After January 1, young people arrested for minor offenses will enter social service programs, skipping the criminal justice system entirely.
The youth law is expected to save $85 million over five years and reduce the juvenile prison population by 640 teenagers, at a rate of $91,000 a year per bed. Georgia’s school to prison pipeline is among the worst in the nation, with schools frequently using the criminal justice system to discipline kids for minor infractions.
The youth law follows another prison reform last year that diverted adults arrested for minor offenses from prison. Sentencing reform has attracted rare bipartisan support all over the country, as conservatives look for ways to cut costs while liberals oppose excessively harsh and ineffective sentencing.
What is the newspapera€™s attitude towards a) the rioters b) the authorities c) Sir Charles Wetherell? From the turn of the twentieth century, laissez faire (the policy of non-intervention in relation to social problems) became discredited. The Liberal reforms of 1906 to 1914 are very important because they show a marked change in government policy from a largely laissez faire approach to a more 'collectivist' approach.
In the latter part of the nineteenth century governments began to take tentative steps towards the provision of basic welfare services, for example, the Education Acts and the public health laws that were passed. However, many problems still needed to be tackled and it was in the relief from poverty that the government made the least movement from the Poor Law principle. In 1906, the government allowed local authorities to provide free school meals for poor children.
These reforms, including forbidding the sale of cigarettes and alcohol to children under 16 years of age, were given the name 'Children's Charter' because it was believed these measures would guarantee a better life for young people.
Medical inspections did little to solve any problems they uncovered and so it was not until free medical treatment became available in 1912 that the situation could get better. Finally, as we know by the standards of today, attempts to protect children from the effects of tobacco and alcohol have met with limited success. In the early twentieth century a free National Health Service did not yet exist and the poor could not usually afford medical services. For the first time, compulsory health insurance was provided for workers earning less than ?160 per year.
Overall, the Liberal reforms marked a transition point between old laissez-faire attitudes and those of a more collectivist nature. Winston Churchill summed up the aim of the Liberals when he said 'If we see a drowning man we do not drag him to the shore.


Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This presentation discusses issues that employers who will be subject to the Affordable Care Act must prepare for, including: 1. Instead, they will be directed into community-based rehabilitative programs meant to address underlying problems.
Those arrested for low-level crimes like drug possession will be diverted into community-based rehab programs. A juvenile court judge from Georgia testified last year that one-third of the cases before him were school-related minor offenders who had been arrested by campus police.
The adult law establishes alternative program options for people arrested for non-violent crimes.
The government now accepted that it should have a much larger role and responsibility in helping those sections of society who could not help themselves. Voluntary action, private charity and self-help were still the watchwords of the day, but local and national government now began to play a more positive part in enabling people to get back on their feet. The Liberals focused on four groups in society - the old, the young, the sick and the unemployed.
This Act gave pensions of five shillings per week (25 pence in today's money) at the single rate to persons over 70 whose incomes were less than ?21 per year.
The money was not enough to enable people to pay for the barest necessities and, although it helped, it was not the answer to old age poverty.
In 1907 school medical inspections began, although it was not until 1912 that free medical treatment was available. There was also the view that by sending young law breakers to adult prisons they would simply learn how to be better criminals. However, the provision of school meals was not made compulsory until 1914 and researchers found that during school holidays the growth of children slowed and body weight often declined. However, education authorities largely ignored the provision of free medical treatment for school children.
To help address this, the Liberal Government introduced the National Insurance Act in 1911.
Most insured workers were given seven shillings (35 pence) unemployment benefit a week for a maximum of 15 weeks in any year if they became unemployed.
Also, the Act was meant only to cover temporary unemployment and only applied to seven trades, most of which suffered from seasonal unemployment.


Instead, we provide help to allow him to swim ashore.' In other words, the Liberals tried to provide some help for the poorer sections of society in order that they could help themselves. Teenagers who have committed felonies in which no one is hurt will face a maximum of 18 months in prison plus intensive probation for a year and a half. As of July 1, judges will be given more discretion over drug-related cases, which often have mandatory minimum prison sentences. However, other states have embraced the private prison industry, which has an abysmal record for security and inmate abuse, and may actually increase incarceration rates. The real turning point was when the Liberals passed their series of reforms between 1906 and 1914. The liberals also introduced reforms to help those employed in low paying jobs and jobs with poor working conditions.
This scheme was also contributory - financed through a combination of worker and state contributions to the scheme.
When long term unemployment increased after World War I, the system began to break down as the government was taking in less money from workers than it was paying out to the unemployed. The pensions paid were inadequate and the unemployment benefits were limited to only certain trades, and then provided only for the employee and not his family.
Instead, expensive prison beds will be reserved for the most violent criminals, while less serious offenses like drug possession, burglary, forgery, or shoplifting will have less severe penalties depending on the scale of the crime. The scheme provided sickness benefit entitlement of nine shillings (45 pence), free medical treatment and maternity benefit of 30 shillings (?1.50). The government was prepared to intervene to help the poor, but the poor had also to help themselves by making contributions towards their benefits.
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