There are four kinds of cockroaches that can infest homes in Minnesota, including German cockroach, brownbanded cockroach, American cockroach, and Oriental cockroach.
Correct identification of suspected cockroaches is important as there are many insects that look similar (e.g. The American cockroach is occasionally found in homes, although it is more common in restaurants, grocery stores, and bakeries and other sites where food is prepared. The Pennsylvania wood cockroach lives in wooded areas in rotting logs and under loose bark. The adult male is one inch long, dark brown, with light-colored bands on the edge of the body near the head (fig. If you suspect cockroaches may have been brought into your home, set out sticky traps to monitor their presence.
Do not leave food out over night; keep all food stored in a refrigerator or in insect-proof containers made of plastic, metal, or glass with tight-fitting covers. Remove all food or spilled drinks from counter tops and clean counters, sinks, and tables with soapy water. Take garbage out daily in closed plastic containers; keep waste containers washed and clean. Recycle cans and bottles on a regular basis; wash and clean containers that hold recycling items. Remove boxes, especially if they’re made from corrugated cardboard, newspapers, bags, and other unnecessary items that can clutter rooms. Sticky traps help capture cockroaches but generally do not capture enough insects to be practical to help reduce a cockroach problem. If you have a cockroach problem, it is often necessary to apply an insecticide in addition to nonchemical measures to eliminate an infestation.
If you attempt to treat a cockroach problem yourself, it is first important to determine where they are most common. There are several options for insecticide treatment of cockroaches, baits, dusts (powders), and sprays (liquid or aerosol). Caution: Read all label directions carefully before buying insecticides and again before you apply them.
Cockroaches are particularly challenging to control in multi-unit dwellings, such as apartment buildings.
If boxes must be stored overnight in infested buildings, keep them off the floor and away from walls by placing them on chairs or tables. Once you have arrived at your new home, again watch carefully for egg capsules and cockroaches that may have survived the trip. The loss of animal species is irreversible and potentially catastrophic, not to mention heartrendingly sad. Find out what National Geographic Society is doing to save animals all over the world, and learn what you can do to help. 1) is about ½ inch long, light brown or tan, and has two dark longitudinal bands or streaks on the prothorax behind the head. Individuals can be widely distributed throughout a building, particularly in high areas, hiding behind pictures and clocks, beneath furniture, among books and in other drier areas not normally infested by German cockroaches. An adult male is golden brown and has a narrow body with its wings extending beyond the tip of its abdomen (fig. Often called a water bug, it is commonly found in damp basements, cellars, crawl spaces, and sewers.
It can accidentally invade homes, cabins, cottages, and other buildings in or near wooded areas.
6), Surinam cockroaches, and Madeira cockroaches are examples of subtropical cockroaches that are rarely seen in Minnesota.
When an infestation exists in a home, concentrate on areas where cockroach numbers are the highest. Vacuuming can remove a significant number of cockroaches and egg cases from the environment and can be quite effective when combined with other methods. You can cold treat small items, such as toasters, clocks, or boxes, to kill cockroaches that may be infesting them. Insecticides, however, are much more effective when their use is combined with sanitation, harborage reduction, and other nonchemical efforts. In most cases, it is best to hired an experienced pest management service (pest control company) to treat them. You can do this by setting out sticky traps (purchased under such names as Roach Motel or Roach Trap). Some common active ingredients include permethrin, deltamethrin, cyfluthrin, and cypermethrin.


These products do a poor job of delivering insecticides to the cracks and crevices where cockroaches hide while increasing the exposure of pesticides to people and pets.
It is usually necessary to treat the units that are known to be infesting as well as all adjacent units. When possible, use boxes and packing material from a place un-infested with cockroaches.
If you are not sure whether you brought any cockroaches with you, set out sticky traps to determine if they are present. But their tenure in paradise is perilously close to its end; only about 1,100 seals remain in the wild. A cockroach has a flattened, oval shaped body and long antennae (about the length of their body).
It generally inhabits kitchens and bathrooms where they are found near plumbing fixtures, in cracks or crevices in cupboards, under drawers and kitchen sinks, and similar locations.
It may also be found near drains, leaky water pipes and under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors.
This cockroach is not a persistent household pest and it doesn’t reproduce indoors. When they are found, it is because they have been accidentally transported into the state. Examine containers that are brought into your home carefully for the presence of cockroaches or their egg capsules, especially if they are brought in from locations known to be infested with cockroaches. By limiting their access to these resources, you reduce their ability to survive and reproduce.
Placing escutcheon plates at points where plumbing enters the wall will help prevent cockroaches moving to other areas in multi-unit dwellings. When possible, use vacuums with a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter to reduce cockroach debris that may become airborne. They have the necessary experience and tools to successfully eliminate these pests from your home.
Distribute the traps in a variety of locations, especially in areas where cockroaches have been sighted. Place boric acid in isolated places, such as behind and under refrigerators, stoves, and sinks. Spray in precise, specific sites in cracks and crevices behind sinks, cabinets, around drains and plumbing, and other sites allowed by the label. Cockroach control in multiple unit buildings usually requires the services of an experienced pest management service.
It is much easier to deal with a small population of cockroaches right away than to allow them to become abundant and then try to treat them. A fifth kind, the Pennsylvania wood cockroach, may enter buildings accidentally but become only a temporary nuisance.
If there is any doubt about whether an insect is a cockroach, submit a sample to an insect specialist or a pest management expert. Adult females live about 200 days, producing six to eight egg cases throughout their life. A female adult is dark chestnut brown, has a teardrop-shaped body, and its wings do not completely cover the abdomen (fig. A female typically produces 9 to 10 egg cases which are deposited carefully in a crack or crevice. Because of its association with wood, a Pennsylvania wood cockroach can be brought indoors on firewood.
If larger numbers are entering the home, you may wish to treat the exterior of the building, particularly around doors and windows, with a residual insecticide. These insects are not accustomed to Minnesota conditions—it is too cool and dry for them to establish themselves indoors. It is difficult to make your home and other buildings completely unacceptable for cockroaches, but you can minimize an existing infestation when improving sanitation.
However, your cooperation with a technician in improving sanitation and reducing harborage areas is very important in the management of cockroaches. Be sure traps are placed tightly against walls or objects so cockroaches can not go around them. An advantage of baits is that they can be placed in very precise locations which avoids general broadcast applications.
These animals root through hedges and other undergrowth in search of the small creatures that compose the bulk of their diet—insects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and snakes. The brownbanded cockroach prefers warmer temperatures (greater than 80° F) than the German cockroach.


The Oriental cockroach can tolerate cool environments and people have even found it surviving freezing outdoor weather.
Their foraging is confined mostly to the basement and ground floor of a building unless suitable conditions exist in higher locations. It may enter buildings if suitable harborage (trees and logs) is close to open doors and windows.
However, these cockroaches can survive if they are accidentally introduced into a greenhouse or other location where there is sufficient warmth and humidity.
However, baits act somewhat slowly and results may not be easy to see when they are first used.
As a hedgehog picks its way through the hedges it emits piglike grunts—thus, the hedgehog.Some people consider hedgehogs useful pets because they prey on many common garden pests. German cockroaches can disperse in large numbers from areas of high population densities to infest other locations. Australian cockroaches will infest similar areas that the American cockroach will inhabit. Record the number of cockroaches trapped and apply insecticides near the traps with the largest catches. Ideally, it is best to take all boxes out of the home by night time and store in place that is un-infested with cockroaches. While on the hunt, they rely upon their senses of hearing and smell because their eyesight is weak.Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines.
In large numbers, cockroaches secrete a substance which can result in stains on surfaces they contact and produce disagreeable odors.
American and Oriental cockroaches prefer coolers areas, such as basements and crawl spaces. Occasionally, this pest will thrive in the landscape immediately adjacent to structures and may enter if a disturbance occurs, such as a change in the seasons, excess rainfall, or lawn mowing. A female deposits an average of eight egg cases during its lifetime; each capsule produces about 16 young.
However, the Oriental cockroach lacks the light bands on the edge of its body near the head.
The Surinam and Madeira cockroaches can sometimes be found in potted plants associated with contracted indoor landscaping and indoor arboretums. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. Finally, products of cockroach infestations, including saliva, feces and cast skins, are a source of allergens and can irritate allergies and asthma in people, especially children. It takes 300 to 800 days, depending on conditions, for Oriental cockroaches to hatch from eggs and develop into adults.
If there is any doubt, submit a sample to an insect specialist or a pest management expert for identification. If there is any question whether you have encountered such a cockroach, submit a sample for identification to an insect specialist or a pest management expert. They usually sleep in this position during the day and awaken to search for food at night.Hedgehogs hibernate in cold climates.
All cockroaches are scavengers and will survive on almost any food as well as backing glue, leather, bookbindings, bar soap. They may even sample electronics and wiring in television and microwave (though infestation have to be large when this type of damage occurs). An Oriental cockroach produces a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the cockroaches. They remain active all year in more temperate locations.These solitary animals typically couple only for mating.
They spend most of their time in narrow, tight cracks and spaces where surfaces touch them on both sides. The young born each year, in litters ranging from one to eleven, remain with their mothers for only four to seven weeks before heading out on their own.
Among the predators females must guard against during this period are other male hedgehogs, which will sometimes prey upon the young of their species.
Hedgehog mothers have also been known to eat their young if the nest is disturbed, though they sometimes simply move them to a new nest.



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