2012 Ford Edge colors show the crossover style definition from its bold dynamic exterior appearance. Customize your favorite colors into 2012 Ford Edge exterior paints that widely available up to nine selection. Find more details information about 2012 Ford Edge at Ford Motor Company local dealer near you. Because electric vehicles are so new, and still so few and far between, most consumers have never even seen one, let alone taken one for a nice, long test drive. To make matters worse, what little information they have heard or read about EVs is all too often exaggerated, distorted, even false, thanks to a constant barrage of petrolganda from the fossil fuel industry. Whenever I tout my Nissan Leaf with passersby, they inevitably ask a predictable set of questions based upon the only yardstick they have to make a comparison: the ICE vehicles they have been driving for decades. Like in my “Long Tailpipe” analysis, I decided to use the two most comparable cars from the same manufacturer: the 2012 Nissan Leaf and the 2012 Nissan Versa hatchback.
The EPA calculates that the amount of energy in 1 gallon of gasoline is equal to 33.7 kWh of electricity, and then applies that formula to determine the miles-per-gallon equivalent (MPGe) of an EV.
As you can see,  the results clearly show that EVs are much more efficient than their gasoline counterparts. The EPA used the current national averages of 12? per kWh and $3.90 per gallon in these calculations.
The EPA provides “smog scores” according to the various regulations and pollution tests mandated in each state. As their photos suggest, these vehicles are practically “fraternal twins”: 5-seat hatchbacks with only slightly different exterior dimensions. The Leaf has more room for front seat occupants all around, and more hip and shoulder room for rear seat passengers.
Those who mistakenly assume that EVs are mere “golf carts” have obviously never driven one, let alone put pedal to the metal to jump from 0-to-60 mph.  The instantaneous torque of an electric motor is a thrill to experience. If you really want to push these cars —and your luck— to the absolute limit, the Versa has a higher top speed.
As occurs with any nascent, cutting-edge technology, prices always start out high until production can ramp up sufficiently over time to spread the manufacturing costs across a truly mass market. And even if an EV still ends up costing more than an ICE, it ultimately boils down to a matter of principle. There is no doubt that the Versa can travel much farther before it needs refueling than the Leaf.
Another difference that disturbs most consumers is that it typically takes much longer to recharge an EV’s batteries than to fill an ICE’s gas tank. Because they are so accustomed to driving ICEs, most consumers do not understand that the amount of time to refuel is not a crucial as when to refuel. It would be an error to assume by default that such would also be the case for an EV, with an even longer wait for the battery to charge. This is why expanding a public charging infrastructure is not as paramount to the success of EVs as one might assume. With just the lease and fuel, the Focus Electric saves $2,226.96 annually over the Focus Titanium.
So in 2016, you already have more than enough in savings for the down, for the lease on your next generation 150+ mile EV. The same is true of many EVs; nobody is shopping a Toyota Rav4 V6 and also considering a Rav4 EV. It was fortunate that the Leitz factory was located in the American Zone and that its machinery had not been destroyed or dismantled. Zeiss, as a German competitor to Leitz, effectively ceased to exist for several years until reorganized in Stuttgart.


By mid 1945, only a few months after the occupation, Leitz was working at about 10% of prewar capacity. The Leica II came in 1932, with a built in rangefinder coupled to the lens focusing mechanism. When compared to the predecessor of 2011 Ford Edge, the latest exterior design is not much changed. Consumers are consequently wary of their cutting-edge technology, and harbor understandable misgivings about how safe, practical, durable, and reliable they would be to fulfill their daily driving needs. It therefore occurred to me that, to best answer those questions, it might be useful to compile and post the most salient comparisons in a single webpage. Of course, as everyone knows, your-mileage-may-vary.  I can report that, so far, my MPGe is an extreme exception to the rule. I am no engineer, by any stretch of the calculator, but I suspect that the battery pack underneath the car helps make the Leaf’s frame even stiffer —and thus safer. Nonetheless, the latter have less space above their heads and below their feet, undoubtedly because the battery pack is located underneath the floor and rear bench.
The acceleration off the line is exhilarating, and the gearless surge of power allows drivers to smoothly and effortlessly merge with traffic at on ramps, and pass slower vehicles in short order.
In either case, hauling down the highway as fast as these vehicles can go is a recipe for a big, fat ticket and a dangerous risk, not only to the driver but to everyone else on the road. Most consumers experience sticker shock when they see an EV in the showroom for the first time. Consider, for example, the earliest prices consumers had to pay for laptop computers, cell phones, DVD players, flat-screen TVs, or iPods. Now that Nissan has sold over 50,000 Leafs worldwide, and launched the new battery factory and assembly line in Smyrna, TN, the MSRP of the base 2013 Leaf S is $28,800. Is it worth the higher price to help clean up the planet, transition to renewable, domestic sources of energy, and build a better world for future generations? This can be misleading to potential owners, since Nissan recommends charging to 80% most days to maximize battery longevity. In point of fact, the limited range of EVs is probably the most worrisome stumbling block for consumers who consider buying one. Having to deviate from one’s intended route to stop at a gas station is hardly “convenient.” Why is it that the “low fuel” light invariably comes on when one is already running late and in a hurry?
As Nissan has learned from the CarWings data gathered to date, over 90% of charging is done at home in just this way.
That seems like the best side by side comparison available since they’re literally the same car except for the engine. While the two cars share the same basic dimensions, the LEAF is smooth, quiet and quick up to about 40mph. Zeiss plants in the Russian Zone (Jena) had been severely damaged and the Russians carted off what remained of the production equipment as war reparations.
The Russians used the Zeiss machinery and tooling to produce the Kiev camera, a somewhat roughly constructed clone of the pre-WW2 Contax. In addition to the 50mm normal lens, a 35mm wide angle and a 135 mm telephoto lens were initially available. The IIIa was the last model made before Barnack’s death, and therefore the last model for which he was wholly responsible. The outside restyled still present attractive and curvy shape as the one experience affordable midsize SUV.
To determine the cost for your area, multiply 3.33 gallons by your current price at the pump.
The results are then assigned a number of “stars,” from 1 (the least safe) to 5 (the most safe).


In my mind, the only situation that warrants such a high speed would be to pass a slow-moving vehicle as quickly as possible, thus reducing the chance of  a head-on collision with oncoming traffic.
This is precisely why the federal government is offering tax incentives for EVs: to “jump start” a promising new industry for the good of our national security, environment, energy, and climate. Conversely, the estimates for the Versa “assume 90% of fuel in the tank will be used before refueling.” To make the comparison more accurate, therefore, I have included below the calculated ranges for both vehicles in the top three 10% increments.
The irony, however, is that the Leaf’s range is actually twice as far as the vast majority of us drive on a daily basis.
Like most households in this country, however, I have two vehicles, and keep a “backup” gas car on the other side of the garage for those rare long distance journeys. You could also use Nissan’s range calculator map to gauge how many miles you actually drive on a typical workday or weekend. And inevitably there are lines of other cars also waiting to fill up, turning what one thought would be a 10-minute stop into a half-hour delay.
Those nighttime charges more than suffice for the vast majority of Leaf owners to drive an average 37 miles per day. There are, however, many former and current LEAF owners buying the Rav4 EV and Tesla Model S (both completely different class of car, but share electric drive). In 1932 the flange to film plane was standardized to 28.8mm, first implemented on Leica model C, and the Leica Standard the following year. Explore more and deep about Ford Edge 2012 exterior, including measurements, highlight features, plus colors option surely. Nonetheless, most consumers are surprised at how roomy and comfortable the Leaf is on the inside, more like a mid-size car than a compact.
After all, taxpayers have involuntarily been forced to subsidize the oil industry for years; it is high time they received at least some of that money back to purchase cleaner, alternative modes of transportation. Some states like Colorado offer their residents an additional $6,000 incentive, lowering the price even further to $15,300 —only $320 more than the 2012 base model Versa above! It is a simple question of math: since the NHTSA reports that the average driver puts 13,475 miles per year on the odometer, that amounts to only 37 miles per day.
Even with only one car in the home, if such trips are as infrequent as mine, one could easily afford to rent a gas or hybrid vehicle on those rare occasions, thanks to the fuel savings with an EV. Most consumers are actually surprised to discover that an EV would more than meet their driving needs on a daily basis. In practice, however, I have driven an average of only 23 miles per day since taking delivery —not even half the EPA’s range prediction above for an 80% charge.
Moreover, replacing that amount of charge in the battery only takes about 2 hours at most with a dedicated EVSE —not the full 7 hours needed to charge a completely empty pack to 100%. Still, many of the skilled former Leitz employees had moved to other areas and would not return to the plant.
Moreover, given the significant savings in fuel costs, consumers will likely make up any remaining differences over the lifetime of the car. During the night —while you’re asleep, the demand on the grid is minimal, and the rates the lowest— the charger’s timer kicks in. A Leica could be obtained in Germany for the equivalent of $20 in US cigarettes and would sell in New York for $600.



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