Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture is one of the common injuries observed in all age groups.
Clavicle prevents push and rotation of shoulder joint towards front or inner side of the shoulder joint. The fracture fragment in most of the cases protrudes outward because of anatomical shape and curvature of clavicle. The clavicle or collarbone is quite a long bone and usually fracture to this bone occur right in the center of the shaft.
Broken Collarbone or Clavicle fracture may be associated with dislocation at its attachment to the ribcage or shoulder blade. Fracture may occur because of direct impact over clavicle by a helmet of another player or crushing fall over the clavicle. Broken Collarbone or Clavicle fracture is observed following head-on collision and side impact collision of motor vehicles.
The steering wheel, dashboard or door of the car caves in and causes severe direct impact resulting in broken collarbone or clavicle fracture.
Worker's involved in operating heavy equipment may get into accident and fall resulting in broken collarbone or clavicle fracture.
Elderly patient suffering with osteoporosis may sustain Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture following fall or moderate impact. Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture can also occur at the time of birth of a baby when it is passing through the birth canal. Large deformity is observed following fracture of clavicle, which is displaced or comminuted. Shoulder joint movements are restricted if broken collarbone or clavicle fracture is displaced, compound, or comminuted fracture. Subcutaneous bleeding following injury of the clavicle causes bruising over broken collarbone or clavicle fracture site.
For diagnosis of Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture, the treating physician will first inquire about the history of the patient as to how the injury occurred.
As stated, in Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture there is an obvious deformity at the fracture site which itself will confirm the diagnosis.
Once a diagnosis of broken collarbone or clavicle fracture has been established, the physician will then order radiological studies in order to locate the exact position of the fracture and the extent of damage. The treatments for Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture can be both conservative as well as surgical.
Hairline and non-displaced fracture of collarbone or clavicle are treated with conservative treatment.
If broken collarbone or clavicle fracture are not displaced from their natural position and are adequately aligned, then surgery is not required and Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture heals without the need for any sort of surgery.
Immediately post injury of broken collarbone or clavicle fracture, a sling or an arm support may be placed as comfort measure. Pain medications may be prescribed for relief of pain when the broken collarbone or clavicle fracture is in the healing phase. PT for broken collarbone or clavicle fracture will start with gentle shoulder and elbow exercises, which prevents stiffness and weakness. Diligent followup with the treating physician is imperative while the broken collarbone or clavicle fracture is in the healing process. In case of displaced Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture, surgery is the recommended choice.
A surgical procedure will be done to realign the collarbone or the clavicle and hold them in position as they heal. The fragments of collarbone or clavicle are repositioned into their normal position and held in place with screws or metal plates. Following surgery, there may be an area of numbness just beneath the incision, which will get better and normal sensation will return over a period of time as the wound heals.


These plates and screws are not removed even after complete healing unless they become a source of discomfort for patient. Since the pins generally irritate the skin, hence they are removed once the fracture completely heals.
Surgery causes tissue trauma in addition to the trauma caused by injury resulting in broken collarbone or clavicle fracture. Physical therapy will gradually start with gentle motion exercises and then slowly advance to strengthening exercises. Smokers, diabetics, and the elderly population are at increased risk for complications postprocedure.
Usually, Broken Collarbone or Clavicle Fracture takes quite a few months to completely heal although it may become longer for smokers and diabetics. A majority of people after broken collarbone or clavicle fracture return to their activities within 90 days post-injury. The treating physician is the best person to recommend as to when to return to activities following broken collarbone or clavicle fracture. Once the fracture of collarbone or clavicle is completely healed, it is safe to return to normal work and sporting activities.
These exercises are to be done during the recovery phase or once the broken collarbone or clavicle fracture is healed. Now, gently swing the affected arm forward and backward as far as possible without aggravating pain.
Now, slowly swing the injured arm in a circular fashion clockwise as far as possible without increasing pain. Belpharitis is a condition which involves irritation, swelling or inflammation of the eyelids.
To learn more about serious medical emergencies including issues related to the eye enrol in workplace approved training programs (register here).
There are sometimes certain instances where exposure to dogs of radiation with ionizing factors, carcinogens in the air carried by particular chemicals and unusual entities foreign to the dog’s body (These such things include implants in the dog of metal objects used to fix parts and limbs, ballistics or bone transplantation in a dog) can be instigating factors which add to particular formation of osteosarcoma in canines or dogs. It has been seen that Osteosarcoma In Dogs is far more prevalent in male that female canines. This can be a walking disability and can occasionally exhibit a swollen area where the tumor has been detected. Two goals are kept in mind while treating an aggressive tumor like osteosarcoma in dogs- palliation of pain and lameness intent. Bumps are small pimple like structure found on the tongue either on the top or on the backside of the tongue.
Cancer sore (also called Aphthous stomatitis) also belongs to bumps variety causing ulcers. Normally bumps on tongue are white or colorless and it may vary in size ranging from small to moderate size. Sometimes, using hard toothbrush or rough brushing techniques of the mouth can also cause bumps and bleeding on the tongue. You can use over the counter drugs like Zilactin and orabase for curing bumps since they cover them acting as a shield. Alternatively you can rinse your mouth well with warm saline water or antifungal mouthwash.
Four to six weeks after surgery, patient is scheduled for physical therapy and rehabilitation.
Emergency bedside sonographic diagnosis of subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm with brachial plexopathy after clavicle fracture.
Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating fractures of the middle third of the clavicle. Outcomes from surgical treatment of middle-third clavicle fractures non-union in adults: a series of 21 cases.


Iatrogenic postoperative brachial plexus compression secondary to hypertrophic non-u\nion of a clavicle fracture. Inflammation of the eyelid may occur as a result of a viral or bacterial infection or a chronic skin condition. To learn about managing serious medical emergencies enrol in workplace approved training programs.
Its main point of occurrence is the appendicular skeleton or the limbs and also the bones bordering shoulder, wrist and knee. According to studies conducted, dogs with osteosarcoma have been found to have aberrations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. Considering this information, it still remains that the prospect of developing osteosarcoma is higher both in females who have been desexed less than 12 months old and males who were also desexed in their lifespan leading up to the first 12 months since birth, in comparison to canines which weren’t spayed.
It can occur on the gums and bottom of the oral cavity and also on the inner portion of the cheeks. You may bit your tongue or your tongue may get infected whiel eating any sharp food stuffs causing swelling and pain on the tongue. They look like tiny balls white or red in color and it will cause tenderness in the tongue for many days. Several home remedies are available in the form of Aloe Vera juice and honey and yoghurt for curing bumps.
Make it a point to brush your teeth after eating food and practice regular flossing techniques. The clavicle or collarbone is often broken or fractured following direct trauma to the front of shoulder joint. For example, in case of a bacterial infection, your health care provider may prescribe antibiotics to treat the condition. It now appears to be a consensus among well respected veterinarians that sex hormones can assist and aid in mitigation against this particular disease. Bumps are formed due to the infection caused by the fungus and it may affect your taste buds. It takes minimum 7-10 days for the bumps to heal completely but there is every chance for you to get it back. It would cause pain and irritation and you often feel like running your tongue across the teeth.
You may have difficulty in eating and swallowing and even while talking, if you have large sized bumps on your tongue.
Fall from height or motor vehicle accident causes direct shoulder joint injury and direct impact resulting in broken collarbone or clavicle fracture.
In a preliminary point of the diagnosis, aspiration or tests are done to obtain cell samples of any skin sections. Apart from this, analgesic medications which can likely provide temporary relief from pain. For people who are in the habit of smoking and drinking, white patches of leukoplakia are quite common.
Because osteosarcoma tumors are frequently found near growth plates, it is believed that factors affecting growth rates, such as diets that promote rapid growth in puppies, appear to influence risk.  According to oncologists, the tumors tend to get attached to those areas that are ‘remodeling’ regions in dogs. This is a process which is vital to the assessment of the extension of cancer and health of canines. It can also be caused due to disturbance in gastrointestinal tract and due to heightened stress and emotions.
Thus there is every chance that underlying medical condition can cause bumps on your tongue.



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