Ronald Dworkin, who died in London last Thursday, was a giant in legal and political philosophy. I was Ronnie’s student from 1978 to 1985 and his colleague at New York University since 2006, and I have been in both camps—inspired by his jurisprudence, energized by his conception of law and the rule of law, but unfortunate enough to find myself in disagreement with him on a couple of substantive issues—persistently on the practice of judicial review of legislation and, more recently, on the desirability of hate-speech laws. Our disagreements persisted, but the matters on which we disagreed paled by comparison to the breadth of understanding which, for me, developed out of Dworkin’s philosophy of law.
But gradually there was also a sense that Dworkin was adding a bit of living color to the austere black and white of legal positivism and perhaps even beginning to change the game of jurisprudence altogether. That gave us a living jurisprudence and, once we had it, we could see how to take seriously forms of legal reasoning which—to the bewilderment and confusion of positivists, pragmatists, and all sorts of skeptics—have lawyers and judges delving doggedly into the books of the law again and again to search for legal answers to hard cases, rather than admitting defeat just because they cannot find a case or a text exactly on point.
And suddenly one found oneself in a different landscape altogether.  Law—the practice of law and legal argumentation—was a matter of thoughtfulness, not just the predictable application of rules and the arbitrary substitution of something else for the legal rules when the rules failed to provide determinate guidance. Jeremy Waldron is a professor of law at New York University and a professor of social and political theory at the University of Oxford.
Andrew Owen, a sociology professor at Cabrini College, plays the role of a revolutionary during a Reacting to the Past game at Barnard College.
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A little bit of China can be found on the University of Maryland's main campus here, tucked away in the basement of Holzapfel Hall.
Distinguished Professor of Statistics Alan Agresti has been named the Statistician of the Year for 2003 by the Chicago chapter of the American Statistical Association.
The Chronicle of Higher Education has selected zoology graduates Tamatha Barbeau and Greg Pryor out of more than 400 applicants nationwide to participate in its job search diary program. From left to right: UF Naval ROTC graduate students Lieutenant Commander Luis Benevides and Lieutenant Marie Parry, Nurse Corps candidates Officer Candidate Chad Phipps and Midshipman Meredith Keller, Vice Admiral Michael Cowan, ROTC Unit Executive Officer Commander Sheila Scarborough, and Lieutenant Commander Jeff Plummer. History alumnus Jay Malone (BA, MA and PhD in 1982, 1991 and 1996) has come back home to UF, and he has brought the premiere society in his field along with him--the History of Science Society.
The African American studies program kicked off its year-long 35th anniversary celebration on January 18 with "Speaking in the Name of Martin," a concert honoring the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. The event was sponsored by the General Motors Acceptance Corporation and is one of many planned for 2004 in honor of the program's anniversary.
Rap legend Chuck D, frontman of the political hip-hop group Public Enemy, visited with African American studies faculty, staff and students in one of many events he participated in for the program during Martin Luther King, Jr. The inked body, already questioned, suspect, even undesirable, represents an effort to reassert power and control. Although tattoos operate as ritual, as a method of memorializing significant life moments or articulating group membership, they are at their core about reasserting control over one’s body, which—because of the demands of work, consumer culture, and unattainable beauty standards—is increasingly illusive. In a university culture, where faculty are often reduced to numbers—grant dollars, student credit hours, teaching-evaluation scores, publication numbers—tattoos offer a space to disentangle our individual selves from the bureaucratic and corporate university. The tattooed academic body also violates the mores and values of education, where the bodies of teachers and students are imagined as vessels, one containing knowledge to be poured into the other.
It is no wonder that students gravitate toward our tattoos, which become part of our pedagogy, an important way to break down the gulf between teacher and learner.
Yet I also realize that, as a white male, my transgressive ink means something entirely different than it does for my colleagues of color, GLBT professors, or for white women. Over the summer I attended a family reunion, only to have a family member whom I had never met ask me, “They let professors have tattoos these days?” While many of us have ink, nobody lets us do it. When is a migrant a refugee? As war, starvation, and persecution drive millions of people from their homes and into strange lands, reportage struggles to parse the distinctions between refugee, displaced person, migrant, immigrant, and other terms for people on whom calamity has been visited and movement made inevitable.
I was surprised to discover, though,  that migrant enters English usage within a year of refugee.
The people we label as migrants, on the other hand, may see their absence from home as temporary, but they may also be people leaving home with little hope that a home remains to return to. It’s not quite irony, but something like it, that these terms — destined to be locked in politico-linguistic combat — should have entered our language at the same moment.
Anne Curzan is a professor of English at the University of Michigan, where she also holds appointments in linguistics and the School of Education. Lucy Ferriss is writer in residence at Trinity College in Connecticut and the author of literary criticism, a memoir, and seven books of fiction.
William Germano is dean of humanities and social sciences and a professor of English literature at Cooper Union.
Rose Jacobs is an American freelance journalist and English teacher at the Technical University of Munich. Ben Yagoda is a professor of English and journalism at the University of Delaware and the author of, among other books, How to Not Write Bad: The Most Common Writing Problems and the Best Ways to Avoid Them.
Two decades ago, Putnam shot to fame with "Bowling Alone," an essay-turned-best-selling-book that amassed reams of data to chart the collapse of American community. At 74, the professor is embarking on a campaign with one basic goal: getting educated Americans to worry about the deteriorating lives of kids like Mary Sue.
Ever since the Occupy Wall Street movement emerged in 2011, much public discussion has focused on the unequal distribution of income in today’s America. As Putnam stirs up national discussion about the opportunity gap, he’s also trying to help grass-roots reformers who want to close it. The following day, I meet Putnam for lunch at a seafood restaurant near Harvard Square to find out what started him on this campaign. Nearly a decade ago, in an annual class Putnam teaches on social capital, a generalization in the scholarly literature didn’t sit right with one of his students. Bowling Alone, published in 2000 by Simon & Schuster, reflected a national sense of civic malaise with its argument that Americans had been pulled apart from each other and from their communities over the last third of the 20th century. But as Putnam’s team started to look more seriously at the class conundrum that his student had identified, it became clear they had stumbled onto one corner of a larger story. For Putnam, a key moment came when his trail led to the work of a Stanford sociologist, Sean F. When it came to raising kids, Putnam learned, there had been essentially no difference in the amount of time that children got with their parents in the 1970s.
The Port Clinton of Putnam’s youth was something of a Lake Wobegon, nobody very rich, nobody very poor.
Whether Putnam will have as much success persuading the rest of the country is an open question.
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His death is a massive loss to those of us in or near those fields—not just to those who agreed with his work and who were inspired by it, but also to those who found his ideas challenging or even annoying.
When I was a graduate student at Oxford, I would bring him papers on rights and property and equality, and I would sit in his room at University College, listening to him take my ideas apart. It is hard to trace the way in which one becomes persuaded by another’s position—certainly one as challenging and multifaceted as Dworkin’s jurisprudence. Hart had given us in The Concept of Law (1961) a good general way of looking at legal systems: clear, subtle, and elegant in its finely honed separation of moral judgment from legal judgment. In a tribute that I delivered at NYU in 2006, I said that Hart had laid down some clear pathways, set out some main lines and structures for thinking about law and legal systems.
The rule of law—or legality, as Dworkin called it—respected the focused resolute application of moral intelligence to difficult problems, and it credited the capacity of citizens and their advocates to argue their way through an understanding of the bearing of legal norms—and the legal system as a whole—on their position. They do not represent the position of the editors, nor does posting here imply any endorsement by The Chronicle.

Plus your subscription includes weekly print or digital delivery of The Chronicle and The Review and the Chronicle iPad® Edition. He was recognized at an awards luncheon held in his honor in Chicago in October, during which he delivered the lecture "Binomial Confidence Intervals." Agresti holds a PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and he has been at UF since 1972. Hatch has received a 2002-2003 UF Teacher of the Year award for his outstanding achievement in teaching the history of science. Barbeau, a PhD candidate, and Pryor, an adjunct professor who recently received his PhD, are a husband and wife duo hoping to begin their careers as college professors. Cowan brought his medical experience to campus in September as part of the Florida Frontiers Lecture Series organized by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Plummer is a Flag Aide in Cowan's office and received his BA in economics from CLAS in 1987.
An author known for her writings on gendered language, literary theory, and social and political issues, Cixous revolutionized feminist studies in 1975 with two important essays, "Laughter of the Medusa" and "The Newly-born Woman." She is a professor of English and women's studies at the University of Paris VIII, where she is also the founding director of the university's Center for Research on Feminist Studies, established in 1974 as Europe's first doctoral program in women's studies. Formerly located at the University of Washington in Seattle, the society moved this summer to its new home in Turlington Hall on the UF campus. Held in observance of the civil rights legend's birthday, rap artist Chuck D, co-founder of the pioneering rap group Public Enemy, performed in a free public concert held at the Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza. Established in 1969, at the height of the civil rights movement, UF's program was one of the first of its kind in the nation.
According to a 2012 Harris Poll, 20 percent of Americans have ink; the visibility in today’s world is startling.
Given the stereotypes of tweed jackets and bookworm glasses, and those of tatted bikers and inked basketball players, how much does the tattooed professor violate social expectations? As we are adorned with logos, assailed by images of how to look and dress, how to style one’s hair, and subjected to messages about what is proper, control over our bodies is a dream continuously deferred. In my own experience, students use tattoos as conversation starters, revealing a willingness to enter a dialogue and connect. Teaching is not simply about knowledge and pedagogy, but what our bodies signify within society at large, and those messages are wrapped up in the logics of race, gender, sexuality, class, and nation. Leonard is an associate professor and chair of the department of critical culture, gender, and race studies at Washington State University.
These terms are critically important for political reasons, since laws and policies may extend to a refugee what might be withheld from a migrant.
The Oxford English Dictionary’s first definition of refugee — “a Protestant who has fled France to seek refuge elsewhere”  — dates to 1671,  though in its early years the word refers especially to someone who has fled after 1685, following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. With a stroke of the pen, Louis XIV formalized the persecution of the Huguenots, inadvertently supporting a new term that would go on to have a long and sorry future. English usage brought refugee into wider circulation,  so that 18th-century writers were able to invoke the term without even tacit reference to the French Protestant crisis.
One of my favorite writers, the refreshingly curious Sir Thomas Browne, provides the OED’s first citation of migrant in his Letter to a Friend in 1672. On the current geopolitical chessboard, refugee and migrant  — both people and terminology — face off in a game of enormously high stakes. Her publications include Gender Shifts in the History of English and How English Works: A Linguistic Introduction. Before moving to Germany, she worked for the Financial Times as a reporter and editor, in New York and London. His new new book is The B Side: The Death of Tin Pan Alley and the Rebirth of the Great American Song. But the speaker visiting Cambridge’s Lesley University this Monday night sounds like a political candidate on the hustings.
His research popularized a concept known as "social capital." The framework, used in fields like sociology and economics, refers to social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trust they create. Traditionally, though, that kind of inequality hasn’t greatly concerned Americans, Putnam writes.
The book thrusts Putnam into a lively debate that is complicated by a lag in the available data. Charles Murray, a more conservative analyst than Putnam, covered similar terrain in his 2012 book Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960-2010 (Crown Forum). He plans to convene five working groups of experts on various topics, like early childhood and community institutions, whose members will suggest possible solutions to these problems. To understand the series of events that unfolded from there, it helps to know a bit about the concept of social capital. The professor treats his research a bit like an industrialist managing a factory, tackling broad questions by assembling teams of scholars to divide up the work. The professor began to encounter other research by scholars who had started to worry about the consequences for children of rising income inequality. In the literature on family structure, Putnam observed that a "neo-traditional" pattern of Ozzie-and-Harriet-like marriages had emerged among the college-educated upper third of American society, with divorce rates diminishing from their 1970s peaks. Involvement in faith groups had historically been less class-biased than other community activities. In the photos I’d seen of him, the professor seemed like an avuncular sort, with a ruddy complexion and quirky chinstrap beard.
The dads of his high-school classmates worked in auto-parts factories and small businesses, or they fished and farmed.
The 2013 essay, "Crumbling American Dreams," held up his hometown as an example of everything gone awry in America. Our Kids fails to convey how drastically income inequality has increased and how much influence the rich now wield in American political life, wrote Jason DeParle, a journalist who focuses on poverty.
Putnam acknowledges the prevalence of racial injustices, both in the Port Clinton of his youth and in America today. It wasn’t really disagreement at that stage, it was learning—learning what it was like to argue seriously, learning what it meant to be responded to as someone worth arguing with.
It was Dworkin who brought that landscape to life, insisting that Hart’s austere pathways had to be tested against the actual practice of lawyers and judges. Many of his opponents continue to treat his thought as though it were just a critique of Hart. His primary research interests are in categorical data analysis, and he holds grants from the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health.
The award is given annually to two professors who demonstrate excellence, innovation and effectiveness when teaching undergraduates. During the next year, the couple will apply for jobs and write about their experiences for the academic magazine. As surgeon general of the Navy, Cowan has experienced a career of challenges across a wide spectrum--conducting malaria research in subtropical environments, serving as a professor of academic medicine, commanding a coalition of medical forces in military operations in Somalia, managing a teaching hospital, and directing a multi-billion dollar military health plan.
Cixous participated in three days of activities, including a reading from her novel, Dreams of a Wild Woman, pictured above. The 3,000-member society is the world's largest and oldest society dedicated to understanding the historical context of science.
The Boys Choir of Tallahassee, spoken word artists Kayo and Iyeoka, and gospel hip hop group Platinum Souls also joined in the festivities, paying tribute to King and his persuasive power of speech. Other events planned for this spring include an art exhibit, poetry project, and several conferences and lecture series. A couple of years back, while attending a Jewish-studies conference, I was questioned about tattoos, reminded over and over again that ink and Jewishness are incompatible.

The tattooed body challenges the myth of the professor as an untarnished vehicle of knowledge. Tattoos may be trying to change those messages, and America may be becoming a tattoo nation. If you’ve got a problem with that, meet me at the tattoo parlor so we can discuss it while I’m getting another one.
A recent New York Times article by Somini Sengupta  explains the distinctions between migrant and refugee as the terms are currently deployed.
Browne is, however, referring to migrant birds, and not persons, much less Protestant persons. We do speak of  migrant animals, however, meaning creatures that travel long distances on a temporary basis, often dazzling us human observers as they make an equally long migratory return home.
She talks about trends in the English language in a weekly segment, "That's What They Say," on Michigan Radio. He wrote (with Rodney Huddleston) The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002) and A Student's Introduction to English Grammar (2005). He is general editor of The Norton Anthology of Latino Literature, the publisher of Restless Books, devoted to contemporary literature from around the world, and co-founder of Great Books Summer Program.
And the backdrop to this tale is the professor’s hometown of Port Clinton, once an egalitarian community where people looked after all kids, regardless of their backgrounds. The basic argument: To do well in life, kids need family stability, good schools, supportive neighbors, and parental investment of time and money. What they have worried about is a related, though distinct, issue: equality of opportunity and social mobility. By summer, Putnam intends to share that work with leaders who want to experiment at the local level — the mayor of Dayton, say, or the archbishop of San Antonio. The term, as Putnam defines it, refers to different kinds of connectedness, such as our informal links to relatives, friends, and acquaintances and our participation in communal functions like churches, sports teams, and volunteer activities. Had group life really atrophied, scholars asked, or had it just evolved beyond rotary clubs and other traditional forms of organization? Animating this new empirical work was a concern that income inequality, which had grown over the past 35 years or so, might lead to kids’ having increasingly unequal opportunities. By contrast, sexual partnerships became less stable among the high-school-educated lower third of the population, with childbearing increasingly separated from marriage. But now, Putnam found, poor families tended to participate less in religious communities than rich families.
Now, gripping his fork across the table, he comes across more like a moralizing Victorian grandfather.
The professor decided to begin his search in the small Ohio town where his own story had begun. I came to understand that it was a privilege to have my papers taken apart and taken seriously. It embodied judgments about the moral importance of coherence with past enactments and past decisions that ordinary moralizing did not concern itself with.
But some of us have seen it as something new in jurisprudence, and we know that there is important work to be done in its wake.
Agresti also devotes a significant amount of time and energy to statistical education, particularly the presentation of statistical ideas to non-statisticians, and he was a 1995 recipient of a CLAS Teaching Improvement Award, which honors faculty who exemplify exceptional teaching quality and productivity. Hatch, who has taught at UF for 25 years, teaches courses aimed at critical and creative thinking, including Origins to Newton and Science, Sex and Race. Selman Hershfield, physics, and Kathy Rex, from the Academic Advising Center, received advising awards.
His lecture at UF, "Navy Medicine: Living the Experience," touched on some of these topics and how the threat of bioterrorism is affecting the national health care infrastructure. As scholars within the field of ethnic studies, we are always the “others.” That is especially true for my colleagues of color, and those GLBT scholars within ethnic studies and the academy at large.
Sengupta’s article reminds readers how the 1951 Refugee Convention defines refugee, and in so doing becomes the foundation for much contemporary thinking on the subject. Some of his writing for Language Log is collected in the book Far From the Madding Gerund (2006). It’s a strategy inspired by the Progressive Era at the end of the 19th century, when national discussion gave oxygen to local reforms. The basic idea of social-capital theory is that "social networks have value," Putnam writes.
Should the shrinkage be chalked up to less civic engagement, or to housewives becoming working women?
And those unequal opportunities, the thinking went, might translate into lower social or economic mobility. And young people’s church attendance, which declined across the country in recent decades, dropped twice as rapidly among kids from the bottom third of the socioeconomic scale as among kids from the top third. Nevertheless it was moral reasoning—that was the bold and startling character of Dworkin’s contribution. That is the way I hope to honor Dworkin’s memory—by carrying his jurisprudence forward in ways that do justice to the breadth and generosity of his vision. With each comment, I rolled up my sleeves to reveal more of my tatted arms, trying hard to reassert myself.
Caught selling pot at 16, she spent time in juvenile detention, flunked out of high school, and got a diploma online. Instead, he directly scrutinizes what has been taking place in children’s lives over the past three decades.
Putnam combines a panoramic synthesis of scholarly literature (on family structure, parenting, schooling, and community life) with real stories about growing up in America today (culled from ethnographic interviews with upper- and lower-class families around the country). Putnam himself followed Bowling Alone with a more hopeful volume in 2003, Better Together (Simon & Schuster), which chronicled efforts to renew communities and create fresh forms of social capital.
For example, the high-school quarterback, whose working-class parents didn’t have a clue about college, got a leg up from a local minister, who mentioned his name to the university where he ended up. Mary Sue, the daughter of high-school graduates who never held a steady job, ended up on a harrowing path of abuse, distrust, and isolation.
He has spoken about the research with most of the people who have been talked about as possible candidates for president in 2016.
Such mobility was common among Putnam’s peers in the Port Clinton High School class of 1959. The main reaction: How dare this famous scholar spit upon the town that had boosted him up? According to research Putnam conducted for Our Kids, nearly 80 percent of those classmates got more education than their parents. You could see it in other social-capital indicators, like community involvement and social trust. On the other hand, this story, with its emphasis on what inequality was doing to kids, seemed like it could resonate across the ideological spectrum.

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