One thing to note about aortic stenosis is that the left ventricle is gonna have a much higher pressure than Aorta is going to, the reason for this is that the left ventricle must work much harder in order to get the volume out against the stenosed Aortic valve. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.
What are some of the conditions in which (Trans-esophageal Echo-cardiography)  would be useful in diagnosing? What is the mnemonic that helps you remember the infantile type of coarctation of the aorta?
What are some of the condition which would result from adult type coarctation of the aorta?  In adult type coarctation of the aorta, it will lead to notching of the ribs, and this happens due to the collateral circulation. Adult type coarctation of the aorta is most commonly associated with what type of valve condition? Aortic stenosis causes a Crecendo-Decrecendo Systolic ejection murmur that happens after an ejection click.


Pulsus Pravus et Tardus means that pulse is weak with delayed peak, this happens in Aortic stenosis.
Aortic stenosis can happens due to age related calcifications that happen at the aortic valve, or bicuspid Aortic valve can lead to Aortic stenosis.
Enlargement of the left atrium can lead to Dysphagia, and this is due to the compression of the esophagus. The infantile type is when the Aortic stenosis happens proximal to the insertion of the ductus artriosus, so this happens “preductally” and it is known as the infantile. It’ll also lead to hypertension of the upper extremities and weak pulses in the lower extremities compared to the upper ones. Adult has the letter (d) in it, and in adult type, coarctation occurs distal to the ductus. Adult type coarctation of the aorta is most commonly associated with bicuspid Aortic vavle.


The reson for this is that the ventricles of the heart are working hard and there’s much higher pressure there, so the heart beats are much loud. So basically it’s loud-to-soft sound, and this happens in the fashion that it’s first increasing followed by a decrease in the intensity.
But then when you feel the pulse there it feels weak because there’s not that much blood that’s going through the Aorta. Right Dominant circulation is said to happen in 85% of population, in which the PD arises from the right coronary artery.



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