13.02.2014

New battery for car prices qatar,why are lead acid batteries still used in cars,car battery charger black friday sale vs - Step 2

Author: admin  //  Category: Replacing Car Battery


A hybrid car battery is like any other battery—except that it is rechargeable and has enough juice to move a large heavy vehicle down the road for a few feet or a few miles. Like all batteries, hybrid batteries have two electrodes (which collect or emit an electric charge) that sit in an ion-rich solution called the electrolyte. The electrodes are typically very close, so a polymer film, called a separator, prevents them from touching, which would create a short circuit.
Keep in mind: What we commonly call “a battery” is actually a battery pack that houses many individual cells. Ionized elements in one electrode are in a chemical state where they are easily attracted to combine with other molecules, emitting electrons (energy) in the process.
As we take a tour of hybrid batteries, remember one thing: Total energy determines the vehicle’s electric range, whereas available power determines its acceleration. The nickel metal hydride battery used in Highlander Hybrid—and the Lexus RX 400h—is packaged in a newly developed metal battery casing. The Ford Escape Hybrid’s battery pack, made by Sanyo, consists of 250 individual nickel metal hydride cells.
The Honda Insight’s battery pack, made up of 120 Panasonic 1.2-volt nickel metal hydride D cells is capable of 100A discharge, and 50A charge rates. The Saturn Vue Green Line’s 36-volt nickel metal hydride battery, designed and made in America by Cobasys, is capable of delivering and receiving more than 14.5 kW of peak power. Lithium ion (or Li-ion) batteries are important because they have a higher energy density—the amount of energy they hold by weight, or by volume—than any other type.
Compare the batteries from GM’s legendary EV1 to those for its upcoming Volt extended-range EV.
Crucially, there is no one lithium-ion battery, although this mistake is often seen in the press.
Cobalt Dioxide is the most popular choice today for small cells (those in your mobile phone or laptop).
Cobalt dioxide cells are manufactured by dozens of Japanese, South Korean, and Chinese companies, but only Tesla Motors uses them—6,831 of them to be specific—in an electric car. Nickel-cobalt-aluminum (NCA) is similar to NCM, with lower-cost aluminum replacing the manganese. Manganese oxide spinel (MnO) offers higher power at a lower cost than cobalt, because its three-dimensional crystalline structure provides more surface area, permitting better ion flow between electrodes. Iron phosphate (FePo) might be the most promising new cathode, thanks to its stability and safety.
In another publication I read that there is an important difference between Li ion and NiMh batteries in the way they charge and discharge.
Again according to the article, plug-in hybrids will work best with both kinds of batteries on board with the NiMh batteries supplying short range needs and the Li ion batteries meeting the longer range needs.
This is the first time I read that Li ion prefer fully discharging and charging as you mention. One suggestion: although the reference to past articles was useful, it would have been nice to provide some links to other legitimate sources that you have screened and used. Thank you for an article that helps me understand the differing battery configurations and types available for mainstream hybrid vehicles. Please provide a link to the Texlon battery noted in your comments on hybrid battery technology. Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. This is the crowing instance I clarify that Li ion raise truly discharging besides charging because you present.
Second, there is as well as a premium for a diesel engine over a regular gas engine, and biodiesel has scalability problems . Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation reviews with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. I have a dead batteries on my 2000 Honda insight… Does anyone know where I can buy new NmH batteries already on a 6 pack in line similar to the photo you show here? Anytime it arrives to rechargeable car or truck batteries, the predicament is completely diverse. The image of 50 or so new cars (hybrids?) jammed together and burned out after the recent tsunami in japan makes me wonder if immersion in salt water causes battery related fires. Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic. Dear Hamada I just want to ask you the same question if you have received any beneficial information because the hybrid battery of my car is not doing well and the turtle sign appears on my car screen three times. Couldn’t it be possible to have the car surrounded with a venturi skin , the air rushing through when it is at speed, driving a huge fan blade at the rear, clutch operated, which in turn would drive a charging system to the batteries. You can buy a complete Prius traction battery from smashed cars on eBay for around $300 plus shipping. The whole idea could replace lead-acid batteries for energy storage from solar cells and windmills.
I am a teacher of motor vehicle technology and I am preparing some lessons on mathematics for level 2 trainees. Complex batteries, such as those used in laptop computers, usually have cells both in series and in parallel.
These quibbles aside, this article is very informative, and I appreciate the author’s efforts in addressing the topic.
Many times we read about the hybrid car and the car batteries but this articles helps a lot to understand that how in actual those are working. Its better to use hybrid car batteries for Eco conscious because they produce less emissions.


Cars is not a luxury anymore, therefore used cars industry has filled the gap between, luxury and necessity and now everyone can afford a ride.
Each of several competing cathode materials offers a different mix of cost, durability, performance, and safety.
The battery-monitoring unit manages discharge and recharging by the generator and motors to keep the charge level constant while the car is running. It is just that its innards are made up of individual batteries which are themselves made up of individual cells.
Lithium-ion battery pack for 2014 Chevrolet Spark EV electric carEnlarge PhotoIf it wasn't so important for the future of electric cars, it could almost get tiresome: Just how do you improve batteries for longer life, quicker charging and a greater range? It's a question being investigated by great minds all around the world, and has turned up some surprising and exciting results over the last few years. Inspired by Popular Mechanics' look at potential electric vehicle and hybrid battery breakthroughs, we've compiled many of our previous battery tech articles into one handy guide.
The aluminum plates used have high energy density, and companies testing it such as Phinergy say you'd need to refill the car with water every few hundred miles. Existing lithium-ion technology is among the best battery technology we have for electric cars and hybrids.
Compared to other battery types it's relatively energy-dense, charges relatively quickly, is lighter than many other battery types, and it's tried-and-tested. Others have researched into the existing problems with lithium-ion tech--such as reducing the tendency for lithium to gather around the battery electrodes. Then there's lithium-air tech--an offshoot of lithium-ion batteries, and one that could significantly increase energy density. It sounds unlikely, but simple herbs could be employed to make batteries greener in future. In a rare look at improving the environmental aspects of batteries rather than increasing their range, researchers at Rice University and the City College of New York have looked at using the herb madder, or purpurin, as a natural cathode for lithium-ion batteries. You might not gain hundreds of miles, but any eco-minded electric car driver would be glad to know their batteries had just a little less impact on the environment, right? An on-off switch in whatever device is powered by the battery—your phone or laptop—bridges the cell’s electrodes to generate power. Those elements are tugged through the electrolyte and the separator toward the opposing electrode. The total number of cells is 168, compared with 228 cells packaged in 38 modules in the first generation Prius.
The discharge power capability of the Prius pack is about 20 kW at 50 percent state-of-charge. The 240 cells can deliver high voltage of 288 volts—but the motor-generators units can operate on variable voltage anywhere from 280 volts to 650 volts.
The cooling performance reduces efficiency losses due to excessive heat, ensuring that the battery can supply required electric power to the motors at all times. As with other hybrid battery packs, the cells are similar in shape to a size D flashlight battery. The hybrid system is used to provide both 12-volt accessory power and power to charge the battery pack. The rule of thumb is that Li-ion cells hold roughly twice as much energy per pound as do the previous generation of advanced batteries, nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH)—which are used in all current hybrids including the Toyota Prius.
Several different chemical formulations for the electrodes compete; each has its pros and cons. It’s been on the market for 15 years, so it’s proven and its costs are known, though like nickel, cobalt is pricey. Their pack uses sensors, cell isolation, and liquid cooling to ensure that any energy released if a cell shorts out can’t ignite any of its neighbors. Manganese is cheaper than cobalt, but it dissolves slightly in electrolytes—which gives it a shorter life. Companies that make NCA cells include Toyota and Johnson Controls–Saft, a joint venture between a Milwaukee automotive supplier and a French battery firm.
The compound is inexpensive, and because the bonds between the iron, phosphate, and oxygen atoms are far stronger than those between cobalt and oxygen atoms, the oxygen is much harder to detach when overcharged. NiMH does not provide the same efficiency, deep cycling capacity and power or energy density as Li ion. I think we should find a way which is more powerful and more efficient such as nuclear energy. This would be a great resource but to date they are only looking at mega watt capacity sales because the company is so large they cannot sustain small sales. NiMH does not protect the uniform efficiency, subterranean cycling potentiality further power or vivacity density considering Li ion. You save plenty of times the weight of the automobile in gas over the lifetime of the automobile.
Despite the fact that the battery product is comparable to conventional car batteries in purpose, they use really modern technologies in development and charging. Nearly all of them could boil approximately a person and 3 quarter-liters of h2o quite quickly.
If potential, as you gain experience, would you mind updating your weblog with extra information? I ought to ask if hybrid car batteries on cars could somehow be an alternative way of resisting air pollution too?
Junkyard 200- to 300-volt DC batteries could be re-purposed with inverters for 120-volt AC home power. I have been looking at your website and I have seen some material that I could use to make some work related examples and exercises.


The only difference is that these batteries have higher capacity and the can store enough power to move a vehicle down the road for a couple miles. The related pictures given helps to have the actual idea of all the information stated above.
Makes me nervous to do anything Mitchell and Ness Snapbacks under the hood though with the kind of power they have now! Aluminum is used as the anode in a battery, ambient air (and the oxygen in it) as a cathode, and water molecules.
But it isn't perfect, and several research groups are looking for a way to improve on its existing strengths.
The ions of the negative electrode (anode) give up electrons; the positive ions coming toward the anode accept them. The power capability increases with higher temperatures and decreases at lower temperatures.
The battery pack supplies 288 volts, but the boost converter, a part of the inverter above the transaxle, changes this to 500 volts.
The pack fits under the cargo area, leaving cargo room unchanged from the standard Vue—but drivers lose the benefit of a spare tire. NiMH, in turn, holds about twice the energy per pound of the conventional lead-acid (PbA) 12-Volt battery that powers your car’s starter motor.
But today’s Volt pack, using lithium-ion cells, stores the same amount of energy (16 kilowatt-hours) in a 5-foot-long container weighing just 400 pounds.
Cobalt is more reactive than nickel or manganese, meaning it offers high electrical potential when paired with graphite anodes, giving higher voltage.
Substituting nickel and manganese for some of the cobalt lets manufacturers tune the cell either for higher power (voltage) or for greater energy density, though not both at the same time.
GS Yuasa, LG Chem, NEC-Lamilion Energy, and Samsung offer cells with such cathodes; LG Chem is one of two companies competing to have its cells used in the Chevrolet Volt. Too bad too, if they would license their technology to small companies like Battery Space they would see a distribution channel that would enable small sales to try their products out.
Lot of smart people on Altair-Nano’s board, but unfortunately not a single one of them with any business sense. There might be other problems there, but one times supply of something becomes tight we are usually nice at reusing, recycling and substituting it. As an example, the battery has its electrolyte within a gel form although not in liquid sort as most common batteries have. The day is not far when we would purchased Japanese Used Cars that powered by batteries and electrical plugs. Combined in the battery, they produce hydrated aluminum oxide and energy--and that energy can be used to power a car. Egg-line nanoparticles of sulfur are one option, improving energy transfer and hugely increasing capacity, while silicon nanoparticles to replace graphite anodes is another. The Prius has a computer that’s solely dedicated to keeping the Prius battery at the optimum temperature and optimum charge level. This battery pack provides 40 percent more power than the Prius battery, despite being 18 percent smaller. The batteries are located under the cargo compartment floor, along with the Honda Integrated Motor Assist’s power control unit.
It has the highest energy density—but when fully charged, it is the most prone to oxidation (fire) caused by internal shorts.
Unfortunately, iron phosphate cells work at a lower voltage than cobalt, so more of them must be chained together to provide enough power to turn a motor.
To date it almost seems like vaporware that looks great on paper, but the product has no feasibility.
The cordless electrical tea kettle is quite beneficial, compared to your older corded versions.
Toyota Vitz, a small compact car which is only available in Japan, uses Lithium-Ion battery packs to power the air conditioner, lights in the gauges, head lights, and the heater while the car is in idle, allowing the car to save gasoline.
The Prius supplies conditioned air from the cabin as thermal management for cooling the batteries. Honda used technology developed for its EV Plus electric car for the original development of the Insight’s battery system. This can lead to thermal runaway, where one cell causes its neighbors to combust, igniting the whole pack almost instantly (think YouTube videos of burning laptops). A123 Systems—which is competing for the Volt contract as well—uses nanostructures in their FePo cathodes, which it says produces better power and longer life. I do not know if that is the case, but as a CFO of a corporation, I fully recognize the danger signals of any company burning through stock investment and having little sales to justify their balance sheets. This let electrical car or truck makers to fit the car batteries in any orientation they want, as a result accommodate far more cells in a constrained room. Also, the internal impedance of a cobalt cell—the extent to which it “pushes back” against an alternating current—increases not just with use but with time as well. It is also telling how diversified Altair-Nano has become in product width; which is another danger signal, they are having a tough time recognizing what kind of company they are. Far more batteries in a minimal space allows far better engine output and mileage on the single charge. The critical feature is the rate at which the cathode can absorb and emit free lithium ions.



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