Uncomfortable swelling of the feet and legs can occur for many reasons, including standing or sitting for long periods of time, menstrual periods in women, being overweight, being of advanced age, or being pregnant.
Legs and feet become swollen more easily than other areas of your body because excess fluid tends to collect in lower extremities due to the effects of gravity. If you stand in one place or sit for extended periods, make a point to get up and walk around every couple of hours to increase blood flow to the legs and feet.
Brands like Diurex contain gentle medicine that helps your kidneys to expel extra fluid that has accumulated in your body.
If you are pregnant or lactating, contact your doctor before taking any medication, including over-the-counter diuretics for your swollen legs and feet.
It is common knowledge that pregnant women often suffer from swelling of the feet, hands and face. Always remember that chances of fluid retention are higher when you remain in one posture for long, be it sitting or standing.
Just as you may love snacking on those salty cashews and munchies, they are also responsible for inducing swelling in your body.
It is advisable to enjoy thick soled flat comfortable shoes during pregnancy rather than sticking on to your stilettoes.
Sometimes, in spite of all the precautions some of us are more prone to swelling limbs than others. With constant changes that your body undergoes during pregnancy, it is obvious for you to feel tired and lazy. Normally swollen feet should not be a concern for many of us whose job involves standing or walking for long time. Lymphedema: There will be accumulation of lymphatic fluid when there is some problem in the lymph nodes or lymph vessels.
Insufficiency of veins: This is a condition in which blood randomly moves in the veins in the region from legs to feet and up to the heart. Presence of blood clots in the veins of feet may reduce the blood-flow from the legs to the heart.
Prolonged use of contraceptives, repeated hormone therapy like estrogen can cause swollen feet.
Some doctors prescribe calcium blockers like cardizem, dilacor tiazac and plendil for certain types of hypertension, may cause inflammation. Do exercise regularly, drink plenty of water, stop using laxatives, cut down salt intake, and avoid standing in the same position for long time. Also called as Edema, swollen feet is a normal biological process wherein the body tends to produce more water and blood during pregnancy.
One of the veins affected by the enlarged uterus happens to be the one called Vena Cava (goes through the right thigh) which takes blood to the lower body, especially the thighs, ankles and feet.
Edema is not a cause for concern as it is a normal biological process that usually dissipates on its own after the prenatal period.
As mentioned earlier, edema is a normal condition that occurs in almost every other pregnant woman.
Avoid standing for extended periods as this could channel more blood or fluids to the legs. Try placing your legs on cushions or small tables (in a horizontal position) whenever you sit down instead of placing them on the floor in a vertical position.

Opting for flat heeled shows can be a great relief for women suffering from swollen feet during pregnancy. A new and yet quite popular product that has been doing the rounds of late in the women’s hosiery department is the pregnancy stocking. When you are resting or sleeping, try to elevate your legs above heart level by propping them up with pillows or extra blankets. Increasing blood flow through exercise can help your swollen feet and legs to pump out the extra fluid to the rest of the body so that your kidneys can get rid of it. These special socks compress your feet, ankles and calves so that extra fluid is pushed back up into the body and can't collect in the feet and legs.
Beauty, fashion, reviews, DIY, tv and movies, pregnancy, parenting, travel, shopping - you name it, we feature it! This condition in medical terms is known as Oedema, and is not restricted to pregnant women alone. It is essential to cut down your salt intake as salt aids in water retention and cause the extremities to swell up.
But we need to control this urge, especially during pregnancy, as caffeine tends to dehydrate the body. Consuming a potassium-rich diet will help prevent uncomfortable swelling and gives your body energy and nutrition that is required during pregnancy.
Your body will naturally become heavy with the growing baby inside, and so the pressure on your feet will increase and leads to inflammation and swelling in the ankles if you continue wearing pencil heels.
At the trimester, when the baby has grown in size, its weight inside you is bound to pull you down. There will be continuous movement of lymphatic fluid in the bloodstream and due to any reason, if it gets blocked, it may give rise to lymphedema. Here the veins flow the blood moving in one way direction thus keeping the blood flow insufficient. They would get nerve problem called diabetic neuropathy causing foot infection leading to formation of sores and blisters causing nerve damage.
There is every chance for fluid accumulation in the feet when kidneys are not functioning properly or when there is leakage in liver or when there is sudden heart failure.
Using antidepressant drugs like norpramin, aventyl, amitriptyline, endep and nardil can cause swelling of feet. And even though the entire body experiences some amount of swelling during this period, swollen feet can be extremely uncomfortable and can cause pain in certain situations.
And even though the additional water and blood are needed for the proper development of the fetus, it leads to increased fluid retention which in turn causes all the extra water to flow down to the extremities of the body, in this case, the feet. Accordingly, the uterus which by now would have increased substantially in size would put extra pressure on the veins that carry blood in the body. Under pressure, the blood flow in the Vena Cava slows down and leads to the accumulation of blood in the lower body. However, in cases the swelling does not reduce and instead, starts extending towards the hands and face, it is considered wise to get the issue checked out by a doctor.
However, if it tends to make you pretty uncomfortable, here are some effective tips to take care of the issue. This would again cause more amounts of blood or fluids to reach the feet and stagnate there, thereby contributing to the swelling.

This would lift off the pressure placed on the Vena Cava vein which courses through the right hand side of the body. Avoid salty foods as much as possible as the salt content in them would contribute to excess water retention in the body. It also pays to choose shoes that are comfortable and stretchable so that they don’t cramp your feet when you wear them (happens in the case of narrow shoes). Easy to wear and extremely comfortable, these pregnancy stockings can inhibit the accumulation of fluids in your feet and thus prevent them from swelling up if you wear them from morning till night. Luckily, there are a few measures that can be taken to reduce swelling in your legs and feet so you can go about your day comfortably. This allows for the excess fluid to travel to your abdomen, where it can be collected and excreted by the kidneys as urine. The underlying cause of this condition is the build-up of excess fluid in the tissues of limbs and other parts of the body like the face. So if you drink 4 litres of water when not pregnant, you need to up your water consumption by at least a litre more to combat Oedema.
As the body begins to get dehydrated, the water in the tissues refuse to be flushed out and are retained within the body. This will prevent the fluids from accumulating at the extremities and help combat swelling in the feet.
In case of abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting symptoms, then you should consult your doctor immediately. Sometimes, the ligaments may not sit properly when stretched beyond its limit for some reasons.
Due to this process, the valves get damaged and in turn blood drains down the veins causing accumulation of fluid in lower legs, causing swollen feet. They would not feel any sensation in their feet and hence swollen feet during diabetes is truly a matter of concern. You need to consult your doctor when you have symptoms of fatigue, loss of breath, sudden weight gain and loss of appetite along with swollen feet.
As the excess water collects in them, your feet start appearing swollen and cause discomfort with time. Wear a large hat or use an umbrella to provide shelter from the scorching sun, in case you are out in the afternoon.
Sometimes, this condition can become fatal if there is no absolute blood flow from the heart to the feet area. Sip refreshing fruit juice that will cool the body and provide you relief from swelling during your pregnancy.
You can also apply ice packs or keep the leg in elevated position for reducing inflammation.
Pregnancy friendly exercises like light stretches, a simple workout, a short swim, or just a stroll around the neighbourhood park can do wonders to combat swelling and relieve you of pain caused due to Oedema.

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