Highlights: Basic bungalow with shower, occidental bathroom and on one of the longest secluded beaches in the world.
Highlights: Remote desert island with a large lake of turquoise water and which leads to the sea, being totally and exclusively at your disposal.
If you're stranded and there isn't a fresh water source around, then you need to get to work on collecting water. The moisture from the ground reacts with the heat from the sun to produce condensation on the plastic. The Lifestraw is a portable filtration device that lets you safely drink directly from any fresh water source.
The filter gets rid of nearly 100 percent of waterborne bacteria, 98.7 percent of viruses and removes particles as small as 15 microns. Lifestraw is also a great item for any outdoor enthusiast to have in his or her emergency survival kit. As for Africa, scientists have formerly concluded that it is the birthplace of mankind, as large numbers of human-like fossils (discovered no where else) were found on the continent, some dating back 3.5 million years. The Neanderthals arose some 200,000 years ago and inhabited regions in northern Africa and across parts of southern Europe. In 3200 BC the Egyptian culture emerged along the lower reaches of the Nile River; it was among the earliest civilizations and their tools and weapons were made of bronze. Egyptians also developed mathematics, an innovative system of medicine, irrigation and agricultural production techniques, writing and the first ships. Around 600 BC the use of metal tools spread across small population bases and farming groups in North Africa, and their use gradually spread south into what is now called South Africa. The Phoenicians were an enterprising maritime trading culture from Lebanon who spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. Meanwhile, the Egyptians continued to spread their culture across Northern Africa, and kingdoms were created in Ethiopia and Sudan. Before the Middle Ages began, the Roman Empire collapsed and the Arabs quickly took their place on the continent. Soon kingdoms emerged in Africa; they traded with the Arabs using gold plus a valuable commodity - slaves. Mogadishu, the now largest city in Somalia, was settled by Arabs who traveled and traded on the east coast of Africa.
As other organized kingdoms were formed in central and southern Africa, the Portuguese began to explore the western coast of Africa. The continent-changing 16th Century began with Europeans transporting African slaves to the Americas for profit. At the same time, Barbary pirates along the North African coast captured thousands of ships. As tales of African riches spread north, the Europeans founded their first real colonies in the early 16th century, when the Portuguese settled in what is now Angola. Wholesale colonization of Africa by European countries began in 1814 when the British snatched the Dutch Colony of South Africa.
By the end of the 19th century, from Algeria to Zimbabwe, and from Botswana to Niger, the continent was now all but controlled by European powers. By 1920, the forced occupation of African lands began to sour in Europe, and change was in the wind. Self-government brought more than its share of civil wars, coup d'etats and ethnic conflicts to the newly emerged countries. Although Africa remains the world's poorest inhabited continent, there are many bright spots in this land of over one billion people and its 2,000 + languages. The largest segments of modern Africa's economies are agriculture and mining, with tourism growing in some areas.
Today the 54 countries of Africa have great potential, but this question must be asked: "Can it change soon enough to meet the needs of its people?" We can only hope so. For additional geography details please use the yellow navigation bar at the top of this page. Two of Africa's most interesting geographical features are the Nile River System and Sahara Desert; both impressive in so many ways. Nile River System: The Nile is a north-flowing river considered the longest river in the world at 6,650 km (4,130 mi) long.
Sahara Desert: It's the world's hottest desert, the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic, and almost as large as China. Africa, the planet's 2nd largest continent and the second most-populous continent (after Asia) includes (54) individual countries, and Western Sahara, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by Morocco. With a 2011 population of 1,032,532,974, it accounts for just over 14% of the world's human population.


Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the east and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Political maps are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, the location of major cities, and they usually include significant bodies of water. A topographic map highlights hills, mountains and valleys of a specific land area by exaggerated shading rather than by using contour lines.
This is a slice of a larger topographical map that highlights the Great Rift Valley, a dramatic depression on the earth's surface, approximately 4,000 miles (6,400 km) in length, extends from the Red Sea area near Jordan in the Middle East,, south to the African country of Mozambique. This NASA satellite view of Africa can be useful in many applications, including agriculture, geology, forestry, meteorology, intelligence and warfare. Beautifully designed the map represents a high mark of 16th-century mapmaking, it shows Africa in a recognizable shape, with a more pointed southern cape. A map depicting Africa before colonization in 1812 by Arrowsmith and Lewis, printed in Boston by Thomas & Andrews. What Countries are in Africa? There are 54 countries the are internationally recognized. With its limited range, small numbers and vibrant colors, the Florida scrub-jay is a special creature, and birdwatchers flock to Florida just to catch a glimpse of this species. Adults have a blue head, tail and wings, contrasted with a light gray belly and white throat.
Discover nature and wildlife within your own backyard at Patuxent Research Refuge in Maryland. Our MissionTo conserve America’s wildlife heritage for future generations through strategic programs that protect and enhance the National Wildlife Refuge System and the landscapes beyond its boundaries.
Privacy and Site Use PolicyNational Wildlife Refuge Association (NWRA) is committed to preserving your privacy and safeguarding your information online.
Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is copyright National Wildlife Refuge Association. Docastawayers will be completely on their own, without guides, and will have to obtain their own food from the surrounding nature.
Volcanic island without any hut or shelter, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and dozens of miles away from civilization. Perfect hideaway for those who would love not to see any other human being during their escape, as Docastaway will block the only existing entrance from the sea to the lake. To do this, you'll need some plastic sheeting, a digging tool, a container, a drinking tube and a rock.
Add charcoal from your fire to remove odor -- just make sure you filter the charcoal out with some cloth.
It weighs only 140 grams and it just might make the difference in your chances of survival. They became aggressive hunters, lived in caves and used fire and their ability to create stone tools just to survive. There is also clear evidence that they had control of fire, lived in caves, as well as open-air structures of stone and vegetation.
By 5000 BC farming was somewhat common in the northern areas of Africa, as people were growing crops and herding livestock. In 814 BC, they founded the city of Carthage in what is now Tunisia in north Africa; only to be destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC. The then-growing Roman Empire continued to expand its influence, and in 30 BC Egypt became a province of Rome; Morocco the same in 42 AD. In 698-700 they invaded Tunis and Carthage and soon controlled all of coastal North Africa.
One of the first kingdoms was Ghana, located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. The Arabs' reach extended to Zanzibar, which was used as a base for voyages between the Middle East and India. By 1445 they reached the Cape Verde Islands and the coast of Senegal, and the mouth of the River Congo in 1482. A slave purchased on the African coast for the equivalent of 14 English pounds in bartered goods could sell for 45 pounds in the American market. It involved British and other European countries' manufactured goods which were shipped to Africa, then slaves from there to the West Indies and then sugar and other products back to Europe. From the 16th to 19th century, an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people were taken captive as slaves. Carved up like a large pie, the Brits, Dutch,French, Germans and Portuguese grabbed all of the available pieces. Africans were also driven by their passionate desire for independence and the movement for same became unstoppable.


Significant economic and social gains have taken place over the last few years, with South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco and Egypt leading the way. Manufacturing industries have grown large enough to ship products across the planet, and the oil export revenues of Angola, Libya and Nigeria have the potential to change the lives of millions. Covering almost one-third of the continent, the Sahara is the largest hot desert in the world at approximately 3,500,000 sq. It also contains the Nile River system, the world's longest, and the massive Sahara Desert, the world's largest. This topo map clearly shows the flatness of the Sahara Desert, the depression that Lake Chad sits in, the high mountains of the Great Rift Valley, and it also highlights Lake Victoria, all but surrounded by mountains.
In essence, it's a series of geological faults caused by huge volcanic eruptions centuries back, that subsequently created what we now call the Ethiopian Highlands, and a series of perpendicular cliffs, mountain ridges, rugged valleys and very deep lakes along its entire length. In addition, it's a great education tool as it provides an overview of Africa, with the desert areas of the north, the central fertile areas and the varied topography of the southern regions of the continent are clearly visible. Madagascar appears, as do the place-names of numerous towns along the coasts and in the interior, although large empty spaces begin to dominate there. Scrub habitat is located on ancient dune ridges in central Florida and is characterized by sand pines, sand live oaks, myrtle oaks, scrub oaks and other plants that can survive in nutrient-poor soils. Females and males are virtually indistinguishable, but a female makes a distinct “hiccup” noise.
Due to its size, there are no mosquitoes during most of the year so spending the nights in the open without using insect repellent is no problem. You can also add vegetation inside the hole to increase the amount of moisture -- just make sure the plants aren't poisonous. The Arabs were Muslims, and most of North Africa converted to Islam; Ethiopia was the exception.
The empire grew rich from the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, but then lost its power in the 11th century. And like most kingdoms before them on any continent, they were invaded and in the end destroyed.
Britain banned slave trade in 1807, but it was not officially abolished for good until 1848. Many of Africa's highest mountains front the Rift Valley, including Mount Kilimanjaro,Mount Kenya and Mount Margherita. Using their long black beaks, Florida scrub-jay feed on acorns, seeds, insects and small vertebrates. Fish and Wildlife Service and other partners to conserve land, water and wildlife in Florida’s Greater Everglades. Possibility to live with these tribes for a few days in this exiciting tropical island holiday. Each Lifestraw lasts 700 liters, roughly the amount of water needed for one person per year. In some parts of Africa, slave-like practices continue to this day and have proven difficult to eliminate.
The White Nile is longer and rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, flowing north from Tanzania to South Sudan. Fish and Wildlife Service is taking several steps to help the Florida scrub-jay, including maintaining scrub habitat through prescribed burns and protecting it from human interference.
They are one of only a few cooperative breeding bird species, meaning the young stay with their parents for two to three years until they leave the family to find a lifelong mate.
Stretching from the Kissimmee Chain of Lakes in the north to Big Cypress National Preserve in the south, the Greater Everglades contains dry prairies, longleaf pine savannas, expansive working ranchlands and seasonally wet grasslands.
The Blue Nile is the source of most of the water and both rivers join near Khartoum, Sudan The northern section of the river flows almost entirely through desert, from Sudan into Egypt. Topography includes areas of rock-strewn plains, rolling sand dunes and numerous sand seas.
This relatively intact landscape is the home for rare Florida scrub-jays and other unique creatures. Alternative possibility of enjoying this tropical island holiday being alone without the help of guides.
Regional deserts include the Libyan, Nubian and the Western desert of Egypt, just to the west of the Nile. Almost completely without rainfall, a few underground rivers flow from the Atlas Mountains, helping to irrigate isolated oases.



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