Teaching mathematics is a logical choice for people who are fascinated with using numbers and symbols, functions and equations to solve real-world problems. Analytical thinking, critiquing and reasoning skills are important for mathematics teachers, who devote much of their time to creating lessons that help students understand the practical uses of math in their everyday lives.
Our guide offers insights into the required education, salary and job outlook of the mathematics teaching profession. With increased demand for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) courses at all education levels, the 21st century is ideally suited for a promising career as a mathematics teacher. A bachelor’s degree — preferably in mathematics, math science, statistics or related discipline — is a minimum education requirement for math teachers at the middle and high school levels.
Mathematics teachers must have a solid foundation in multiplication, division, fractions, algebra, geometry and measurement, data analysis and probability. Contemporary mathematics teachers serve vital roles by ensuring that students become proficient in several math concepts.
Mathematics teachers are conceptual thinkers with logical minds and strong memorization abilities.
Today’s clarion call for STEM-based curriculum has accelerated demand for teachers proficient in math and science subjects. Although this article focuses on middle, high school and postsecondary math teachers, the U.S.
In addition to strengthening student learning of math concepts in elementary schools, the report recommends giving primary teachers more opportunities to learn mathematics instruction. Middle school mathematics teachers are responsible for teaching introductory courses in algebra, geometry, data analysis and probability, ratios and proportions, expressions and equations. Middle school teachers should be prepared to deal with students who aren’t used to having multiple subject-specific classes throughout the school day. Middle school math teachers function as figurative bridges for students transitioning between elementary and high school.
In addition to subject expertise, middle school mathematics teachers need to be familiar with basic teaching responsibilities. Ratios and Proportional Relationships covers introduction to ratios and beginning comparative data analysis, proportional relationships, multistep ratio and percent problems.
The Number System covers division of fractions to solve problems as well as addition, subtraction and division of multi-digit decimal numbers, existing knowledge of rational numbers and fractions, multiplication and division, understanding the difference between rational and irrational numbers and how to use decimal expansion to represent rational numbers. Geometry covers calculating area, surface and volume of geometric shapes, drawing and constructing geometric figures and describing their relationships, Pythagorean Theorem formula, polygons, cones, cylinders and spheres, introduction to congruence and similarity.
Statistics and Probability covers an introduction to statistical variability and distribution patterns, random and nonrandom sampling of populations, estimation and validation of conjectures and predictions, introduction to organized lists, tables, 3D diagrams and simulations to illustrate data, show conclusions and summarize results with scatter plots. Functions covers defining, evaluating and comparing functions and using models to identify relationships between quantities based on real-world examples. Mathematics teachers at all levels are expected to have at least a bachelor’s degree in math or a similar discipline such as quantitative analysis or statistics.
A state-issued teaching certificate or license is generally required to become a middle school teacher. Teaching License Reciprocity by State: Visit our state-by-state teacher licensing and reciprocity page for regulations in your state. Alternative certification is becoming increasingly popular, with an estimated 20 percent of teachers entering the profession through nontraditional means.
People with engineering, science, financial services and other STEM-related degrees who are looking for stable, meaningful careers should consider teaching. The employment outlook for middle school teachers appears stable in certain regions, and the overall demand for teachers is stronger than many other professions. High school mathematics teachers are responsible for more advanced courses than their middle school counterparts. High school mathematics teachers may also communicate with their middle school counterparts to review progress for incoming students by assessing their strengths and weaknesses and determining appropriate math class placement. One of the most important themes for high school math teachers to consider is perseverance. Incoming high school students should have a solid grounding in introductory algebra and geometry. In addition to mastering math subjects, high school teachers should be adept at performing basic teacher responsibilities and classroom management functions. High school mathematics teachers are expected to teach standardized subject matter and prepare students for college-level STEM courses. Number and Quantity covers the use of imaginary numbers, integers, rational, real and complex numbers to make calculations, solve equations and represent measurements, quantitative reasoning and use of complex numbers in polynomial identities and equations, modeling with vector quantities and use of matrices in applications. Algebra covers expressions and computation with numbers and symbols representing numbers, written expressions, arithmetic operations on polynomials and rewriting rational functions, creating equations to describe numbers or relationships, representing equations and inequalities graphically, abstract and quantitative reasoning.
Functions covers dependent relationships between quantities in nature and society that can be defined by algebraic expression, laws of linear functions and graphing to show constant rate, exponential functions and percent growth rate, introduction to function notation and trigonometric functions. Modeling covers relationships between quantities and the use of mathematical models to analyze and solve situational and real-world problems, identifying variables and essential features, analyzing and performing variable operations, drawing and validating conclusions through reporting, using graphing utilities, spreadsheets, computer algebra systems and geometry software to model theories. Geometry covers Euclidean plane and parallel postulate, congruence and rigid motion, geometric constructions and proof theorems involving congruence and similarity, defining trigonometric ratios, solving problems with right triangles and applying trigonometry to general angles, learning and applying principles of circles, expressing geometric properties with equations and using coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically.
Statistics and Probability covers predictions based on gathering, examining and interpreting contextual data to discover patterns and deviations, applying addition and multiplication rules to develop probability models, using computers and software to generate plots, regression functions and correlation coefficients to simulate multiple event outcomes, making inferences and justifying conclusions from sample surveys, experiments and observational studies, using conditional probability rules to compute likely outcomes. A state-issued teaching certificate or license is generally required to teach high school math. The median salary for all high school teachers across the United States ranges from $42,000 to nearly $56,000, annually, based on estimates from 2010 to 2013. Employment for high school teachers appears stable, and the demand for teachers, in general, is stronger than for many other professions. Compared to their K-12 counterparts, college math teachers are given broader latitude in the curriculum they are able to cover. Postsecondary math teachers have more options available to them and are therefore expected to possess advanced expertise in the courses they teach.
Postsecondary mathematics teachers cover the range of professional schools, junior colleges, state and private colleges, and universities. Postsecondary teachers have more flexibility over the format of their instructional methods than their K-12 counterparts. With today’s computer technology advancements, the advent of relatively affordable telecommunications bandwidth and a dramatic demand for online college courses, postsecondary teachers have more career options available. Mathematics teachers also have a multitude of media at their disposal, including real-time audio and face-to-face videoconferencing, and presentation graphing tools that facilitate the instruction of math subjects in ways that were impossible or cost-prohibitive until the 21st century.
Instructors with master’s degrees comprise the majority of full-time teaching positions at two-year colleges. Doctoral programs generally take six to eight years to complete, including time spent earning a master’s degree and writing a doctoral dissertation. Postsecondary mathematical science teachers earn a median salary of $65,930, according to BLS data for 2013. A note on tenure: For postsecondary teachers, a significant goal in the traditional academic career is attaining tenure — a guarantee that a professor cannot be fired without just cause.
Mathematics teachers seeking professional development can greatly benefit from learning to leverage computers and simple audiovisual technology for multimedia demonstrations and interactive math lessons. Professional associations for mathematics instructors offer all kinds of webinars, correspondence courses, one-day seminars, symposiums and other continuing education platforms to help teachers advance their knowledge of math subjects, improve teaching skills and broaden their scope of educational best practices.

For teachers interested in pursuing advanced degrees, math is ideally suited as a supplement to engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, economics, finance, accounting and other disciplines. BLS statistics reflect that professionals with a master’s degree have a greater chance for promotions and an increase in salaries. Continuing education is a great way to keep a career on track, expand knowledge, remain competitive, and increase one’s real value in the jobs market.
Studies reveal strong, positive correlations between a teacher’s subject-specific expertise and student achievement.
For math teachers who are considering a master’s degree, grade level, curriculum and educational leadership are three primary considerations.
Middle school math teachers may want to expand their knowledge of a particular subject, like algebra or analytics. High school math teachers may seek knowledge about classroom management techniques or educational leadership best practices that could serve them well as assistant principals. Postsecondary mathematical science teachers might want to obtain a second master’s degree as a springboard toward a Ph.D.
The web is ideal for math teachers as a tool for research, lesson planning and presentations. Teaching Kids Real Math with Computers: In this 17-minute video, Conrad Wolfram discusses the issues related to mathematics education and suggests restructuring the curriculum. Math Class Needs a Makeover: In this 12-minute video, high school math teacher and part-time blogger Dan Meyer suggests that within mathematics lessons, teachers should incorporate real-world issues that students would face outside the classroom. Teach Statistics Before Calculus: In this short 3-minute video, math professor Arthur Benjamin proposes teaching students a statistics-based curriculum that’s more applicable to real life.
Many people believe that a degree in education automatically transfers to a career in teaching. Educators are desirable as researchers, educational program designers, counselors and consultants.
Early intervention is a fast-growing special education field devoted to addressing developmental delays and disabilities at the earliest age possible.
Individuals with a vocational calling to work with very young children before kindergarten should consider becoming an early intervention specialist. Earning any of the following Top 10 Early Intervention Master’s Degree Programs will prepare you for playing a pivotal role in children’s development!
Established as America’s first public higher learning institution in 1789, the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill educates over 29,000 from its 729-acre suburban campus just 28 miles outside of Raleigh. Endowed for $3.5 billion, the University of Pittsburgh is mega public, state-assisted research institution serving more than 28,600 Panthers from a 132-acre urban campus in the Oakland neighborhood.
With enrollment over 10,900, the University of Maine is the state’s largest flagship public, land-grant research institution standing atop a 660-acre rural campus in Orono near Bangor. Founded in 1906 by the Pace Brothers, Pace University is a private, non-sectarian institution serving over 12,700 students from the quiet suburbs of Pleasantville, New York, and bustle of Manhattan’s Financial District.
Located on a 50-acre urban campus in downtown Portland since 1946, Portland State University is a public, co-educational research institution enlightening over 28,200 students. Although founded by the Episcopal Church in 1932, Boise State University has grown into a public, research institution with over 22,200 students on a 175-acre urban campus in Idaho’s capital. Affiliated with the Presbyterian Church, Lindenwood University is a private, co-educational liberal arts institution serving over 12,200 students from its 500-are urban campus in Saint Charles, Missouri, just 24 miles from St.
Requirements and job titles vary among school districts, but all candidates for jobs as teacher assistants must have a high school diploma or the equivalent. Paraprofessional degree, an Associate in Early Childhood Education degree or an Associate in Elementary Education degree.
Most states require successful completion of a skills-based test for instructional aides who work with special needs students. Numerous openings arise as teacher aides leave jobs for better-paying work or to return to school to increase their employment options. Kaitlyn Dever Photos - Kaitlyn Dever Images: Ravepad - the place to rave about anything and everything! People who are “fluent in math” and who have a passion for imparting knowledge and helping others appreciate the value of solving problems with numbers are well suited for careers as mathematics teachers. In addition to teaching concepts and procedures, mathematics instructors must assess student proficiency on a regular basis. A state-issued teaching certificate or license is also required; however, some private schools do not specify a teaching credential as a job prerequisite. They are expected to implement lessons that build on their students’ existing knowledge of problem solving while inspiring them to make practical connections between abstract concepts and real-world applications. They have a knack for spotting patterns, for identifying matches and disparities among groupings that aren’t obvious to others.
Do you enjoy collaborating with peers to strategize plans based on collective daily experiences? The focus on STEM learning has prompted a major push within some public policy circles and among certain educational leaders to increase math learning at the primary levels.
Department of Education, in Foundations for Success: The Final Report for National Mathematics Advisory Panel, recommends significantly increasing math curriculum for children in public elementary schools. This is especially true for mathematics, in which students have a range of knowledge and different levels of familiarity with math content and problem-solving methods.
They have one of the most important jobs in society, because intermediate school is where some students fall permanently behind in math. Math teachers often specialize in subjects such as algebra, geometry, trigonometry, statistics and probability, or calculus. Because of fluctuating teacher shortages, states are offering alternative ways for people who already have bachelor’s degrees to get certified. These professionals, perhaps enticed by a standard workweek and two-month summer vacations, need to become certified before entering the education field. Because they generally teach students at different grade levels, high school math teachers enjoy opportunities to expand their students’ knowledge. In addition to a student’s ability to solve math problems and properly show his or her work, future employers perceive the determination, or “stick-to-itiveness,” required of math problem solving to be a favorable trait. They are expected to be prepared for classes like advanced algebra, trigonometry and precalculus. They are responsible for preparing students for careers in science, technology and engineering, and other jobs that require a solid grounding in math — from certified public accountants and insurance actuaries to financial advisors. They are expected to be experts in the subjects they teach and should be capable of engaging students to become enthusiastic about math by using equations, formulas and procedures to solve real-world problems.
High school math teachers often specialize in subjects such as algebra, geometry, trigonometry, statistics and probability, or calculus. A postsecondary mathematics teacher, for example, may teach advanced statistical analysis for a course on calculating life and health insurance actuarial tables; or a college math instructor might spend an entire semester teaching business graduate students about inventory tracking using quantitative analysis and modern equation-modeling techniques. They also have greater control over their schedules, with many postsecondary instructors teaching part time, as well as full time. Postsecondary teachers who work at four-year colleges and universities are most often required to have a doctoral degree in their field. Candidates holding dual master’s degrees are at an advantage because they can teach more than one subject. It is fairly common for students in some fields to conduct postdoctoral research for two additional years before they seek a faculty position.

The statistics cover math teachers working at colleges, universities and professional schools at the local and state levels, and for private institutions. These are terrific opportunities to enhance one’s understanding of math concepts while meeting like-minded professionals and improving a resume, LinkedIn page or other professional social media profile. Math teachers contemplating graduate studies should consider a program specific to their area of teaching. These findings suggest that not all degrees are created equal, and that mathematics teachers seeking graduate studies should look for programs that help elevate their math-subject expertise. They possess a natural inclination for identifying similarities and differences in groups and are predisposed to solving problems. While classroom teaching is a frequent outcome for education-degree graduates, there are many other careers that may fit you and your goals. Your career path is entirely dependent on the atmosphere you would like to work in, the work you are interested in doing, and the salary you desire. The job outlook is excellent because present demand for early intervention services are growing. The challenge such a ratio presents is part of the reason there are many jobs for people who want to be a teacher assistant.
The teachers who supervise assistant teachers have responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services. Some districts require assistant teachers to have at least two years of college or an associate’s degree.
The employment growth results from increasing school and child care enrollment and continued demand for services for students with special needs. See their Pictures, Watch Videos and Clips of Movies they were in, Answer Quizzes, and Connect with Fans just like you!
Look no further - watch Movie Trailers, Clips, Answer Quizzes, and Connect with other Movie-goers just like you. Discover Travel Destinations, View Pictures, Videos, or get Opinions from fellow Travelers before you book your next Trip. It’s important for mathematics teachers to measure daily progress because it’s extremely challenging to catch up on math skills once a student falls behind.
Some states require a master’s degree for middle and high school teachers; and most postsecondary schools require at least a master’s degree to teach math. As professionals, they must be devoted to accuracy and objective analyses, and dedicated to helping students learn.
Noting that improving K-12 math is in the national interest, one of the department’s key recommendations is to add “math specialist teachers” to primary schools. It is crucial, therefore, for middle school mathematics teachers to identify students who are not at grade level and work diligently to prepare them for success in high school math. Specific certification and licensing requirements for middle school teachers vary from state to state. After graduating from teaching certification programs, these new mathematics professionals are welcomed and mentored by an experienced teacher until they earn full certification.
For example, teachers who specialize in trigonometry or calculus might teach these subjects to high school juniors and seniors, whereas teachers who specialize in intermediate algebra or geometry will probably handle freshman and sophomore math classes. This means high school mathematics teachers must stay current on statewide testing and high school graduation requirements to ensure students are on track, receiving the appropriate coursework and assessment preparation required for their grade proficiency levels. Specific certification and licensing requirements for high school teachers vary from state to state. They have fewer classroom management and procedural responsibilities than grade-school teachers but are expected to devote significant time to preparing lectures and instructions for assignments, in addition to grading and providing individual guidance to students when necessary.
Some online adjuncts teach several courses for multiple schools and work enough hours to be considered full time. However, some schools may hire instructors with master’s degrees or those who are doctoral candidates for some part-time positions. Many two-year institutions prefer applicants who have experience with distance learning or teaching. On average, university and four-year college teachers earn higher salaries than their counterparts at junior colleges. Primary incentives include expanding knowledge of particular subjects — like data analysis, computer science, aeronautics and astrophysics — and remaining competitive in the job market with their peers. The difference in salary between a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree for a novice teacher is $3,000 annually; and, after 10 years of experience, the bump increases to $4,500, according to BLS data. They are trained to follow procedures, break problems down into their component parts and arrive at exact answers.
A background in education can provide you with knowledge that can benefit many industries, including business, public service and guidance. According to the NCES, the number of children diagnosed with disabilities grew by 2 million from 1991 to 2005. News and World Report, UMaine is the 168th Best University with the 93rd Best Teacher’s College nationwide.
A teacher assistant works in a classroom to provide extra attention and instruction for students.
Teacher aides who work in schools with Title 1 programs must have at least a two-year degree, two years of college or pass a state or local assessment.
Due to assistant teachers working directly with students, the need for assistant teachers parallels enrollment figures. Perhaps you can identify with one of these teachers’ engaging descriptions of the profession and their enthusiasm for teaching math? These specialists would serve either as full-time mathematics teachers or as math coaches for K-12 teachers. Teachers are usually required to take professional development courses as a condition of certification. Overall, the BLS estimates a 12 percent growth rate for middle school teachers through 2022.
Nationally, the BLS estimates a 6 percent growth rate for high school teachers through 2022. Tenure is granted through a review of the candidate’s research, contribution to the institution, and teaching.
Early intervention is crucial during these most formative years to give children an increased chance at success. However, institutions are relying more heavily on limited-term and part-time faculty contracts; therefore, fully tenured positions and positions on a “tenure track” are declining.
We began by narrowing down the regionally accredited colleges in the United States offering this unique specialization.
Extra points were given to schools with rankings from other publications, such as the Princeton Review. Other factors considered were exam pass rates, class size, flexibility, faculty strengths, and financial aid.

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