Swelling, referred to medically as edema, is the body’s natural response to many types of injury.
Cerebral edema is a dangerous condition where the water content within brain tissue rises, causing the pressure to rise inside the skull.
Brain swelling (edema) increases pressure inside the skull which pushes back against the brain itself.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A traumatic brain injury is also referred to as a head injury, brain injury, or acquired brain injury.
Intracerebral (brain) hemorrhages and strokes: The term hemorrhage refers to blood leaking from a blood vessel.
This book explains study of immunological principles is important to treat mad cow disease, myasthenia gravis, polymyositis and cerebral edema. I do not claim to be a person who "knows everything," But I have been delt a few jokers in my life so who know's maybe we can relate! Enhance the selective excretion of various electrolytes and water by affecting renal mechanisms for tubular secretion and reabsorption. Unlike swelling in other parts of the body, where there is room for extra fluid, for example a sprained ankle, the brain is protected by the hard, inflexible skull with very little room to accommodate expansion.


Donations go solely to hosting and development costs, which keeps our content free for medical providers around the globe. Potassium-sparing diuretics have weak diuretic and antihypertensive properties and are used mainly to conserve potassium in patients receiving thiazide or loop diuretics. Groups commonly used are thiazide diuretics and thiazide-like diuretics (chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide, and metolazone), loop diuretics (bumetanide, furosemide, and torsemide), potassium-sparing diuretics (amiloride, spironolactone, and triamterene), and osmotic diuretics (mannitol).
Monitor daily weight, intake and output ratios, amount and location of edema, lung sounds, skin turgor, and mucous membranes. Monitor frequency of prescription refills to determine compliance in patients treated for hypertension.
However, when swelling occurs in the brain, the condition must be recognized and treated quickly to prevent permanent brain injury. If the pressure is not relieved, the brain’s oxygen supply can be cut off as blood vessels are literally squeezed shut.
Either a sudden, direct impact or a rapid acceleration and deceleration of the head can stress brain tissue and cause injury. The clot stops the brain’s supply of oxygenated blood necessary for normal brain cell functions.


Before you decide, ask us to send you free written information about our qualifications and experience. When cerebral edema develops, doctors sometimes perform a craniotomy – a procedure in which the skull is vented or ported to relieve the pressure inside it. Potassium-sparing diuretics may cause hyperkalemia when used with potassium supplements or ACE inhibitors.
Hemorrhages in the brain can also result from trauma, certain medications, and unknown malformations present from birth. Too much swelling can prevent fluids from draining from the brain naturally, increasing ICP further.



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