These cases happen every day, and most of the time, nurses are expected to provide first aid care.
Keep DRS in mind: Danger (check the scene for danger), Response (check for the victim’s consciousness) and Send someone to call for help. Remember that you have to stop bleeding by applying gauze or a clean piece of cloth to the wound firmly but gently.
Puncture wounds, cuts, scrapes or amputations may cause external bleeding that needs immediate medical attention. Prior to giving care, make sure that you don protective gloves or any barrier between you and the patient that can minimize transmission of disease. Nosebleeds are very common, and are usually caused by dryness, allergies, infection, increased blood pressure and aggressive nose picking among others. Bleeding from the nose for more than twenty (20) minutes may be considered a medical emergency and immediate medical attention is necessary. Squeezing the soft part of the nose using the thumb and the index finger for about ten to fifteen minutes or placing an icepack on the bridge of the nose may also help stop the bleeding.
There are two types of airway obstruction, one of which is the partial airway obstruction wherein the breathing is labored or noisy and some air may be felt from the mouth. If it is a complete airway obstruction and the victim is conscious, you have to call for help first (Call 911) before performing up to five back blows with the heel of one hand in the middle of the victim’s back, just between the shoulder blades. If the back blows did not work, you can move on to performing up to five chest thrusts (or the Heimlich maneuver), which is similar to chest compressions, but sharper and must be delivered at a slower pace.
Otherwise, place the victim on a side-lying position to promote drainage of secretion from the mouth. When the organs and tissues in a person’s body are not receiving enough flow of blood, that person is susceptible to shock. Make sure to manage any bleeding, if present, by applying direct pressure and elevating the site.
If possible, let the victim raise his legs and feet (shock position) and make sure to keep the patient warm and comfortable.
A head trauma may cause a temporary loss or altered level of consciousness which occurs after an impact to the skull area.
If the patient is not responding, but is breathing adequately, put him in a side-lying position. If the victim is not responding, but is breathing adequately, assist him to a side-lying position. Try to identify what has been taken, how much and when it was taken, while making sure that you maintain your safety. If the victim is experiencing difficulty of breathing, abdominal pain, facial swelling and has signs and symptoms of shock, the first thing you should do is to call for help (Call 911), and assess the patient’s ABCDs. Assist the victim to a side-lying position to prevent him from choking if ever he vomits or bleeds through the mouth. A person can still be revived during a cardiac arrest, but the more time that passes, the more unlikely that the victim will be revived. Before performing CPR, make sure that you have already asked for immediate medical attention (Call 911) and that you have assessed the patient’s ABCDs.
A person in cardiac arrest will lie motionless without breathing, and will not be able to respond to any questions or stimulation.
If the victim is unresponsive, turn him on his back and assess if breathing is completely absent.
If the bite is actively bleeding, apply direct pressure with a clean, dry cloth until the bleeding subsides.
Cats don’t normally bite though, unless they are restrained or when you attempt to intervene in a cat fight. The first aid involves controlling the bleeding and washing the wound thoroughly under running water for a few minutes. Near drowning is when a person suffers from severe oxygen deprivation while submerged in water, but not resulting in death. When a person suffers near drowning, water may enter the lungs, causing them to cease transferring oxygen to the blood. The eyes are well-protected from injury by the structure of our face and with the help of our eyelids. Before helping a person with eye injury, make sure to seek for medical attention (Call 911) immediately.
If the injury is caused by a blunt impact, ice packs may help reduce swelling and ease pain. Do not rub or apply any pressure to the eye either, as this may cause further damage to the injured eye. While waiting for help, cover both eyes with sterile dressings to minimize the injured eye’s movement.
If the victim stops breathing and becomes unresponsive, follow DRS, assess ABCDs and immediately perform CPR. You have to assume that a person has a spinal injury if there is an evidence of head injury.
If you suspect that a person has a spinal injury, make sure to seek for medical attention (Call 911) immediately.
Check the victim’s ABCDs and keep the person still by placing towels on the sides of the neck to prevent movement.


You will need help from another person if it is vital to move the victim because he is vomiting or choking on blood, or if he is at risk of further injury.
About the Author: Mary Elizabeth Velarmino Francisco earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing Degree from the Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Philippines. In a workplace where welding is undertaken a painful flash injury may occur unless personal protective equipment is used correctly.
A chemical splash in the eye can cause permanent loss of vision and needs prompt first aid and medical care.
Advise the patient to keep the uninjured eye closed if possible to reduce the risk of movement of the injured eye. While waiting for the ambulance to arrive, check the patient for any other injuries, particularly if a blow or fall was involved. Ask the patient to blink several times to try to remove the foreign body by washing it out with tears. If the object is not removed after several attempts, DO NOT continue because of the risk of scratching the eye surface and causing scarring. If the foreign object cannot be seen clearly or is over the coloured part of the eye, DO NOT try to remove it. Use a clean jug filled with water and pour a stream of fluid across the injured eye and into a bowl or handbasin. The sensitivity of the the eye means that even a small speck of grit or an eyelash will produce intense irritation, pain and tearing. Pain, redness or the sensation of a foreign body in the eye persists after the object is removed. An essential part of keeping your eyes healthy is knowing what to do should they sustaining an injury. It is important to not rub your eye or try to remove the object by hand because you may accidentally scratch your cornea.
It is important to flush out your eye immediately should you sustain this type of injury or else you risk permit damage to your eye.
Now that you know some first aid tips for four of the most common eye injuries be sure to utilize them in the event that you sustain any of these injuries. Abrasions: Abrasions are likely if you flushed the eyes but they still complain of pain, or they complain of eye pain that is made worse by light and the pain almost goes away in the dark. There is little you can do for an abrasion in the field other than keep it from getting worse and reducing pain a bit.
By taking quick action, you can reduce the odds that a victim with an eye injury will lose their sight.
Disclaimer: The content in this article is the opinion of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of US Patriot Tactical. As a result, safety glasses or similar eye and face protection is important when appropriate.
For instance, we should all know what to do with a victim of a road accident or someone with an injury as simple as a burnt finger. We should learn not only how to stay as calm as possible, but also what to do while waiting for help to arrive. Is the victim’s airway (mouth and throat) free from foreign objects that may cause blockage?
If you can stop, or at least lessen, the bleeding until help arrives (Call 911), the patient’s chances of surviving may increase tremendously.
This will help in reducing the blood pressure in the veins of the nose, thus, minimizing the bleeding. The other type is the complete airway obstruction wherein no air can be felt escaping the mouth.
Make sure that the site is free from jewelries and clothing that may be contaminated by chemicals. Stings may be considered an emergency, especially if the victim experiences an allergic reaction. You can use the “look, listen and feel” approach: Look if the person’s chest is moving up and down, listen to any sounds of breathing and feel for air passing through the victim’s nose or mouth. It is a very life-threatening condition that results in extremely high body temperature, thus causing many organ systems to fail.
Domestic animals like horses, pigs and cows, do not bite often, but when they do, serious wounds may result. Otherwise, the proper authorities must be notified so that they can observe the animal for signs of rabies.
Nonetheless, injuries are still possible, some to the extent that vision is lost, or, in rare cases, the eye must be surgically removed. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, stress, pollen, molds and changes in air temperature are only a few.
Fractures may cause pain at the injury site, bleeding, deformities, tenderness, swelling and, often, inability to move.
This may result to unresponsiveness, headache, nausea and vomiting, paralysis or convulsions. Both of you should work together to keep the victim’s head aligned with the neck and the back while rolling him onto his side. If a foreign body scratches or scars the eye surface, the patient may lose some or all vision in the injured eye.


This can result in pressure on the eyeball and cause blurred or double vision, or even blindness. Pour the fluid from the mnose end of the eye toward the outer corner to avoid accidentally flushing the uninjured eye.
If you get a foreign object in the eye, try to flush it out with clean water or saline solution. If you're able to remove the object, flush the eye with a saline solution or lukewarm water. However, there are steps you can take to avoid making your injury worse before going to the eye doctor or the emergency room. Stand underneath the shower or hold your head under the faucet to flush out your eye and use both hands to hold your eye open. If you have any further questions about first aid for eye injuries, feel free to contact us. If you have lived with the ability to see your whole life, the thought of becoming blind is terrifying. Wear your safety glasses whenever you are working with machinery, in windy conditions, or doing anything else that could blow or throw debris into your face and eyes.
They forget their glasses, or take them off “for just a second” to get a better look at something.
This will help to keep them from moving their eyeballs around too much and making more scratches. Whether the object is still there or not, you will place an eye patch over both eyes and get them to a hospital as soon as possible. Treat all eye injuries as a big deal, because even the smallest injury can quickly become bad. In addition, however, workers should know how to provide first aid for eye injuries suffered at work.
If the bite is not bleeding severely, wash the wound thoroughly with mild soap and running water for 3 to 5 minutes. Cat bites, on the other hand, involve deep puncture wounds that, most of the time, become infected. Asthma attacks are characterized by difficulty of breathing and speaking, shortness of breath, cyanosis and wheezing. With coffee running through her veins, she enthusiastically battles each day, one article at a time.
Use an eyecup or small, clean glass positioned with its rim resting on the bone at the base of your eye socket.
Then you will apply an eye patch to help keep light away from the eye and to keep them from moving the eye around to look at stuff.
Do this in a way to reduce the amount of water that runs down the face and make sure NO water can get into the other eye.
While serving in the Navy, Seth was an anti-narcotics operator and an anti-submarine operator for 5 years. This course covers first aid for eye injuries from chemicals, cuts and scratches, and for objects embedded in the eye, and provides general procedures for using safety showers and safety eyewashes. Over the next 24 to 48 hours, observe the bite for signs of infection (increasing skin redness, swelling, and pain). If none of these things are available to you, it is always possible to remove the object by making yourself cry it out. To add to the scary factor, small irritants can become serious injuries if they are ignored or treated improperly. He was lucky enough to travel to many of the Central and South American countries, as well as visiting many South East Asian nations and islands.
After you treated it, you may need to visit an eye care professional to be sure the object has been removed. So, how can you protect the eyes and, if they do get injured, reduce the injury and help prevent loss of sight? Eyes move together, so if one eye isn’t covered and is looking around, the covered eye will move too.
One of Seth’s greatest joys from his time in the Navy was teaching new Sailors firearms education and safety. After leaving the Navy in 2010, Seth returned to Arizona and had a rough time learning how to be a civilian again, often working jobs that could barely pay the bills. After going to school, Seth became an Emergency Medical Technician in the Phoenix Valley, where he now lives with his wife and son.His areas of knowledge cover military, firearms, and emergency medicine.
To do this, have them tip their head so that the eye to be flushed is on the downward side. The water stream should be strong enough to push out any junk in the eye but not so hard as to hurt them.



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