What does the car battery light mean,buy car batteries in perth jobs,where to recycle used car batteries,does a car battery lose its charge in the cold - New On 2016

02.04.2016
A lead-acid battery (also know as an "accumulator") is a secondary (rechargeable) electrochemical device that stores chemical energy and releases it as electrical energy upon demand.
To provide extra power for the lighting, two-way radios, audio system and other accessories when their combined load exceeds the capability of the vehicle's charging system. To supply a source of power to the vehicle's electrical system when the charging system is not operating.
A good quality wet car battery will cost between $90 and $125 and, if properly maintained, should last five years or more. Forbes reported that Johnson Controls is the largest global manufacturer with 36% of the approximately 375 million annually produced. The purpose of a deep cycle battery is to provide electric power for wheelchairs, trolling motors, golf carts, boats, fork lift trucks, uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), and other accessories for marine and recreational vehicle (RV), commercial and stationary applications. A 12-volt lead-acid battery is made up of six cells, each cell producing approximately 2.11 volts that are connected in series from POSITIVE (+) terminal of the first cell to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal of the second cell and so on. The most common plate type in use today is made up of a metal grid that serves as the supporting framework for the active porous material that is "pasted" on it.
A battery is created by electrochemical reaction of alternating two different metals such as Lead Dioxide (PbO2), the positive plates, and Sponge lead (Pb), the negative plates immersed in diluted Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4), electrolyte. When the active material in the plates can no longer sustain a discharge current, a battery "dies".
Normally, well maintained and properly charged deep cycle batteries naturally die due to positive grid corrosion causing an open connection.
In a hot climate, the harshest environment for a battery, a Johnson Controls survey of junk batteries revealed that the average life of a car battery was 37 months. Most of the "defective" batteries returned to manufacturers during free replacement warranty periods are good. Always wear safety glasses when jump starting a battery (to protect your eyes), and gloves when handling a battery (to protect your hands). According to PREVENT BLINDNESS AMERICA, in 2003 nearly 6,000 motorists suffered serious eye injuries from working around car batteries. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for testing, jumping, installing, discharging, charging, equalizing and maintaining batteries.
New car batteries come pre-filled with acid, so it is not necessary to add acid to the battery.
The electrolyte inside a wet cell car battery contains corrosive sulfuric acid that can spill if the case is cracked or the battery is upset.
CAUTION: DO NOT lean directly over the battery while making jumper connections (in case of explosion). If the vehicle runs okay and the battery charges up, you should clean and tighten both battery cables after shutting the engine off. WARNING: NEVER disconnect a battery when the ignition is ON, or while the engine is idling or running. Disconnecting the battery may also cause other system modules to forget their learned or programmed settings. If you are uncertain that disconnecting the battery on your car may cause problems, attach a backup battery, battery charger or Memory Saver" device to the battery cables or the 12 volt power outlet or cigarette lighter BEFORE you disconnect the main battery.
Finally, when installing a new battery, make sure the battery is fully charged before the vehicle is driven.
The lead acid batteries found in the majority of cars as with all batteries, has a limited lifespan. One of the most common reasons why vehicle recovery services get called out is due to a failing car battery. To gain a better understanding for prolonging the life of your car battery, a basic understanding on how does a car battery work may prove beneficial. The basic lead acid battery has been in use for well over 100 years and comprises of a relatively basic structure.
Each of the negative plates are linked together by conducting metal as are the positive plates.
If you have a dead car battery, you will either need to replace the battery yourself, call a vehicle breakdown service or attempt to push start your car ( see how to push start a car for further information). It is ideal of course to try and avoid the dreaded dead car battery before it happens. The modern car full of its electrical accessories and auxiliary controls draws significantly more electric than those of old.
Frequent short car journeys are a major factor for the early demise in a battery’s lifespan.
Depending on the severity of the build-up and prolonged charge deprivation, the sulphation will prevent the battery from charging effectively and will require replacement. As reactions in lead acid batteries are chemical based, colder temperatures cause the chemical reactions to proceed at a slower rate, therefore less electrons are produced. Valve-regulated lead acid car batteries (VRLA) are pre-sealed maintenance-free and contain pressure valve regulating system that allows a build-up of pressure inside the battery to escape. Keeping a car battery constantly fully charged will allow your battery to provide more continuous efficient energy and have a longer lifespan.
Ensure that the battery charger is of a reputable manufacturer and is automatic so that it turns off or to a trickle charge once charging is complete. If your car battery is 5 years of age or over and your vehicle is struggling to start, it’s likely the battery is reaching the end of its life. Keeping your car in a garage in the colder weather will keep your car battery a few degrees of that on the outside. When starting your car particularly in cold weather, ensure anything electrical is turned off before starting as this will reduce the load on the battery at start-up. If your battery is showing signs of dirt, grease or corrosion around the terminals, this can potentially weaken the circuit between the battery and the cars electrical system. If your car often remains parked for long periods of up to a month, the battery may lose a large amount of charge or possibly all of its charge as the car often uses a certain amount of the batteries charge to power alarms, on-board computers and other devices. Solar car battery trickle chargers are an effective method to maintain battery power and lifespan. Starting your car and leaving it on tick-over will not be sufficient to charge your car battery. Due to the toxicity found in car batteries, it is illegal to dispose of a car battery in household waste. If replacing your car battery, your local auto garage, recycling centre or scrap metal merchants will take your battery for recycling.
Auto Repair and New Tire Center in Oldham CountyOldham County's auto repair, tire and vehicle maintenance specialists.
A car battery, like other components of your car, is subject to wear and tear and ought to be checked frequently.
Always remove the negative cable from the battery if you plan to work on wiring under the hood.
When removing and replacing both battery cables, always remove the negative cable first and change it last. Do not allow all of the warnings listed here turn you off the idea of checking your vehicle’s battery. To brush the deposits off the terminal posts and cable clamps, sprinkle some baking soda onto each terminal, dip an old toothbrush or disposable brush in water, and scrub the deposits away.
In case your cables and clamps will not clean up completely with baking soda and water, rotate an inexpensive battery terminal brush on each terminal to shine it and make sure of a good, strong electrical connection. Reconnect the terminals to the battery, replacing the positive cable first and the negative cable last. After the battery terminals are reconnected, coat the terminals with thick automotive grease or petroleum jelly to stop corrosive deposits from forming once more.
When the damage appears substantial, the cables and clamps might need to be replaced; otherwise, the battery may short-circuit, which could damage onboard computer systems. If you have been having difficulty starting your engine, if your headlights appear dim, or if the battery is old, check to see whether or not the electrolyte in the battery is powerful enough.


In the event you see significant cracks in the battery case or obvious terminal damage, replace the battery regardless of its electrical performance. If you are looking for car battery prices, here are some quick estimates on some popular car battery brands though prices vary significantly based on the factors described below. If you have come across this site I am assuming that you are looking for the prices of batteries.
When a battery is connected to a resistive load, such as a motor, chemical energy is converted to electrical energy and direct current flows through the circuit. This commonly occurs while the vehicle's engine is idling or during short trips with a heavy power load like at night in bad weather. A good quality wet deep cycle (or "leisure") battery will cost between $50 and $300 and, if properly maintained and used, will give you at least 200 deep discharge-charge cycles.
Each cell is made up of an element containing positive plates that are all connected together and negative plates, which are also all connected together.
After the "curing" of the plates, they are made up into cells, and the cells are inserted into a high-density tough polypropylene or hard rubber case. Porosity is the pits and tunnels in the plate that allows the sulphuric acid to get to the interior of the plate.
Normally a car (or starting) battery "ages" as sulfation builds up on the negative plates or the active positive plate material sheds (or flakes off) due to the normal expansion and contraction that occurs during the discharge and charge cycles.
This strongly suggests that some sellers of new batteries do not know how to or fail to take the time to properly recharge and test batteries. A chemical reaction between the battery fluid (electrolyte) and cells within the car battery produces electricity. This includes modules that control the air conditioner, sunroof, power windows, power seats, radio, even some anti-theft or keyless entry systems. Car battery life expectancy is determined by the type of vehicle you drive, your driving habits and variable weather conditions. Explained are frequent reasons for failing or dead batteries, looking out for signs of a failing battery and simple maintenance to prolong the life of your car battery.
Positive plates of which there are 8 of are coated in an active layer of lead dioxide (Pb02) and the remaining 8 negative plates are covered in an active layer of sponge lead (Pb). In turn, each of the cells are linked to each other. As the battery discharges electricity when being used to start the car for example, the electrolyte reacts to the negative lead plates and the positive lead oxide plates producing lead sulfate.
These electron producing chemical reactions continue each time the battery is recharged and discharged. Using the auxiliary electrics in your car actually not only consumes more fuel but consumes more power from the battery, and if your battery isn’t getting fully charged reasonably frequently, this will have a detrimental effect on the batteries ability to sustain high levels of power long term. It actually takes around 8 hours of continuous driving for the alternator to fully charge a modern car battery. If under normal circumstances you are experiencing car battery drain, or if your car has been standing for a long period of time and the battery is dead, this is likely due to sulfation. Absorbed glass mat batteries provide excellent burst power that make for an ideal starter battery due to the fibreglass sponge separating the contacts. Not nearly as common as the acid lead type of car battery, lithium-ion is a newer technology that began use in the 1990’s.
Apart from consistently allowing a car battery to be only partially charged by driving short infrequent journeys, the other main reason for battery damage or failure is due to charging techniques. Gel car batteries can be susceptible to damage whilst charging. The hotter the battery gets whilst charging, the more potential damage sustained and the higher the safety risk involved due to the greater release of hydrogen gas build and release – all of which is a factor in fast charging. Also whilst choosing a car battery charger, purchase one that is applicable to your vehicle. If you do not have a garage, parking your car in an area that will reduce the effects of frost and wind chill will help to keep the car battery warmer reducing the possibility of a dead battery. When removing battery terminals, always remove the negative (-) first and when reapplying the terminals, reverse the procedure and apply the positive (+) first. Simply removing the negative (-) battery connection will aid in battery life or by using a smart charger if possible. Relatively inexpensive to purchase, they trickle feed the car battery with power by either connecting to the battery terminals directly or via the cigarette lighter socket. Starting your car uses a significant amount of power from the battery – around 100 to 130 amps, leaving your car on tick over for 30 minutes will only charge the battery with around 8 amps.
On most modern automobiles, computer systems manage functions of the engine, fuel and ignition systems, automatic transmissions, and other stuff.
In the event you try to remove the positive clamp first and your wrench slips and touches some thing metal, your wrench can fuse to the component like an arc welder.
Prior to you clean it, remove the cables (negative first) from both terminals by undoing the nut on each cable clamp and wiggling the cable until the clamp comes off the terminal post.
If it is weak, the battery might have to be recharged or replaced before it dies and leaves you stranded. Keep in mind that it can vary from $90-$300 and it depends on many variables explained below.
The biggest factor that affects prices are the size of the battery which are also called group sizes. Batteries can range anywhere from 40 dollars to over 200 dollars for the battery.Prices vary according to group sizes. Cheap car batteries usually do not come with a warranty and if they do it’s usually for a short amount of time. Approximately 850 to 900 million lead-acid batteries are in use worldwide with starting batteries representing approximately 88% of the total.
With an estimated 3% compounded annual growth rate, worldwide retail sales of car lead-acid batteries represent roughly 63% of the estimated $30 billion annually spent on batteries. In another marketing study by Recharge, in 2003 the worldwide battery market was roughly $30 billion, with 30% of that being SLI (car) and 15.3% industrial (deep cycle) lead-acid batteries. They are individually separated with thin sheets of electrically insulating, porous material "envelopes" or "separators" (in the diagram below) that are used as spacers between the positive (usually light orange) and negative (usually slate gray) plates to keep them from electrically shorting to each other. The positive plates in cells are connected in parallel to the external POSITIVE (+) terminal and the negative plates in each cell are connected to the NEGATIVE (-) external terminal. If deep cycle battery is left discharged for long period of time, dendrite shorts between the plates can occur when the battery is recharged.
This situation is improving with the widespread use of easy to use battery testers like those made by Cadex, Midtronics and Solar.
The positive lead dioxide plates carry electrons in and the negative sponge lead plates release electrons. A battery that is frequently fully charged will last longer than that of a constant semi-charged state. Car battery sulphation occurs when your car battery infrequently or never receives a full charge due to short journeys only. Keeping your car in a garage if possible should keep the car battery warmer and will therefore allow it to function more efficiently than in cold weather. Maintenance-free car batteries are essentially the same type, except they are sealed and so do not provide the option of topping up with acid or distilled water. Climate batteries provide varying chemical composition to avoid overheating in hot climates or freezing in cold climates. Lithium-ion car batteries can be used in high performance cars where weight is a factor as they are much lighter tan lead acid batteries. If you are unsure of the exact specifications of the car battery you wish to charge, ensure the charger is suitable for 12V automotive lead acid & deep cycle leisure batteries including gel type.
Fast charging also increasing the potential to overcharge which also damages car batteries.


If it’s a lead acid non-maintenance-free and has vent caps on top, remove the caps and rest on top of the access tubes to allow for the release of gasses that are produced at a higher rate than slow charging. Some simple maintenance can help to prolong the life of your battery and reduce car battery problems. Car battery insulation kits are available and are reasonably inexpensive and will aid in maintaining your batteries life during cold weather. Baking soda in a water solution and an old toothbrush is ideal to clean the battery terminals.
If not, ensure the engine is turned off and remove the battery caps to check solution levels. In the event you get acid deposits on your skin or garments, wash them off with water instantly. Be very cautious to not inadvertently send a shot of unwanted voltage into  the computer systems and destroy it. Cold Cranking amps (CCA) of the battery and the warranty also affect the prices of car batteries. A longer warranty is important because if your battery fails for any reason you can replace it free of charge. The CCA rating should meet or exceed your car’s OEM (original equipment manufacturer) cranking rate. In North America, BCI reports that approximately 120 million car and motorcycle batteries were sold in 2010, of which approximately 88% were for replacement and 12% were for original equipment. In the June 2015 report, Environmental Protection Acency stated that approximately 99% of all lead-acid car batteries were recycled in the U.S. Purportedly, Exide and EnerSys are the two largest deep cycle battery manufacturers in the world. The plates (in the diagram below), within a cell, alternate with a positive plate, a negative plate and so on. When you are using your battery, the fresh acid needs to be in contact with the plate material and the water generated needs to be carried away from the plate. The chemical action between the metals and the electrolyte (battery acid) creates the electrical energy. A brown sediment, called sludge or "mud," that builds up in the bottom of the case and can short the plates of a cell out. The low resistance bridge in the shorted cell will heat up and boil the electrolyte out of the cell causing a high volumes of hydrogen and oxygen. If your car battery is more than three years old and you live in a hot climate, then your battery is probably living on borrowed time. The electrons travel from the positive plates in the first cell out of the negative grid plates they create 2.1 volts. Constant partially charged car batteries will often have half of the lifespan of a constantly fully charged battery. Slow charging avoids many of this dangerous and damaging issues, uses around 2 amps and takes around 10 – 15 hours. Ensure there is good air-flow in the environment to aid in dispersion of gas and avoid the use of any flames, sparks and use of electrical equipment. It is hard to evaluate how reliable they because they have not established a reputation yet.
If you are trying to replace your battery, you first need to determine the size of your battery.
Generic brand batteries are more likely to fail or break down and are known to be unreliable over time.
It is unnecessary to buy a battery that has a high CCA if you live in hot or mild climates.
For 2003, Eurobat estimates that in Western Europe 58.5 million car batteries will be sold and 71% will be replacement (after market) and 29% will be OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer).
Energy flows from the battery as soon as there is an electrical load, for example, a starter motor, that completes a circuit between the positive terminal connected to the positive plates and the negative terminal connected to the negative plates.
Abnormally slow cranking, especially on a cold day, is another good indication that your battery is going bad.
A car battery that infrequently or never receives a full charge however, these deposits build a strong crystalline deposit onto the negative plates. Lithium-ion batteries provide a much higher power density so can be developed much smaller in size than that of lead acid.
Car battery acid can be purchased in small quantities from some car-part stores, alliteratively use distilled water only. You can go to auto parts stores to look up the make and model or you can simply search for the information online. Generally, you would want to go with a well known brand in order to save money in the long run.
It will be more cost effective in the long run to go with well known car battery brands because you not only do you get a longer warranty but you also get a longer battery life.
The battery is initially charged or "formed" to convert the active yellow Lead Oxide (PbO or Litharge) in the positive plates (cathode) into Lead Peroxide (PbO2), which is usually dark brown or black.
Electrical current flows as charged portions of acid (ions) between the battery plates and as electrons through the external circuit. In hot climates, additional causes of failure are positive grid growth, positive grid metal corrosion, Dendrite formation, negative grid shrinkage, buckling of plates, or loss of water. Approximately 85% of premature deep cycle and starting batteries failures that are not recharged on a regular basis is due to an accumulation of sulfation. The active material in the negative pasted plates (anode) becomes sponge Lead (Pb), but with a very porous structure which is slate gray. The action of the lead-acid storage battery is determined by chemicals used, State-of-Charge, temperature, porosity, diffusion, and load.
Deep discharges, heat, vibration, fast charging, and overcharging all accelerate the "aging" process. Sulfation is caused when a battery's State-of-Charge drops below 100% for long periods or under charging.
Using battery acid or distilled water, fill the cells till it touches the bottom of the fill tube – do not over fill as solution expands and may leak from the battery. Approximately 50% of premature car battery failures is caused by the loss of water for normal recharging charging due to the lack of maintenance, evaporation from high under hood heat, or overcharging.
You can easily spend the cost of a new battery or more for an emergency jump start, tow or taxi ride.
Antimony (Sb), Calcium (Ca) or other alloys are often added to the plates to enhance their performance or service life. Positive grid growth and undercharging causing sulfation and electrical system malfunctions also cause premature battery failures. Optima brands are more expensive but are known to work in all conditions and at times they last longer than the car itself. A "Wet charged" battery is a wet lead-acid battery shipped with electrolyte in the battery and a "dry charged" battery is shipped without electrolyte.



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