Lithium ion battery car cost calculator,12 volt car batteries compare prices zopiclone,battery scrap price in delhi july 2014 - You Shoud Know

25.08.2014
By 2012, thousands of new plug-in hybrid and all-electric vehicles will be filling garages, from expensive factory-built electric vehicles such as the LEAF and i-MiEV, to cheaper home-converted vehicles using this now affordable, long range battery option.
Lithium battery systems are the largest single cost component of electric vehicles, adding between $5,000 and $15,000 to the price, depending on the size of the packs and the desired range. Companies such as Nissan are looking to reduce the initial cost of the vehicles by offering financing for the batteries separate from the vehicles, and startup company Better Place is developing battery subscription services that would charge customers monthly flat fees or fees based on the amount of electricity that flows into the batteries.
The cheap option is a home conversion, where you remove the engine and gas tank from your family sedan, and replace it with a small, powerful electric motor & batteries. Lithium battery makers want EV sales to grow rapidly, and therefore it’s unlikely the cost of the batteries will plummet overnight. Pike Research estimates that – thanks to volume production and improvements in technology and manufacturing the price of Lithium batteries will fall to a possible $470 per KWh in 2015 for the average consumer. It’s now a highly popular activity with thousands of satisfied converters driving silently past the gas stations. Either way you’re going to win, choose the one that works best for your budget, and say goodbye to filling up. Lithium-ion batteries are an extremely common form of rechargeable battery often found in consumer electronics such as laptops and cell-phones. The electrolyte component in the batteries is typically liquid and quite flammable, and the batteries as a whole are prone to shorts, overheating and catching fire. Improvements in larger lithium-ion batteries would be a big step forward for technologies such as electric cars or electrical grids, and thus for sustainable transportation and energy. The ORNL researchers, in work published in the current issue of the Journal of the American Chemistry Society, have an easy method for making a nanostructured form of one solid electrolyte. The solid electrolyte isn’t as conductive as liquid electrolytes, but the researchers say they can compensate for this by making the electrolyte very thin, among other measures. The solid electrolyte not only makes batteries safer, it could also enable the use of higher energy electrode materials.
The team restructured the solid electrolyte to be porous at the nanoscale, which yielded the far higher level of conductivity.
Just to put a finer point on lithium-ion batteries, the chemistry in the battery cells on board the grounded 787 were cobalt oxide(CoO2)from a Japanese company GS Yuasa. The batteries in the EV CODA for example, use lithium-iron phosphate(LiFePO4)chemistry, which is safer at high temperatures. It will be interesting to see when solid electrolyte batteries replace liquid chemistry batteries. They’re now looking at the protection circuits for those failed 787 batteries, not the cells. FYI — the photo shows the box of high-voltage electronics of the MINI-E, not the battery pack.
Batteries add a very large amount of material expense, weight, and recycling challenges to an electric fleet. Why keep making millions of redundant systems, when those huge expenses could go toward electrical induction of roads? Producing electricity and electric roadways should be a Federal project, so expenses can be minimized, and individual consumers needed be forced to bear the brunt of upfront costs (like $10,000 to $15,000 worth of battery pack per automobile). Far better to put it on the Federal debt ledger, and pay it off through equitable taxes, Federal bonds, and printing money.
So why do we think this sort of economic model is appropriate for the most pressing national infrastructure challenge in the history of the world?
And if 67you are wrong, as I surmise, how do you justify self-righteously touting such unadulterated bull***t in a serious discusion? Somehow, I don’t think a Nissan Leaf requires 57 million watts of energy to drive one mile down the road. But perhaps you have an advanced degree in electrical engineering and can show me my error?
GT960 12V Group 48 Carbon Fiber High Performance Lithium Ion Battery for Sports Cars, Muscle Cars, Auto Racing, Race Boats and Other Applications - Superior and Safe Lithionics Lithium Ion Batteries. Valentin Muenzel receives research funding from the Australian Research Council and IBM Research - Australia.
The cost of batteries is one of the major hurdles standing in the way of widespread use of electric cars and household solar batteries.
But research published recently in Nature Climate Change Letters shows battery pack costs may in some cases be as low as US$300 per kilowatt-hour today, and could reach US$200 by 2020. Falling prices will pave the way for what could be a rapid transition to a cleaner energy system.
Last year, my colleagues and I analysed the cost-benefits of household battery storage alongside rooftop solar systems. Our analysis of ten studies published by research institutes and consultancies suggested a dramatic fall in battery cost over the next two decades, making solar power and electric vehicles more affordable.


The new research by two Swedish researchers published in Nature Climate Change Letters this month used a similar approach but found an even sharper plunge.
Bjorn Nykvist and Mans Nilsson of the Stockholm Environment Institute analysed 85 sources of data including journal articles, consultancy reports, and statements by industry analysts and experts. The core conclusion of the new paper is that the cost of full automotive Lithium ion battery packs has already reduced to around US$410 per kWh industry-wide. The analysis also estimated that the industry as a whole is currently seeing annual battery cost reductions of 14%, while for leading players with already lower costs this is closer to 8%. Assuming continued electric vehicle sales growth, the authors suggest costs as low as US$200 per kWh are possible without further improvements in the cell chemistry.
As battery costs decrease, technologies such as electric vehicles and household energy storage are likely to undergo a transition, from niche products in the hands of early adopters to standard acquisitions by pragmatic consumers. Increased opportunities naturally attract commercial competition, which has the potential to further accelerate the technological improvements. The findings published this month suggest that the transition from niche to mainstream product may well occur far sooner than people believe.
The Greens are the party of climate action - but do they embrace enough technologies to get there? In battery cells using 3-element cathodes composed of Co, Ni, and Mn, the cathode material accounts for at least 30% of the total cost. I'd like to receive useful tips, tools and resources via email from Kelley Blue Book and affiliates. A new report by the global management and consulting firm McKinsey & Company concludes that the price of lithium-ion batteries used in tomorrow's hybrid and electric-powered vehicles could drop as much as two thirds by the end of the decade and fall an additional 20 percent by 2025. McKinsey researchers used a bottom up approach to addressing the issue and examined over 40 different underlying potential cost drivers, from expected changes in materials technology and manufacturing processes to things like overhead and margins. The slick Tesla retails for more than $100,000 partially because of the high prices of Lithium-ion batteries.
Part of that hefty price is the sleek, sports car design and amenities and the power to go from zero to 60 miles per hour in under four seconds -- an acceleration that ranks among the best-performing gasoline sports cars.
We measure battery longevity in cycle lives, or the number of times that you can run it down, charge it up and use it again. As with the safety issue, researchers are looking for a longer-lasting Lithium alternative. Toshiba has also come out with a fast-charging Li-ion battery initially for bicycles and construction vehicles that it eventually wants to test in cars [source: MSNBC]. With so much energy going into Li-ion battery development, there's a strong possibility that they could be fueling our cars in the near future.
This high battery premium is expected to limit the appeal of the factory-produced vehicles, which may be out of the reach of many consumers.
While not a complex task, the cost of a home converted electric car is often only around thirty percent of a factory-built electric car. After repeated recharging, lithium batteries slowly lose their ability to store energy, and after 8 to 14 years (depending on how the vehicles are used), the batteries could be past their useful lifespan in a road-going vehicle. While cheaper per mile than using a lead-acid battery pack (over a 10 year period), lithium batteries are still a large investment, though fortunately the price reductions are making a 100-kilometre-range battery pack less than the cost of 2 years’ gasoline spending.
If you’ve got $40,000 USD sitting in your bank account with nothing to do, buy a factory made electric car. No skills are required, and a typical conversion takes about 4 months of casual weekend tinkering, but I have seen it done in less than 24 hours! At those smaller scales the batteries’ technology is reliable and well-understood, but at larger sizes there have been challenges. Boeing’s new Dreamliner 787 fleet was recently grounded worldwide after two separate incidents in which the on-board lithium-ion battery, which supplies the planes with auxiliary and back-up power, caught fire.
To that end, a group of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have just published preliminary work on a new form of battery that relies on a solid electrolyte. The nanostructure improves the material’s conductivity 1,000 times, enough to make it useful in lithium-ion batteries. Even then, the batteries might not charge as quickly or provide the same boost of power possible with liquid electrolytes, but this would be okay in many applications, such as in electric cars, where the sheer number of battery cells makes it easy to deliver adequate bursts of power. As a result, while the rate at which these batteries deliver power may be less than today’s lithium-ion batteries, the total amount of energy they can store would be far higher.
The solid electrolyte also helps prevent shorts, and unlike the liquid counterparts won’t degrade electrodes. We use a Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives licence, so you can republish our articles for free, online or in print.
By storing surplus energy, batteries allow households to reduce power bought from the electricity grid. This cost development is notably cheaper and faster decreasing than I and many others expected.


The analysis therefore suggests that the cost of electric car batteries may be as low as $7,500 today and reducing to $5,000 by 2020. Encountering difficulty in finding reliable sources of present and future lithium-ion battery costs, we published our own study on The Conversation. They report that since 2011 the number of electric vehicles worldwide has doubled each year. Market-leading manufacturers such as Nissan and Tesla are already seeing prices around US$300 per kWh. It is therefore predicted that battery cost for all involved should converge to around US$230 per kWh in 2017-2018. This explains why, for example, Tesla Motors is making a US$5 billion dollar bet in the shape of a massive battery factory. And given that the perceived unlikelihood of governmental clean technology commitments in Australia has apparently reached April-Fools'-joke-worthy levels, it seems about time. Beyond boding well for the future of greener and more efficient transportation alternatives, the McKinsey study also notes that this accelerated level of cost reduction could have wide-ranging effects on the auto industry in general as well as on various other sectors of the economy, from commercial producers of petroleum and power to the world of consumer electronics.
It determined that the cost of a completed lithium-ion battery pack for an EV could be cut from the current $500-$600 per kilowatt hour of capacity to about $200 by 2020 and closer to $160 by 2025.
Just plug it in overnight, and you can go up to 250 miles (402 kilometers) without stopping by the gas station. Like the AA batteries that you put into your TV remote control, Li-ion batteries eventually die. With Li-ion batteries, starting from a 100 percent fully-recharged battery will give you a longer individual cycle life, but will reduce the total number of cycles you'll get from it. In June 2008, Toyota also publicized plans to join forces with the company that produces its current hybrid batteries to develop Li-ion batteries by 2009 [source: Kim].
For more information about tomorrow's cars and related information, visit the links on the next page. Sadly however, these factory-produced electric cars are still around 2 to 3 times the price of a home converted car with a similar 100-mile range.
The researchers also showed that the new material is compatible with high-energy electrodes. A much smaller battery could then be used—saving space and weight on airplanes and greatly reducing the cost of electric vehicles.
But you’d need to deliver roughly a million watts along about 90 feet of road, and this would need to be repeated every mile to sustain travel at ~60MPH.
In our previous work we estimated these levels to be reached only in 2018 and 2022, respectively.
This seems to be the case in a recently filed lawsuit regarding rival battery chemistry patents involving BASF, Umicore, 3M, and Argonne National Labs. By collaborating with customers, utilities can develop more intelligent and versatile grids. It further anticipates cheaper battery costs will lead to additional innovation in other areas of related technologies -- including optimization of internal combustion engines -- and ultimately reshape the broader economics of transportation in general over the course of the next 10 years. In fact, Li-ion batteries are around four to five times more expensive than nickel-metal-hydrideA­ ones [source: Popely]. For that reason, the Tesla Roadster doesn't allow you to re-charge more than 95 percent of the original power or let it drain down to less than 2 percent [source: Eberhard and Straubel]. One company, Altair Nanotechnologies announced in 2006 that it had found a new material that would far outlast Li-ion batteries and recharge faster for the same price, called lithium titanate [source: Bullis].
Alternatively, if you can’t afford this, consider converting your existing car to run on batteries. And jointly, the penetration of intermittent renewables in our electricity mix can be increased significantly. Since the car-capable packs can cost between $10,000 and $15,000 each, finding a cheaper alternative will be a major hurdle for car companies that want to market them [source: Popely].
Canadian car company Phoenix Motorcars is using lithium titanate batteries in its line of electric cars that have a 100-plus mile range. Economies of scale will account for roughly a third of the projected cost reduction, lower component prices for another 25 percent and various battery-capacity boosting technologies for the remaining 40-45 percent of the formula.
It's like trying to fill up a pitcher of water that has a tiny hole that grows bigger and bigger with each use.



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