The dam is on antibiotics and I am adding probiotics (acidophilus capsules or yogurt) to the puppies’ food.
Some breeders are concerned it may cause diarrhea, however in this case, the pups were allowed to nurse and they showed no ill signs from it. You CANNOT let the pups nurse if you cannot monitor which ones did, and closely monitor those particular puppies.
The bottom line is, it is best for the dam's health to allow the pups to nurse on the infected teat. A compress of hot clothes soaked in vinegar can help the infection come to a head, allowing it to be reabsorbed by the body, preventing it from bursting. The infection is not in the nipple but way up high, mostly where my finger is pointing, in the milk gland.
Massaging the breast to help loosen up the infection and allow the body to fight it more effectively. Sassy with her hot water bottle, which is being used as a heating pad for her mastitis treatment.
Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. Elbow bursitis: At the tip of the elbow (the olecranon area), there is a bursa, a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction with motion. Have you got skin problems?Is your skin itching, breaking out, covered in a rash, or playing host to strange spots?
To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. Ear inflammation, or otitis, is one of the most common medical problems that dogs experience; because there are many causes, it is important to seek veterinary care to prevent severe pain and damage to deeper structures of the ear, which may lead to dizziness and long- term hearing loss. Inflammation may occur in the outer ear, middle ear or inner ear, known by the medical terms otitis externa, otitis media and otitis interna. The diagnostic and treatment plan recommended by your veterinarian typically involves examination of the ear canals with a scope and sampling of ear exudate. For severe, long-standing cases, X-rays or CT scan may be recommended, as well as deep-ear cleaning under anesthesia to assess and treat the deeper structures of the ear. Treatment for infection and inflammation often involves application of medications in the ear.
Two people may make the job easier, with one to hold the dog and the other to apply medication. With ear drops, locate the ear canal opening and provide the volume recommended by your veterinarian; gently massage the base of the ear. Medicate for the full recommended time, as your dog’s ear is likely to look and feel better before the infection is entirely resolved.
Always contact your veterinarian if the problem worsens, or if your dog is too painful, fearful or aggressive to safely apply medication.
While otitis is a common problem, you can safely help your dog with veterinary exam and careful treatment. Friday, July 15, is National Pet Fire Safety Day – a perfect time to make sure you and your pets are ready for evacuation and emergency shelter, should the need ever arise. The Women & Gender Collaborative is accepting grant proposals for innovative projects that promise to create long-term, positive impacts around women and gender at Colorado State University. D-PLACE – the Database of Places, Language, Culture and Environment, brings together information on the language, geography, culture and environment of more than 1,400 human societies.
Discolored toenails may be due to a fungal infection, or a symptom of a medical issue such as diabetes. Discolored toenails that are also painful or difficult to maintain may need to be checked out by a podiatrist. Public bathrooms pose a risk of a toe infection, particularly to people who walk barefoot through them. The most common causes of discolored toenails are fungal and bacterial infections, but bruising and bleeding under the nail might also be to blame.
Fungal spores are pretty common, and they’re found in most places, from soil and dust to food and waste.
Bacterial infection also can discolor toenails, and nails with this sort of infection will typically soften and take on a green color.
Minor discolorations or changes in color and texture that happen slowly over time might be an indication of a much more serious medical condition. Most medical experts recommend that anyone who notices changes in their toenail coloring, no matter how minor it may seem, get the problem evaluated to rule out serious conditions.
Women should always remove their toenail polish before going to the doctor, especially for a physical.
Also called mammitis or mastadenitis, during nursing, it can be caused by a breast (teat) engorgement (swelling). It is also not recommended to only place ONE pup (the same pup each time) on the infected teat if it can be avoided, so the pups can take turns nursing and will not solely get their milk from that teat, putting the pups’ chin closest to the tender spot. Infections accumulate about two to three inches from the actual nipple and sometimes it is in between two nipples. At this time we are just praying the antibiotics were started in time, as the spot, up 2 inches, would be the blowout spot. It is also good to continue draining the teat by hand to express out the infected milk and pus, not only for the pups’ sakes, but for the dam's sake.
Skin inflammation, changes in texture or colour and spots may be the result of infection, a chronic skin condition, or contact with an allergen or irritant. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. These can irritate the ear canal, push material closer to the ear drum, and can even cause painful rupture of the ear drum.


Jennifer Schissler Pendergraft is a veterinary dermatologist who works in the Dermatology & Otology unit of Colorado State University’s James L. In some cases discoloration is an indication of a much more serious condition, like diabetes, liver failure, or heart disease. Fungi are small strains of mold or other parasitic cells that invade a host and essentially use it as a breeding ground. Warm, moist, and humid environments cause them to thrive, and as a result pools, shower rooms, and public bathrooms pose an increased risk, particularly to people who walk barefoot through them.
Regularly rotating shoes can reduce the chances of developing an infection that might cause discolored toenails, and people who are very concerned about infection might go so far as to select shoes that are vented or that otherwise allow air to flow in order to prevent moisture from collecting. In most cases, these happen as a result of an injury or trauma that has left part of the skin or nail bed exposed to outside elements. This most frequently happens because of a stubbed toe, something heavy that has been dropped on the foot, or an ingrown toenail.
Diabetes and several liver ailments can cause color changes in the finger and toenails, for instance, as do heart disease and some forms of kidney failure. The treatment for mastitis in humans consists of letting the baby nurse on the infected side as much as possible, rotating the baby in a different direction each feeding to clear all parts of the milk duct. Remember, the pus is usually sterile once the dam's antibiotics have had about 48 hours to work. Rotate a few pups (the same few each time) on that teat, keeping track of who nursed and when. Because of its location, the olecranon bursa is subject to trauma, ranging from simple repetitive weight bearing while leaning, to banging in a fall.
It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. For this reason, a professional evaluation with an otoscope is required to safely examine the entire ear canal and ear drum.
Many doctors and care providers make an effort to examine patients’ nails during routine check-ups to monitor for problems that may first appear as color variation in the finger or toenails. When these cells get into the toenails, they often cause the nails to turn yellow or brown, depending on the variety or particular strain involved. A smashed toe that isn’t properly bandaged is one example; a pedicure that clips too much of the delicate cuticle tissue or that breaks the skin under the nail is another.
These will usually go away on their own after a time, though it can take a few weeks for the trapped blood to be broken down and absorbed by the body.
Mastitis is very aggressive and fast-moving, so the sooner antibiotics are started, the better chance of not having a blowout.
In this case I have let four of the 11 puppies nurse on this boob and they did not show any signs of stomach upset.
Many breeders do not know the difference in their puppies and they wouldn't know which puppy nursed or which one had diarrhea and they don't put the time into it to find out. This trauma can cause a common, aseptic form of bursitis (olecranon bursitis) with varying degrees of swelling, warmth, tenderness and redness in the area overlying the point of the elbow.
Yet, while many are minor, they may indicate something more serious, so always seek medical advice for correct diagnosis. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.
The structures of the middle and inner ear are behind the ear drum and contain nerves for hearing, balance, and appropriate facial movement. At first the discoloration is usually very small, often appearing just as a dot on the surface of the nail. Strains of bacteria typically enter through broken skin, then begin invading the toenail and surrounding tissues. In these cases nail changes are usually just one of many different symptoms throughout the body, but they are often an easy place to start. If things are allowed to progress, though, all nails on one or both feet might change color and even shape, often dramatically. Any blood that doesn’t go away, as well as spots that seem to be growing larger instead of shrinking, should usually be checked out by a medical professional, though, as these could indicate circulatory or other blood problems. Because of that, a lot of vets will advise that the average person not allow the pups to nurse from the infected teat, assuming they will not keep a close enough watch on the situation.
An all-around mild mannered, wonderful Mastiff, Sassy, however, is not the best mother toward her puppies. If you decide to skip the first 48 hours while the antibiotics kick in, you may be putting the dam's health in jeopardy.
If you are an attentive breeder that KNOWS and monitors her puppies you could let them nurse.
She is not rejecting them; she will nurse them when a human places them on her to feed, however she will not clean the pups or pay any attention to them. If you work, and the pups are in the basement and tended to once a day, don't let them nurse from that teat. Most people recover, but pain, numbness, and itching linger for many and may last for months, years, or the rest of their lives. I think I caught this in the nick of time; waiting 12 hours and starting on antibiotics in the morning could have made this much worse. This litter is getting moma€™s milk with major human interaction, manually giving each and every pup what they need. Keep in mind, duct taping the teat and not allowing the pups to drain the teat is putting the dam's health at risk and on the other hand, allowing the pups to nurse on the infected teat and not properly monitoring is putting the pups at risk. In return, the pups will be super socialized and will make remarkable pets, however the work involved is astounding.
Hives (urticaria)Hives, a common allergic reaction that looks like welts, are often itchy, stinging, or burning.
Severe hives can be associated with difficulty breathing (get immediate medical attention if this occurs).


Medication, foods, or food additives, temperature extremes, and infections like a sore throat can cause hives.
Watch the pups who are allowed to nurse on that teat poop to ensure they do not develop diarrhea.
The pages within include a wealth of information that everyone can appreciate and benefit from.
If done properly, there will be no ill effects on the pups and your dam will have a better chance of recovering.
PsoriasisA non-contagious rash of thick red plaques covered with silvery scales, psoriasis usually affects the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
The precise cause of psoriasis is unknown, but the immune system mistakenly attacks skin cells causing new skin cells to develop too quickly.
EczemaEczema describes several non-contagious conditions where skin is inflamed, red, dry, and itchy. Stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and climate can trigger flare-ups though they’re not eczema's cause, which is unknown. Treatments include emollient creams and ointments, steroid creams and ointments, antibiotics and antihistamines. RosaceaOften beginning as a tendency to flush easily, rosacea causes redness on the nose, chin, cheeks, forehead, and can cause eye irritation.
If left untreated, bumps and pus-filled pimples can develop, with the nose and oil glands becoming bulbous. Rosacea treatment includes topical gels, medication, as well as surgery to remove blood vessels or correct nose disfigurement. Rash from poisonous plantsMost plants in the UK will not give you a rash, but the same is not always true on holiday abroad where you may be in contact with species that don't grow here. For example, in the US, contact with sap from poison ivy, oak, and sumac causes a rash in most people.
The typical rash is arranged as a red line on an exposed area, caused by the plant dragging across the skin.
The sharp edge of closely shaven hair can curl back and grow into the skin, causing irritation and pimples, and even scarring.
To minimise razor bumps, have a hot shower before shaving, shave in the direction of hair growth, and don't stretch the skin while shaving.
Skin tagsA skin tag is a small flap of flesh-coloured or slightly darker tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk. They’re usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts or in the groin area. Skin tags are not dangerous and usually don't cause pain unless they become irritated by clothing or nearby skin rubbing against them.
Often seen on the face, chest, and back, acne is caused by a number of things, including the skin’s response to hormones. To help control it, keep oily areas clean and don't squeeze pimples (it may cause infection and scars). Athlete's footA fungal infection that can cause peeling, redness, itching, burning and sometimes blisters and sores, athlete's foot is contagious, passed by direct contact or by walking barefoot in areas such as changing rooms or near swimming pools.
It's usually treated with topical antifungal cream or powder, or oral medication for more severe cases. MolesUsually brown or black, moles can be anywhere on the body, alone or in groups, and generally appear before age 20. Have a medical check-up for moles that change, have irregular borders, unusual or uneven colour, bleed or itch.
Age, sun or liver spots (lentigines)These pesky brown spots are not really caused by ageing, though they do multiply as you age. They're the result of sun exposure, which is why they tend to appear on areas that get a lot of sun, such as the face, hands, and chest.
To rule out serious skin conditions such as melanoma, seek medical advice for correct identification. Pityriasis roseaA harmless rash, pityriasis rosea usually begins with a single, scaly pink patch with a raised border. Days to weeks later, salmon-coloured ovals appear on the arms, legs, back, chest, and abdomen, and sometimes the neck. The rash, whose cause is unknown, usually doesn't itch, and usually goes away within 12 weeks without needing treatment.
MelasmaMelasma (or chloasma) is characterised by brown patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. Melasma may go away after pregnancy but, if it persists, can be treated with prescription creams and over-the-counter products. Cold soresSmall, painful, fluid-filled blisters around the mouth or nose, cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus. Antiviral pills or creams can be used as treatment, but seek medical advice immediately if sores contain pus, you have a fever greater than 38C, or if your eyes become irritated. WartsCaused by contact with the contagious human papillomavirus (HPV), warts can spread from person to person or via contact with something used by a person with the virus. You can prevent spreading warts by not picking them, covering them with bandages or plasters, and keeping them dry. Seborrheic keratosisNoncancerous growths that may develop with age, seborrhoeic keratoses can appear anywhere on the body - but particularly on the chest or back - alone, or in groups. They may be dark or multicoloured, and usually have a grainy surface that easily crumbles, though they can be smooth and waxy.
Because seborrheic keratoses may be mistaken for moles or skin cancer, seek medical advice for correct diagnosis.



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