Choking is the coughing spasm and sputtering that happen when liquids or solids get into the windpipe.
As long as your child is breathing and coughing, do nothing except encourage him to cough the material up by himself. Grasp the child from behind, just below the lower ribs but above the navel, in bear-hug fashion.
Give a sudden upward and backward jerk (at a 45-degree angle) to try to squeeze all the air out of the chest and pop the lodged object out of the windpipe. If the child is too heavy for you to suspend from your arms, lay him on his back on the floor. If breathing has not resumed, turn the infant over, again keeping the head lower than the chest.
Alternate back blows and chest thrusts until the object comes out, breathing returns, or the infant becomes unconscious. IF THE CHILD OR INFANT BECOMES UNCONSCIOUS (UNRESPONSIVE), begin chest compressions (hands-only CPR). Quickly open the mouth and look inside to see if there is any object that can be removed with a sweep of your finger (usually there is not). Place the child on the back on a firm surface and begin chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute. If you know advanced CPR, also begin rescue breathing in a cycle of 2 rescue breaths for every 30 chest compressions.
Choking can be life-threatening, so try to prevent it from happening by not giving young children foods or small objects that are most likely to cause choking. Foods that are most likely to cause choking are nuts of any kind, sunflower seeds, orange seeds, cherry pits, watermelon seeds, gum, hard candies, popcorn, raw carrots, raw peas, raw celery, and tough meats.
The soft foods that most often cause complete blockage and death are hot dogs, sausages, large pieces of any meat, grapes, gummy candy, and caramels. Choking on a rubber balloon is the leading cause of deaths resulting from choking on objects other than foods. Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs. Introduction of a foreign object into the airway, which becomes lodged in the pharynx, larynx or trachea. The person has a violent and largely involuntary cough, gurgle, or vomiting noise, though more serious choking victims will have a limited (if any) ability to produce these symptoms since they require at least some air movement. The person desperately grabs at his or her throat or mouth, or attempts to induce vomiting by putting their fingers down their throat. If breathing is not restored, the person’s face turns blue (cyanosis) from lack of oxygen.
The person does any or all of the above, and if breathing is not restored, then becomes unconscious.

For victims who are pregnant or obese, place your arms around the chest and your hands over the middle of the breastbone. If you are not successful, open the mouth by lifting the jaw and tongue, and look for the swallowed object. If the victim does not begin to breathe after the object has been removed from the air passages, use mouth to mouth resuscitation. Call for help, and repeat these steps until the object is dislodged and the victim is breathing normally.
Position the heel of one hand on the child’s abdomen between the navel and the breastbone.
If this doesn’t work, open the mouth by lifting the jaw and tongue, and look for the swallowed object. Deliver five rapid blows to the back, between the shoulder blades, with the heel of your hand. If this doesn’t work, turn the baby over and, using two fingers, give four quick thrusts to the chest. The WD Training Basic First Aid Training Course will teach students first aid skills, which are invaluable if accidents happen in the home, clients, customoers or when you're out and about.
The Basic First Aid Course is designed to meet the recommendations of the Health and Safety at Work Regulations. Anyone who wants to be trained and certified to assist in basic first aid needs as well as learning CPR for adults, children and infants. CPR ClassesThe Bellevue Fire Department has been providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) classes to residents since 1973. American Heart Association Heartsaver Infant CPR Class: The hands-on Infant CPR course teaches CPR and choking intervention for infants from birth to one year of age. American Heart Association Basic Life Support (BLS) for Health Care Providers: This six-hour class is for health care providers and is offered to groups, as needed.
Description: Properly applied first aid can save lives, reduce recovery and possibly mean the difference between temporary disability or lifelong disability for the victim. The CPR course targets all lay rescuers, such as school children, family members of patients at risk of sudden cardiac death, and other people who want to learn rescue skills for loved ones.
About Newburgh EMSThe Town of Newburgh is located approximately 60 miles north of New York City.
VolunteeringThe Town of Newburgh Emergency Medical Services is always looking for new members. The Icetec First Aid at Work (statutory) course complies with the current Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981. All delegates on this course are provided with a comprehensive first aid manual and resuscitation face shield.
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Put your hands on both sides of the abdomen, just below the ribs, and apply sudden, strong bursts of upward pressure. Call the rescue squad if your child chokes on a liquid and turns blue, becomes limp, or passes out. Most incidents occur when children suddenly inhale a deflated balloon they have been chewing. Choking prevents breathing, and can be partial or complete, with partial choking allowing some, although inadequate, flow of air into the lungs.
Make a fist and place it against the victim’s abdomen, thumb side in, between the navel and the breastbone. Place your hands on the abdomen and push in the same direction on the body that you would if the victim were standing (inward, and toward the upper body).
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The Bellevue Fire Department offers CPR training to individuals, businesses and community groups. The course presents information on the Chain of Survival and signs of heart attack, cardiac arrest and choking. Complete blockage occurs when solid food (for example, a piece of hot dog) or a foreign object (such as a small toy) gets stuck. Don't give your child anything to drink because fluids may take up space needed for the passage of air. They do not have enough molar teeth to chew them well and they may not understand that some seeds should be spat out rather than swallowed. Prolonged or complete choking results in asphyxiation which leads to hypoxia and is potentially fatal. This region tends to have more trained citizens than any other area of the country and that factor helps contribute to many successful resuscitations. Critical information about how to deal with emergencies like bleeding, shock, heat or cold emergencies, strains, strokes and seizures is shared. The course also provides child and infant CPR and relief of foreign-body airway obstruction (FBAO) and information on prevention of the most common fatal injuries in children and infants.
The child will be in a state of panic and, if the obstruction isn't removed in 1 or 2 minutes, the child will pass out. Other items that can cause choking in young children include coins, marbles, pen or marker caps, and small button-type batteries.

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