to get referrals, evaluations, and services. Special education includes speech-language pathology services and other related services as provided by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. IDEA is a federal statute that provides guidelines and regulations for how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services. Evaluations need to be nondiscriminatory and nonbiased and parental consent needs to be obtained before evaluation can begin.
Parents and student rights in the special education process are laid out specifically in the law. These safeguards provide a forum for families and schools or public agencies to resolve disputes if any should arise during the special education process. Additionally, it includes the Child Find mandate, which requires states to devise methods to identify all children with disabilities from birth to age 21.


Please keep in mind that the process may vary slightly from state to state, but the important tenants of the process remain the same nationwide.
From a service provider’s standpoint, it’s important for parents to understand that there is a period preceding even this first step that includes pre-referral intervention or data collection and analysis to determine whether referral to special education is merited. Your child’s classroom teacher can consult with the school’s speech language pathologist for ideas on how to implement classroom-based pre-referral interventions. Appropriate evaluation is performed to help determine if your child has a disability as defined by IDEA, and if they need special education and related services to address his or her educational needs. I’ve had some parents worry in the past about the different classification categories that their child has to meet for qualification for special education. The IEP team will include you as a parent, and may include some of the team members that participated with evaluation and classification.
An IEP must be written within 30 calendar days from the time that special education eligibility has been determined. This statement should include how the student’s involvement and progress in the general curriculum is affected by their disability.
Please note that you usually will not go over this section of the IEP unless you have a child that will be transitioning to one of these settings. At least once every three years, or more often if requested by the teacher or parent, the IEP team must meet and review existing data on the student and get updated input from parents to determine if the child still has a disability and what their educational needs are, and to see if the child still requires special education services. These procedural safeguards include the right to participate in all meetings, to examine educational records, and to obtain an independent evaluation of the child. As a parent, you are one of the most important members of this process because you have the important role of advocating for your child to make sure that services and educational placement are appropriate for them.
Special education process including your experience as students’ speech improver is just superb. If the counselor and the patient decide gender reassignment surgery is appropriate, patients must complete a course of hormone replacement therapy (HRT).The process of HRT in male-female transsexuals will encourage the growth of breast tissue and will reduce the amount of facial and body hair.
Male-female gender reassignment involves the removal of the male genitalia (penis, testes and scrotum) and the creation of female genitalia (vagina). Patients must take care to avoid infection post-surgery and may be required to have follow up appointments to ensure the constructed vagina does not narrow and cause problems urinating.
If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor. While the term special education includes early intervention services, preschool-based services, and post-high school programs, this article focuses on services for school-aged children (K-12). If a teacher sees that a child in his or her class is struggling, that teacher may try some form of classroom-based intervention to help the student overcome his or her struggles. Before your child is evaluated, the person conducting the evaluation will send home a form asking for parent permission to evaluate. Parents worry that the classification category will be a detrimental label that will follow their children throughout the rest of his or her education. There should also be language included on how progress for goals will be measured and how often that progress will be reported to parents. There are other placement options; these options are set up for other disabilities and their varying degrees of severity. Parents have the right to written notice when a school proposes to change or refuses to change identification, evaluation, or placement of a child.
If you are considering referral for your child, or if you find yourself already in the midst of the special education process I urge you to continue to read up on information available.
I put together this blog to share some of the tips and techniques that have worked for me over the years in teaching kids to improve their speech and more effectively communicate.


Acute avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent competitive athletes: prevalence, location and sports distribution of 203 cases collected. The procedure for male-female SRS can be completed in one surgery and may be performed by a cosmetic surgeon or a urologist.An incision is made into the scrotum and the testes are removed. Following surgery, the reconstructed genitals allow patients to have sexual intercourse without complications.
Teachers will continue to monitor and collect data on the child’s progress or lack of progress with these classroom-based interventions in place to determine if they are effective in helping the child overcome their struggles. Classification categories are not designed to be so much a label as it is a way to determine whether or not it is appropriate for a child to qualify for special education.
The school is required to notify and work with parents to schedule the IEP meeting so that parents can attend. This does not indicate that children must remain in a special education program for three years. Procedural safeguards also include information on how to resolve disputes, which can include mediation and due process hearings. I have included some additional helpful links below that will prove additional information that you should also find helpful. Thanks for reading and remember it takes time and patience with this stuff but it is so worth it!
A teacher may choose to discuss classroom-based interventions with a parent or, alternatively, a parent who feels that his or her child is struggling can ask to meet with the child’s teachers to discuss how classroom-based interventions might be incorporated into the child’s classroom. Children can be released from special education services at any time when it is determined that they no longer have a disability because they have met their goals on their IEP, or if their disability no longer affects their education and requires special education services. The school agency should offer you copies of the procedural safeguards periodically, or you can request them at any time.
A second labiaplasty surgery may be necessary to improve the appearance of the vulva once the vagina has healed.Pre-operative male-female transgender patients often have breast augmentation before the sex reassignment surgery to allow them to adjust to living and dressing as a woman. The adjustment to life as a woman may take years, and often patients require ongoing psychological help in order to mentally adjust to the change.
In certain instances, classroom-based interventions may help the child overcome difficulties without a referral to special education being made. Speech and language testing may include standardized testing, informal measures, criterion-referenced measures, speech and language samples, fluency samples, and intelligibility ratings.
A child cannot have a disability based on lack of instruction in reading or math or if he or she has limited English proficiency. The re-evaluation period every three years serves as a nice safeguard to ensure that special education services are still appropriate for a child. Sometimes hormone replacement therapy can stimulate breast growth enough that this surgery is not necessary.To help patients look like as female as possible, surgeons can perform facial feminization surgery (FFS) on male-female reassignment patients before or after their genital reassignment surgery. Once it is determined that your child is eligible for special education, you’ll be moving forward to the next step in the special education process. If you have any questions, either your child’s special education service provider or another representative of the school agency should be able to answer your questions.
FFS creates a more feminine appearance to the face by defining the cheekbones and re contouring areas of the face which appear masculine. A common additional cosmetic procedure for male-female patients is a trachea shave to reduce the size of the Adams apple.



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