In severe cases, complications like abscess formation is caused, forming pus filled fluids on the lymph nodes. Your doctor will physically examine the lymph nodes on the affected area to check its size and texture. Adenoids or pharyngeal tonsils – sponge like tissue situated on the upper part of the throat and in the nasopharynx adjacent to the Eustachian tubes.
Palatine tonsils – pair of visible tonsils located behind the throat and is usually referred to in the term tonsillitis. The main function of tonsils is to protect the body from ingesting and inhaling foreign materials through the nose and mouth. Tonsils enlargement may occur without any symptoms although there are tell-tale signs that can raise suspicion of enlargement.
Difficulty in breathing is experienced which usually takes an extra effort to breathe either or both through the nose and mouth. An incidence of enlarged tonsils is usually not a problem although it is advisable to seek medical consultation to be evaluated for the existing underlying condition that contributed for the enlargement of tonsils.
Ear infection contributes to the enlargement of tonsils when the causative agent has reached and invaded the areas of the throat including the tonsils.
The aim of treatment in enlarged tonsils is reducing its size back to normal to facilitate proper airway passages and breathing while preventing further medical complications. Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils indicated for persistent enlargement of tonsils despite medical treatment.
Enlargement of tonsils can be managed and treated although the treatment is directed towards the underlying condition contributing to the incidence. Lymph nodes in the head and neck area, commonly referred to as cervical lymph nodes, are present in everyone and can be felt by any practitioner performing a careful examination. However, many disease processes do result in lymphadenopathy, the medical term for swollen or enlarged lymph nodes, and such nodes can be the presenting symptoms of a variety of illnesses and ailments. Patients can present with a variety of symptoms ranging from a painless lump in the neck to a hot, tender, inflamed mass associated with fever and chills. Many times, the nodes are nothing to worry about, and are just accompanying results of a common cold or upper respiratory infection. Appropriate blood tests, looking for an elevated white blood count, EBV titers, signs of bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection, and tumor markers are obtained.
Also called tonsil stones, tonsiloliths are calcium deposits that form in the small crevices of the tonsils at the back of the throat.
Tonsillitis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection and the symptoms include swollen tonsils, white spots on the tonsils and throat, difficulty swallowing, pain and fever. This is a condition caused by a yeast infection and it is characterized by white spots on throat and tongue that can extend down the esophagus. Spread by kissing, oral sex or sharing utensils with an infected person, oral herpes is typically characterized by sores on the lips and white spots on throat, and these will often recur. This is another condition caused by candida yeast and is characterized by white spots on the back of the throat. Mononucleosis is a contagious viral infection that can be characterized by white spots on throat as well as by chronic fatigue, swollen lymph nodes and swollen tonsils. Leukoplakia is a pre-cancerous condition characterized by white spots in the mouth and on the throat.
Tonsil hypertrophy and adenoid hypertrophy occurs when the tonsils and the adenoids become swollen and chronically enlarged.  The condition can result in nasal obstruction leading to a number of symptoms and complications. Both tonsils and adenoids are collections of lymphoid tissue that trap bacteria and viruses. Enlarged tonsils can be common in children, and in some cases, there are no apparent symptoms. Voice changes: As a result of swollen tissue near the vocal chords, the voice may be altered slightly. Difficulty swallowing: The enlarged tissue of the tonsils can become obstructive and make swallowing certain foods difficult. Loss of appetite: When swallowing food is difficult or painful, many children eat less and lose their appetite. Halitosis: Due to infections of the tonsils, bad breath often affects children with tonsil hypertrophy. Snoring: Hypertrophic tonsils can obstruct the airways making breathing during sleep more difficult.
Obstructive sleep apnea: In severe cases of tonsil hypertrophy, sleep apnea, a condition indicated by pauses in breathing during sleep, can occur. Frequent ear infections: The enlarged tonsils can block the Eustachian tubes and impede drainage. Chronic Sinusitis: Hypertrophic tonsils and surrounding tissue can prevent proper drainage from the sinus cavities.
The exact cause of tonsil hypertrophy is not always clear, but the enlargement is typically related to tonsillitis or infection of the tonsils and surrounding tissue. Treatment for tonsil hypertrophy depends on the size of the tonsils and the severity of symptoms. Mouth breathing: As a result of blocked nasal airways, children with adenoid hypertrophy are often forced to breath through their mouths. Runny nose: Because mucous cannot drain properly through the back of the nasal cavity, mucous and secretions exit through the nostrils. Snoring and sleep apnea: The blocked airways caused by the enlarged adenoid tissue can interfere with breathing during sleep.
Chronic sinusitis: When enlarged adenoids block the nasal passages, the sinus cavities cannot drain properly. Eustachian tube dysfunction: When enlarged adenoids prevent proper drainage from the Eustachian tubes, fluid collects behind the eardrum. Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT)The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT) questionnaire is intended to determine how your chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has affected your health status.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is defined as pauses (apneas) in breathing during sleep, due to blockage of the upper airway with a drop in oxygen saturation.
Sinus Surgery in the Summer TimeFor sinusitis sufferers, summer time can offer a less hectic personal schedule and free up some time to have a needed sinus surgery.
Itchy neck is called pruritus in medical terms and this gives you an irritating sensation to scratch the neck very often. Candidasis, chicken pox and eczema are some of the infectious diseases that cause itchy neck. Other causes of itchy neck are certain medications, psoriasis and extreme cold or hot weather. When itchy neck is due to some serious medical issues, then the person may get fever, chills, runny nose, breathlessness, stiffness in joints and profuse sweating. Most of the tiny red bumps that are on the tongue are referred to as papillae and they cover the total surface of the tongue.
If the bumps are on only one side of the tongue, the bumps can be cancerous and need to be checked out. This develops in cases where there is unprotected oral sex and causes sores to grow on the front of the tongue and also the cheek insides. If something unusual develops on the tongue and it bothers you, either mentally or physically, be cautious and see your physician to see if the problem is severe or needs any treatment.
What treatment that might be suggested will depend on the cause of the bumps and that is something your doctor will need to diagnose for you.
In the case of fibroma or any other bumps, they can be removed or scrapings of cells can be taken and often that is consider the best option so that the tissue can be sent to the lab for testing to make certain what the bump is.
What do you call the tongue picture of white bumps throughout the dorsal surface of the tongue. This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Splenomegaly can affect people from all age level and without racial and sexual predilection. Spleen is a tiny organ about the size of a fist and is located in the peritoneal cavity particularly in the right upper quadrant.
Generally, spleen is not palpable except for some individuals who have slimmer body or those with remarkable coastal margin. Splenomegaly is often asymptomatic and can be recognized with routine checkup often due to other underlying medical condition. Loss of appetite is also experienced including feeling of fullness even with small feeding.
The signs and symptoms mentioned should not be disregarded and medical attention should be considered to prevent further complication and danger of ruptured spleen. Spleen is a diverse organ that involves most of the vital organs and their functions in the body system. Bacterial and viral infection is the primary source of spleen enlargement as the spleen is driven to work in excess to respond to the need in warding off infection. Splenic vein pressure results to inflammation of the spleen when the abnormal blood that passed through the splenic artery is unable to leave through the splenic vein as it becomes blocked.


Haemolytic anemia is also a contributory factor in the spleen enlargement and is often due to early breakdown in red blood cells while the spleen is working overload to compensate for the function of filtering during the process of red blood cells breakdown. Other factors include diseases and disorders affecting the liver including metabolic disorders and blood disorder. Enlargement of spleen is managed through treatment of underlying condition contributing to the incidence.
Surgical removal of the spleen is an option if the underlying condition cannot be identified and if enlargement persist after various treatment has been applied. Reactions to food are common and can be divided into two categories: food allergy and non-allergic reaction to food. The distinction between the types of reactions to food is important, since they have degrees of severity and different treatments.
For example, a patient allergic to seafood is actually allergic to one or more proteins present in these foods. When one of these proteins reaches the digestive tract, the IgE antibodies mistakenly think that they are harmful to the body and trigger an inflammatory reaction in an attempt to destroy this invading agent. The higher the body's reaction to the presence of a given protein, the greater is the release of chemicals from mast cells and basophils, and the greater the allergic reaction.
Urticaria and angioedema The symptoms of food allergy appear within a few minutes after ingestion of food, but may take up to 4-6 hours. The most common symptom of an allergy to food is hives, and itchy red plaques usually located in the trunk. Other symptoms of food allergy include rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting.
If there is a massive activation of basophils and mast cell reaction can be so strong that it may cause an exaggerated vasodilation, leading the patient to a state of circulatory shock known as anaphylaxis.
The oral allergy syndrome, also known as pollen-food allergy, is a type of food allergy that affects up to half of patients with allergic rhinitis to pollen. There is one type of food allergy that manifests only if the patient is engaged in physical activities until 4 hours after ingestion of certain foods. Skin test reaction Diagnosis involves a medical history, in which emphasis should be given to the food eaten before the reactions and the time it took for symptoms to emerge.
In some cases with high risk for anaphylaxis, your doctor may choose to do this test with a risk of overreaction.
Currently it is possible to perform the measurement of specific IgE in the blood to identify against which one the patient develops food allergy. When the patient does not know the foods that cause allergy or when there is ingestion of a forbidden food, the treatment aims to control the allergic reaction. Patients with a history of anaphylactic reaction to food should wear bracelets or cards explaining their allergy so they can be quickly diagnosed and treated, if necessary. Approximately 85% of children spontaneously stop being allergic to most foods (eggs, cow's milk, wheat and soybeans) between 3-5 years old. Its main function is to identify and destroy germs and other infection causing microorganisms.
It can be caused due to ear infection, upper respiratory tract infection, common cold, flu, gingivitis, mouth ulcers, mouth sores and mononucleosis. If this abscess occurs on vital organ like heart or kidney it can cause significant damage. The function of this gland is in association with the lymphatic system in warding off infections. Although acting as protective barrier, tonsils are also subject to infection and other injury which can cause for the gland to enlarge.
Medical evaluation is thus, needed to determine the factor influencing the increase in size of tonsils. Breathing is also made difficult with lying down or even during at rest and may also interfere with sleep as the patient maybe disturbed from difficulty in breathing. This is a condition caused by vibration of soft tissues at the back of the throat during the breathing process when the air passes all the way to the upper airway.
This is mainly due to an irritation in the nasal passages resulting from the enlarged tonsils. This is often the result of a disruption in the salivary gland which can get affected with the enlargement of tonsils.
This is usually due from difficulty in swallowing which can occur when tonsils are enlarged including other factors that can disrupt the normal process of swallowing. Increase in size of tonsils can be implicated with various medical condition where enlargement may play a significant role in manifesting an existing medical condition. The occurrence of nose bleeding can irritate the tonsils which can lead to its enlargement.
It is mainly an inflammation of the tonsils resulting from infection and any other form of injury directed towards the throat and the adjacent parts. Antibiotics usually prescribed are the likes of Penicillin, Azithromycin, Clarithromycin and Amoxicillin. It is also recommended when the enlargement of tonsils interferes and causing obstruction with the airway passage putting the life of the patient in danger.
It is however, important that a doctor be consulted when sign and symptoms are present and observed. They are part of the body’s immune system, which includes these and other nodes, the spleen, the bone marrow, and many other organs.
A concern of many patients seeking treatment is that the nodes may represent a sign of a serious infection or cancer. Often it may not be the node itself that prompts medical attention; as an example, an individual with a severe sore throat from tonsillitis may have enlarged nodes as well.
A child with an enlarged node following a respiratory infection is unlikely to have a malignant node, whereas an adult with a smoking history and a hard fixed node most likely does. There are a number of conditions that can cause white spots to appear on the throat and your doctor can diagnose the cause, especially when combined with any other symptoms you may have. It is a contagious disease caused by bacteria and symptoms include inflammation, pain in the throat, fatigue, fever, difficulty swallowing, headache and white spots on the tonsils.
The corners of the mouth can become ragged and sore, and thrush can cause pain in the throat and difficulty swallowing.
Tonsil hypertrophy and adenoid hypertrophy are medical conditions that occasionally occur in adults but most commonly affect younger children. Sometimes the enlarged tissue shrinks on its own or as the child grows, and no treatment is needed. The surgeon removes the tonsils through a child’s mouth without any external incisions in the skin.
Bacteria, irritation from nasal secretions or chronic allergies can cause inflammation of the adenoid tissue. Trimble, MD, is one of the most experienced in-office Balloon Sinuplasty® surgeons in the nation. It can be due to insect bite from bee or other insects, infection or due to allergic reaction. But if itching continues with other symptoms like fever, breathlessness, vomiting or nausea then you have to seek emergency medical treatment, since it can be a symptom of serious problem like anaphylaxis or any other serious allergy. For some people there can be other local symptoms like redness of the skin, warmth, swelling, skin rashes, flaking of skin and pain. If it is caused by serious allergy then there may be excessive swelling of the skin with tightness on the throat and difficulty in breathing. It is an enlargement of the spleen that is often associated with any disease that involves an aberration in the red blood cells. Older adults on the other hand are more prone for enlarged spleen owing to the normal aging process where spleen is subject to thinning with increase weight and size and thus, potential for splenic injury and trauma. It is housed and protected by the rib cage and the average weight is about 200g and size is about 11cm in length in healthy adults. A palpable spleen however, does not necessarily mean it is enlarged or a manifestation of any clinical implication. The symptom of pain is the result of an enlarged spleen pressing and irritating the diaphragm and the irritation often leads to pain radiating to the left shoulder.
Moderate splenomegaly is identified with an enlargement of spleen in about 11 to 20cm in dimension. The association in numerous body organs makes the spleen prone to enlargement as an effect of many disorders and abnormalities of multiple organs associated with it.
The most common source of infection that leads to splenomegaly is from an Epstein bar virus causing infectious mononucleosis. Thorough diagnosis and identification is necessary prior to treatment for prompt and effective management of reducing the spleen enlargement.
Spleen removal on the other is carefully considered due to the drawback after the procedure which can make the patient prone to other serious infection which can be life-threatening. Allergy to food has a strong genetic component and up to 70% of patients have positive family history.
Our immune system is programmed to fight any foreign substance that invades our body; however, there is a certain tolerance when these substances enter the gastrointestinal system.


Therefore, the shrimp allergic patient cannot tolerate other crustaceans, since proteins are very similar. When IgE antibodies bind to a protein, they activate other immune cells such as mast cells (present in large amounts in the lungs, throat, skin, nose and intestines) and circulate in blood basophils. In some cases the reaction is so disproportionate that puts the patient's life at risk causing anaphylaxis.
As there are lots of mast cells in the lungs, throat, skin, nose and intestines, allergic symptoms are often tied to these organs. Another common symptom, but more dangerous, is angioedema, a swelling of the mucous membranes that usually show itself by swollen lips. These patients have allergy to raw fruits and vegetables which manifests itself immediately after eating them. The patient with this type of allergy can eat shrimp and feel nothing, but if you eat it and enjoy some exercise you may even suffer an anaphylactic reaction.
Here a doctor inoculates several types of proteins in the patient's forearm in search of the same reactions. Many patients walk with automatic syringes of epinephrine if immediate treatment is needed. The symptoms are: the redness of the face, red spots on the upper torso and arms, shortness of breath, and the heart rate - under 200, and vomiting. In addition infections like tonsillitis, tuberculosis, skin infection and sexually transmitted diseases can also cause swollen lymph nodes. Prolonged use of epilepsy medicines and immunization for typhoid can also cause swollen lymph nodes.
Unattended bacterial infection can lead to sepsis, involving the entire bloodstream causing life threatening conditions. Further he may order for liver node biopsy for detecting the type of virus that has caused swelling. You can take pain relievers like ibuprofen or motrin and acetaminophen for reducing inflammation.
The enlargement of tonsils does not necessarily mean an immediate problem although people suffering from it must be evaluated medically by health professionals to identify the underlying condition resulting to the incidence.
The enlargement of tonsils can also contribute for the congestion when the increase in size disrupts the flow of mucus away from the nasal or sinuses. The infection results to inflammation of the tonsils that leads to the increase from its normal average size. The presence of a node in and of itself does not necessarily indicate a sign of an underlying illness. Rejowski if the lymph nodes become swollen without any apparent reason, if the lymph nodes feel hard, grow progressively, or are sore and are present for more than two weeks.  The same applies when the enlarged lymph nodes occur associated with a fever, night sweats, or unexplained weight loss. These white spots generally are a sign of bacterial infection, commonly appearing on the tonsils, and can cause bad breath as well as be unsightly. Sleep apnea is a serious condition that can potentially cause pulmonary hypertension and hypertrophy of the right side of the heart. It is possible that irritants such as second hand smoke and air pollution can also cause the tonsils to become enlarged.
Once the infection is cleared, the enlarged tonsil tissue typically returns to normal size. When medication does not correct the enlargement of the adenoid tissue, surgery is often needed.
The incidence is believed to be in response to hyperfunction in order to compensate for the rapid breakdown in the red blood cells. Extreme splenomegaly is described with a dimension of more than 20cm in dimension and with a presentation of palpable spleen that can extend to the pelvis or across the midline of the abdomen. Malfunction in blood cells from an array of factors can trigger the spleen to work overload to compensate in the synthesis of red blood cells. Bacterial infection from syphilis is another factor contributing to enlargement of the spleen. The overall prognosis for splenomegaly however, is excellent while morbidity is not directly from the enlargement but from the underlying condition in which it has stemmed. A patient allergic to a particular food has, in fact, an immune system that reacts disproportionately to the arrival of a particular protein, thinking that it is dangerous to an invading agent.
By the same token, patients allergic to peanuts may also have a similar reaction to eating soy, peas or beans. These cells produce chemicals such as histamine, the agent responsible for destroying invaders that ultimately end up causing the typical symptoms of allergy. Angioedema is serious when there is the swelling the tongue and throat mucous membranes, causing obstruction of the airflow to the lungs. The most common foods are bananas, cantaloupe, watermelon, apple, peach, plum, carrot, cucumber, squash, hazelnut, celery and others.
Some of the areas like groin, armpit, neck, ears and the back of the head gets swollen and can be felt with fingers.
If the swollen lymph nodes are caused due to autoimmune disorder then medications are given for treating lupus or arthritis. Rejowski will begin his evaluation with a thorough review of the patient’s medical history, and will perform a comprehensive head and neck examination, palpating the lymph nodes, thyroid gland, and examining the oral cavity and pharynx utilizing a fiberoptic laryngoscope.
Eating crackers helps remove the white spots because they make your tongue work harder, cleaning out the deposits. Treatment includes rest, a liquid diet if swallowing is difficult and gargling with salt water. If you have oral herpes, you can also soothe the pain and discomfort by gargling with salt water, keeping hydrated and getting plenty of rest. If your baby gets white spots on throat caused by candidiasis, you may need to perform a stricter hygiene regime, such as get their clothes and bed lining ironed, clean the toys with soda power, etc. The adenoids are located higher up and further back where the nasal passages connect with the throat. Underlying infections can spread to other areas of the body, and untreated streptococcus bacteria (strep throat) can even damage the kidneys and heart valves. An ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) specialist can diagnose hypertrophic adenoids by using x-ray or by performing a fiberoptic nasal exam.  With a fiberoptic nasal exam, a nasal spray is first used to numb the nasal passages.
Recovery for most children is about 48 hours and the result is often significant relief of symptoms and complications.
Trimble has performed over 500 in-office balloon sinus ostial dilation procedures as a treatment for chronic sinusitis. Scratching the skin often will not give relief from irritation but it may worsen the situation causing more scarring and discomfort. Spleen functions in filtering blood and removing byproducts of red blood cells breakdown including other materials and particles that can pass through the blood vessels. Caudal displacement of gastric bubble is also audible with abdominal percussion in extreme case of splenomegaly.
The main test value is when it does not serve to eliminate the protein that does not cause a reaction. First time he was injected - Tsikloferon seemed to help, but after 6 months period, when he decided to use Tsikloferon again, it didn't help. Some of the signs related to swollen lymph nodes are tender nodes, and inflammation of lymph nodes. If required you have to undergo imaging studies like X-ray (chest) and CT scan for ruling out tumors.
The most common bacteria causing tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes or group A Streptococcus.
You can also periodically spray a salt water solution on the back of your throat to help remove the spots. For adults and older children, gargling with salt water can help rinse the mouth and prevent the spread of the yeast to the rest of the mouth and throat.
Unlike tonsils, adenoids are positioned behind the soft palate and cannot been seen through the mouth.
Then, inserting a flexible, fiberoptic tube through the nose, the ENT can view and examine the adenoids directly.
Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids for severe swelling, and you can also take over-the-counter medications to ease your pain and discomfort.
The main function of the tonsils and adenoids is to prevent bacteria from reaching further down the throat by producing antibodies that bind to the bacteria. By removing the enlarged tonsils, the obstruction is cleared, and symptoms are eliminated in most cases. Trimble provides minimally invasive approaches and techniques that result in fewer complications, less bleeding, and faster recovery times. In addition, the affected person can have runny nose, fever, sore throat and upper respiratory tract infection.



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