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This report describes the technology and patenting trends related to the battery systems used in hybrid vehicles. Automobiles are a source of considerable pollution at the global level, including a significant fraction of the total greenhouse gas emissions.
On July 22, 2002 California Governor Gray Davis signed into law AB 1493 (commonly known as the "Pavley law") — precedent-setting legislation to reduce global warming pollution from motor vehicles. This bill directs the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to develop and adopt regulations that achieve the maximum feasible and cost-effective reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from passenger cars and light trucks sold in California. While batteries need frequent recharging, they are not the only way to power an electric car. The Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is just the first step in reducing the environmental impacts of automobile use without losing comfort, performance, storage room and extended driving range. The HEV contains parts of both gasoline and electric vehicles in an attempt to get the best of both worlds.
It is able to operate nearly twice as efficiently as traditional internal combustion vehicles. It has equivalent power, range, cost and safety of a conventional vehicle while reducing fuel costs and harmful emissions. Battery: Two or more electrochemical energy cells connected together to provide electrical energy.
Generator: The generator is similar to an electric motor, but it acts only to produce electrical power. Depth of discharge: Batteries are able to maintain their performance longer when they are not deeply discharged regularly.
These questions are necessary because of the variety of battery types available and the differences between them. The ultimate goal of HEV can only be achieved with the balance battery pack since the main source of energy is batteries and recharging is carried out on board. Automated balancing circuitry will decrease overcharging (and gassing) and decrease manual maintenance.
Equivalent power range at low cost as conventional vehicle while reducing fuel costs and harmful emissions. This report attempts to summarize various approaches involved in maintaining battery balance.
Companies with many patents of HEV battery are arranged in decreasing order in the graph given below. The left graph given below displays the assignee wise IP activity over years, according to the present data the very first patent pertaining to HEV battery charging system was filed by HYBRICON in 1978 but is not in the race anymore. We will look into their technologies in competitor approaches section latter in the report.
Power generation: Technologies disclosed in patents for modes of power generation in HEV for charging the battery and ways of handling them. Fluctuating HEV operating mode: Technologies disclosed in patents for managing battery balance during fluctuating operating modes, especially in composite HEV.

Scientific literature and technology news to strengthen the report, since patent activity is a slow process.
Battery charging system: The charge to the DC-battery is provided from the power generated by the generator and the regeneration power from the drive motor at the time of braking.
The battery is charged from the power generated by the generator and regeneration power from a motor.Electric motor functions as a generator to charge the battery when a hybrid vehicle is restarted after an idling stop released.
JP10295045 (1997):- Battery management system, received 21 forward citations from all big names in a span of 5 years and self- cited twice the same technology indicating strong technology strength and building on its own technology. This item will be sent through the Global Shipping Programme and includes international tracking. To confirm that this part fits your vehicle, please choose a vehicle from your My Vehicles list OR enter your vehicle's make, model and year. This item fits below version(s) of the vehicle: Please check if your vehicle is in the list and if there is no restriction for your vehicle in the notes field. If you change your mind, or if any of our products fall below the standard you would expect and you wish to return the item, please notify us within 30 working days of delivery so we can issue you with our returns information and address.
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Will usually dispatch within 1 working day of receiving cleared payment - opens in a new window or tab. By submitting your bid, you'll be contractually committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder. By submitting your bid, you're committing to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder. By clicking Confirm, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder. By clicking Confirm, you're committing to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder and have read and agree to the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. The UK's largest car parts, accessories and tools distributor with over 180 branches nationwide. The project will examine the potential of reusing spent lithium-ion battery packs from GM’s electric car, the Chevrolet Volt, as a means of providing cost-effective energy storage capacity, which will improve the efficiency of electrical systems as they evolve into smart grids. According to GM, the Volt’s battery will still have significant capacity to store electrical energy, even after its automotive life. ABB is currently at work on more than 20 projects around the world examining all aspects of the smart grid, from energy storage to network management, metering and communication, distribution automation and home automation systems. It also describes in detail the various technical challenges faced by designers of these batteries and the innovative solutions proposed for them. But current battery technology does not provide EV's with a range that is acceptable to consumers. Unlike the gasoline in the fuel tank, which can only power the gasoline engine, the electric motor in a hybrid car can put energy into the battery as well as draw energy from it.

For example, when it needs to, it can draw energy from the batteries to accelerate the car. The balance of battery is maintained by controlling battery from overcharging and over discharging.
Top three players are Nissan motors with (5) patent records to its credit, followed by Toyota with (4) and Acqueous (3).
The hot market place for most competitors is Japan (17) followed by United States (11) and Germany (04). The numbers indicating the distribution of patents in that area are from selected list of patents.
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You've read and agree to the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase your maximum bid amount. A chemical reaction between the battery fluid (electrolyte) and cells within the car battery produces electricity. 21, 2010 – ABB, the leading power and automation technology group, and General Motors have signed a non-exclusive memorandum of understanding to cooperate on a research and development project that will investigate uses for electric vehicle batteries once their useful life in the vehicle is over. The ABB Group of companies operates in around 100 countries and employs about 117,000 people. According to the present data, Nissan seems to be having strong presence in Japan market that rests with 5 patents protected, followed by Aqueous and Toyota. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
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Comments Vehicle battery types and sizes

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