Because your feet are so far away from your heart, it takes them much longer to heal than other parts of the body – this is because it takes much longer to circulate blood from your heart to your feet. Swelling of the feet and ankles is normally caused by a serious condition of either the heart, kidneys, of blood vessels. Tom Corson-Knowles Blog by Tom Corson-Knowles is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The contents of this Site, such as text, graphics, images, and other material contained on the Site ("Content") are for informational purposes only.
If you have undergone a basic workup by a doctor but you continue to have unexplained lower extremity swelling, you may need to be assessed for more unusual etiologies. These potential pelvic or abdominal pathologies that can lead to leg swelling are often assessed with either MRI or CT scans. The most common way that the leg circulation is tested to evaluate a patient with leg swelling is a vein ultrasound, also known as a venous duplex study. Other problems that can occur as the result of chronic leg swelling are the following: skin or tissue infections which can become recurrent, chronic pain, development of permanent skin damage or even skin ulcers, development of leg blisters, or compromise of the leg circulation. Post-thrombotic Syndrome (PTS) is a chronic condition that can result many months or years after having a blood clot.  In this condition, the invovled veins become damaged long-term as a result of scar tissue formation or valve damage within the lining of the veins. There are many different treatment options available for edema.  The type of treatment recommended will depend on the cause of the swelling, the extent of the swelling, and the location of the swelling. For blood clots, the most common treatment offered is anticoagulant medications, either Coumadin (Warfarin), Lovenox, Heparin, or a combination of these. Austin, Round Rock, Georgetown, West Lake Hills, Lakeway, Jollyville, Pflugerville, Cedar Park, Elgin, Bastrop, Taylor, Leander, & Brushy Creek Texas and the surrounding areas.
Bones are constantly attempting to remodel and repair themselves, especially during a sport where extraordinary stress is applied to the bone. Stress fractures commonly occur in sedentary people who suddenly undertake a burst of exercise (whose bones are not used to the task). As with most conditions, a stress fracture is diagnosed with a podiatric history and physical exam. X-rays may not show any evidence of stress fractures, so a CT scan, MRI, or bone scan may be more effective in unclear cases. If a stress fracture occurs in a weight-bearing bone, healing will be delayed or prevented by continuing to put weight on that limb. Bracing or casting the limb with a hard plastic boot or air cast may also prove beneficial by taking some stress off the stress fracture.
Ankle swelling is a serious problem which is faced by many people at some point of time in life. An individual may not be able to move his or her leg due to pain and swelling in the ankle.
The above discussion clearly reveals the most common factors responsible for ankle swelling. Ganglion cysts grow due to accumulation of fluid within them and not because of uncontrolled cell growth, like benign tumors (lipoma, for example) do 3.
Bible cyst or bump, because they were used to be treated by slamming with a heavy book, such as Bible 4 or Gideon Bible (and hence Gideon’s disease). Synovial cyst arises from the joint synovial sheath and is a true cyst (covered by epithelium on the inner side), so it is not the same as ganglion cyst, but the appearance and treatment for both is similar, so they are often used as synonyms 29,45,65.
Bursal cyst arises from the bursa; its inner side is covered by epithelium, so it is not the same as ganglion cyst, but the two are often used as synonyms 11,64,65. Wrist ganglion cysts most commonly appear on the dorsal (back, top) side, but also on the volar (palmar) side of the wrist 5. Ganglion cysts can appear on the fingers or thumbs, either on the base of the finger (palm side) or on the end knuckle (back side) — in the later case it is called mucous cyst 3,5. Some ganglion cysts are hidden within the joints (occult cysts) and are not visible or palpable and may or may not cause symptoms 3.
A cyst can cause stiffness and limited motion, snapping, catching or locking of the affected joint and may affect hand gripping or walking 3. When a cyst is attached to a tendon, it may cause muscle weakness in the affected finger or toe. A ganglion cyst arising from the hip joint may appear as a groin mass, which may pulsate, and when it presses upon the femoral nerve, it can cause groin pain or tingling 50,51. Rarely, ganglion cysts develop within the bones (intraosseous cyst), most commonly in the wrist bones 7, but also in the femur 6 or humerus 32,  cartilaginous discs in the spine 8, muscles (mainly in the calf) 15,33,34 or nerves 17,35.
The fluid from the joint may move into the cyst but not vice versa, so this is why a cyst can grow larger with the joint activity 25. The wall of the cyst is made of collagen (the predominant molecule in the connective tissue) and fibrocytes (cells that produce collagen) 25.
Repetitive strain injury of the joints, for example in gymnasts or athletes, or repetitive wrist use in computer users 41 and guitar players 42. In a 25 year old footballer who was hit into the peroneal muscle on the outer side of the calf, a ganglion cyst with bumpy swelling developed in the muscle 38. Some orthopedicians believe wearing shoes with high heels increases the risk of injury that can result in formation of a ganglion cyst 54. A doctor observes and palpates the cyst and shines through it by using a penlight (transillumination) — most ganglion cysts are translucent (Video 1) 3,7. In doubtful cases, a doctor may check the content of the cyst by aspiration a small amount of fluid using a needle and syringe. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Computed Tomography (CT) can reliably show a ganglion or mucous cyst, but are rarely needed and are expensive 3,5,13. X-ray does not show a ganglion cyst, but can rule out dense structures, such as tumors and bone spurs 3. Xanthomas, which are lipid deposits in individuals with hypertriglyceridemia (yellowish appearance).
A lump in the neck is rarely a ganglion cyst; it is more likely an abscess (after infection in the mouth or throat), enlarged lymph node (gland) or a thyroid nodule, goiter or cancer.
Ganglion cysts are translucent when you shine a light through them, but cancers and benign tumors are not.
When a cyst hurts, over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, may help. Wrist brace or splint prevent wrist mobility and may reduce pain and may, eventually, lead to reduction of the cyst size 3. A puncture (acupuncture) of the cyst is rarely performed nowadays; a doctor pushes a suture perpendicularly into the wrist and the cyst is allowed to drain for several days 7,25,70. Aspiration is mainly used to treat cysts on the back of the wrist (Video 2) and in the foot 21. A primary doctor or orthopedic surgeon cleans the skin above the cyst, injects a local anesthetic near the cyst and drains the cyst fluid by using a needle and a syringe. In about half of the cases, after aspiration the cyst will be filled with fluid in some time 3.
Cyst excision, which is usually an outpatient procedure, which lasts about 15 minutes, involves removing the cyst, its stalk and often a part of the tendon sheath or joint capsule from which the cyst originates with the scalpel 3 or laser 56,70.
In an open surgery, an orthopedic surgeon makes about 2 inches (5 cm) cut through the skin and removes the cyst (Video 3) 3. In an arthroscopic or keyhole surgery, an operator pushes a thin endoscope with a camera and instruments on the end through a small incision in the skin into the joint and removes the cyst 3. A surgery can be performed under local or regional anesthesia (you are awake during the procedure) or general anesthesia (you fall asleep) 68. You might need to wear a sling or splint for 3-7 days after an operation to avoid an injury to a surgical wound and to give time for swelling to go away 7.
In the first three days after operation, holding an ice pack over the wound dressing (NOT directly on the skin) may reduce swelling 59.
Recovery time after wrist ganglion removal may range from few days to six weeks, depending on how extensive the surgery was and how much you use wrists during work 3,4,23.
A doctor or physiotherapist may suggest you specific exercises to maintain the mobility of the joint and massage of the scar to prevent adhesions. After removal of a cyst from the top of the foot or big toe you may be able to walk straight away 24. After removal of a cyst from the bottom of the foot, you might need to wear an offloaded surgical shoe for 2-3 weeks 24. The cost of ganglion cyst removal surgery may vary greatly and depends on the hospital, the type of anesthesia used and the difficulty of operation. In the United Kingdom (UK) the cost (as of September 2013) may range from 1,300 to 1,750 ? (British pounds) 28. Recurrence of the cyst in 10-48% of cases, much more likely after the removal of the volar than dorsal wrist cysts 37.
Arthroscopic surgery results in less pain and a smaller scar than open surgery, but the recurrence rate is about the same in both types 7,36. Do not pop a cyst with a needle, since you may not be sure if it is a cyst at all, and because you can cause a cyst infection 2.
Do not try to burst a cyst by slamming it with a heavy object like a book because you can cause damage of the nearby nerves 2.
There is a lack of scientific evidence about effectiveness of homeopathic or holistic methods in curing ganglion cysts. The exact cause of ganglion cysts is not known, so currently no prevention guidelines exists 58. A surgery is currently the most effective cure for a ganglion cyst, but it leaves a scar, stiffness and pain in the joint may persist or even worsen, and the cyst may return in 4-48% cases. John, first you need to get an exact diagnosis from a specialist (your primary doctor can lead you where to go). Most primary care offices will be able to aspirate (remove the fluid with a needle) in their office.
In my primary care office, this is typically a 30 minute appointment which includes consultation and the procedure together in one visit. Most cysts can be aspired–in this case only the fluid is removed, but the membrane and the stalk are still there, so aspired cysts often recur. Laser treatment might be as effective as aspiration, but I have no real information about this.
Kathryn, you get local anesthesia, so it should not be painful more than like getting a vaccine. Cold feet, many culpritsIf your toes are always cold, one reason could be poor blood flow - a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high blood pressure or heart disease. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. The lupus rash is a skin condition associated with the presence of the autoimmune disease called Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE).


Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which means that a patient with the illness has antibodies that are faulty and attack the patient’s own tissue because they mistakenly identify these as foreign and unfamiliar.
The lupus rashes are primarily treated through the topical application of skin creams such as corticosteroids and antimalarial drugs like hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine. SLE patients with rashes should always put on sunscreen with high SPF values before getting exposed to sunlight. Presence of increased quantities of even the naturally occurring chemicals in the body results in a disease.
All the symptoms such as the painful joints, fever and chills disappear in just a day or two.
Apart from joints uric acid crystals get accumulated in various tissues such as the region behind the ankle, in the earlobe and in elbows. This normally occurs in the ankles, feet, and legs but it can also affect any area of your body. With diabetes and metabolic syndrome growing at skyrocketing rates, it’s now very common to suffer from swollen legs, feet and ankles due to poor circulation and cardiovascular problems, as well as common injuries. Lecithin Seeds – This is an effective treatment for chronic or long term foot swelling. Mustard Oil – It has shown that massaging your foot with warm mustard oil will help to relieve swelling and pain in the feet and ankles. Apple Cider Vinegar – Applying this to the affected area will help to reduce the excess of fluid in your foot or ankle and relieve swelling and pain in the affected body part.
Exercise – This will help by taking pressure off the leg and reducing any swelling you may have. Molasses and Saunf Drink – Boil one or two glasses of water with a half teaspoon of molasses and a tablespoon of saunf.
She loves to write about natural health solutions, women health, nutrition, diet and green living. The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Other methods of diagnosis include a D-dimer blood test, a CT scan (CAT scan), a MRI, or catheter venography. If a blood clot is the cause, more dangerous consequences are possible.  Blood clots can sometime lead to death or amputation of a limb. This can lead to areas of obstruction or stenosis that hinders the ability of blood to circulate normally. When these medications cannot be administered for medical reasons (such as risk of bleeding), a metal filter device is often placed within the vein (known as an Inferior Vena Cava Filter or IVC filter). It is caused by unusual or repeated stress." This is in contrast to other types of fractures, which are usually characterized by a solitary, severe impact.
A stress fracture could present as a generalized area of pain and tenderness associated with weight bearing. Over time, if enough stress is placed on the bone that it exhausts the capacity of the bone to remodel, a weakened site—a stress fracture—on the bone may appear.
They may also occur in Olympic-class athletes who do extraordinary quantities of high-impact exercise, in professional and amateur distance runners who run high weekly mileage, or in soldiers who march long distances. The amount of recovery time varies greatly depending upon the location, severity, the strength of the body's healing response and an individual's nutritional intake.
An air cast has preinflated cells that put light pressure on the bone, which promotes healing by increasing blood flow to the area. The procedure may involve pinning the fracture site, and rehabilitation can take up to a half year.
Though this may seem counter-intuitive (because stress fractures are caused by too much stress on the bone), moderate stress applied to the bone in a controlled manner can strengthen the bone and make it less susceptible to a stress fracture.
Strengthening these muscles will prevent them from becoming fatigued quickly, allowing them to absorb the strain of running for longer periods of time. Perez is board certified by the American Board of Foot & Ankle Surgery and a Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Any kind of injury in the ankle should not be ignored and reported to the doctor immediately, so as to prevent the ankle to swell. Gout is a condition associated with excessive build up of uric-acid crystals inside the ankle’s fluid.
This problem occurs due to improper flow of blood in both legs. Chronic ankle swelling is mostly observed in people suffering from peripheral edema.
Improper blood flow causes blood clotting, which eventually leads to swelling in the ankle and the foot.
The understanding about the ankle swelling causes would help to treat the problem in an effective way.
Wrist ganglions usually arise from the muscle tendons but sometimes from the wrist bones 7. A cyst may become bigger with joint activity and smaller with joint rest; a cyst disappears spontaneously in up to 58% cases 3,4,25,26. This fluid may originate from the synovial fluid normally present in the joint, but this is not certain 25. There is no epithelial cells on the inside of the cyst wall, so ganglion cysts are not true cysts but pseudocysts 25. The prevailing opinion is that ganglion cysts are caused by degeneration of the connective tissues in the joint, probably due to chronic irritation or minor trauma, such as pressure from the shoes or landing on the hand with an extended arm 7,11.
In most cases, a doctor can make a diagnosis of ganglion cyst on the basis of a physical exam alone without further investigations 25. When the obtained fluid is not clear as expected, it can be sent into the laboratory and investigated under the microscope (cytologic investigation) 12. Holding an ice pack (wrapped in a cloth, not directly to the skin) over the cyst for 20 minutes few times a day may also provide pain relief 60. After aspiration, a doctor may inject a steroid into a cyst — this is supposed to reduce the chance of the cyst recurrence, but this has not been proven 25. Arthroscopic surgery usually results in less pain after a procedure and a shorter scar than open surgery 3,36.
Surgical removal of a ganglion cyst from the top of the wrist: preparation, excision, sutures, bandage. Nicotine causes narrowing of the blood vessels and may greatly prolong healing of the surgical wound 24. When the associated part of the synovial sheath from which the cyst arises is removed as well, the recurrence rate may be as low as 4%. According to one study, a volar wrist ganglion cyst can recur as early as in one month or as late as after 12 years 49. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. Bacteria called staphylococcus and streptococcus are responsible for this type of infection. As an autoimmune disease, SLE does not usually present itself with a predictable set of symptoms in each of the patients suffering from it, but its distinctive rash remains as a consistent sign in most SLE patients.
The reactions that the antibodies make start up an inflammatory response, causing swelling and tissue damage to organs as well as to the skin.
The joints become red, swollen due to accumulation of uric acid crystals and will be very painful.
Crystals getting accumulated outside the joints are termed as tophi and are generally not painful like those seen in joints.
Timely and appropriate diagnosis of the disease at right time reduces the risk of complications and also treats the condition completely. It can be very painful and if not treated right away, can cause permanent damage to your lower limbs.
Put your leg up in front of you so it is elevated and apply an ice pack to the swollen area, or a bag of ice wrapped in a clean towel. Get a slice of cucumber and place it on your foot, wrapping it with a cotton cloth or a bandage. Place your foot in a pan of warm water and pour in ? a cup of salt to jumpstart the swelling reduction process. It is recommended to rotate your ankle 10 times every 30 minutes to encourage blood flow in the affected area. This will help to remove any salt that is in your urine and in turn will help to reduce swelling in your foot or ankle. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Some additional blood testing may be recommended to evaluate your organs for potential dysfunction.
If the valves are dysfunctional within the veins, this can lead to venous insufficiency or venous reflux, a chronic circulatory disease. Gotvald MD, serving Austin, West Lake Hills, Lakeway, Jollyville, Pflugerville, Cedar Park, Elgin, Bastrop, Taylor, Leander, Brushy Creek, Round Rock, Georgetown Texas and the surrounding areas. Gotvald MD, serving Austin, West Lake Hills, Lakeway, Jollyville, Pflugerville, Cedar Park, Elgin, Bastrop, Taylor, Leander, Brushy Creek, Round Rock, & Georgetown Texas and the surrounding areas. It could be described as a very small sliver or crack in the bone; this is why it is sometimes dubbed "hairline fracture".
Usually when running, a stress fracture in the leg or foot will cause severe pain at the beginning of the run, moderate pain in the middle of the run, and severe pain at the end and after the run. Complete rest and a cast or walking boot are usually used for a period of four to eight weeks, although periods of rest of twelve to sixteen weeks is not uncommon for more severe stress fractures.
An easy way to do this is to follow the runner's rule of increasing distance by no more than 10 percent per week. Key muscles that need strengthening with lower leg stress fractures are the calves and the shin muscles.
It is important to treat the swelling and inflammation in the ankle as soon as possible, so that the problem does not aggravate.
At times, an individual may also suffer from a fracture in the ankle due to stress and tension, consequently resulting in swollen ankle. Obesity and pregnancy are the two major factors resulting in peripheral edema, eventually resulting in swollen ankles. With the help of using ankle wraps, exercising the ankles in a gentle way, eating nutritious foods and applying cold packs on the ankle, ankle swelling would be treated to a great extent. A ganglion cyst is a non-cancerous fluid-filled sac that arises from the muscle tendon, tendon sheath, joint capsule or ligament, most commonly in the wrist or foot 3.
In most cases, a ganglion cyst is not dangerous, but may cause stiffness or pain in the affected joint 3.
A cyst may rupture when you hit it accidentally; this usually causes no problems, but the cyst often returns.


The fluid within the cyst is made predominantly of water, hyaluronic acid, glucosamine, mucin and proteins 25,46. Cysts on the palmar side of the wrist may be guided by an ultrasound to avoid injury of the radial artery 25.
Splinting the wrist after the cyst aspiration has not been proven beneficial and may actually prolong the stiffness of the wrist 25. If the cyst is the cause of your pain, its removal would result in pain relief, but your surgeon can tell you some statistics about this. In general, conservative (non-surgical) treatments of ganglion cysts are not very effective. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. The lupus rash appears on areas of the skin which receives the most exposure to sunlight, such as on the face.
The rash in SLE patients is a result of the inflammatory process in combination with an abnormally increased sensitivity to the heat of the sun.
Medical condition that is characterized by increased levels of uric acid which gets deposited in tissues of the body is regarded as gout.
As time passes, multiple joints get affected and the pain continues to remain for more number of days. Generally anti inflammatory non steroidal drugs are used to treat gout. Home remedies for gout too work perfectly for gout. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this site! Other common therapies include “clot-busting” or “clot-dissolving” medications that can be delivered through a catheter directly into the clot under x-ray guidance.
After this period activities may be gradually resumed, as long as the activities do not cause pain. If the stress fracture of the leg or foot is severe enough, crutches can help by removing stress from the bone.
This allows the bones to adapt to the added stress so they are able to withstand greater stress in the future.
In order to treat the swelling in ankle, it is first important to learn about the causes of ankle swelling.
NOTE: Ganglion cysts have nothing to do with neural ganglions, which are clusters of neural cells inside the body. According to one study, immobilization after cyst aspiration does not reduce symptoms or prevent cyst recurrence 48. Sometimes, a cyst heals spontaneously, but I can’t say if this can happen in your case.
A doctor can look for any underlying problems - or let you know that you simply have cold feet.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. It is also known as a “butterfly rash” for the shape it assumes as it is spread horizontally across the patient’s cheeks and nose. However, consult the physician to confirm if you are suffering with gout and take their advice before using home remedies for gout.
Dab the area until the towel dries and then repeat this process for twenty minutes, twice a day. While the bone may feel healed and not hurt during daily activity, the process of bone remodeling may take place for many months after the injury feels healed, and incidences of re-fracturing the bone is still at significant risk. These include stress fractures, stress reactions, tendinitis, meniscal tears, ITB Friction syndrome, and exacerbation of pre-existing arthritis.
It is considered as a chronic disease which causes damage to the joints and even disturbs the excretory functions of kidney. Other possible therapies for regions of vein obstruction or stenosis that do not respond to the medications include balloon angioplasty or stents placed into the vein under x-ray guidance.
However, the muscles, usually those in the lower leg, become fatigued after running a long distance and lose their ability to absorb shock. Activities such as running or sports that place additional stress on the bone should only gradually be resumed.
It is best to have a consultation with a Vein Specialist as quickly as possible after being diagnosed with a DVT so that all of your options can be discussed.
One general rule is to not increase the volume of training by more than 10 percent from one week to the next. Depending on a variety of factors (including weight, running surface and shoe durability), runners should replace their shoes every 300–700 miles to allow adequate mid-sole cushioning.
The incision leaves a permanent scar, which can be thick, red and numb, and, in some individuals, a small area around the scar will be also permanently numb 22. However, pain that's not due to sky-high heels may come from a stress fracture, a small crack in a bone.
Rehabilitation usually includes muscle strength training to help dissipate the forces transmitted to the bones.
One possible cause: exercise that was too intense, particularly high-impact sport like football and distance running. Can an arthritic cyst benefit from laser treatments and if so, about how many should suffice?
Red, white and blue toesRaynaud's disease can cause your toes to turn white, then bluish, and then red and then return to their natural tone. And do patients who have surgery to remove an arthritic cyst develop further pain after surgery?
Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms, which usually don’t lead to other health concerns.
Raynaud's may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's disease or thyroid problems. Heel painThe most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation where this long ligament attaches to the heel bone. Arthritis, excessive exercise and poorly fitting shoes also can cause heel pain, as can tendonitis. Less common causes include a bone spur on the bottom of the heel, a bone infection, tumour or fracture. Dragging your feetSometimes the first sign of a problem is a change in the way you walk - a wider gait or slight foot dragging.
The cause may be the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage.
Nerve damage also can be due to infection, vitamin deficiency, alcoholism, and nervous system disease.
Lung disease is the most common underlying cause, but it also can be caused by heart disease, liver and digestive disorders or certain infections. Swollen feetThis is usually a temporary nuisance caused by standing too long or long haul travel - especially if you are pregnant. Burning feetA burning sensation in the feet is common among people with diabetes with peripheral nerve damage. It can also be caused by a vitamin B deficiency, athlete’s foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease) or hypothyroidism.
Sores that don’t healFoot sores that will not heal are a major warning sign of possible diabetes. Diabetes can impair sensation in the feet, circulation and normal wound healing, so even a blister can become a problem wound. People with diabeties should wash and dry their feet and check them for any wounds every day.
Slow-healing of sores also can be caused by poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease.
Pain in the big toeGout is a notorious cause of sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling (seen here).
If the joint is rigid, it may be hallux rigidus, a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops.
Pain in the smaller toesIf you feel like you're walking on a marble, or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes, you may have Morton’s neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes.
Itchy feetItchy, scaly skin may be athlete’s foot, a fungal infection that's particularly common in young men.
A reaction to chemicals or skin care products - called contact dermatitis -- can cause itching, too, along with redness and dry patches.
If the skin of your itchy feet is thick and scaly, it may be psoriasis, an over-reaction of the immune system.
Claw toeThis foot deformity can be caused by shoes that are tight and pinch your toes or by a disease that damages nerves, such as diabetes, alcoholism or other neurological disorder. Your toes will be bent upward as they extend from the ball of the foot, then downward from the middle joint, resembling a claw. They may respond to stretching and exercises of the toes - or you may need special shoes or even surgery.
Foot spasmsA sudden, sharp pain in the foot is the hallmark of a muscle spasm or cramp, which can last many minutes. Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium or vitamin D levels in the body.
Dark spot on the footWe associate skin cancer with the sun, so we're not as likely to check our feet for unusual spots. However, a melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop even in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun.
Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphoedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems or rheumatoid arthritis. Spoon-shaped toenailsSometimes an injury to the nail or frequent exposure to petroleum-based solvents can create a concave, spoon-like shape.
White nailsInjury to the nail or illness anywhere in the body can cause white areas in the nails. If part or all of a nail separates from the nail bed (shown here), it can appear white - and may be due to an injury, nail infection or psoriasis.If the nail is intact and most of it is white, it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition including liver disease, congestive heart failure or diabetes.
Pitting of the nailsPitting, or punctured-looking depressions in the surface of the nail, is caused by a disruption in the growth of the nail at the nail plate.



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