Swollen ankles, feet and legs, referred to medically as edema, occur when fluid is retained in the spaces between body cells. Initially, the feet, ankles and legs will appear swollen as the day progresses, but after a period of time, the swelling will set in first thing in the morning and continue to worsen throughout the day.
Apply a cold pack to control the swelling, such as crushed ice in a plastic bag, a cold gel pack, or a bag of frozen peas or green beans. To soothe tendinitis, sprains, strains, and general foot aches, alternate hot and cold vinegar wraps. Lecithin seeds are another effective home remedy for the treatment of swelling of feet during pregnancy. Sleeping or resting in one direction of your body (side turn) and keeping your legs raised using soft cushion reduces swelling of feet. It is also found that Vitamin E-rich food is good for patients suffering from swelling of feet during pregnancy. Sit on the carpet and stretch your leg in the front, rotate your leg 10-15 times in a clockwise direction and then in the same way rotate in the anti-clock wise direction for 10-15 times. Swollen upper lip of a six year-old boy who is experiencing an allergic reaction to peanuts.
A red rash on the arm of a four-month old baby due to an allergic food reaction of unknown origin. Severe sudden swelling in the lower face of a 50-year-old man experiencing an allergic food reaction. A double-blind oral food challenge in which a patient eats a variety of foods one by one, while being watched for symptoms of an allergic reaction by a doctor.
Food allergies are immune system reactions that many people experience after exposure to certain foods — particularly milk, eggs, peanuts and tree nuts — and can involve symptoms including digestive problems, hives or swollen airways. Food allergy is becoming more common among children, increasing 18% from 1997 to 2007, according to statistics from the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology. Pain during walking (claudication) – venous claudication may be difficult to differentiate from arterial claudication by the history on itself. Ulcers – venous ulcers that are the hallmark of chronic venous insufficiency are often found in the peri-malleolar area.
The clinical findings in patients with chronic venous insufficiency may be classified according to the CEAP classification or to the venous clinical severity score. Complicated varicose veins – pain, superficial thrombophlebitis, hematoma, bleeding (that can be severe secondary to venous hypertension.
Complex varicose disease – this pattern is actually a diffuse combination of symptoms such as pain, edema and skin changes.


Venous hypertension syndrome – leg pain when standing and leg pain when the leg is dangled. Leg swelling – This is a common syndrome in elderly persons that do not move much (so the calf muscle pump is not very active). Complex multisystem venous disease – a combination of symptoms is present, however as opposed to complex varicose disease, it is more severe. As in many other vascular conditions, venous insufficiency is diagnosed by combining the history, physical examination and proper imaging studies. The most important component of conservative treatment of venous insufficiency is compression (stockings).
Compression has been found effective in healing ulcers in a 2009 Cochrane database review, and it is probably more important than the type of dressing that is applied beneath the compression.
Pharmacological treatment has but a small role in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. Preventing saphenous venous reflux has been cited as an important factor in ulcer healing and recurrence prevention. Treatment of varicose veins with laser ablation and by radiofrequency ablation is described elsewhere as is treatment of perforator veins with subfacial endoscopic perforator surgery (SEPS). Several other interventional treatment options have been shown to improve ulcer healing and reduce symptoms of venous insufficiency including pain and swelling.
Chronic venous insufficiency can pose a more serious result if not given proper medical attention. Doppler studies are done in order to know the blockage as well as the extent of the damaged valves. When ulceration is found, then surgical management must be done in order to prevent further skin breakdown. Finished BSN at Lyceum of the Philippines University, and Master of Science in Nursing Major in Adult Health Nursing at the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center.
But, most importantly, cut down on processed foods and fast foods, all of which are overflowing with salt. While edema typically affects the feet, ankles and lower legs, it can also impact any area of the body, causing systemic symptoms. Long-term edema causes pitting: When you press on the swollen area for a few seconds, you will notice an indentation in that area.
Place an ice pack, or ice in a plastic bag wrapped in a clean dish towel on the raised ankle. Some of the Vitamin E-rich food is spinach, almond oil, sweet potato, sunflower seeds, and wheat germs.


Eating peanuts has triggered an immune response in which the boy’s body is releasing chemical histamine. Angioedema can cause difficulty with speaking and breathing, and can potentially block the windpipe and cause suffocation. Small amounts of suspected allergy-causing substances are placed on the skin, which is then observed for signs of a reaction.
The cause of the increase remains unknown, but several hypotheses to explain shifts in prevalence are currently being investigated. These include hyperpigmentation, stasis dermatitis, lipodermatosclerosis (which is subcutaneous fibrous tissue), atrophie blanche (hypopigmented scarring denoting previous ulcer that typically has patechial lesions in it), corona phlebectatica, thickening and induration. However, the symptoms exceeded more than two weeks it can already classified as chronic venous insufficiency. It can eventually lead to ulcerations or skin breakage on the skin making the person prone infections.
These valves help in preventing the backflow of the blood while it is being brought back to the heart. A colour-flow study is done in order to separate the veins that are doing well from those that are blocked or damaged. Stretching from time to time can also help in the circulation of the blood on the lower extremities.
Sometimes iliac vein obstruction can be found and fixed, however bilateral disease should be sought. The terms postphlebitic syndrome and postthrombotic syndrome may also point out the same description.
A Venogram is also used in order to assess the veins that are not fit for good circulation.
An infrared light is passed through the lower extremities during leg exercise, the slower the capillary refill the more it indicates incompetent veins on the legs. Taking a look at the lifestyle of patients can also be considered as a key factor in determining the cause of chronic venous insufficiency. Sedentary lifestyle can ultimately result in stasis of the muscles of the lower legs to contract in order to bring back the blood to the heart.




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