Hematoma is an accumulation of blood in the tissues due to bleeding, there is a cavity filled with blood.
Hematomas occur when blood vessels rupture, after tissue injury or when there is bleeding, or by other damage, preventing the blood outlet.
Depending on the location (subserous, subdural, intramuscular, etc.), relation to the lumen of the blood vessel (throbbing, non-pulsed), the condition of streamed blood (clotted, infected, festering). The main symptoms of hematoma, located in the subcutaneous tissue and muscle, are: pain, swelling of the limited availability, a dysfunction of the relevant muscles, skin color change from purple-red to yellow-green, often increasing of temperature. Acute traumatic subdural hematoma is a collection of blood in the space between the inner layer of the dura mater and the arachnoid membrane of the brain.
Epidural hematoma is a local accumulation of blood in the space between the inner surface of the skull and the outer layer of the dura mater (epidural space).
In case of injuries to vital organs (brain, liver, etc.), you must immediately seek medical attention because, in addition to other damage, it can cause very dangerous to life hematomas. In case of large hematoma the evacuation of blood is made by a puncture and then a pressure bandage is applied. Recipe 3:Drink a decoction of flowers of arnica or rub the affected area with camphor alcohol.


Recipe 4: 2 times a day to do a hot tub for the damaged area with the concentrated solution of Epsom salts at the rate of 300-400 g of salt in a bucket of water.
Recipe 8: put the potato slices to the sore spot or cook 0,5 kg of mature white beans, mash thoroughly and apply to the affected area.
In case of a hematoma of the internal organs there are symptoms of compression of the organs. Treatment in most cases is conservative: there are support of vital functions, correction of intracranial pressure in order to keep it below 25 mm Hg (ventricular drainage, barbiturates, hyperventilation). In most cases of acute subdural hematoma you need emergency surgery – craniotomy, the removal of the hematoma. Getty Images reserves the right to pursue unauthorized users of this image or clip, and to seek damages for copyright violations. Hematoma may form under the skin, periosteum, muscle, mucous membranes and internal organs, etc. Later (in the 3-5th day) there is reactive inflammation in the tissues, along the periphery of the hematoma there is swelling of the tissue, there is a slight soreness and high temperature.
Usually the diagnosis is made ??on the basis of computed tomography of the brain, revealing a focus of increased density in the brain parenchyma in patients with traumatic brain injury (many authors do not include in this concept hematomas less than 1 cm in maximum dimension).


Later in case of small hematomas you need heat and massage (not earlier than 5-6 days), in case of large hematomas they make emptying punctures (needle, trocar) or open the hematoma and treated as an open wound. In case of dislocation and herniation (or obvious threat to their development) you need surgery. Small superficial hematoma, caused by soft tissue injury, is a painful swelling with bruising. In case of the penetration of microbes in the hematoma swelling gets hot and sharply painful, overall body temperature increases. In the postoperative period you need intensive therapy with the support of vital functions and control the level of intracranial pressure (must be at least 25 mm.
In the case of large hematomas, such as intramuscular, the patient needs medical supervision and treatment. Create your slideshowBy using the code above and embedding this image, you consent to Getty Images' Terms of Use.



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