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George Soros has piled more of his $30bn fund into gold amid growing concerns about the global economy. The billionaire investor also warned that if Britain voted to leave the EU on June 23 it would mark the end of the European project.
Forget About ChinaExperts say price trends will be driven by issues relating to specific commodities and not mass demand fluctuations.
Some would say it will all depend on what happens with the Chinese economy; others speak of emerging countries such as India picking up the slack to drive demand. This Shows Why Nearly Every Commodity in the World is Headed for a Bull MarketCritical information ahead of the U.S. Splashed across the front of The Wall Street Journal last night was an interview with hedge fund manager George Soros, who made a fortune by taking down the British pound in 1992. That interview hit hours after the Dow climbed above 18,000 and oil prices pushed further out past $51 a barrel. Other than which campaign contributors get paid off, there would be very little difference between the potential presidencies of Jeb and Hillary. Permanently low interest rates are ruining investments and savings, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has warned, undermining long-term economic growth.
Low rates are designed as an emergency boost to crisis-stricken economies, but are harmful over long periods of time, the study said. The only way out is for governments to reform stagnant economies, allowing bad companies to go bust, encouraging banks to write off loans to those failing companies, and encourage innovative firms to grow, it said.
Mark O’Byrne, director of Dublin-based gold dealer Goldcore, said the price bounce had already driven a significant demand increase this year, with broader geopolitical concerns also feeding into the rise. Working with a practitioner that is experienced and knowledgeable in testosterone replacement is essential to achieving maximum results and avoiding unwanted side effects.
The above studies combined with media coverage of TRT and pharmaceutical advertising of testosterone replacement therapy has led to a misconception by many that increased testosterone is a direct ticket to improved athletic performance. Although this is not an exhaustive summary of the literature (nor was an endocrinologist involved in this article), it is illustrative of the concept that TRT and increased testosterone levels may improve strength performance, and any effects are probably influenced by how strong a person is to begin with. Overall, though it is unlikely, given the intricacies of the endocrine (hormone) system of the body that any definitive link of increased testosterone will be found to increase athletic performance with certainty. When the testosterone level in the blood is low, the hypothalamus in the brain releases Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) which triggers cells in the front of the pituitary gland just below the brain.
While Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) is not generally approved for athletic competition, some athletes are given therapeutic exemptions because they have documented low levels of testosterone.
Hypogonadism (low testsosterone and related diseases) caused by pituitary dysfunction after head trauma seems to be the most plausible and researched cause, as studies have been published in fairly reputable journals.
Low testosterone from weight cutting or weight loss is less studied, and even those studies that have looked at it, don’t show a direct causation between weight loss and low levels of testosterone. Furthermore, it has been shown that a 5% – 6% weight loss for weigh-in of elite wrestlers and judo players does not affect performance (Yankanich et al, J Strength Cond Res 1998; Artioli et al, J Sports Sci 2010). Since testosterone replacement therapy requires a doctor’s prescription, low levels of testosterone not only have to be identified by blood tests, but the cause of the low levels needs to be pinpointed. One test to help figure this gray area out is called Carbon Isotope Ratio Testing which can often detect if the testosterone in the body is naturally-produced or synthetic. With all of this information, it places a big burden on the athletic commissions, testing agencies, and consulting doctors to adequately work-up an athlete’s therapeutic exemption application and to ensure that fighters do not go into competition with an unfair advantage. Have you looked into the much more well-documented link between HPA axis disruption and rapid weight loss in women? The FDA has approved a new testosterone gel formulation, marking the agency’s second approval of a testosterone replacement therapy in the course of a week. On June 4, a topical testosterone gel to be marketed under the brand name Vogelxo was approved.
The FDA investigation of low T agents was announced in January following the publication of two studies (PLOS ONE [published online Jan.


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All comments must follow the ModernMedicine Network community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated. The mainstream press living in perpetual bubbles thinks that most of the American public is following one giant conspiracy theory if they don’t simply accept that everything is fantastic in the economy. With everything that has happened over the last two or three years, it is unlikely that anyone can say with any authority what will happen to prices in the near future.
But the only truth is that mining companies have to keep their costs as low as possible to derive any value in the near term.
According to those in the know, Soros has been selling stocks and buying gold and gold miners.
Perhaps it didn’t help a jittery after-hours mood, because it’s all starting to unravel this morning. Commentators and opinion organs masquerading as news outlets will champion their guy or gal, and hyperventilate about perceived sins of the other side’s gal or guy, but when you get right down to actual policies, there has been little difference between Republicans and Democrats for many years; they are both the parties of government. More recent studies show that there is not necessarily a direct correlation between increased testosterone in the body and increased performance.
Anectodal evidence, however, often points to some MMA fighters becoming bigger and stronger after starting TRT, which although not scientific, certainly has a point in the debate. The same arguments about anabolic steroids possibly increasing an elite athlete’s performance but not being able to turn a benchwarmer into a hall of famer will likely be used with TRT.
It’s likely because the endocrine system is a very complex system interweaving several different parts of the body secreting several different types of hormones, or chemical signals.
The pituitary gland then releases Lutenizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH).
For example, one often cited study of wrestlers competing in several bouts during a single-day tournament showed that while testosterone levels do decline below normal from the beginning of the tournament to the end, shortly after the matches the testosterone levels actually spike above normal. On the other hand, repetitive weight loss over a complete wrestling season is associated with a reduction of strength and anaerobic performance (Kraemer et al, Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001). To TRT critics, however, it seems that the percentage of MMA fighters asking for or using testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is much higher than the expected 2% of the population.
In order to apply for a therapeutic use exemption (TUE) for TRT, fighters often need to submit samples for testing of LH and FSH (to see if they are being produced at appropriate levels or are high because they are going unrecognized in the body) as well as undergo an MRI to look at the brain for sources of hypogonadism. Unfortunately, this test is very expensive and often is unaffordable for state athletic commissions to use on a regular basis.
The information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for an examination by an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. A week earlier, as previously reported, the FDA approved a testosterone nasal gel known as Natesto. Their approvals come at a time when the FDA is investigating testosterone agents for a possible increased risk of cardiac events.
ModernMedicine reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part,in any medium. The funny thing is that the same reporting agency that gives us a low unemployment rate also shows us that a record 94.7 million Americans are not in the labor force.
A further word on Soros from Pragmatic Capitalism’s Cullen Roche, who offers some advice on “guru worship” in the wake of that WSJ story. And not one customer patiently waiting for a Boston cream was about to head down the street to the organic market to grab some granola for breakfast. It gets bigger, spends more, piles new programs on top of failed old ones, sticks its nose anywhere on the planet it sees fit, makes more promises, and goes deeper in debt. NO MATERIAL HERE CONSTITUTES "INVESTMENT ADVICE" NOR IS IT A RECOMMENDATION TO BUY OR SELL ANY FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO STOCKS, COMMODITIES, OPTIONS, BONDS, OR FUTURES. The reason Testosterone Replacement Therapy is considered controversial is that its use has infiltrated combat sports, especially mixed martial arts (MMA), and many consider it a performance enhancing drug (PED), especially since some public fighters appear to be obviously bigger and stronger after starting TRT.


A 2012 study of elite rugby players showed that testosterone levels measured from saliva did not correlate with results of peak force testing (Crewther et al, J Sports Med Phys Fitness. There is a long laundry list of causes of low testosterone, but several of them are potentially applicable to MMA fighters or other athletes. Thus, it is unclear if weight cutting itself directly affects performance levels, which makes it even harder to advocate for supplementing low testosterone with TRT based on weight loss.
Some people point to steroid abuse or head trauma as specific causes that may be more prevalent in the MMA population and therefore it would not be unexpected to see high levels of athletes requiring TRT.
If you are unfamiliar with the specialty area of the research, you can always look at the Impact Factor of a journal. In addition to being a doctor, The Fight Doc is an MMA columnist who has written for Fox Sports, Sherdog, and the international MMA magazine Train Hard Fight Easy.
These are Americans that can work but are simply out of the labor force (we are not counting children here).
None of that is going to change—Jeb or Hillary—and the permanent Washington oligarchy and its dependents are fine with either one.
ACTIONS YOU UNDERTAKE AS A CONSEQUENCE OF ANY ANALYSIS, OPINION OR ADVERTISEMENT ON THIS SITE ARE YOUR SOLE RESPONSIBILITY. A 1996 New England Journal of Medicine article suggested that higher than normal levels of testosterone can lead to increased muscle size and mass, especially when coupled with weight training (Bhasin et al, NEJM 1996).
Note that these levels are not absolute or toal testosterone levels, but ratios of testosterone to epitestosterone. Another study in 2003 suggested that increased testosterone increased leg muscle strength, but had no effect on endurance (Storer et al, J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003).
The authors further hypothesized that any results that are seen may be influenced by pre-existing strength levels. Then, when the levels of testosterone reach an acceptable level, the hypothalamus senses this and stops releasing GnRH. Of these, head trauma and weight cutting are the most controversial because they do not imply that the fighter has done anything wrong other than prepare for his match and absorb physical punishment. Certainly if a fighter has low testosterone due to steroid abuse, giving him TRT after that may seem to be compounding the athlete’s abuse of PEDs. In professional sports, any chance to get an edge in athletic performance can, and will be, exploited. Thus, high levels of testosterone may not turn a weak man into a strong man, and even in an elite athlete, it may have no certainty of effects. This intricate balance of production and inhibition can be disrupted anywhere along the way, either by decreasing production of a specific hormone by one of the organs, or preventing the necessary feedback sensors of how much hormone is circulating in the blood. On the other hand, if a fighter does have a medical need for TRT, denying him the right to use it or compete without it may be denying him the right to treat a medical problem, which is a basic right.
The views expressed here are specific to each author and may not reflect the views of FightMedicine or the other authors. First of all, most retirees are one missed Social Security check from eating cat food from the dollar store.
Another recent study by the same authors in the same journal suggested that free testosterone levels are a strong individual predictor of squat and sprinting performance in individuals with relatively high strength levels but a poor predictor in less strong individuals, showing that there can be an effect, but it is often hard to quantify.
The narrative has fully broken down and that is why we are having such an angry election year.



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