Today, psoriasis is a common chronic skin condition which typically leaves patches of raised red skin with silvery scales. Clear yellow or reddish nail colouring which looks like drop of oil or blood under the nail plate, this condition of psoriasis is called salmon patch or oil drop. Lines which appear side to side across the nails which are known as beau lines of the nail. The nail develops a white area, where the nail gets separated from the skin underneath causing the nail bed to get infected.
After the doctor understands the situation of the psoriasis, he will then start the treatment accordingly. Do not use any sharp objects to clean the debris under your nails as this can worsen the condition. Rub moisturizers into the nail cuticles or soak the nails in emollient oils to improve the condition. You can feel a bit embarrassed with nail psoriasis but with proper treatment, you can get back your confidence.
Taking a look at nail psoriasis photos is the best way to find out if you actually suffer from the skin condition. In severe cases, pustular psoriasis can damage the nail bed to eventually lead to the loss of the nail. Nail psoriasis usually occurs in patients suffering from psoriasis and in 50-85% of the patients suffering from psoriatic arthritis or the arthritis of the toes and fingers. Pitting- caused by the deficiencies of nail growth related to psoriasis and is characterized by the loss of parakerototic cells from the nail plate surface. Areas of white nail plate which is caused by air pockets where the nail plate is lifted form the nail bed.
Translucent yellow-red discoloration of the nail bed that resembles oil drop under the nail plate referred to an oil drop or salmon patch that occurs with nail bed psoriasis. There is no actual treatment for nail psoriasis; however it can improve on its own and perhaps return to its normal appearance.
Sometimes nail psoriasis photos and symptoms resemble other conditions like nail bed inflammation and chronic fungal infection.
Guttate psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that looks like small, salmon-pink drops on the skin. Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape Psoriasis »Psoriasis is a chronic, noncontagious, multisystem, inflammatory disorder.
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Visit your GP if your nails have changed in colour, texture, shape or thickness and you don't know why (you haven't injured your nails or been biting them). Brittle nails are often just a sign of ageing or long-term exposure to water or chemicals such as detergents and nail polish. A less common cause of crumbly nails is reactive arthritis, an unusual reaction of the immune system affecting the joints, muscles and other parts of the body following an infection. Green-black nails can be caused by overgrowth of bacteria called pseudomonas, especially under loose nails.
Brown nails can sometimes be caused by thyroid disease, pregnancy, malnutrition and frequent use of nail varnish.

If the discolouration looks like a drop of oil under the nail plate or is the colour of salmon, you may have psoriasis of the nails. Fingernails that are half white and half brown (brown near the tips) can be a sign of kidney failure, where the kidneys stop working properly.
Half-and-half nails have also been seen in some people with AIDS and can be seen following chemotherapy. If most of the nail plate has turned white and it's not because the nail has become detached from the nail bed, it's likely to be either a fungal nail infection or a sign of decreased blood supply to the nail bed, known as "Terry's nails". Sometimes, the big toenails become so overgrown and thickened that they resemble claws and are almost impossible to cut with conventional nail clippers.
A loose nail should be cut back to where it's detached to allow the nail to become reattached as it grows.
Illness, injury or cold temperatures can interrupt nail growth and cause nail grooves to form at the base of the nails. These grooves tend to only be noticed a few months later, when the nails have grown and the grooves have moved up the nails to become visible. Clubbing of the fingertips means the tissue beneath the nails thickens and the fingertips become rounded and bulbous. White spots or streaks are normal and nothing to worry about, but parallel white lines that extend all the way across the nails, known as Muehrcke's lines, are a sign of low levels of protein in the blood.
If you have dark skin, it's fairly common to find dark stripes running down your nails (linear melanonychia).
However, it's not something to ignore: dark stripes may sometimes be a form of skin cancer that affects the nail bed, called subungual melanoma. Generally, subungual melanoma only affects one nail. Also, it will cause the stripe to change in appearance (for example, it may become wider or darker over time) and the pigmentation may also affect the surrounding skin (the nail fold). If you have what look like red or brown little streaks underneath the nails, it's likely these are splinter haemorrhages – lines of blood caused by tiny damaged blood vessels.
Just a few splinters under one nail are nothing to worry about and most likely due to injury of the nail.
If one of your nails becomes destroyed and you don't remember injuring it, it's important to see your GP. Paronychia is the name for inflammation of the nail fold, which is the skin and soft tissue that frames and supports the nail.
Paronychia can be acute, where it develops over a few hours, or chronic, where it lasts more than six weeks. Acute infective paronychia usually starts after a minor injury to the nail fold, such as from nail biting, picking or manicures. Acute paronychia is often caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, although any number of germs can be involved. Sometimes, acute paronychia is caused by the cold sore virus, in which case it's known as herpetic whitlow. Acute paronychia can completely clear in a few days with treatment, but if it's not treated or doesn't respond to treatment, it can become long-term (chronic).
To settle chronic paronychia, both the skin damage and the colonisation with germs needs to be addressed. It can take months for chronic paronychia to clear, and after that up to a year for nails to grow back to normal. You may be referred to a dermatologist for further investigation of the underlying skin disease or for contact allergy testing, and for treatment advice.

This is becomingly common among people and it usually occurs on elbows, keens, scalp and trunk while it can also affect nails causing it to become thick and irregular shape. It is a combination of psoralen, prescribed medications and exposure to ultraviolet light UVA.
People suffering from active psoriasis experience psoriatic changes in their toenails and fingernails which range from mild to severe based on the extent of the psoriatic involvement of the nail plate, matrix, bed and skin.
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They're often a sign of a fungal nail infection or injury, but can sometimes indicate a more serious underlying disease.
Nails can be strengthened by taking biotin (vitamin B7) supplements, by wearing gloves for all wet work and by frequently applying moisturising cream to the nails. If you have a combination of symptoms affecting different parts of your body, your GP might consider this condition. This can be treated by applying antibiotic eye drops underneath the nails or soaking the affected nails in an antiseptic solution or vinegar. The link is not fully understood, but one theory is that kidney failure causes chemical changes in the blood that encourage melanin (a skin pigment) to be released into the nail bed. It's also possible that kidney failure causes an increase in the number of tiny blood vessels in the nail bed.
This nail disorder is known as onychogryphosis ("ram's horn nails"), and is seen in older people or as a response to long-term pressure on the nails. However, if you haven't injured your nail, a loose nail is often caused by over-manicuring the nails and cleaning under the nails with a sharp object.
It takes about four to six months for a fingernail to fully grow out, and 6-12 months for a toenail. This occurs in more than 77% of black people over the age of 20, and in most cases is perfectly normal.
However, if many nails are affected, these splinters may be a sign of lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, an infection of the heart valves (endocarditis) or another underlying disease. It's most common in people who often have their hands in water or chemicals, such as cleaners, bartenders, canteen staff or fishmongers. The affected nail folds are swollen and may be red and sore from time to time, often after exposure to water. These germs thrive on previously damaged skin, without necessarily starting the skin damage in the first place. Regular chiropody can help, but sometimes the nails need to be removed by a podiatrist or doctor.
Sometimes, there's an underlying skin condition such as eczema or psoriasis or another medical condition such as diabetes or HIV.
The nail plate gradually becomes thickened and ridged as it grows, and may become yellow or green and brittle.
We still have to figure out how it actually developed but we do know some of the main reasons for the cause appear to result from a combination of genetic, immunologic, and environmental factors.
Photo courtesy of University of British Columbia, Department of Dermatology and Skin Science. Photo courtesy of University of British Columbia, Department of Dermatology and Skin Science.Psoriasis on the palms.

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