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26.09.2015
South Africa, Brazil and other emerging economies are likely to face emissions caps come 2012. Stretched-out plains with dust devils and unrelenting sun are the trademarks of the barren Northern Cape in South Africa. But Peet Du Plooy, WWF’s trade and investment advisor for South Africa believes the true cost of coal-based electricity to be higher. Du Plooy points out that the price of coal has climbed steeply in the last three years and that the environmental cost of fossil fuels also needs to be factored in.
The company aims to build solar power stations up to 10MW in size, which can be up and running in six to nine months compared with 10 years or more for coal-powered stations and 15 years for nuclear plants. After evaluating various solar technologies, Eskom has decided to use concentrated solar power (CSP) at its plant in Upington. CSP also has the backing of the World Bank, which views it as the only zero-emission technology that could potentially rival coal-fired power. And despite Eskom’s enthusiasm for solar, the company is reluctant to estimate how much it will invest in the technology over the next decade, saying this will depend on the success of the Upington project. This feature was created by a fellow from the Climate Change Media Partnership a group made up of Panos, Internews and the International Institute for Environment and Development.
Within the next 20 years, South Africa could create 78,000 new green jobs, slash its carbon emissions, increase its energy security and become a world leader in renewable energy production. Students of the Madiba-a-Toloane High School install solar panels on the roof of the school hall. What if there was a way to create jobs, provide training, enhance skills and tackle climate change?
This is exactly what Greenpeace's new report, South African Energy Sector Jobs to 2030, investigates. While South Africa pumps out carbon dioxide emissions from coal (we are the 14th highest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world), we are sitting atop a treasure trove of renewable energy sources: wind energy, marine energy and some of the best solar resources in the world. This new report finds that, while business as usual energy scenarios come at the cost of the climate and the economy, switching from coal to renewable electricity generation would reduce South Africa’s carbon dioxide emissions by 60% by 2050, and create a brand new industry and more jobs.
The South African Government's ‘Growth Without Constraints’ scenario, which is commonly regarded as a reference case for the country and was designed to reflect South Africa’s energy future in the absence of climate change and with no oil constraints. We calculated direct employment in each of these scenarios: ie jobs in fuel production, manufacturing, construction, operations, maintenance, energy efficiency, and those associated with coal exports. What we found was that the Energy [R]evolution scenario created the most jobs - a net increase of 78,000 jobs by 2030. In short, renewable energy could be a major employment creator in South Africa, creating 78,000 direct jobs and countless thousands of other indirect jobs in less than 20 years. The Energy [R]evolution scenario also does best in emissions reductions, reducing South African emissions by 60% by 2050 (compared to the 2005 level) through energy efficiency, renewable energy and combined heat and power generation. By comparison, under the IEA Reference case South Africa’s emissions nearly double by 2050 relative to 2005, and under the Growth Without Constraints scenario emissions increase nearly fourfold. The country needs to find the political will to start overhauling its entire energy supply process.
If the government seizes the opportunity, South Africa can avoid making the same costly mistakes that the climate-changing economies of the developed world have made. The COP 20 negotiations kicked off with an all fired up plenary consisting of UNFCCC’s boss, Ms. That science points to human activities as the largest cause of increased greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions is not quite disputable.
Dealing with the sorry state of the energy sector in most African countries is very crucial.
Despite the large proportion of the population lacking access to energy, those who have access do not fully enjoy that privilege.
Although this is a step in the direction, there is need for emphasis to be placed on promoting renewable energy at all levels in the rest of Africa. The COP 20 provides a forum to discuss how such mechanisms can be dealt with in the context of adaptation, finance and technology transfer.
Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Siemens South Africa is speeding towards rolling out its alternative energy projects in two provinces, the Eastern Cape and Northern Cape, with sod turning ceremonies set for this week.
Siemens said the electricity generated from the wind and the sun will soon be nothing foreign to the people of Jeffreys bay, in the Eastern Cape, where a 138 megawatts onshore wind farm is to be constructed. The electricity that will be generated from the three renewable projects energy is estimated to be able to power approximately 130 00 households with eco-friendly electricity. She says the projects will “enable us to also increase our empowerment footprint.” With Siemens South Africa spending exceeding R2 billion, the company has the potential to contribute the lasting, real and sustainable impact on the local economy and the promotion and development of small and medium sized enterprises (SME) and black-owned companies.
The role of renewables in the energy mix is expected to grow strongly over the next few years, not only in South Africa but on the African continent as a whole. Siemens will erect the photovoltaic plants, each covering an area of about one square kilometre, as a turnkey project. For the Jeffreys Bay wind farm, Siemens is to deliver 60 wind turbines, each with a capacity of 2.3 MW and a rotor diameter of 101 metres, which the company will also install and commission. With this project, Siemens wind power service paves the way for further projects in South Africa, especially for service on new projects that could benefit from the set up and the experience at Jeffrey’s Bay. South Africa is growing its alternative energy capacity with numerous photovoltaic power stations and wind farms across the country.
In recent months two major solar power plants went live, while two even larger concentrated solar thermal power (CSP) plants were announced. SolarReserve announced on 11 November 2014 that the 96 megawatt (MW) photovoltaic (PV) Jasper solar power project was completed and fully operational. The Sishen Solar Energy Facility came online in December 2014, with an estimated 216GWh per year of electricity generation. In January the Department of Energy announced the construction of two new CSP plants, which will be built in the Northern Cape. The Kathu Solar Park and Redstone Solar Thermal Power project, both of which will have 100MW capacity, are part of the government’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP).
These solar power plants complement other large solar installations, including the Kalkbult Solar Park, Lesedi Solar Park, and Letsatsi Solar Park.
The 75 megawatt Kalkbult solar photovolataic power station started to provide the grid with electricity in November 2013.
The power station is located near Petrusville in the Northern Cape, and is producing 150,000MWh per annum. Scatec Solar was awarded the Kalkbult project in December 2011, and it was completed in September 2013.
The Lesedi power project was awarded by the South Africa Department of Energy in the first round of bidding under the South Africa Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme.
The Letsatsi Solar Power Project near Bloemfontein was completed in May 2014 and is fully operational.
The project is playing its part in helping South Africa meet its renewable energy targets, in addition to stimulating long-term economic development and creating new jobs. In November 2014 SolarReserve announced that the 96 megawatt photovoltaic Jasper solar power project was fully operational. Jasper is located in South Africa’s Northern Cape in a solar park that also includes the 75MW Lesedi solar power project.


With over 325,000 PV modules, the Jasper project is delivering 180,000 megawatt-hours of electricity annually for South African residents. The 75MW Kathu Solar PV facility, based in the Northern Cape, commenced commercial operations in November 2014.
The project is expected to deliver 179GWh of clean energy into the grid annually, equivalent to the electricity requirements of 68,000 low-income households.
The Sishen Solar Energy Facility came online in December 2014, with an estimated electricity generation of 216GWh per year.
The solar plant has 319,600 photovoltaic modules, with a peak capacity of 94.3 megawatts (MWp) – 74 nominal MW. The planned 100MW Redstone concentrated solar thermal power plant, which forms part of the South African REIPPPP, will be the biggest plant of its kind in South Africa. The 100MW project with 12 hours of full-load energy storage will be able to deliver electricity to more than 200,000 South African homes during peak demand periods, even well after the sun has set. The biggest benefit of the CSP plant is that it produces electricity without harmful emissions or hazardous materials, and without any fuel cost for the 30+ year life of the project. The Redstone Solar Thermal Power project is scheduled to commence operations in early 2018. The solar park project will be equipped with a molten salt storage system that allows 4.5 hours of thermal energy storage. You can save lots of money with Makro’s Big Birthday Bash, Dion Wired’s tech specials, and Game’s Winner Deals. Rapid7 security firm researchers have shown how a chip and PIN card point-of-sale device can be used to illegally draw money from an ATM.
The top trending questions on Google South Africa this week include “What is bipolar”, “How to stop coughing”, and “How to get rid of stretch marks”.
The latest MyBroadband survey results reveal how much respect South African IT professionals have for the different telecoms companies in the country. The evidence is in: Renewable energy is viable, reliable, and ready to go – all that’s missing is the political will to kick start an energy revolution in South Africa. On this page we’ve grouped some of the most common myths about renewable energy, explaining why they are just that – myths that don’t stand up to reality. But here’s the thing, although we’ve busted the myths here, we need you to make the myth busting go beyond this page. Right now, renewable energy is actually already cheaper than coal and nuclear power at every step. Besides, our latest report shows that there could be about 7.6 millions jobs in Africa by 2020 in the renewable energy sector and about 10 millions by 2030. Market price aside, coal and nuclear power have huge hidden costs that aren’t included in the price that you and I pay for electricity.
For instance, Eskom is currently building the Kusile coal-fired power plant, and it’s estimated that the coal plant will cause damage of up to R60 billion for every year it operates.
These massive costs aren't taken into account when the price of coal power is calculated -- but they are still very real!
Renewables technology is ready to go, and is working reliably in countries around the world. South Africa has some of the best renewable resources in the world as it has one of the highest and most stable solar radiations in the world. The key to getting a constant supply of electricity from renewable energy is to have a mix of sources: solar and wind power, natural gas, and anaerobic digestion plants.
As the sun goes down, so wind production generally increases, and as the winds drop in one region they pick up in another. The reality is that South Africa’s grid – the system that connects power stations to consumers – needs to be improved or replaced regardless of the power source we use.
A smart grid is a system that can connect (and swtich between) a number of energy sources (solar, wind, etc.), at many different sites, to provide a constant flow of electricity to users.
Also, while every effort should be made to minimise this impact, it should also be looked at in the context of other projects and their affect on birds.
Noise: Studies have shown that noise complaints, especially those related to wind farms, are often unrelated to actual noise. Land use: The land used for renewable energy projects, like wind farms, can still be used for farming and cattle grazing. Footprint of renewables: Unlike coal and nuclear RE pays off its carbon footprint and does so relatively quickly. Increase our energy efficiency: this is about using our electricity wisely, so that we get more done while using less and less electricity. Start investing in our renewable energy projects now, and steadily increase investments over time. Stop investing in coal and nuclear plants while also shutting down old coal-fired stations as they reach the end of their lifespans. The good news is that South Africa is investing in renewable energy projects – but not nearly fast enough. We've created a practical blueprint for just how such a revolution could take place – getting our continent fully powered up on renewable energy: 94% by 2050. The potential of solar is enormous, with scientists estimating that every year a square kilometre of desert receives solar energy equivalent to 1.5 million barrels of oil.
With South Africa’s current electricity crunch, and the need for renewable power in an economy where 90 per cent of power is generated by coal, it seems this plant is long overdue.
Solar power provides less than one per cent of the world’s energy, according to the global financial services firm UBS. And he is hopeful that as solar power sees increased uptake, it will become cheaper through economies of scale. Solar guru Professor Vivian Alberts, a physicist at the University of Johannesburg, has developed a design believed to be the most advanced in the world. This employs an array of mirrors controlled by tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. However, their feasibility remains unknown until developed to a reasonable scale,” says Sipho Neke, spokesperson for Eskom. However, solar technology only makes up a small slice of the pie in current projections of South Africa’s future energy mix. But with the solar revolution that appears to be gripping the world, South Africa would be foolish not to follow the sun. Our latest research finds that a switch from investing in fossil fuels to investing in people would be a win for energy security, a win for the economy and a win for the climate - if the government seizes the opportunity to go green. But, like many countries in the South, we also face the twin problems of poverty and joblessness. What if investing in our future and tackling climate change would create a huge, green industry and an extra 78,000 jobs? And it finds that a switch from investing in fossil fuels to investing in people would be a win for energy security, a win for the economy and a win for the climate. This is slightly more than even the Growth Without Constraints scenario, which sees energy sector employment increase by 71,000, and considerably more than the International Energy Agency scenario, which has an estimated growth of 46,000.
It has to decide whether to continue down the pathway of seeking low cost, dirty solutions to the country's energy crisis, or whether to invest in large scale development of renewable technologies combined with ambitious energy efficiency.
As GHG emissions continue to grow in the atmosphere, it is worth noting that according to the IPCC report, the largest percentage of this GHG so far (35%) have emanated from the energy sector.


As a typical African citizen, I sometimes feel like I already have enough issues on my plate to deal with on an hourly basis.
Utilization of renewable energy has potential to alleviate many of the problems that face Africans today, especially if done so in a sustainable manner. The ongoing negotiations by the Subsidiary body for implementation (SBI) need to also consider focusing on the how African states, being very vulnerable to climate change yet lacking the capacity, can be assisted in shifting to cleaner energy options in the coming years. Her work revolves around researching on how early warning systems can be made more effective in reducing climate related disasters. The country is looking to diversify its power sources with an emphasis in migrating towards renewable energy.
The same applies to De Aar and Droogfontein, in the Northern Cape, where two 50 megawatts solar farms are to be built. According to Ute Menikheim, Siemens Energy CEO for Africa, the projects will also be life changing for poor communities in these areas. The goal is to upgrade the country’s power supply and increase the number of electricity providers and operators in the domestic energy market. Currently, Africa has approximately 580 million people who do not have access to reliable electricity supply. The delivery package for power plants comprises in each case the planning, construction, and commissioning of the plants, as well as a five-year operating and maintenance agreement. So for example, while one needs to buy coal for a coal-fired power plant to generate electricity (and coal mining itself has massive environmental costs), solar and wind energy don’t have input costs like that – sunlight and wind are free.
We’re talking the costs of water pollution, human health impacts, the plant’s huge water footprint, and climate change. By having a mix of sources which are spread over a wide area, we ensure there will always be a supply of energy. During peak times, biogas and natural gas can bolster our energy supply, and can also be used to meet sudden peaks in electricity demand.
It would be far more efficient to upgrade to a new smart grid system than waste money on old system that will continue having problems down the line.
It allows us to create a network of electricity production sites that spread over a wide area.
However, if environmental impact assessments are conducted and migratory patterns are assessed before construction, this impact is greatly reduced. Coal and nuclear power plants have a far greater affect on birds, as do power lines, domestic cats, and cars.
In most cases it was found that people were actually opposed to the farms on aesthetic grounds – which would be the same with coal or nuclear plants. International experience has shown that livestock are completely unaffected by the presence of wind farms and will often graze right up to the base of wind turbines. Depending on where they are made, solar panels offset their carbon footprint in about four years.
It’s a blueprint for how South Africa can decrease its reliance on coal and nuclear over time, while investing increasingly in renewables.
Given the incredible renewable energy potential we have and the thousands of new jobs that would be created, there is no time like the present for an Energy [R]evolution in South Africa. Click here to download the report and find out more – and don’t forget to share this page so it can live up to its true myth-busting potential! However, it appears that the potential of solar is finally dawning, with UBS calculating 50 per cent year-on-year growth in the sector.
So the race is now on to find the best solar technology, and the company which perfects it is likely to make a killing. This is a worrying trend in the sense that there is very little investment in energy options that would reverse the trajectory. The remorseless nature of the economy that spans from struggling to pay for the ever escalating bills (power, rent, water, waste disposal, tax etc) to high costs of basic commodities are the hurdles that define citizens. Kenya, for instance, heavily relies on hydroelectric power, which has not been unsustainably generated.
South Africa is a good example of a country that has embraced renewable energy on a somewhat larger proportion compared to other African countries. Rajendra Pachauri’s words, ‘to stabilize the concentrations, we need to move away from business as usual’.
She also has experience working with communities in Kenya to build resilience in the face of climate change. Siemens will be turning the sod to mark the beginning of the construction of South Africa’s round one of renewable energies projects under Independent Power Producers Programme.
The long-term parts and services agreement represents the first wind service agreement for Siemens in South Africa and the largest onshore for the region.
So for example, it would allow you to create solar power on the roof of your house, and feed extra power back into the grid. It was also found that ‘noise’ complaints dropped off rapidly when local communities derived income from the renewable energy projects in question. And figures released in January by the Earth Policy Institute show solar electricity generation is now the fastest-growing electricity source. The most striking yet very critical part of the plenary was the presentation of the results outlined in the latest IPCC AR5 report. Energy is undoubtedly the important commodity whose demand continues to grow each passing day.
Yet as we struggle to keep up with the economic pace, the glaring energy-related frustrations become regular phenomena.
With the growing population and energy demands, it is only prudent that rapid measures be employed in curbing the energy menace. A number of solar power projects that fall under the South Africa Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Program have been developed to meet the electricity needs especially to the rural places where it is a problem to connect them to the national grid. African countries can in fact move away from the usual fuels and fully embrace the clean and renewable energy options. She is inspired by Africa's vulnerability to climate change and the need for her to be part of the solution.
The event at Jeffreys bay wind farm will be on 04 February, followed by De Aar and Droogfontein photovoltaic farms on 6-7 February respectively. The localisation of supply of certain components, which is about 30 percent of the project, also meant that we are also helping to build competitive local industry manufacturers. This is part of what makes the grid “smart”: components can “talk” and “listen” to each other, making the supply of electricity much more flexible, reliable, and efficient.
The ever growing population and expanding economic environments immensely rely on this commodity yet in most cases, it is not clean and sustainable enough. Striking a balance between such issues remains a conundrum that can only be dealt with in a critical and very innovative way of thinking. We are also very excited that apart from the local communities in the project areas, we are working with Thebe Investments, Enzani Technologies and Usizo Engineering as our empowerment partners,” she said. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly summarized the IPCC fifth assessment report (AR5) while outlining the impacts of climate change in the simplest terms possible.



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