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29.08.2014
Hybrid car batteries can be harmful to the environment and for this reason they need to be disposed of carefully. By choosing to recycle your hybrid car battery, you can help the environment by reducing carbon emission and preventing toxic substances such as lead and cadmium from entering the soil and drinking water supply. A hybrid car battery can be charged before use and run on that stored energy, or it can run on the charge it gets during braking. Another option you have when it comes to recycling a used hybrid battery is to take it to an auto parts store. If there is no recycling centre for car batteries in your area, you can always try a metal recycling company that offers cash for used batteries.
As in the case of any other technology, it is a fact of life that any battery fails sooner or later. Next, begin your search by typing the name of the battery type you need into the search bar on eBay. Hybrid car batteries have been the subject of much rumour and speculation over the years and recycling them is also a part of the controversy surrounding them. Even after they're no longer suitable for their original purpose, the battery packs from hybrids and electric cars can still be useful. Battery energy-storage capacity diminishes over time, to the point where packs are no longer suitable for use in cars.
But after their automotive service lives are finished, battery packs often still have enough usable capacity for other applications. Like, for example, powering a cluster of buildings in a remote part of Yellowstone National Park.
Used Toyota Camry Hybrid battery packs will now store energy generated from solar panels at the Lamar Buffalo Ranch field campus within the park. The system includes 208 Camry Hybrid nickel-metal-hydride  battery packs recovered from Toyota dealers, providing a total of 85 kilowatt-hours of storage capacity. Used Toyota Camry Hybrid battery packs installed at Lamar Buffalo Ranch, Yellowstone National ParkEnlarge PhotoEach pack was disassembled and tested before being converted for stationary energy-storage use. The packs were augmented with battery-management systems from Indy Power Systems, re-wired in parallel, and arranged into arrays of 52 packs each. The solar array used to power Lamar Buffalo Ranch's five buildings generates enough electricity annually to power six average U.S.
Adding onsite battery packs makes the most of solar power by storing energy for when sunlight isn't available--making for a more dependable source of power. Micro-hydro turbines--which capture energy from a nearby stream--will be added to the site in 2016 as well.
It's also possible to recycle batteries--Toyota has its own recycling program--but repurposing them can have added benefits. 2009 Toyota Camry HybridEnlarge PhotoAnticipated growth in the energy-storage business could mean there will soon be significant demand for battery packs to pair with solar arrays. And while the nickel-metal-hydride packs used in Toyota hybrids contain precious metals, the higher-capacity lithium-ion cells in electric cars are made from relatively cheap stuff. So there's less money to be made recycling those, increasing the attractiveness of secondary use. Either way, there shouldn't be any reason to worry about battery packs ending up in landfills after their automotive service is finished.
The engine thermostat has been an important component in automotive internal combustion engines for almost a century. Honda Civic: Failed PCMs And CAN System DiagnosticsIt’s not unusual for me to get help requests through my e-mail.
Servicing Mercedes-Benz AIRMATIC SuspensionsThe Mercedes-Benz AIRMATIC suspension system was introduced in 1999 on the S-Class and has subsequently been used on the E-Class and most of the automaker’s SUVs. For many today is just another Wednesday, but for a lot of people it is more than just your average Wednesday, it is "Back to the Future" Day. A NiMH battery left at 100% state of charge (SOC) will discharge at a faster rate than one at 40% SOC. The nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery is the best and most common hybrid battery so far, and the sheer volume of them is staggering. Hybrid car batteries consist of many cells that are connected in series and packed into a container (plastic or metal). In 2006, we started to dig deeper into battery problems because the 2001 Prius was having issues with the NiMH pack and dealerships were the only route. We still teach the theory and have $14,000 worth of Midtronics equipment to use during a 6-day-long Hybrid-EV training, but by the end of the class, some students realize that the success rate is poor and a three-year warranty from a battery supplier might make more business sense.
Step one: Physically inspect the used parts and separate the good from and bad, as in any re-manufacturing process.
Step four: Assembling and replacing any other parts that are not acceptable, like bus bars, fasteners, etc.
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A hybrid car battery is like any other battery—except that it is rechargeable and has enough juice to move a large heavy vehicle down the road for a few feet or a few miles.
Like all batteries, hybrid batteries have two electrodes (which collect or emit an electric charge) that sit in an ion-rich solution called the electrolyte.
The electrodes are typically very close, so a polymer film, called a separator, prevents them from touching, which would create a short circuit.
Keep in mind: What we commonly call “a battery” is actually a battery pack that houses many individual cells.
Ionized elements in one electrode are in a chemical state where they are easily attracted to combine with other molecules, emitting electrons (energy) in the process. As we take a tour of hybrid batteries, remember one thing: Total energy determines the vehicle’s electric range, whereas available power determines its acceleration. The nickel metal hydride battery used in Highlander Hybrid—and the Lexus RX 400h—is packaged in a newly developed metal battery casing. The Ford Escape Hybrid’s battery pack, made by Sanyo, consists of 250 individual nickel metal hydride cells.
The Honda Insight’s battery pack, made up of 120 Panasonic 1.2-volt nickel metal hydride D cells is capable of 100A discharge, and 50A charge rates. The Saturn Vue Green Line’s 36-volt nickel metal hydride battery, designed and made in America by Cobasys, is capable of delivering and receiving more than 14.5 kW of peak power. Lithium ion (or Li-ion) batteries are important because they have a higher energy density—the amount of energy they hold by weight, or by volume—than any other type.
Compare the batteries from GM’s legendary EV1 to those for its upcoming Volt extended-range EV.
Crucially, there is no one lithium-ion battery, although this mistake is often seen in the press. Cobalt Dioxide is the most popular choice today for small cells (those in your mobile phone or laptop).
Cobalt dioxide cells are manufactured by dozens of Japanese, South Korean, and Chinese companies, but only Tesla Motors uses them—6,831 of them to be specific—in an electric car. Nickel-cobalt-aluminum (NCA) is similar to NCM, with lower-cost aluminum replacing the manganese. Manganese oxide spinel (MnO) offers higher power at a lower cost than cobalt, because its three-dimensional crystalline structure provides more surface area, permitting better ion flow between electrodes. Iron phosphate (FePo) might be the most promising new cathode, thanks to its stability and safety. In another publication I read that there is an important difference between Li ion and NiMh batteries in the way they charge and discharge.
Again according to the article, plug-in hybrids will work best with both kinds of batteries on board with the NiMh batteries supplying short range needs and the Li ion batteries meeting the longer range needs. This is the first time I read that Li ion prefer fully discharging and charging as you mention.
One suggestion: although the reference to past articles was useful, it would have been nice to provide some links to other legitimate sources that you have screened and used. Thank you for an article that helps me understand the differing battery configurations and types available for mainstream hybrid vehicles. Please provide a link to the Texlon battery noted in your comments on hybrid battery technology.
Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. This is the crowing instance I clarify that Li ion raise truly discharging besides charging because you present. Second, there is as well as a premium for a diesel engine over a regular gas engine, and biodiesel has scalability problems .
Altair-Nano is sitting on their patents and not becoming anything other than another poor quality corporation reviews with no sense they ever need to have their sales feet at the fire by merchandising their product(s) in as many distribution channels as possible. I have a dead batteries on my 2000 Honda insight… Does anyone know where I can buy new NmH batteries already on a 6 pack in line similar to the photo you show here?
Anytime it arrives to rechargeable car or truck batteries, the predicament is completely diverse. The image of 50 or so new cars (hybrids?) jammed together and burned out after the recent tsunami in japan makes me wonder if immersion in salt water causes battery related fires.


Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic.
Dear Hamada I just want to ask you the same question if you have received any beneficial information because the hybrid battery of my car is not doing well and the turtle sign appears on my car screen three times. Couldn’t it be possible to have the car surrounded with a venturi skin , the air rushing through when it is at speed, driving a huge fan blade at the rear, clutch operated, which in turn would drive a charging system to the batteries.
You can buy a complete Prius traction battery from smashed cars on eBay for around $300 plus shipping. The whole idea could replace lead-acid batteries for energy storage from solar cells and windmills.
I am a teacher of motor vehicle technology and I am preparing some lessons on mathematics for level 2 trainees. Complex batteries, such as those used in laptop computers, usually have cells both in series and in parallel. These quibbles aside, this article is very informative, and I appreciate the author’s efforts in addressing the topic. Many times we read about the hybrid car and the car batteries but this articles helps a lot to understand that how in actual those are working. Its better to use hybrid car batteries for Eco conscious because they produce less emissions. Cars is not a luxury anymore, therefore used cars industry has filled the gap between, luxury and necessity and now everyone can afford a ride. Each of several competing cathode materials offers a different mix of cost, durability, performance, and safety. The battery-monitoring unit manages discharge and recharging by the generator and motors to keep the charge level constant while the car is running.
It is just that its innards are made up of individual batteries which are themselves made up of individual cells. For this purpose, a generator is used and the battery gets charged every time the vehicle brakes. In many cases, a place that sells batteries accepts them for recycling purposes and all you need to do is return the battery from where you bought it. Even though used car batteries do not have an old history of recycling simply because hybrid cars were not around in the 90s, for example, they are in demand and many metal recycling companies can offer you some money for your battery. This can also happen to the battery of your hybrid car and you may be worried about how much it costs to replace it. You can then browse through the results and compare prices in order to discover the best option.
Recycling a used car battery is essential for the protection of the environment, as the substances they contain may cause irreversible damage to soil and water supplies.
Depending on the area you live in, you can choose from specialised recycling centres, auto parts shops, or metal recycling companies. Sometimes it’s from working technicians, other times it’s from vehicle owners who can’t get their problems solved through professional repair shops.
Most specifically, it can tell you if the angles, inflation and components are within specification. Body techs and painters rely upon them every day to achieve that perfect finish on your customers’ vehicles. NiHM batteries have been in use for well over 15 years, and out of the more than 7 million hybrid cars on the road worldwide, 90% have NiMH battery packs. Older Honda Insights and Civics had 120 cells per battery pack, and the Ford Escape had 250. The lower the SOC, the slower the chemical reactions; so the slower the chemical reactions, the longer they last. This is the dilemma: The local, friendly shop may not know what to do or — worst yet — may be afraid of the high voltage system and will send the customer elsewhere.
A lot has changed if you haven’t kept up with “what’s new.” Dorman Products bought a battery rebuilding company named Re-InVolt Technologies a few years ago, and other well-known companies are getting into the aftermarket hybrid parts business. The reman company has thousands of modules (grouping of 4-8 cells typically) to choose from as they buy up hundreds of cores. A new injector replaced in a car with seven original injectors most often flows more or less fuel than the other 7. An on-off switch in whatever device is powered by the battery—your phone or laptop—bridges the cell’s electrodes to generate power. Those elements are tugged through the electrolyte and the separator toward the opposing electrode. The total number of cells is 168, compared with 228 cells packaged in 38 modules in the first generation Prius.
The discharge power capability of the Prius pack is about 20 kW at 50 percent state-of-charge. The 240 cells can deliver high voltage of 288 volts—but the motor-generators units can operate on variable voltage anywhere from 280 volts to 650 volts. The cooling performance reduces efficiency losses due to excessive heat, ensuring that the battery can supply required electric power to the motors at all times. As with other hybrid battery packs, the cells are similar in shape to a size D flashlight battery.
The hybrid system is used to provide both 12-volt accessory power and power to charge the battery pack.
The rule of thumb is that Li-ion cells hold roughly twice as much energy per pound as do the previous generation of advanced batteries, nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH)—which are used in all current hybrids including the Toyota Prius. Several different chemical formulations for the electrodes compete; each has its pros and cons. It’s been on the market for 15 years, so it’s proven and its costs are known, though like nickel, cobalt is pricey. Their pack uses sensors, cell isolation, and liquid cooling to ensure that any energy released if a cell shorts out can’t ignite any of its neighbors. Manganese is cheaper than cobalt, but it dissolves slightly in electrolytes—which gives it a shorter life. Companies that make NCA cells include Toyota and Johnson Controls–Saft, a joint venture between a Milwaukee automotive supplier and a French battery firm. The compound is inexpensive, and because the bonds between the iron, phosphate, and oxygen atoms are far stronger than those between cobalt and oxygen atoms, the oxygen is much harder to detach when overcharged. NiMH does not provide the same efficiency, deep cycling capacity and power or energy density as Li ion. I think we should find a way which is more powerful and more efficient such as nuclear energy. This would be a great resource but to date they are only looking at mega watt capacity sales because the company is so large they cannot sustain small sales. NiMH does not protect the uniform efficiency, subterranean cycling potentiality further power or vivacity density considering Li ion. You save plenty of times the weight of the automobile in gas over the lifetime of the automobile.
Despite the fact that the battery product is comparable to conventional car batteries in purpose, they use really modern technologies in development and charging. Nearly all of them could boil approximately a person and 3 quarter-liters of h2o quite quickly.
If potential, as you gain experience, would you mind updating your weblog with extra information?
I ought to ask if hybrid car batteries on cars could somehow be an alternative way of resisting air pollution too?
Junkyard 200- to 300-volt DC batteries could be re-purposed with inverters for 120-volt AC home power.
I have been looking at your website and I have seen some material that I could use to make some work related examples and exercises. The only difference is that these batteries have higher capacity and the can store enough power to move a vehicle down the road for a couple miles. The related pictures given helps to have the actual idea of all the information stated above.
Makes me nervous to do anything Mitchell and Ness Snapbacks under the hood though with the kind of power they have now!
The majority of manufacturers offer discounts for new batteries to buyers who return their old batteries. If you want to be able to make the most out of the hybrid battery you buy for your car, you should learn more about the way it functions and how to recycle it properly. In the vast majority of cases, you do not need to worry about the battery as it often outlasts its lifetime. In the long run, you save money with a hybrid, because these cars perform really well on the road and allow you to save a lot of money on gas. A hybrid battery gradually loses its ability to hold enough charge after a certain amount of usage.
The most toxic of these three is the lead-acid battery, which makes it the least desireable option. Remember to check the manual of your car for further information about recycling the specific type of battery on your car.


You can have a quick look online or look into the local Yellow Pages under the waste management section. Even though the amount you get may not be too large, getting paid to protect the environment sounds like a good deal. When the time comes to look for a new battery, you should consider your options carefully and try to save as much as possible. Prices may vary from one seller to another and you should remember to check out the packing and delivery costs in order to figure out the total price you have to pay for the battery. If you intend to purchase a new battery for your hybrid car, you should first determine how you intend to dispose of the used one.
Regardless of the option you choose, remember that careless disposal of such a battery may hurt the environment significantly. Toyota is in the mid-range with about 168 cells in a 2005 Prius, 228 for 2001 Prius, and others falling somewhere in between. Reduced temperature slows both the chemical reactions and the self-discharge rate, so cooler temperatures (Massachusetts) are better for storage than warmer (Southern California). These companies and some recycling companies are buying up the cores, and they are valuable enough for these companies to turn a profit. Many students (shop owners and techs) had some great ideas, but it was David Taylor that did the work and came up with a workable solution. The ions of the negative electrode (anode) give up electrons; the positive ions coming toward the anode accept them. The power capability increases with higher temperatures and decreases at lower temperatures. The battery pack supplies 288 volts, but the boost converter, a part of the inverter above the transaxle, changes this to 500 volts.
The pack fits under the cargo area, leaving cargo room unchanged from the standard Vue—but drivers lose the benefit of a spare tire. NiMH, in turn, holds about twice the energy per pound of the conventional lead-acid (PbA) 12-Volt battery that powers your car’s starter motor. But today’s Volt pack, using lithium-ion cells, stores the same amount of energy (16 kilowatt-hours) in a 5-foot-long container weighing just 400 pounds. Cobalt is more reactive than nickel or manganese, meaning it offers high electrical potential when paired with graphite anodes, giving higher voltage.
Substituting nickel and manganese for some of the cobalt lets manufacturers tune the cell either for higher power (voltage) or for greater energy density, though not both at the same time. GS Yuasa, LG Chem, NEC-Lamilion Energy, and Samsung offer cells with such cathodes; LG Chem is one of two companies competing to have its cells used in the Chevrolet Volt. Too bad too, if they would license their technology to small companies like Battery Space they would see a distribution channel that would enable small sales to try their products out.
Lot of smart people on Altair-Nano’s board, but unfortunately not a single one of them with any business sense. There might be other problems there, but one times supply of something becomes tight we are usually nice at reusing, recycling and substituting it.
As an example, the battery has its electrolyte within a gel form although not in liquid sort as most common batteries have.
The day is not far when we would purchased Japanese Used Cars that powered by batteries and electrical plugs.
The battery is one of the most important components of a hybrid car, as the motor only runs when the battery is charged.
Unlike regular car batteries that need replacing every three or four years, hybrid car batteries have a warranty that goes up to 10 years. In addition to that, opting for a hybrid car is one of the best choices for those who care about the protection of the environment.
Besides being very harmful to the environment, lead-acid batteries are also extremely heavy, which means that they may reduce the fuel efficiency gains generated by the electric motor. The good thing about recycling a used hybrid car battery is that you can possibly get some money for it, so it is certainly worth the trouble.
Cooling, heating, voltage and amperage management, high voltage leak detection and relays are added to ensure a long, safe life.
But most hybrids (not plug-ins) will be at 40-60% SOC when you see them, if all is well and your shop is not located on the top of a mountain or the bottom of a huge hill. We started teaching “reconditioning” in 2003, a few years before Re-InVolt had reconditioned batteries for sale.
Electrons must flow as well, so matching the modules is key to keeping the hybrid light off. The Prius has a computer that’s solely dedicated to keeping the Prius battery at the optimum temperature and optimum charge level. This battery pack provides 40 percent more power than the Prius battery, despite being 18 percent smaller. The batteries are located under the cargo compartment floor, along with the Honda Integrated Motor Assist’s power control unit.
It has the highest energy density—but when fully charged, it is the most prone to oxidation (fire) caused by internal shorts. Unfortunately, iron phosphate cells work at a lower voltage than cobalt, so more of them must be chained together to provide enough power to turn a motor. To date it almost seems like vaporware that looks great on paper, but the product has no feasibility. The cordless electrical tea kettle is quite beneficial, compared to your older corded versions. Toyota Vitz, a small compact car which is only available in Japan, uses Lithium-Ion battery packs to power the air conditioner, lights in the gauges, head lights, and the heater while the car is in idle, allowing the car to save gasoline.
However, if you want to be on the safe side, you can obtain an extended warranty when purchasing it.
Moreover, the batteries used for hybrid cars are putting less pressure on the gasoline engine as they power the electric motor and propel the vehicle at lower speeds. The auto manufacturers may claim that hybrid batteries are designed to last the life of the hybrid car, but the truth is somewhere in the middle. Many manufacturers choose to replace the lead-acid batteries with nickel-metal hydride ones. This is why you should shop around first, in order to discover who has the best offer in your area. Sure, if it is under warranty, otherwise the customer will pay a premium because the battery pack is the most expensive part on the vehicle.
Re-InVolt, started by David Taylor, started hybrid training with ACDC, and we have watched him grow. The Prius supplies conditioned air from the cabin as thermal management for cooling the batteries. Honda used technology developed for its EV Plus electric car for the original development of the Insight’s battery system. This can lead to thermal runaway, where one cell causes its neighbors to combust, igniting the whole pack almost instantly (think YouTube videos of burning laptops).
A123 Systems—which is competing for the Volt contract as well—uses nanostructures in their FePo cathodes, which it says produces better power and longer life.
I do not know if that is the case, but as a CFO of a corporation, I fully recognize the danger signals of any company burning through stock investment and having little sales to justify their balance sheets. This let electrical car or truck makers to fit the car batteries in any orientation they want, as a result accommodate far more cells in a constrained room. The major automakers back their claims with extensive battery warranties, which are available for up to 10 years or 150,000 miles. The main component in these batteries, nickel, is less toxic than lead, but it comes with other problems, as research has shown it is potentially carcinogenic. In many cases, you can choose between having the battery picked up from your home and taking it to the company so they can recycle it properly. The battery ECU will pick up an unmatched module after a road test, so this is risky business unless you have access to hundreds of used modules. Also, the internal impedance of a cobalt cell—the extent to which it “pushes back” against an alternating current—increases not just with use but with time as well.
It is also telling how diversified Altair-Nano has become in product width; which is another danger signal, they are having a tough time recognizing what kind of company they are.
Far more batteries in a minimal space allows far better engine output and mileage on the single charge. The two major players on the hybrid market, Toyota and Honda, offer such long warranties for their batteries. The chart below summarizes the main characteristics of the three types of hybrid car batteries available on the market.
The critical feature is the rate at which the cathode can absorb and emit free lithium ions.




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