BlistersWhat Are Blisters?Blisters are fluid - filled bumps that look like bubbles on the skin. Cold Feet, Many CulpritsIf your toes are always cold, one reason could be poor blood flow -- a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high blood pressure, or heart disease.
Like humans, cats can also suffer from high blood pressure (known as Hypertension), a condition more frequently seen in older cats.
Because of disruption to the blood supply, hypertension can cause swelling of the brain leading to neurological signs such as lack of balance, seizures, dementia and coma which leads ultimately to death. The effect of bleeding into the eyes caused by hypertension can lead to detachment of the retina and can ultimately result in the risk of permanent blindness.
Hypertension can cause a thickening of one of the chambers of the heart which affects the general heart function with blood clots causing loss of blood supply, and it is then much harder for the heart to pump blood round the body. The kidneys are affected by hypertension leading to a high risk of kidney failure, and it is very likely to make an existing renal problem far worse.
Cats suffering from high blood pressure as a result of hyperthyroidism, for example, may display a significant weight loss (despite a very healthy appetite) as well as hyperactivity.
It is often difficult to diagnose hypertension in itself without clinical tests being carried out by your vet, as the symptoms can be very varied and may well relate to the primary disease. Hypertension is most common in cats over the age of about seven, and regular blood pressure tests will help to alert your Vet of any problems. High blood pressure in cats can be managed to a certain extent with anti-hypertensive drugs, the most effective being a€?calcium channel blockersa€™ containing Amlopidine. If hyperthyroidism is identified as the underlying cause of the hypertension, treatment of the over-riding problem may also resolve the high blood pressure.
It is often advised to feed a cat that has been diagnosed with hypertension on a low salt diet, avoiding a€?treatsa€™ as these often have a high salt content.
The study of hypertension in cats is still a relatively new area, although there are a currently a number of research programmes looking at this field of feline medicine. Aside from allergens from food, exposure to other substances or objects may also cause hives to some people. Heat Rash is the name assigned to a group of skin problems that erupts due to heat exposure or excessive heat. What is a boil?A boil is a common, painful infection of a hair follicle and the surrounding skin. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. A sudden stabbing pain in the thigh is not only painful, but it shoots through the leg causing discomfort.
In order to avoid worsening the pain in the thigh, it is advisable to seek immediate solutions. Eclampsia is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs in late pregnancy where high blood pressure can lead to seizures. It is found that eclampsia occurs in approximately one out of every sixteen hundred pregnancies and mostly occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Pre-eclampsia is a condition that occurs during pregnancy where hypertension with high levels of protein in the urine causes swelling in the feet, hands and legs. The hypertension that occurs before twenty weeks conception is known as chronic hypertension whereas the hypertension that occurs after twenty weeks of pregnancy is known as pregnancy-induced hypertension.
Right away inform your gynecologist about your condition whenever you come across any of these signs.
You may be recommended to perform a blood test to check uric acid, kidney functioning, liver functioning, and platelet count. With eclampsia, you should have regular checkups in order to assess your condition of the pregnancy. Your health care professional may recommend complete bed rest, medications to extend the pregnancy and to increase your baby’s chances of survival during pregnancy. However, if it is below 28 weeks, the labor may be induced although the chance of surviving the baby is very less. An injection of magnesium sulphate is other safest anticonvulsants that are given to reduce the risk of developing eclampsia.
Skin blisters are a common problem caused by friction from shoes or clothing which rubs repeatedly on the skin causing friction burns. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. However, there is a difference in the type of high blood pressure experienced by humans and that of cats, as feline high blood pressure tends to occur as an underlying problem related to another medical condition (a€?secondarya€™ hypertension) whereas in people suffering from a€?primarya€™ hypertension, there is often no specific underlying disease.
It is sometimes possible to see blood appearing at the front of the eye, even without veterinary ophthalmic instruments. Cats suffering from high blood pressure may become breathless and lethargic, and could ultimately suffer from heart failure. If the condition advances to the extent that blood is detected in the eyes, or the cat appears to be having problems with his sight, it may have advanced too far to be treated satisfactorily. Tests are usually carried out at the surgery, and it only takes about 20-30 minutes to produce an analysis report, which your vet will be able to explain to you. Various means of assessing a cata€™s blood pressure are now available, with the most common being similar to that often used for humans, with an inflatable pad placed around one of the legs or even around the tail. Treatment is easier to manage in instances where hypertension is the primary area of concern and there are no other underlying medical conditions, and in cases like this, complications (such as eye damage) can normally be avoided if high blood pressure is identified early on. Most cats can still be fed on a normal proprietary cat food (and you should check the label and choose one with a lower salt content), although cats with chronic kidney failure will probably benefit from a special diet, usually available from your Vet, where protein and phosphate are restricted.
Some people with hives also complain of a burning sensation on the areas with the red swollen lumps.
Some people are allergic to dust or pollen from various flowers and when they are exposed to these things, their skin may react by producing the red lumps in hives. It is also commonly referred to as ‘miliaria’ or prickly heat, which appear in tiny, pink to clear bumps over the neck or face. It begins as a red lump, then fills with pus as white blood cells rush in to fight the infection. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It could happen when you twist the leg, sit in a wrong position, or because of muscle dysfunctions. The overproduction of the relaxin hormone as the body prepares for childbirth causes pain in the inner thighs.

These include osteomyelitis, Ewing's sarcoma, septic arthritis, osteosarcoma, sciatica, compartment syndrome, among other infections. In order to remove sudden sharp pains in the thigh areas, apply a hot or cold compress in the affected parts to reduce any swelling and pains.
It can also lead to coma and even death of the baby as well as the mother during or after pregnancy. However, recent researches believe genes, poor nutrition, body fat, and lack of sufficient blood supply to the uterus as the causes for this condition.
It also occurs if you have high blood pressure before pregnancy, over weight before pregnancy, a history of pre-eclampsia, diabetes [Gestational diabetes], kidney disease, or rheumatoid arthritis, or carrying multiple babies. You with eclampsia experiences severe agitation, coma or unconsciousness, headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, irregular urination, abdominal pain, sudden weight gain, muscle pains, blurred vision, shortness of breathe, swelling and lack of concentration. Urine tests are conducted to check for protein, which indicates your chances of developing eclampsia. The birth of the baby or delivery is the treatment for eclampsia if your pregnancy is above 28 weeks.
Anticonvulsants (diazepam and phenytoin) are the medications that help control eclampsia and avoid the occurrence of further seizures. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. The most common diseases to be linked to feline hypertension are chronic kidney failure (one of the highest causes of death in domestic cats, as very few simply die from old age), and hyperthyroidism.
It may be possible to repair a torn retina, but once it has actually detached this is not generally treatable and blindness is sadly the most likely outcome, although many cats can cope very well with visual impairment if the level of blood pressure can be lowered and then stablilised.
Some cats with high blood pressure dona€™t show any discernable clinical symptoms until the condition has reached an advanced state, but early recognition of hypertension is very important to minimise the severe and often permanently damaging effects of persistently high blood pressure on the eyes and other vital organs. The success of the treatment also depends on how advanced the hypertention has become when it is diagnosed, but the current prescribed treatments do not appear to have any debilitating side effects, and may well be able to extend your cata€™s quality of life for some considerable time if their blood pressure can be lowered. Fortunately, manufacturers of these special diets have now managed to produce a formula that is more palatable to cats, and many are now perfectly happy to eat them.
It is primarily caused when tiny sweat particles get trapped into the skin leading to swelling and itching in and around the sweat pores. Early diagnosis of the condition prevents chronic conditions that can impede movement and routine operations. It could also be because of a tumor in the bone, thigh bone fractures and nervous disorders like tendinitis. To do this, soak legs in a bucket filled with warm water and add Epsom salts to reduce the pain and sore muscles. To relieve sore muscles, use a massage balm made from olive oil, coconut oil, and tea tree oil to reduce the pain. Some of the most effective Yoga exercise types include Janusandhi, Gomukhasana and Uttanpadasana. A doctor can look for any underlying problems -- or let you know that you simply have cold feet. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. You should seek medical advice if a boil resists treatment or develops in certain vulnerable areas of the body.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.
When the pain happens in the anterior part of the thighs it is due to the abductor and quadriceps. In such conditions, surgery becomes an effective solution to ease the pain in the affected area. Heat rashes are mostly developed during summer season and in humid weather, which might resolve in few hours to a few days without any treatment. In case of severe pain, the physician can administer an injection of a corticosteroid preparation to reduce the risk of inflammation. In case of severe condition though, it should be immediately treated with professional medical care. The oil mixture also helps to ease the pain by warming the legs and improving blood circulation. But pain that’s not due to sky-high heels may come from a stress fracture, a small crack in a bone. Where do boils form?Boils can form anywhere on the body, but they're most common on the face, neck, armpits, shoulders, back and buttocks. One possible cause: Exercise that was too intense, particularly high-impact sports like basketball and distance running.
Hairy, sweaty areas are typical sites, as well as areas of friction, such as the inner thighs. Red, White, and Blue ToesRaynaud’s disease can cause toes to turn white, then bluish, and then redden again and return to their natural tone. The pain often worsens as pus collects under the skin, then eases as fluids begin to drain. What causes boils?Most boils are caused by a bacterium (Staphylococcus aureus), which many healthy people carry on their skin or in their nose without a problem. Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms, which usually don’t lead to other health concerns.
When a scrape, cut, or splinter breaks the skin, the bacteria can enter a hair follicle and start an infection.  Other boils, such as those associated with acne, develop from clogged pores that become infected. Raynaud’s may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s disease, or thyroid problems. Ordinary boil or MRSA infection?MRSA can look exactly like an ordinary boil: red, swollen, pus-filled and tender. Heel PainThe most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation where this long ligament attaches to the heel bone. But MRSA infections are caused by one particular strain of staph that is resistant to many antibiotics. Arthritis, excessive exercise, and poorly fitting shoes also can cause heel pain, as can tendonitis. If a skin infection spreads or doesn't improve after 2-3 days of antibiotics, your doctor may suspect MRSA. Less common causes include a bone spur on the bottom of the heel, a bone infection, tumor, or fracture.

The right treatment is important to heal a MRSA infection and prevent a deeper, more dangerous infection.
Dragging Your FeetSometimes the first sign of a problem is a change in the way you walk -- a wider gait or slight foot dragging.
Are boils contagious?Not exactly, but the germs that cause boils (staph) are easily spread through skin-to-skin contact and contaminated objects. The cause may be the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage.
To avoid spreading staph, don't share towels, bedding, clothes or sports gear while you have a boil. Other possible causes for foot dragging include problems with the brain, spinal cord, or muscles. Early warning: FolliculitisFolliculitis is an inflammation or infection of the hair follicles that can develop into a boil. Tiny pimples with whiteheads appear around individual hairs, sometimes surrounded by red skin. It can be itchy, tender and uncomfortable, but is typically not as painful or deep as a boil. Lung disease is the most common underlying cause, but it also can be caused by heart disease, liver and digestive disorders, or certain infections.
Shaving or friction from tight clothing can allow staph bacteria to slip under the skin – the most common cause of both folliculitis and boils. Boil type: CarbuncleWhen several boils form close together and join beneath the skin, it's called a carbuncle.
Swollen FeetThis is usually a temporary nuisance caused by standing too long or a long flight -- especially if you are pregnant.
Boil type: Cystic acneCystic acne is a type of skin abscess that forms when oil and dead skin cells clog a hair follicle, creating a place where bacteria grow and thrive. Burning FeetA burning sensation in the feet is common among diabetics with peripheral nerve damage. It can also be caused by a vitamin B deficiency, athlete’s foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease), or hypothyroidism.  Sores That Don't HealFoot sores that will not heal are a major warning sign for diabetes. Boil type: Armpit and groinWhen lumps and pus-filled abscesses repeatedly develop in these areas of the body, it may be a chronic condition called hidradenitis suppurativa. Diabetes can impair sensation in the feet, circulation, and normal wound healing, so even a blister can become a troublesome wound. Slow-healing of sores also can be caused by poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease. Boil type: Pilonidal abscessWhen a boil forms in the skin just above the buttocks crease, it may be a pilonidal abscess. Pain in the Big ToeGout is a notorious cause of sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling (seen here). Irritation, pressure and prolonged sitting may also contribute to the development of a cyst here.
If the joint is rigid, it may be hallux rigidus, a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops.
Pain in the Smaller ToesIf you feel like you're walking on a marble, or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes, you may have Morton’s neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes. A stye is sometimes confused with a chalazion, which is also a lump on the eyelid, but a chalazion is usually painless and is caused by a blocked oil gland, not an infection. A reaction to chemicals or skin care products -- called contact dermatitis -- can cause itching, too, along with redness and dry patches. If the skin on itchy feet is thick and pimple-like, it may be psoriasis, an over-reaction of the immune system. After it starts draining, wash it with antibacterial soap and continue using warm compresses – a clean one every time. Claw ToeThis foot deformity can be caused by shoes that are tight and pinch your toes or by a disease that damages nerves, such as diabetes, alcoholism, or other neurological disorder. Your toes will be bent upward as they extend from the ball of the foot, then downward from the middle joint, resembling a claw.
They may respond to stretching and exercises of the toes or you may need special shoes or even surgery. Foot SpasmsA sudden, sharp pain in the foot is the hallmark of a muscle spasm or cramp, which can last many minutes.
When to seek medical adviceIf a boil doesn't heal after a week of home care, or is worsening, seek medical advice.
Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration, or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium, or vitamin D levels in the body.
Dark Spot on the FootWe associate skin cancer with the sun, so we’re not as likely to check our feet for unusual spots. In addition to standard treatment, your doctor may try to eliminate or reduce staph bacteria throughout the body. However, a melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun. This can include washing with a special antiseptic soap, using an antibiotic ointment inside the nose, antibiotics by mouth, or all three. Rarely, the staph bacteria from a boil or carbuncle can get into the bloodstream, which can then affect the heart and other internal organs. Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems, psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Spoon-shaped ToenailsSometimes an injury to the nail or frequent exposure to petroleum-based solvents can create a concave, spoon-like shape. White NailsInjury to the nail or illness anywhere in the body can cause white areas in the nails. If part or all of a nail separates from the nail bed (shown here), it can appear white -- and may be due to an injury, nail infection, or psoriasis. If the nail is intact and most of it is white, it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition including liver disease, congestive heart failure, or kidney disease. Pitting of the NailsPitting, or punctured-looking depressions in the surface of the nail, is caused by a disruption in the growth of the nail at the nail plate.

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